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Encyclopedia > Lal Krishna Advani
Lal Krishna Advani
Appointed Leader of Opposition June 1, 2004
Deputy PM tenure June 29, 2002 to May 20, 2004
Date of Birth November 8, 1927
Place of Birth Karachi, Pakistan
Political Party Bharatiya Janata Party
Profession Lawyer

Lal Krishna Advani (Sindhi: लाल कृष्ण आडवाणी, لال ڪرشنا آڏواڻي) ( ਲਾਲ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਆਡਵਾਨੀ ), also known as Lal Kishenchand Advani (Sindhi: लाल किशेन्चन्द आडवाणी, لال ڪشن چند آڏواڻي) (b. November 8, 1927), served as the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) until year-end 2005 and is Leader of the Opposition in the 14th Lok Sabha. He is a prominent figure in his party and was the Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister in the Indian government (1998-2004). He was conferred the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award for the year 1999. Source: http://www. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (Hindi: , English: ), created in 1980, is one of the two major national political parties in India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (Hindi: , English: ), created in 1980, is one of the two major national political parties in India. ... The Leader of the Opposition in India is the politician who leads the body in the Lok Sabha recognized as the Official Opposition. ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... A Deputy Prime Minister is a member of a nations cabinet who can take the position of acting Prime Minister when the real Prime Minister is temporarily absent. ... The Home Minister, or more properly the Minister for Home Affairs, is a position in the Indian Cabinet, at both State and Union levels. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Outstanding Parliamentarian Award is an award given by the Indian Parliamentary Group to an outstanding sitting Member of the Indian Parliament. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1984 his party was reduced to two-seats out of 542 in parliament's lower-house called Lok Sabha and was on the brink of extinction. As the President he invigorated the party to be the leading political party in country's multi-party system. Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ...

Contents

Early life and education

Advani was born on November 8, 1927, in Karachi, British India to Kishichand D. Advani. His early schooling was at Saint Patrick's High School, Karachi. He later joined the D.G. National College in Hyderabad, Sindh (now in Pakistan). He later graduated in Law from the Government Law College Bombay University. Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan. ... British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... St Patricks High School, located in Saddar Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, is one of the oldest and most reputable schools in Pakistan. ... Hyderabad or Haydarābād (Urdu: حيدر آباد) is located in the Sindh province of Pakistan (formerly known as Neroon Kot نيرُون ڪوٽ). Formerly the capital of Sindh and known as the city of perfumes, it is now a regional headquarter of the district of Hyderabad. ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, and Muhajirs and various other groups. ... The University of Mumbai is one of the outstanding universities of India. ...


He is married and has two children, a son and a daughter.


Early Political activities

Part of a series on
Hindu politics Hindu politics refers to the political movements professing to draw inspiration from Hinduism. ...

Major parties

Bharatiya Janata Party
Shiv Sena
Hindu Mahasabha
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (Hindi: , English: ), created in 1980, is one of the two major national political parties in India. ... SS election symbol Shiv Sena or शिव सेना (meaning Army of Shiva, referring to Shiva) is a political party in India founded on June 19, 1966 by Bal Thackeray, who is the president of the party. ... Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, a Hindu nationalist organization, was originally founded in 1915 to counter the Muslim League and the secular Indian National Congress. ...

Defunct parties

Bharatiya Jana Sangh
Ram Rajya Parishad
Bharatiya Jana Sangh is the old name of Bharatiya Janata Party of India. ... Ram Rajya Parishad (), Sanskrit, Forum of Ramas Kingdom, was a traditionalist Hindu party in India. ...

Ideas

Integral humanism
Hindu nationalism
Hindutva
Integral humanism is the political philosophy practised by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the former Bharatiya Jana Sangh of India. ... Hindu nationalism is a nationalist ideology that sees the modern state of the Republic of India as a Hindu nation (Hindu Rashtra), and seeks to preserve the Hindu heritage. ... For Veer Savarkars book Hindutva, see Hindutva. ...

Major figures

Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Deendayal Upadhyaya
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Lal Krishna Advani
Bal Thackeray
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856 - 1920), was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. ... Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was a national leader and a freedom fighter of India. ... Vinayak Damodar Sarvakar Vināyak Dāmodar Sāvarkar (Marathi: विनायक दामोदर सावरकर) (May 28, 1883 – February 27, 1966) was an Indian revolutionary and Hindu nationalist political leader, who is credited with developing a Hindu nationalist political ideology he termed as Hindutva (Hinduness). ... Syama Prasad Mookerjee (also spelled as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee) (July 6, 1901 – May 23, 1953) was the founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. ... Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya (Hindi:पण्डित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय) (September 25, 1916 - February 11, 1968), along with Dr.Syama Prasad Mookerjee, was an important leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, now the Bharatiya Janata Party. ... This biographical article does not cite any references or sources. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not include all significant viewpoints. ...

