FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Land Rover Series
Land Rover Series
80-inch Series I
Manufacturer Land Rover
Parent company Presently For Sale
Ford 2000-2007
Rover 1948-2000
Production 1948-1983
Assembly Solihull, England
Class Off-road vehicle
Layout FR layout/All wheel drive

The Land Rover Series I, II, and III are off-road vehicles produced by the British manufacturer Land Rover. Land Rover say that 70% of these vehicles ever made are still in use today- a claim first made in the 1992 brochure and repeated many times since, being much publicised when cited by Richard Hammond of the BBC's Top Gear. Image File history File links Landrover_Serie_I_von_1952. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker after General Motors and Toyota, based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... // Rover was a British automobile manufacturer and later a marque based at the former Austin Longbridge plant in Birmingham. ... Solihull (IPA: , or , or some combination of the two; occasionally ) is a large town in the West Midlands in England with a population of 94,753. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... Richard Mark Hammond (born December 19, 1969 in Birmingham), nicknamed Hamster,(and as of 2007 Princess Diana by Jeremy Clarkson) is an English television and radio presenter best known for co-presenting the television programme Top Gear along with James May and Jeremy Clarkson from 2002 onwards, and co-hosting... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... The current format of Top Gear is a BAFTA[1] and Emmy Award-winning BBC television series about motor vehicles, mainly cars. ...


Series models feature leaf-sprung with selectable two- or four-wheel drive. A leaf spring is a simple form of spring, commonly used for the suspension in wheeled vehicles. ... Two wheel drive or 2WD are terms used to describe vehicles with a drivetrain that allows two wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ...

Contents

Development

The Land Rover was conceived by the Rover Motor Company in 1946 during the aftermath of World War II. Rover's usual products were luxury cars which were not in demand in the immediate post-war period and raw materials were strictly rationed to those companies building construction or industrial equipment, or products that could be widely exported to earn crucial foreign exchange for the country. Also, Rover's original factory in Coventry had been bombed during the war, forcing the company to move into a huge "shadow factory" it had built during the war in Solihull near Birmingham to construct aircraft. This factory was now empty but starting car production there from scratch would not be financially viable. Several plans for small, economical cars were drawn up, but all would be too expensive to produce. Maurice Wilks, Rover's chief designer came up with a plan to produce a light agricultural and utility vehicle, of a similar concept to the Willys Jeep used in the war, but with an emphasis on agricultural use. He was possibly inspired by the Standard Motor Company, who faced similar problems and were producing the highly successful Ferguson TE20 tractor in their shadow factory in Coventry. More likely, he used his own experience of using an army-surplus Jeep on his farm in Anglesey, North Wales. // Rover was a British automobile manufacturer and later a marque based at the former Austin Longbridge plant in Birmingham. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The foreign exchange (currency or forex or FX) market exists wherever one currency is traded for another. ... For other places with the same name, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... Solihull (IPA: , or , or some combination of the two; occasionally ) is a large town in the West Midlands in England with a population of 94,753. ... Birmingham (pron. ... 1920 Willys-Knight advertisement Willys (correctly pronounced WILL-iss, but Will-eez is more common), was the brand name used by the United States automobile company, Willys-Overland Motors, best known for its production of military and civilian Jeeps, during the twentieth century. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... 1927 Standard Nine Selby Tourer 1933 Standard Ten. ... The Ferguson Model TE20 was Harry Fergusons most successful design, commonly known as the Little Grey Fergie. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Anglesey (historically Anglesea; Welsh: , pronounced (IPA)) is a predominantly Welsh-speaking island off the northwest coast of Wales. ...


The prototype Land Rover was developed in 1947 and had a distinctive feature—the steering wheel was mounted in the middle of the vehicle. It hence became known as the "centre steer". It was built on a Jeep chassis and used the engine and gearbox out of a Rover P3 saloon car. The bodywork was hand-made out of surplus aircraft grade aluminium, mainly an aluminium/magnesium alloy called Birmabright, to save on steel, which was closely rationed. Paint was also in short supply, resulting in the first production vehicles making use of Army surplus green paint.[1] The Centre Steer is an early Land Rover prototype automobile. ... The Rover P3 car produced by the Rover company in 1948 and 1949 was very much an interim model. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Tests showed this prototype vehicle to be a capable and versatile machine. It was fitted with power take-off (PTO) drives from the front of the engine and from the gearbox to the centre and rear of the vehicle to allow it to drive farm machinery, as a tractor would. It was also tested ploughing and performing other agricultural tasks. However, as the vehicle was readied for production, this emphasis on tractor-like usage decreased. The steering wheel was mounted off to the side as normal, the bodywork was simplified to reduce production time and costs and a larger engine was fitted, together with a specially-designed transfer gearbox to replace the Jeep unit. The result was a vehicle that didn't use a single Jeep component and was slightly shorter than its American inspiration, but wider, heavier, faster and still retained the PTO drives. A tractor PTO A power take-off (PTO) is a splined driveshaft, usually on a tractor or truck that can be used to provide power to an attachment or separate machine. ... For the constellation known as The Plough see Ursa Major. ...


