|Status: ||Ceremonial & (smaller) Administrative County |
|Region: ||North West England |
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
|Ranked 17th |
|Admin HQ: ||Preston |
|ISO 3166-2: ||GB-LAN |
|ONS code: ||30 |
|NUTS 3: ||UKD43 |
- Total (2002 est.)
- Admin. council
- Admin. pop.
|Ranked 8th |
462 / kmē
|Ethnicity: ||93.4% White |
Lancashire County Council
|Executive: ||Labour |
|Members of Parliament |
|Janet Anderson, David Borrow, Hilton Dawson, Nigel Evans, Mark Hendrick, Lindsay Hoyle, Joan Humble, Michael Jack, Gordon Marsden, Colin Pickthall, Peter Pike, Greg Pope, Gordon Prentice, Geraldine Smith, Jack Straw |
- West Lancashire
- South Ribble
- Ribble Valley
- Blackpool (Unitary)
- Blackburn with Darwen (Unitary)
Lancashire (archaically, the County of Lancaster) is a county palatine of England, lying on the Irish Sea. Its name is sometimes abbreviated to Lancs. Its traditional county town was Lancaster, but the county council is now based in Preston.
The county borders Cumbria, North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, Greater Manchester, and Merseyside, and contains the unitary authorities of Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen.
Lancashire is divided into a number of local government districts. These are Burnley, Chorley, Fylde, Hyndburn, Lancaster, Pendle, Preston, the Ribble Valley, Rossendale, South Ribble, West Lancashire, and Wyre.
These are the main towns in Lancashire, for a complete list of settlements see list of places in Lancashire.
- Accrington, Adlington
- Bacup, Bamber Bridge, Barnoldswick, Bickerstaffe, Blackburn, Blackpool, Burnley, Burscough, Brindle
- Carnforth, Chipping, Chorley, Clayton-le-Moors, Cleveleys, Clitheroe, Colne
- Dalton, Darwen
- Fleetwood, Freckleton
- Galgate, Garstang, Gisburn, Goosnargh, Great Harwood
- Haslingden, Heysham, Hoghton
- Kirkham, Knott End-on-sea
- Lancaster, Lathom, Leyland, Longridge, Lytham
- Mawdesley, Morecambe
- Ormskirk, Oswaldtwistle
- Padiham, Parbold, Pendle, Poulton-le-Fylde, Preston
- Rawtenstall, Ribchester, Rufford
- Silverdale, Skelmersdale, Slaidburn, St Annes
- Thornton, Trawden, Tyldesley
Places of interest
A cobblestone mosaic of a red Lancashire Rose
Main article: History of Lancashire.
The county was established in 1182. In the Domesday Book, its lands had been treated as part of Cheshire and of Yorkshire. It bordered Cumberland, Westmorland, Yorkshire, and Cheshire.
The historic county was divided into the six hundreds of Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland, Lonsdale, Salford and West Derby. Lonsdale was further partitioned into Lonsdale North, which was the detached part north of Morecambe Bay (also known as Furness), and Lonsdale South.
The modern administrative area is now rather smaller than that of the historic county due to a local government reform.
On April 1, 1974 the Furness exclave was given to the new county of Cumbria, the south east being given to Greater Manchester, and the south-west becoming Merseyside
Warrington and surrounding districts including the villages of Winwick and Croft and Risley and Culcheth were annexed to Cheshire. A part of the West Riding of Yorkshire near Clitheroe, was transferred to Lancashire also.
In 1998 Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen became independent of the county as unitary authorities, but remained in Lancashire for ceremonial purposes, as well as for fire and rescue and policing.
Rejected options for change
On May 25, 2004 the Boundary Committee for England published recommendations for systems of Unitary Authorities to be put to referendum as described under Subdivisions of England, but on Thursday 4 November 2004 the referendum for the North East decided by a margin of 78% to 22% against an elected regional assembly. On 8 November the Deputy Prime Minister announced "I will not therefore be bringing forward orders for referendums in either the North West, or Yorkshire and the Humber".
- Statement by Deputy Prime Minister (http://www.odpm.gov.uk/stellent/groups/odpm_about/documents/page/odpm_about_032697.hcsp)