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Encyclopedia > Lan Xang

The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang or Lan Ch'ang (Pali: Sisattanakhanahut, Lao: ລ້ານຊ້າງ lâansâang, from Sinitic 萬象 “vast number of elephants”) was established in 1354 by Somdetch Brhat-Anya Fa Ladhuraniya Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Maharaja Brhat Rajadharana Sri Chudhana Negara (otherwise known as Fa Ngum). It is also known as the "Land of A Million Elephants". Pāli is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... Somdetch Brhat-Anya Fa Ladhuraniya Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Maharaja Brhat Rajadharana Sri Chudhana Negara better known as Fa Ngum (1316 - 1393, born in Muang Sua, died in Nan) established the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang in 1354. ...


Exiled as an infant to Cambodia, the Lao prince from Xieng Dong Xieng Thong (formally Muang Sua after the Lao claimed it from the Khmer Empire) eventually married one of the Khmer king's daughters and in 1349 set out from Angkor at the head of a 10,000-man army. Fa Ngum organized the conquered principalities into provinces (muang), and reclaimed Xieng Dong Xieng Thong from his father and elder brother. Fa Ngum was crowned king of Lan Xang at Vientiane, the site of one of his victories (Victory of Phay Nam), in June 1354. Lan Xang, which literally means "million elephants," was an allusion to his formidable war machine. Lan Xang extended from the border of China to Sambor below the Mekong rapids at Khong Island and from the Vietnamese border to the western escarpment of the Khorat Plateau. It was one of the largest Kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Muang Sua was the first kingdom established and conquered by the Tai (Lao/Thai) ethnic groups into the khmer territories. Luang Prabang, or Louangphrabang, is a city in Laos; it was formerly the capital of a kingdom of the same name. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // Events January 9 - The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland is rounded up and incinerated, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague. ... Angkor was the site of a series of capital cities of the Khmer empire for much of the period from the 9th century to the 15th century CE. Their ruins (13°24N, 103°51E) are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonle... Mueang (Thai: ), Muang (Lao ເມືອງ), or Mong (Shan) were semi-independent city-states or principalities in present-day Thailand, Laos and the Shan State of Myanmar. ... Pha That Luang temple. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... View of the Mekong before sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... Khong Island or Don Khong is an island of the Champasak Province of southern Laos, located on the Mekong river, in the Si Phan Don area. ... The Khorat Plateau is a highland in the north-east of Thailand, also called Isan. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


The first few years of Fa Ngum's rule from his capital Xieng Dong Xieng Thong were uneventful. The next six years (1362-68), however, were troubled by religious conflict between Fa Ngum's lamaistic Buddhism and the region's traditional Theravada Buddhism. He severely repressed popular agitation that had anti-Mongol overtones and had many pagodas torn down. In 1368 Fa Ngum's Khmer wife died. He subsequently married the daughter of the king of Ayutthaya, who seems to have had a pacifying influence. For example, she was instrumental in welcoming a religious and artistic mission that brought with it a statue of the Buddha, the Phra Bang from which the city was renamed, which became the palladium of the kingdom. Popular resentment continued to build, however, and in 1373 Fa Ngum withdrew to Muang Nan. His son, Oun Heuan, who had been in exile in southern Yunnan, returned to assume the regency of the empire his father had created. Oun Heuan ascended to the throne as King Samsenethai in 1393 when his father died, ending Mongol overlordship of the middle Mekong Valley. Luang Prabang, or Louangphrabang, is a city in Laos; it was formerly the capital of a kingdom of the same name. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... Events Timur ascends throne of Samarkand. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda, Sanskrit: sthaviravāda → English: The Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and parts of southwest... hi guys if you are reading this it means you are very gay and geekish so i suggest you get of this site ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya was a Thai kingdom that existed from the 1350 to 1767. ... Media:Example. ... The Phra Bang is the palladium of Laos. ... Nan (Thai น่าน) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally south of the clouds) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... Samsenethai was the second king of Lan Xang, the son of Fa Ngum, whom he succeeded. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ...


The kingdom, made up of Lao, Thai, and various ethnic hill tribes, lasted in its approximate borders for another 300 years and briefly reached an even greater extent in the northwest. Fa Ngum's descendants remained on the throne at Muang Sua, renamed Louang Phrabang, for almost 600 years after his death, maintaining the independence of Lan Xang to the end of the 17th century through a complex network of vassal relations with lesser princes. At the same time, these rulers fought off invasions from Vietnam (1478-79), Siam (1536), and Burma (1571-1621). Akha girl. ... Royal palace museum of Luang Prabang. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... Events January 20 - Ferdinand II ascends the throne of Aragon and rules together with his wife Isabella, queen of Castile over most of the Iberian peninsula. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... Events February 2 - Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1694, however, Lan Xang fell prey to a series of rival pretenders to its throne, and, as a result of the ensuing struggles, formally ended and split into three kingdoms -- Luang Phrabang, Vientiane, and Champassack, 1707. Muang Phuan enjoyed a semi-independent status as a result of having been annexed by a Vietnamese army in the 15th century, an action that set a precedent for a tributary relationship with the court of Annam at Hué. Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Royal palace museum of Luang Prabang. ... Pha That Luang temple. ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Laos ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... Xiangkhoang (Lao ຊຽງຂວາງ) is a province of Laos, located in the north-east of the country. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Annam, literally meaning Pacified South, is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan (安南). Known locally as Trung Bá»™, meaning Central Boundary, it was formerly a kingdom the size of Sweden with its capital at Huế. It had been seized by the French... Huế (順化 in Chinese characters) is a city in Vietnam. ...


Reference

The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lan Xang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (578 words)
The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang (or in Pali, Sisattanakhanahut) was established in 1354 by Fa Ngum.
Lan Xang extended from the border of China to Sambor below the Mekong rapids at Khong Island and from the Vietnamese border to the western escarpment of the Khorat Plateau.
In 1694, however, Lan Xang fell prey to a series of rival pretenders to its throne, and, as a result of the ensuing struggles, formally ended and split into three kingdoms -- Luang Phrabang, Vientiane, and Champassack, 1707.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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