The Land Rover was designed to only be in production for 2-3 years to gain some cash flow and export orders for the Rover Company so it could restart up-market car production. It did, but by this time the Land Rover was outselling its normal car products by a huge amount and so the off-road vehicle has remained in production for nearly 60 years.


Series I

Series I
Series I 86 Hard TopShowing double-skinned '"Safari Roof".
Production 1948-1958
Body style(s) 2-door
Off-road vehicle
4-door
Off-road vehicle
Engine(s) 1.6L I4 (1948-1951)
2.0L I4 (1950-)
2.0L diesel I4 (1957-)
Transmission(s) 4 speed manual
Wheelbase 80/86 inches (SWB)
107 inches (LWB)
Length 132/140.5 inches (SWB)
173.5 inches (LWB)
Width 61 inches
Height 73.5 inches

Land Rover entered production in 1948 with what was later termed the Series I. This was launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show. It was originally designed for farm and light industrial use, and had a steel box-section chassis, and an aluminum body. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 816 KB) Land Rover Series I hardtop during the Norwegian Land-Rover Clubs 30th anniversary in Evje, Norway Source: Photograph by user File links The following pages link to this file: Land Rover (Series/Defender) User talk:Wimvandorst/archive... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... Transmissions provide a speed-power conversion known as gear reduction (in speed) to a higher torque (rotational force) using gearsets. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Originally based on the US Army Jeep the Land Rover was a single model offering, which from 1948 until 1951 used an 80 in (2032 mm) wheelbase and a 1.6-litre petrol engine. This was a basic vehicle, tops for the doors and a roof (canvas or metal) were optional extras. In 1950, the lights moved from a position behind the grille to protruding through the grille. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gasoline (or petrol) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which is often used for automobiles, aircraft, small mobile vehicles such as lawnmowers or motorcycles, and outboard motors for boats. ... BMWs distinctive kidney-shaped grille on an E34 M5 Audis single frame grille, here on a second generation TT Grille is also the name of a German self-propelled artillery vehicle. ...


From the beginning it was realised that some buyers would want a Land Rover's abilities without the spartan interiors. In 1949 Land Rover launched a second body option called the "Station Wagon", fitted with a body built by Tickford, a coachbuilder known for their work with Rolls-Royce and Lagonda. The bodywork was wooden-framed and had seating for seven people. Tickfords were well equipped in comparison with the standard Land Rover, having leather seats, a heater, a one-piece laminated windscreen, a tin-plate spare wheel cover, some interior trim and other options. The wooden construction made them expensive to build and tax laws made this worse — unlike the original Land Rover, the Tickford was taxed as a private car, which attracted high levels of Purchase Tax. As a result, less than 700 Tickfords were sold, and all but 50 were exported. Today these early Station Wagons are highly sought after. There are less than 10 still known to exist, mainly in museums, and they can change hands for as much as £15,000. Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Tickford is a automobile tuning company most famous for the 140mph Tickford Turbo Capri. ... Rolls-Royce Limited was a British car and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls on 15 March 1906 and was the result of a partnership formed in 1904. ... 1937 Lagonda LG45R Rapide Lagonda, the British car maker, was founded in 1906 in Staines, Middlesex by the American Wilbur Gunn. ...


In 1952 and 1953 the petrol engine was replaced with a larger 2.0-litre unit. This engine was "siamese bore", meaning that there were no water passages between the pistons. Around this time the Land Rover's legal status was also clarified. As mentioned above, the Land Rover was originally classed as a commercial vehicle, meaning it was free from Purchase Tax. However, this also meant it was limited to a speed of 30 mph on British roads. After an appeal to the Law Lords after an owner was charged with exceeding this limit, the Land Rover was classified as a "multi-purpose vehicle" which was only to be classed as a commercial vehicle if used for commercial purposes. This still applies today, with Land Rovers being registered as commercial vehicles being restricted to a maximum speed of 60 mph (as opposed to the maximum 70 mph for normal cars) in Britain, although this rule is not often upheld nowadays. For the use of the term in optics, see piston (optics). ... The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, has a judicial function as a court of last resort within the United Kingdom. ...


1954 saw a big change: the 80 in (2032 mm) was replaced by an 86 in (2184 mm), and a 107 in (2718 mm) "Pick Up" version was introduced. The extra wheelbase was added behind the cab area to provide additional load space. Mazda B-Series compact pickup truck with extended cabin and home-made wooden rack. ...


