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Encyclopedia > Landes
Landes
Coat of Arms of Landes
Coat of arms of the Landes department
Location
Administration
Department number: 40
Region: Aquitaine
Prefecture: Mont-de-Marsan
Subprefectures: Dax
Arrondissements: 2
Cantons: 30
Communes: 331
President of the General Council: Henri Emmanuelli
Statistics
Population Ranked 68th
 -1999 327,334
Population density: 35/km²
Land area¹: 9243 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France

Landes is a département in southern France. Image File history File links Blason 40 Landes Source:User:MG Licence:GFDL2005 Blasons de France Category:Blasons File links The following pages link to this file: Landes ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Location Administration Capital Bordeaux Regional President Alain Rousset (PS) (since 1998) Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,309 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Mont-de-Marsan is a commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Landes département. ... A subprefecture in Verdun, France Subprefectures (French: sous-préfectures) are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. ... Dax is a commune of Aquitaine in southwestern France, sous-préfecture of the Landes département. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The 2 arrondissements of the Landes department are: Arrondissement of Dax, (subprefecture: Dax) with 13 cantons and 153 communes. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 33 cantons of the Landes department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Amou Castets Dax Dax-Nord Dax-Sud Montfort-en-Chalosse Mugron Peyrehorade Pouillon Saint-Martin-de-Seignanx Saint-Vincent-de-Tyrosse Soustons Tartas Tartas-Est Tartas-Ouest Aire-sur-lAdour Gabarret... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 331 communes of the Landes département of France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Henri Emmanuelli is a member of the French Socialist Party. ... Categories: | ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ...

Contents

History

Landes is one of the original 83 départements that were created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the provinces of Guyenne and Gascony. i heart kate young The French Revolution was a period of major political and social change in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Aquitaine (or Guyenne or Guienne) now forms a région in south-western France along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. ... Map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ...


The Nobel Prize winning novelist François Mauriac set his novels in the Landes. François Mauriac (October 11, 1885 – September 1, 1970) was a French author, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature. ...


Geography

Landes is part of the current région of Aquitaine and is surrounded by the départements of Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques, as well as the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area stretching over more than 9000 km², Landes is, after Gironde, the second largest department of the metropolitan French territory. Location Administration Capital Bordeaux Regional President Alain Rousset (PS) (since 1998) Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,309 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Gironde is a département in the southwest of France named after the Gironde Estuary. ... Lot-et-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers. ... Gers is a département in the southwest of France named after the Gers River. ... Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a département in the southwest of France which takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. ...


It is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, and attracts many surfers to Mimizan and Hossegor each year. See World Wide Web for surfing the web; see also Wind surfing Surfing at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. ... Location of Landes on a map of France Mimizan is a commune of France, located in the département, of Landes (40), in the region of Aquitaine. ... Hossegor is a commune in France. ...


Economics

In terms of agriculture, Landes is known for its large pine forests which are the raw material for a timber and resin industries in the region. The forests were planted in the early nineteenth century to prevent erosion of the region's sandy soil by the sea. Binomial name Pinus pinaster Aiton The Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster) is a pine native to the western Mediterranean region. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Resin of a pine Insect trapped in resin. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

The following is a list of the 33 cantons of the Landes department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Amou Castets Dax Dax-Nord Dax-Sud Montfort-en-Chalosse Mugron Peyrehorade Pouillon Saint-Martin-de-Seignanx Saint-Vincent-de-Tyrosse Soustons Tartas Tartas-Est Tartas-Ouest Aire-sur-lAdour Gabarret... The following is a list of the 331 communes of the Landes département of France. ... The 2 arrondissements of the Landes department are: Arrondissement of Dax, (subprefecture: Dax) with 13 cantons and 153 communes. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Prefecture website (in French)
  • Conseil Général website (in French)
  • Information on Gascony


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