FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Land reclamation

Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. One involves creating new land from sea- or riverbeds, the other refers to restoring an area to a more natural state (such as after pollution or salination have made it unusable). Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Contents

Creating new land

The entire East Coast Park in Singapore was built on reclaimed land with a man-made beach.
The entire East Coast Park in Singapore was built on reclaimed land with a man-made beach.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3351x1477, 857 KB) Summary East Coast Park. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3351x1477, 857 KB) Summary East Coast Park. ... East Coast Park The East Coast Park (Chinese: 东海岸公园; Malay: Taman Pantai Timur) is a beach park located on the southeastern coast of Singapore. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ...

For habitation or agriculture

Land reclamation is the creation of new land where there was once water. Notable examples include parts of New Orleans; Washington, D.C. (which is partially built on land that was once swamp); Mexico City (which is situated at the former site of Lake Texcoco); Helsinki (of which the major part of the city center is built on reclaimed land); the Cape Town foreshore; the Chicago shoreline, the Manila Bay shoreline, Back Bay, Boston, Massachusetts; Battery Park City, Manhattan; the port of Zeebrugge Belgium and the polders of the Netherlands. New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Lake Texcoco is a lake in Mexico. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - City 2,499 km²  (964. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Photography sunset in Bay City, Pasay (near SM Mall of Asia) Manila Bay is one of the finest natural harbors in the world which serves the port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines. ... Back Bay redirects here. ... Battery Park City is a 90 acre (0. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... The church of Zeebrugge Zeebrugge (French: Zeebruges) is a harbour-town at the coast of Belgium, a subdivision of Bruges, for which it is the modern port. ... This article is about the terrain type. ...


Japan, the southern Chinese cities of Hong Kong and Macau and the city-state of Singapore, where land is in short supply, are also famous for their efforts on land reclamation. One of the earliest and famous project was the Praya Reclamation Scheme, which added 50 to 60 acres of land in 1890 during the second phase of construction. It was one of the most ambitious project ever taken during the Colonial Hong Kong era.[1] Some 20% of land in the Tokyo Bay area has been reclaimed[2]. Monaco and the British territory of Gibraltar are also expanding due to land reclamation. The city of Rio de Janeiro was largely built on reclaimed land. A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... The Praya Reclamation Scheme was a large scale land reclamation project carried out by the Hong Kong Land company in Colonial Hong Kong under Sir Catchick Paul Chater and James Johnstone Keswick. ... Flag of colonial Hong Kong, a Blue Ensign with the colonys coat of arms. ... Tokyo Bay from space Tokyo Bay ) is a bay in the southern Kantō region of Japan. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ...


Artificial islands are an example of land reclamation. Creating an artificial island is an expensive and risky undertaking. It is often considered in places that are densely populated and flat land is scarce. Kansai International Airport (in Osaka) and Hong Kong International Airport are examples where this process was deemed necessary. The Palm Islands, The World and hotel Burj al-Arab off Dubai in the United Arab Emirates are other examples of artificial islands. Before Mexico City, Tenochtitlan was an artificial island of 250,000 (Dr Atl) Dejima, not allowed direct contact with nearby Nagasaki Formoza (Gdynia) The World in Dubai An artificial island is an island that has been formed by human, rather than natural means. ... KIX redirects here. ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... The designs of the three palm islands. ... The World logo The World is a man-made archipelago of 300 islands in the shape of a world map currently being built off the coast of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Burj al-Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ...


A related practice is the draining of swampy or seasonally submerged wetlands to convert them to farmland. While this does not create new land exactly, it allows commercially productive use of land that would otherwise be restricted to wildlife habitat. It is also an important method of mosquito control. An urban explorer stands near the outfall of a muffin shaped brick and concrete storm drain, under Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Modern arable agriculture typically uses large fields like this one in Dorset, England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Habitat (which is Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species live and grow. ... Mosquito control is the task of managing the population of mosquitoes to reduce their damage to human health, economies, and enjoyment of mosquito-ridden areas. ...


For beach restoration

Main article: Beach nourishment

Beach rebuilding is the process of repairing beaches using materials such as sand or mud from inland. This can be used to build up beaches suffering from beach starvation or erosion from longshore drift. It stops the movement of the original beach material through longshore drift and retains a natural look to the beach. Although it is not a long-lasting solution, it is cheap compared to other types of coastal defences. Before and after photos of beach restoration efforts, Florida coastline, USA. Beach nourishment device Beach nourishment is a complimentary term that describes a process by which sediment (usually sand) lost through longshore drift or erosion is replaced on a beach. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... This article is about a type of online computer game. ... Longshore drift (sometimes known as shore drift, LSD or littoral drift) is a geological process by which sediments such as sand or other materials, move along a beach shore. ... Coastal defenses are objects and engineering techniques used to defend coasts against erosion and flooding. ...


Repairing damaged land

Land reclamation or Land rehabilitation is also the process of cleaning up a site that has sustained environmental degradation, such as strip mining. This can be done to allow for some form of human use (such as a housing development) or to restore that area back to its natural state as a wildlife habitat home. Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. ... Strip mining is the practice of mining a seam of mineral ore by first removing all of the soil and rock that lies on top of it. ... Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. ...