1956 saw the introduction of the first five-door model, on the 107 in chassis known as the "Station Wagon" with seating for up to ten people. The 86 in model was a three-door seven-seater. The new Station Wagons were very different to the previous Tickford model, being built with simple metal panels and bolt-together construction instead of the complex wooden structure of the older Station Wagon. They were intended to be used both as commercial vehicles as people-carriers for transporting workmen to remote locations, as well as by private users. Like the Tickford version, they came with basic interior trim and equipment such as roof vents and interior lights. Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


The Station Wagons saw the first expansion of the Land Rover range. Station Wagons were fitted with a "Safari Roof" which consisted of a second roof skin fitted on top of the vehicle. This kept the interior cool in hot weather and reduced condensation in cold weather. Vents fitted in the roof allowed added ventilation to the interior. While they were based on the same chassis and drivetrains as the standard vehicles, Station Wagons carried different chassis numbers, special badging, and were advertised in separate brochures. Unlike the original Station Wagon, the new in-house versions were highly popular. Drivetrain is the twelfth studio album by southern rock band . ...


Wheelbases were extended by 2 in to 88 in (2235 mm) and 109 in (2769 mm) to accommodate the new diesel engine, to be an option the following year. This change was made to all models with the exception of the 107 Station Wagon, which would never be fitted with a diesel engine, and would eventually be the last series I in production.


Finally, in 1957, the "spread bore" petrol engine was introduced, followed shortly by a brand new 2.0-litre Diesel engine that, despite the similar capacity, was not related to the petrol engines used. The petrol engines of the time used the rather out-dated inlet-over-exhaust valve arrangement; the diesel used the more modern overhead layout. This diesel engine was one of the first high-speed diesels developed for road use, producing 52 hp at 4000 rpm. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... These water valves are regulated by handles. ...


This engine was slightly longer than the original chassis allowed, so the wheelbase was increased from 86 to 88 in (2235 mm) for the short-wheelbase models, and from 107 to 109 in on the long-wheelbases. The extra two inches were added in front of the bulkhead to accommodate the new diesel engine. These dimensions were to be used on all Land Rovers for the next 25 years.


Series II

Series II
Production 1958-1961
Body style(s) 2-door
Off-road vehicle
4-door
Off-road vehicle
Engine(s) 2.25L petrol I4
2.0L I4 diesel
Transmission(s) 4 speed manual
Wheelbase 88 inches (SWB)
109 in (LWB)
Length 142.4 inches (SWB)
175 inches (LWB)
Width 66 inches
Height 77.5 inches (SWB)
81 inches (LWB)

The successor to the successful Series I was the Series II, which saw a production run from 1958 to 1961. It came in 88 in (2235 mm) and 109 in (2769 mm) wheelbases. This was the first Land Rover to adopt a relatively modern shape, and used the well-known 2.25-litre petrol engine, although early short wheelbase (SWB) models retained the 2.0-litre petrol engine from the Series I for the first 1500 or so vehicles. This larger petrol engine produced 72 hp and was closely related to the 2.0-litre diesel unit still in use. This engine became the standard Land Rover unit until the mid-1980s when diesel engines became more popular.











Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... Transmissions provide a speed-power conversion known as gear reduction (in speed) to a higher torque (rotational force) using gearsets. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... Gasoline (or petrol) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which is often used for automobiles, aircraft, small mobile vehicles such as lawnmowers or motorcycles, and outboard motors for boats. ...


Series IIA

Series IIA
1971 Land Rover Series IIa.
Production 1961-1971
Body style(s) 2-door
Off-road vehicle
4-door
Off-road vehicle
Engine(s) 2.25L I4
2.6L IOE I6
Transmission(s) 4 speed manual
Wheelbase 88 inches (SWB)
109 in (LWB)
Length 142.4 inches (SWB)
175 inches (LWB)
Width 66 inches
Height 77.5 inches (SWB)
81 inches (LWB)

The SII and the SIIA are very difficult to distinguish. There were some minor cosmetic changes, but the most significant change was under the bonnet in the guise of the new 2.25-litre Diesel engine. Body configurations available from the factory ranged from short wheelbase soft top to the top of the line five-door Station Wagon. Also the 2.6-litre straight six petrol engine was introduced for use in the long wheelbase models in 1967, the larger engine complemented by standard-fit servo-assisted brakes. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 214 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) }} {{self|GFDL|cc-by-sa-2. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... IOE may refer to: Institute of Education (Dublin) Intake Over Exhaust, see poppet valve This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The straight-6 (also inline 6, I-6, or I6) is an internal combustion engine with six cylinders aligned in a single row. ... Transmissions provide a speed-power conversion known as gear reduction (in speed) to a higher torque (rotational force) using gearsets. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


From February 1969 (home market) the headlamps moved into the wings on all models, and the sill panels were redesigned to be shallower a few months afterwards.


