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Encyclopedia > Landscape
Photograph of a landscape

A landscape comprises the visible features of an area of land, including physical elements such as landforms, living elements of flora and fauna, abstract elements such as lighting and weather conditions, and human elements, for instance human activity or the built environment. Landscape may also signify the objects around one in a building. Image File history File links Landscapesmall. ... Image File history File links Landscapesmall. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit. ... The phrase built environment refers to the manmade surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places. ...


Etymology

The word landscape comes from the Dutch word landschap, from land (patch or area that comes from the Basquish word landa meaning labored earth) and the suffix -schap, corresponding to the English suffix "-ship". Landscape, first recorded in 1598, was borrowed as a painters' term from Dutch during the 16th century, when Dutch artists were on the verge of becoming masters of the landscape genre. The Dutch word landschap had earlier meant simply “region, tract of land” but had acquired the artistic sense, which it brought over into English, of “a picture depicting scenery on land.” 34 years pass after the first recorded use of landscape in English before the word is used of a view or vista of natural scenery. This delay suggests that people were first introduced to landscapes in paintings and then saw landscapes in real life. A landscape is wide space in the world that show what is around in the world. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Uses

Specific uses of landscape include:

Mount Ecclesia landscape, with its 24 human-made structures, ornate rose gardens and luxuriant preserved vegetation — in the middle of one of the world's most expensive and intensive real estate development areas near downtown Oceanside in Southern California — is a paradigm of landscape equilibrium between the development of a built environment and the conservation of the natural environment, since the early 20th century and into the 21st century.
Mount Ecclesia landscape, with its 24 human-made structures, ornate rose gardens and luxuriant preserved vegetation — in the middle of one of the world's most expensive and intensive real estate development areas near downtown Oceanside in Southern California — is a paradigm of landscape equilibrium between the development of a built environment and the conservation of the natural environment, since the early 20th century and into the 21st century.
  • Landscape art is the depiction of scenery in landscape painting, landscape photography or other media.
  • Landscape architecture is the art of planning, designing, and managing public and private landscapes and gardens. Related terms include:
    • Landscape design is the design of open space urban or rural areas
    • Landscape engineering is the technical aspect of landscape architecture
    • Landscape planning is the planning of large scale and/or long term landscape development projects
    • Landscape management is the care of human-made or natural landscapes
    • Landscape gardening is the practice of designing large scale estate gardens, and is usually applied to the 18th and 19th centuries, and seen as a precursor to landscape architecture.
  • Landscape ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology that investigates the ecological causes and consequences of spatial pattern, process and change in landscapes.
  • In anthropological terms, landscape refers to the material manifestation of the relations between humans and their environments. It is a product of the dialectic of biophysical environments and culture.
  • Landscape orientation of a rectangular page, painting or other graphic means that the longer axis is horizontal. (So named because landscape paintings usually have this orientation.) When the long axis is vertical, it is called portrait orientation.
  • Landscape is a play by Harold Pinter
  • Landscape was a British jazz-funk-synthpop band, active in the 1970s and 80s.
  • Anthropic landscape is a concept in string theory.
  • Cultural landscapes are "combined works of nature and of man." They are illustrative of the evolution of human society and settlement over time, under the influence of the physical constraints and/or opportunities presented by their natural environment and of successive social, economic and cultural forces, both external and internal [1].

In some nordic countries a landskap, translated as landscape, is or was an administrative unit: Image File history File links The Ecclesia Spiritual Healing Temple of The Rosicrucian Fellowship at Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California (USA). ... Image File history File links The Ecclesia Spiritual Healing Temple of The Rosicrucian Fellowship at Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California (USA). ... The Ecclesia Healing Temple at Mount Ecclesia Mount Ecclesia is a picturesque spot of nature grounds in Oceanside, California (southern California) and the location of the international headquarters of a fraternal and service organization called The Rosicrucian Fellowship. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... Downtown Los Angeles Skyline Southern California, also colloquially referred to as SoCal, is an informal name for the megalopolis and nearby desert that occupies the southern-most quarter of the U.S. state of California. ... Central Park, like all parks, is an example of landscape architecture. ... The phrase built environment refers to the manmade surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The 21st century is the present century of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Harvesters, by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1565: Peace and agriculture in a pre-Romantic ideal landscape, without sublime terrors Landscape near Bologna, by Frans Koppelaar, 2001: Realistic landscape painted after nature Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers and forests. ... Central Park, like all parks, is an example of landscape architecture. ... Landscape design is a subset of landscape architecture. ... Landscape engineering is the application of mathematics and science to create useful land- and waterscapes. ... Landscape planning is a branch of landscape architecture. ... Landscape managers are professionally qualified experts in the management of landscapes for conservation and recreation. ... The English Grounds of Wörlitz were one of the largest English parks in 18th-century Europe. ... Landscape ecology is a sub-discipline of ecology and geography that address how spatial variation in the landscape affects ecological processes such as the distribution and flow of energy, materials and individuals in the environment (which, in turn, may influence the distribution of landscape elements themselves such as hedgerows). ... In classical philosophy, dialectic (Greek: διαλεκτική) is an exchange of propositions (theses) and counter-propositions (antitheses) resulting in a synthesis of the opposing assertions, or at least a qualitative transformation in the direction of the dialogue. ... Page orientation refers to the way in which the shape of a page is oriented when a reader is looking at it from the normal angle. ... It has been suggested that Portrait painting be merged into this article or section. ... Landscape were a British synthpop band of the early 1980s best known for their 1981 hits, Einstein A Go-Go and Norman Bates. Landscape consisted of: Richard James Burgess, Christopher Heaton, Andy Pask, Peter Thoms and John Walters Richard James Burgess went on to produce bands such as Spandau Ballet... The anthropic landscape is the term coined by Lenny Susskind and used for a large number of different possible universes that are required for the anthropic principle. ... The Dresden Elbe Valley World Heritage Site is according to the UNESCO an outstanding example of land use, representing an exceptional development of a major Central-European city having almost half a million inhabitants // [edit] Cultural landscape is defined as the human-modified environment, including fields, houses, church, highways, planted...

Norway may be divided into a number of geographical landscapes. ... The provinces or landskap were the subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Landscape Design Trust (569 words)
Public and private, built and natural, rural and urban - we bring you the leading practitioners, writers, and photographers shaping the landscape realm today.
Whether you need to keep abreast of the latest developments in your field, research a particular topic or event, find a supplier or a job, this site is for you.
The Landscape Design Trust is a non-profit organisation dedicated to advancing the understanding of the landscape for the benefit of the environment and the community.
Landscape Architecture online (819 words)
Note that abundant print resources related to landscape architecture are also available at the Berkeley campus; please consult the Environmental Design Library reference staff for assistance.
Intended for landscape architecture teachers, learners, and practitioners.
EFLA represents the national professional associations of landscape architects of the member countries of the European Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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