Environmental impact

Draining wetlands for ploughing, for example, is a form of habitat destruction. In some parts of the world, new reclamation projects are restricted or no longer allowed, due to environmental protection laws. Habitat destruction is a process of land use change in which one habitat-type is removed and replaced with another habitat-type. ... The environmental movement (a term that sometimes includes the conservation and green movements) is a diverse scientific, social, and political movement. ...


Environmental legislation

Hong Kong legislators passed the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance in 1996 in an effort to safeguard the increasingly threatened Victoria Harbour against encroaching land development[3]. Victoria Harbour The night view of the Victoria Harbour with the skyscrapers in Central behind, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui Victoria Harbour (Traditional Chinese: 維多利亞港; Simplified Chinese: 维多利亚港; Cantonese Jyutping: wai4 do1 lei6 aa3 gong2; Mandarin Pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà Gǎng) is the harbour between the Kowloon Peninsula and the...


Land amounts added

  • Netherlands -about 1/5 land from land reclamation
  • Singapore - 20% of the original size or 135 km² as of 2003, plans for 99 km² more[4].
  • Hong Kong - Praya Reclamation Scheme began in the late 1860s that consisted of two stage totaling 50 to 60+ acres[1][5]. This figure understates the importance of the sites reclaimed: Hong Kong Disneyland, Hong Kong International Airport, and its predecessor, Kai Tak Airport, were all built on reclaimed land. In addition, much reclamation has taken place in prime locations on the waterfront on both sides of Victoria Harbour. This has raised environmental issues of the protection of the harbour which was once the source of prosperity of Hong Kong, traffic congestion in the Central district[6], as well as the collusion of the Hong Kong Government with the real estate developers in the territory[7][8].
  • Macau - 170% of the original size or 17 km² [1]
  • Tokyo Bay, Japan - 249 km²[9].
  • Kobe, Japan - 23 km² (1995).

The Praya Reclamation Scheme was a large scale land reclamation project carried out by the Hong Kong Land company in Colonial Hong Kong under Sir Catchick Paul Chater and James Johnstone Keswick. ... The fountain featuring Mickey Mouse in the Park Promenade next to Hong Kong Disneyland Hong Kong Disneyland (traditional Chinese: ) is the first theme park inside the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, which is owned and managed by the Hong Kong International Theme Parks, an incorporated company jointly owned by The Walt... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... Kai Tak Airport (Traditional Chinese: ) was the international airport of Hong Kong from 1925 until 1998. ... Victoria Harbour The night view of the Victoria Harbour with the skyscrapers in Central behind, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui Victoria Harbour (Traditional Chinese: 維多利亞港; Simplified Chinese: 维多利亚港; Cantonese Jyutping: wai4 do1 lei6 aa3 gong2; Mandarin Pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà GÇŽng) is the harbour between the Kowloon Peninsula and the... For the psychology topic, see Environmental psychology. ... The night view of the Central as viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui on the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Central (Chinese: 中環; Jyutping: zung1 waan4; Cantonese IPA: ; Pinyin: Zhōnghuán) is an area located in Central and Western District, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Bard, Solomon. [2002] (2002). Voices from the Past: Hong Kong 1842-1918. HK University press. ISBN 9622095747
  2. ^ Petry, Anne K. (July 2003). Geography of Japan. Japan Digest, Indiana University. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  3. ^ Wallis, Keith. "Bill seeks to protect harbour", Hong Kong Standard, February 12, 1996. Retrieved on 2007-03-23. 
  4. ^ Singapore Finds it Hard to Expand Without Sand. Planet Ark. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  5. ^ Jason Wordie, Land-grabbing titans who changed HK's profit for good, April 18, 1999
  6. ^ "Courts protect our imperiled waterway - at least for the time being", Hong Kong Standard, August 14, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-03-23. 
  7. ^ DeGolyer, Michael. "Commentary: Just Looking for Answers", Hong Kong Standard, March 15, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-03-23. 
  8. ^ Ng, Michael. "Lawmaker warns of West Kowloon arts venue glut", Hong Kong Standard, October 05, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-03-23. 
  9. ^ Japan Fact Sheet. Japan Reference. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.

Indiana University, founded in 1820, is a nine-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Standard,29 September 2004 Mr. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Standard,29 September 2004 Mr. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Wikibooks
Wikibooks' [[wikibooks:|]] has more about this subject:
Making an Island

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Land rehabilitation is the process of returning the land in a given area to some degree of its former self, after some process (business, industry, natural disaster etc. ... The United States Bureau of Reclamation (Formerly the United States Reclamation Service) is a division of the U.S. Department of the Interior which oversees water development projects in the western United States. ... Land improvement or land amelioration is making land more usable by humans. ... Society for Protection of the Harbour(保護海港協會, SPH) is a Hong-Kong-based organization founded in November, 1995. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Land Reclamation/Acid Mine Drainage (465 words)
This webpage contains articles on land reclamation and acid mine drainage, with links to related subject sites.
Reclamation of Abandoned Coal Mine Waste in Korea Using Lime Cake By-Products -
Tree Recruitment and Growth on 20-Year-Old, Unreclaimed Surface Mined Lands in West Virginia
21st Century Singapore - Land Reclamation (498 words)
Land reclamation works in the past used to be carried out from depths of 5-10m.
Land reclamation has modified the coastline of Singapore, extending it seawards, especially on the eastern, north-eastern and western parts of the island, and changing it quite beyong recognition.
The landfill mothod is used to reclaim land from the coast and the swamps in Singapore.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m