The Series IIA is considered by many the most hardy Series model constructed. It is also the type of classic Land Rover that features strongly in the general public's perception of the Land Rover, from its many appearances in popular films and television documentaries set in Africa throughout the 1960s, such as Born Free. Certainly it was whilst the Series IIA was in production that sales of utility Land Rovers reached their peak, in 1969-70, when sales of over 60,000 Land Rovers a year were recorded (for comparison, the sales of the Defender in recent years have been around the 25,000 level since the 1990s). As well as record sales, the Land Rover dominated many world markets- in Australia in the 1960s Land Rover held 90% of the 4x4 market. This figure was repeated in many countries in Africa and the Middle East. Born Free is a book written by Joy Adamson in the 1960s about an orphaned Kenya. ...

The Land Rover in Born Free

Image File history File linksMetadata ElsaOnJeep. ... Image File history File linksMetadata ElsaOnJeep. ... Download high resolution version (1545x1176, 239 KB)1963 Land Rover SIIA at Coalpit Heath car show, near Bristol, England. ... Land rover Series IIA 1963 88 Picture taken and land rover owned by User:MAdaXe File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 334 KB)1966 Land Rover Series IIa 109 Station Wagon File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Series IIA Forward Control

The Series IIA FC launched in 1962 was based on the Series II 2.25-litre petrol engine and 109 in chassis, with the cab positioned over the engine to give more load space. Export vehicles were the first Land-Rovers to get the 2.6-litre petrol engine. These vehicles were underpowered for the increased load capacity (30 cwt - 1520kg), and most had a hard working life. Not many were made, and most had a utility body, but surviving examples often have custom bodywork. With an upgraded powertrain, they can be used as a small motorhome.


Series IIB Forward Control

The Series IIB FC produced from 1966 was similar to the Series IIA Forward Control but added the 2.25-litre diesel engine as an option. The 2.6 L engine was the standard engine for this model, the 2.25 litre engine being only available for export.


Heavy duty wide-track axles (designed by ENV) to fitted to improve vehicle stability, as was a front anti-roll bar and revised rear springs. In the process the wheelbase was increased to 110 in. Production ended in 1974 when Land-Rover rationalised its vehicle range. Many IIB components were also used on the "One Ton" 109 vehicle.


Series III

Series III
Series III
Production 1971-1985
Body style(s) 2-door
Off-road vehicle
4-door
Off-road vehicle
2-door pickup
Engine(s) 2.25L I4
3.5L 91 hp V8
Transmission(s) 4 speed manual
Wheelbase 88 inches (SWB)
109 in (LWB)
Length 142.4 inches (SWB)
175 inches (LWB)
Width 66 inches
Height 77.5 inches (SWB)
81 inches (LWB)

The Series III had the same body and engine options as the preceding IIa, including station wagons and One Ton versions. Little changed cosmetically from the IIA to the Series III. The Series III is the most common Series vehicle, with 440,000 of the type built from 1971 to 1985. The headlights were moved to the wings on late production IIA models from 1968/9 onward (ostensibly to comply with Australian, American and Dutch lighting regulations) and remained in this position for the Series III. The traditional metal grille, featured on the Series I, II and IIA, was replaced with a plastic one for the Series III model. The 2.25 L engine had its compression raised from 7:1 to 8:1, increasing the power slightly (the high compression engine had been an optional fit on the IIa model for several years). During the Series III production run from 1971 until 1985, the 1,000,000th Land Rover rolled off the production line in 1976. The Series III saw many changes in the later part of its life as Land Rover updated the design to meet increased competition. This was the first model to feature synchromesh on all four gears, although some late H suffix IIa models had used an all-synchro box. In keeping with early 1970s trends in automotive interior design, both in safety and use of more advanced materials, the simple metal dashboard of earlier models was redesigned to accept a new moulded plastic dash. The instrument cluster, which was previously centrally located, was moved to the driver's side. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Mazda B-Series compact pickup truck with extended cabin and home-made wooden rack. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... Transmissions provide a speed-power conversion known as gear reduction (in speed) to a higher torque (rotational force) using gearsets. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A SAAB headlight with combination projector/reflector optics A headlight or headlamp is a lamp, usually attached to the front of a vehicle such as a car, with the purpose of illuminating the road ahead during periods of low visibility, such as night or precipitation. ... Synchromesh is the term used to describe a manual transmission in which gears are brought to the same speed during shifting by a synchronizer. ...


From 1979, increased investment by the British Government brought numerous improvements. From that year the more powerful 3.5-litre V8 petrol engine as used in the Range Rover, albeit a detuned version (91 horsepower), was used in the Stage 1 V8 109. This was the first stage in the development of what was to become the 110. It used a variant of the Range Rover engine and drive train making it the only Series III vehicle to have permanent four wheel drive.


In 1980 the 4-cylinder 2.25-litre engines (both petrol and diesel) were updated with five-bearing crankshafts to increase strength in heavy duty work. At the same time the transmission, axles and wheel hubs were re-designed for increased strength. This was the culmination of a series of updates to the transmission that had been made since the 1960s to combat the all-too-common problem of the rear axle half-shafts breaking in heavy usage. This problem was partly due to the design of the shafts themselves. Due to the fully-floating design of the rear wheel hubs, the half shafts can be removed very quickly without even having to jack the vehicle off the ground. Rover designed the shafts to have a weak point so if the transmission was over-stressed, the easily-replaced half-shafts would break instead of a differential unit or the main gearbox. The tendency for commercial operators to overload their vehicles exacerbated this intended flaw which blighted the Series Land Rovers in many of their export markets and established a reputation that continues in many markets to the present day. This is despite the 1982 re-design (mainly the changing of the driveshafts from 12 driving-splines to 24 to reduce stress) all but solved the problem. The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... Transmissions provide a speed-power conversion known as gear reduction (in speed) to a higher torque (rotational force) using gearsets. ... An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. ... A differential can mean one of several things: Differential (mathematics) Differential (mechanics) Differential signaling is used to carry high speed digital signals. ... A gearbox is an assembly of gears allowing the rotational speed of an input shaft to be changed to a different speed. ... Spline can refer to: Spline, a mechanical device used for drawing curves. ...


Also, new trim options were introduced to make the interior more comfortable if the buyer so wished (many farmers and commercial users preferred the original, non-trimmed interior).


These changes culminated in 1982 with the introduction of the "County" spec Station Wagon Land Rovers, available in both 88-inch and 109-inch types. These had all-new cloth seats from the Leyland T-45 Lorry, soundproofing kits, tinted glass and other "soft" options designed to appeal to the leisure owner/user. Leyland Trucks, the British truck manufacturer, emerged from the bankruptcy of DAF NV as the result of a management buy-out. ...


Of more interest was the introduction of the High Capacity Pick Up to the 109-inch chassis. This was a pick-up truck load bay that offered 25% more cubic capacity than the standard pick-up style. The HCPU came with heavy-duty suspension and was popular with public utility companies and building contractors.


The Series Land Rover in Australia

Australia has always been an important export market for Land Rovers of all sorts, but especially the utility models. 80-inch Series I models were imported by the Australian government in the late 1940s for work on civil engineering projects such as dams and road construction, which brought the vehicle to the buying public's attention. Large sales followed and in the 1950s Land Rover established a factory in Australia to build CKD kits shipped from the Solihull factory. The Land Rover continued to sell well throughout the 1960s in Series II guise, commanding some 90% of the off-road market, and with practically every farm having at least one Land Rover. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The Series III continued this success in the early 1970s, but from the middle of the decade sales declined. A combination of increasing competition (mostly from Japanese vehicles such as the Toyota Land Cruiser) and increasingly poor quality of the parts being shipped from Britain meant that Land Rover's dominance slipped. The problems faced by Land Rover were the same throughout its export markets- compared to the Japanese competition, the Land Rover was underpowered, unreliable and slow with a poor ride quality, despite their superior off-road ability. Poor rust-proofing and low-quality steel in comparison to the Japanese vehicles turned the buyers away in large numbers and by 1983, with the introduction of the One Ten, the Land Cruiser was the best selling 4x4 in Australia. For other uses of Cruiser, see Cruiser (disambiguation). ... The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ...


In the early 1980s, Land Rover Australia had made some changes to the vehicle to try and combat this sales decline. As well as the fitting of the V8 petrol engine in the 1979 "Stage One", as in the rest of the world, Australia also received the same vehicle with the option of a 3.8-litre 89 hp Isuzu diesel engine. This helped slow the sales decline, but the rest of the vehicle's shortcomings let it down. The One Ten was also available with this engine, which was later turbocharged to produce in excess of 100 horsepower. Isuzu Motors Ltd. ...

Stage 1 V8

Produced from 1979 to 1983. The term 'Stage 1' refers to the first stage of investment in the company to improve the Land Rover and Range Rover product offerings. It had a de-tuned version of the range rover V8 and shares the same 4 speed permanent four-wheel drive drivetrain.


Other models

Lightweight
Lightweight

The One Ton 109" - produced from 1968 to approx 1977, covering late IIa and early series III Models. Basically it was a series IIb forward control built with a standard 109 body, featuring 2.6 L petrol engine, lower ratio gearbox, ENV front and rear axles, (Salisbury front and rear on series III). The chassis frame was unique to the model and featured drop-shackle suspension similar to the military series Land-Rovers. 900x16 tyres were a standard feature and these machines were commonly used by utility companies and breakdown/recovery firms. Only 170 IIa and 275 (approx) Series IIIs were built for the home market. Image File history File links Lightweight-SIII-1983. ... Image File history File links Lightweight-SIII-1983. ...


Military

The Land Rover has been used as the basis for several British Army vehicles including the Forward Control Model 101-inch, the "Lightweight", and the FV18067 Ambulance. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... A Land Rover 101 Forward Control with the radio-vehicle body The Land Rover 101 Forward Control was a vehicle produced by Land Rover for the British Army. ... The Lightweight 1/2 ton was a British military vehicle supplied by Land Rover. ...


The Land Rover is also the basis for the Shorland Internal Security Patrol Vehicle developed by Short Brothers. General characteristics Length 4. ... Short Brothers plc is a British aerospace company now based in Belfast. ...


Minerva

Content required.


Santana

Content required.


References

See also

The Austin Motor Company was a British manufacturer of automobiles that rose to be a major motorcar brand, the dominant partner after merger with Morris in 1952 but declining after absorption into the British Leyland Motor Corporation, and its subsequent troubles. ... Austin Sean Healey (born 26th October, 1973 in Wallasey) is a rugby union footballer, who plays as a utility back for Leicester Tigers, and has represented England and the British Lions. ... The British Leyland Motor Corporation (often abbreviated to simply BL), was a Britain in 1968. ... Jaguar Cars Limited is a luxury car manufacturer, originally with headquarters in Browns Lane, Coventry, England but now at Whitley, Coventry. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Morris Motor logo, from a UK Royal Mail van 1927 Morris Cowley 1928 Morris Minor Saloon 1946 Morris Ten Series M 1953 Morris Minor Series 2 1971 Morris 1000 Traveller The Morris Motor Company was a former British car manufacturing company. ... 1965 Riley 1. ... // Rover was a British automobile manufacturer and later a marque based at the former Austin Longbridge plant in Birmingham. ... MG Rover are the largest independent manufacturer of cars in the British motor industry. ... Triumph Logo (1978 version) 1934 Triumph Gloria Six 1937 Triumph Dolomite Roadster 1974 Triumph GT6 Coupé The Triumph Motor Company had its origins in 1885 when Siegfried Bettmann (1863-1951) and Moritz (Maurice) Schulte founded Bettmann & Co and started selling Triumph bicycles, from premises in London and from 1889 started... Vanden Plas is the name of a company of coachbuilders for specialist and up-market automobile manufacturers. ... The Wolseley Motor Company was an automobile manufacturer in the United Kingdom from 1905. ... A number of different automobiles of the 1950s and 1960s were marketed under the A40 name by the Austin Motor Company. ... See Austin A40 for other A40 models. ... The Westminster series large automobiles sold by the Austin Motor Company from 1954, replacing the A70 Hereford. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Austin A35 A35 van The A35 was a small (compact) car sold by the British Motor Corporation under the Austin marque in the 1950s. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... ADO16 was the codename for the development of what became the Morris 1100, a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. ... The Mini Moke is a vehicle based on the Mini and designed for the British Motor Corporation (BMC) by Sir Alec Issigonis. ... The Austin 1800 was a saloon car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) from September 1964 to 1975 and colloquially known as the Landcrab. The 1800 was voted European Car of the Year for 1965. ... The Austin 3-Litre was a British saloon car introduced by British Leyland in 1968. ... The Austin Maxi was a medium sized 5-door hatchback car from British Leyland for the 1970s. ... The Austin Allegro is a small family car that was manufactured by British Leyland under the Austin name from 1973 until 1983. ... The Austin Ambassador is a large hatchback automobile introduced by British Leyland in 1982. ... The Rover Metro is a supermini car that was produced by the Leyland Cars division of British Leyland and its successors. ... The Austin Maestro is a mid-sized 5-door hatchback car that was produced by the Austin Rover subsidiary of British Leyland (BL), and its successors, from 1983 until 1994. ... There is also an American car called the Mercury Montego. ... The Austin Healey 3000 was a sports car built from 1959 to 1967, by the Austin-Healey marque, and is the best known of the big Healey models. ... The Austin Healey 3000 was a sports car built from 1959 to 1967, by the Austin-Healey marque, and is the best known of the big Healey models. ... The Austin-Healey Sprite was a small open sports car designed by Donald Healey. ... The Leyland Princess is a medium-to-large car that was produced in the United Kingdom by British Leyland from 1975 until 1981. ... The Leyland P76 was a large car produced by Leyland Australia, the Australian subsidiary of British Leyland. ... The Jaguar XJ is a luxury saloon sold under the British Jaguar luxury marque. ... The Jaguar XJ is a luxury saloon sold under the British Jaguar luxury marque. ... 1988 Jaguar XJ-S 1985 XJ-S with 5. ... The Defender is a 4x4 model from Land Rover, built to emulate the style of the original Series Land Rovers. ... The Land Rover Range Rover is a four-wheel drive / luxury SUV produced by Land Rover in the United Kingdom, and first introduced in 1970. ... The Discovery is a four wheel drive on- and off-road vehicle from Land Rover (currently owned by Ford). ... The Land Rover Freelander, recently re-named the Land Rover LR2 in North America, is a compact, four-wheel drive, crossover SUV from British Land Rover, a subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company. ... The Range Rover Sport is a high-performance, five-passenger luxury SUV built by Land Rover (currently owned by Ford) and sold since the summer of 2005. ... Later Morris Minor Van with aftermarket rear side windows Morris Minor Traveller (estate) Morris Minor Rally The revolutionary Morris Minor (the prototype was called Mosquito) was launched at the Earls Court Motor Show on 20 September, 1948. ... Morris Oxford is a series of motor car models by the Morris Motor Company of the United Kingdom, from the 1913 Bullnose Oxford to the 1961–1971 Oxford VI. // William Morriss first car was called the Oxford in recognition of its home city. ... The 1950s Morris Cowley was a four-cylinder midsize car from the Morris Motor Company produced from 1954 to 1959. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... ADO16 was the codename for the development of what became the Morris 1100, a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. ... Categories: Automobile stubs | Austin vehicles ... The Marina was a car manufactured by the Morris division of British Leyland throughout the 1970s, a period of great turbulence and difficulty for the British car industry. ... The Morris Ital was launched in June 1980. ... The MGA was a sports car produced by MG division of the British Motor Corporation from 1955 to 1962. ... MG had used the Magnette name on a number of saloons since the 1930s, but the Magnette models of the 1950s and 1960s are best-remembered. ... Round Wheel Arch MG Midget on Autotest The MG Midget was a small sports car produced by MG division of the British Motor Corporation from 1961 through to 1979. ... There is also an American car called the Mercury Montego. ... The MGB was Britains best-selling sports car model. ... The MGB was Britains best-selling sports car model. ... ADO16 was the codename for the development of what became the Morris 1100, a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. ... The MGB was Britains best-selling sports car model. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The MG ZT is a high-performance version of the Rover 75 executive car, produced by MG at their Longbridge site in Birmingham. ... 2004 MG ZR The MG ZR is a compact automobile first introduced in 2001 by the MG Rover Group. ... 2002 MG ZS The MG ZS (2001-2005) is a sporting family car derived from the Rover 45 (launched in 1999). ... 2004 MG SV-R The MG XPower SV (Sport Veloce) is a sports car made in Modena, Italy in a factory owned by Vaccari & Bosi and leased by MG Rover, based on the platform of the Qvale Mangusta (formerly De Tomaso Mangusta). ... The Pathfinder replaced the RMF as Rileys top-line automobile. ... The Two-Point-Six replaced the Riley Pathfinder as Rileys top-line automobile. ... The Riley One-Point-Five and similar Wolseley 1500 were upscale versions of the venerable Morris Minor. ... The Riley 4 was an automobile produced by BMC from April 1959 through the 1960s. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... ADO16 was the codename for the development of what became the Morris 1100, a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. ... The Rover P3 car produced by the Rover company in 1948 and 1949 was very much an interim model. ... The Rover P4 series was a group of saloon automobiles produced from 1949 through 1964. ... The Rover P5 series (commonly called 3-Litre and 3½ Litre for the engine displacement) was a group of large (in European terms) saloon and coupe automobiles produced from 1958 through 1973. ... The Rover P6 series (named 2000, 2200, and 3500 for their engine displacement) was a group of saloon cars produced from 1963 to 1977 in Solihull, West Midlands, England. ... Rover SD1 is the code name given to a series of large executive cars made by British Leyland and Austin Rover Group from 1976 to 1987. ... The Rover 25 was launched in autumn 1999 as a facelifted version of the 200 Series which had been in production since the summer of 1995. ... The Rover 75 (codenamed R40 during development) is an executive car produced initially by the Rover Group at Cowley, Oxfordshire, UK, and later by MG Rover at their Longbridge site in Birmingham, UK. The Rover 75 was available with either a saloon or estate body and, latterly, with front-wheel... In the autumn of 1999, Rover gave the 400 Series a facelift and a new name - Rover 45. ... The Rover 400/45 was a mid-size automobile introduced in the 1990s, and produced until 2005 under the name Rover 45. ... The Rover 416i was a model designation used for various cars marketed by the Rover company. ... The Rover 200-series / 25 is an automobile produced by the Austin Rover Group, and latterly the Rover Group and MG Rover. ... The Rover Metro is a supermini car that was produced by the Leyland Cars division of British Leyland and its successors. ... The Rover 800 series is an executive car introduced by the Austin Rover Group in 1986. ... The Rover 600 Series is a mid-size automobile launched early in 1993. ... 2004 CityRover Style. ... Rover P6 Estoura The Estate P6 or Estoura as is was known, was a conversion of a Rover P6 Saloon to an estate carried out by H.R. Owen and Crayford using panels by FLM Panelcraft. ... The Rover Streetwise is a small car made by Rover. ... The Triumph Herald was a small two-door car introduced in 1959 by the Standard-Triumph Company. ... The Triumph Spitfire was a small British two-seat sports car, introduced in 1962. ... The Triumph Vitesse was a compact 6-cylinder car built by Standard-Triumph from 1962–1971. ... 1968 Triumph GT6 1973 Triumph GT6 1974 Triumph GT6 The GT6 was a 6-cylinder sports coupé built by Standard-Triumph and based on their popular Triumph Spitfire convertible. ... The Triumph Stag was a car sold between 1970 and 1978 by the British Triumph Motor Company. ... The Triumph TR2 was built between 1953 and 1955 by the Triumph Motor Company in the United Kingdom, during which time 8,636[1] cars were produced. ... The Triumph TR3 was built between 1955 and 1957 by the Triumph Motor Company in the United Kingdom, during which time 13,377[1] cars were produced. ... 1962 Triumph TR4 The Triumph TR4 was a sports car built in the United Kingdom by the Standard Triumph Motor Company and introduced in 1961. ... The Triumph TR4A was built between 1965 and 1968 by the Triumph Motor Company in the United Kingdom. ... The Triumph TR5 was built for a 15 month period between 1968 and 1969 by the Triumph Motor Company in the United Kingdom, during which time approximately 2,947 cars were built. ... The Triumph TR6 (1969–1976) was the best-selling Triumph in history when production ended in JULY 1976, but was later surpassed by the TR7. ... The Triumph TR7 was a sports car manufactured from 1975 to 1981 by the Triumph Motor Company, then part of British Leyland (and subsequently, BL Ltd. ... 1971 Triumph Toledo two-door The Triumph Toledo was a compact automobile introduced in August 1970 as a cheaper version of the 1300, which was at the same time replaced by the 1500. ... The Triumph 1300 was a medium/small 4-door saloon car made by Standard Triumph under the control of Leyland Motors. ... Triumph 1500 The Triumph 1500 was a small front-wheel drive automobile produced by Standard-Triumph from 1970. ... The Triumph 2000 was a mid-sized automobile produced by the Triumph Motor Company between 1963 and 1977. ... The Triumph 2000 was a mid-sized automobile produced by the Triumph Motor Company between 1963 and 1977. ... The Triumph Dolomite was a popular small–medium-sized four-door saloon car, made by Triumph under the British Leyland organisation. ... The Triumph Acclaim was a compact automobile made by BL Ltd. ... Austin Princess was a name given to luxury cars made by the Austin company during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. ... Austin Princess was a name given to luxury cars made by the Austin company during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. ... Austin Princess was a name given to luxury cars made by the Austin company during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. ... ADO16 was the codename for the development of what became the Morris 1100, a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. ... The Austin Allegro is a small family car that was manufactured by British Leyland under the Austin name from 1973 until 1983. ... MG had used the Magnette name on a number of saloons since the 1930s, but the Magnette models of the 1950s and 1960s are best-remembered. ... The 6/90 replaced the 6/80 as Wolseley Motor Companys top-line automobile. ... MG had used the Magnette name on a number of saloons since the 1930s, but the Magnette models of the 1950s and 1960s are best-remembered. ... The Riley One-Point-Five and similar Wolseley 1500 were upscale versions of the venerable Morris Minor. ... The Wolseley 15/60 was the first of the mid-sized Pinin Farina-designed automobiles from BMC. Launched in 1959, the design would eventually be shared with seven other marques. ... The Wolseley 6/99 was the final large Wolseley automobile. ... The Wolseley 6/99 was the final large Wolseley automobile. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... ADO16 was the codename for the development of what became the Morris 1100, a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. ... The Austin 1800 was a saloon car built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) from September 1964 to 1975 and colloquially known as the Landcrab. The 1800 was voted European Car of the Year for 1965. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

General information

Owners clubs and online forums


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m