Related authors

B.C. Chattopadhyay
Koenraad Elst
Francois Gautier
Sita Ram Goel
K.S. Lal
Harsh Narain
Yvette Rosser
Arun Shourie
Ram Swarup
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (26 June 1838 - 8 April 1894) (Bengali: Bôngkim Chôndro Chôţţopaddhae) (Chattopadhyay in the original Bengali; Chatterjee as spelt by the British) was a Bengali Indian poet, novelist, essayist and journalist, most famous as the author of Vande Mataram or Bande Mataram... Koenraad Elst is a Belgian orientalist, writer and researcher[1]. He has authored fifteen books on topics related to Hinduism, Indian history, and Indian politics. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Sita Ram Goel (Devanāgarī: सीता राम गोयल, Sītā Rām Goyal) (1921–2003), author and publisher, is an important figure amongst late 20th century Hindu thinkers. ... K.S. Lal is a controversial Indian historian. ... Harsh Narain is an Indian author. ... Yvette Rosser is an American author, scholar and educationalist. ... Arun Shourie Arun Shourie (born 1941) is a prominent journalist, author, and politician of India. ... Ram Swarup (राम स्‍वरूप) (1920 - December 26, 1998) was an influential ideologue for the Hindutvamovement. ...

Politics · Govt of India ·  v  d  e 

Advani joined the RSS in 1942. The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Hindi: , English: ), also known as the Sangh or the RSS, is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...

  • He was the Sangh's Karachi branch secretary.
  • He is accused as an absconder in Mohammed Ali Jinnah murder conspiracy case still registered in a Pakistani Police File in Karachi, though the government has stated that no charges will be pressed.
  • He was actively involved in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and rose in the ranks of the Delhi branch of that party and was elected on the ticket of that party from 1970 to 1975.
  • Though not a practising lawyer, he argued on behalf of his party in 1974 before the Supreme Court in the Presidential reference whether election to the post of President could be held when the Gujarat Assembly was dissolved.
  • He was detained under the MISA act in Bangalore prison during the Emergency years (1975 to 1977).
  • From 1970 to 1989, he was a member of the Rajya Sabha. In 1989 and again in 1991, he was elected to Lok Sabha and in 1991, he held posts (refer to the section on posts held below).

Advani is credited with turning the BJP into a significant force in Indian politics by undertaking the Ratha Yatra (Chariot tour) to mobilize support for building of a temple dedicated to Lord Rama in Ayodhya, believed to be his birthplace, which was razed and converted to Mosque by Babar, the first Mughal ruler in India who arrived from Afghanistan in 1528. Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in... , Delhi (Hindi: , Urdu: , Punjabi: ), sometimes referred to as Dilli, is the second-largest metropolis in India after Mumbai with a population of 13 million. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. ... Misa (drama) A Korean drama called miahnhada, saranghanda which means, sorry, I love you. ... , Bangalore (proposed to be renamed Bengaluru) (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ...


L.K Advani is known for his firm views on the issues of terrorism and Pakistan though in 2005, while touring Pakistan, he made conciliatory remarks about Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan resulting in much controversy. Here after Advani, was forced to resign e from his post as BJP President by the VHP for his remarks on Mohammed Ali Jinnah. At Lahore he inaugrated the renovation project of Katasraj Temple, the most ancient temple in Pakistan. Early 2007 Advani met archaeologists from Pakistan who had been visiting Indian temples to acquaint themselves with Hindu architecture. Advani made the positive gesture to Musharraf in a letter to the Pak leader in which he was effusive in his praise saying: "I wish to express my deep appreciation for this (the restoration of the Katasraj temples)." Elsewhere, he congratulated Musharraf for visiting the Shiva temple in Karachi in November-2006. "The people of India have also welcomed your visit to the Shiva temple in Karachi in November last year," he wrote in the letter. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in...


Posts held in the Indian Government

Lal Krishna Advani with Condoleezza Rice
Lal Krishna Advani with Condoleezza Rice

Washington, DC March 16, 2005 During her trip to Asia, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice meets Leader of the Opposition L.K. Advani in New Delhi. ... Washington, DC March 16, 2005 During her trip to Asia, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice meets Leader of the Opposition L.K. Advani in New Delhi. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Babri Masjid demolition and the consequences

The BJP launched a decade-long movement led by Advani on the issue of the Ram Temple. The BJP demanded that a temple dedicated to Lord Rama be created on the spot where, according to their claim, a temple stood till Babar's invasion of India in 1528. The Ayodhya site is claimed by both Hindus and Muslims. A mosque there was torn down by Hindu activists in 1992, sparking riots nationwide that cost 2,000 lives. Hindus consider Ayodhya a very sacred place since Lord Ram was born there. The disputed mosque was believed to be built on the site of an earlier grand temple dedicated to Lord Ram. Speaking to correspondents on his appointment as President of BJP, Advani said: "We must be candid enough to recognise the Hindu anger that exploded on the streets in the early 1990s has given way to a patient wait for the new temple whose construction, I feel is inevitable." - a promise which he failed to keep even after being elected to the post of deputy prime minister. BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ram Janmabhoomi (राम जन्मभूमि) refers to a tract of land in the North Indian city of Ayodhya which is believed to be the birthplace of the Rama. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Zāhir ud-DÄ«n Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


In appearances before the Liberhan Commission, a judicial body set up to investigate the Babri incident, Advani claimed that the demolition was the most agonising moment of his life. Advani who was present in Ayodhya on the day the dome was demolished, had left the site on that very day itself. Liberhan Commission was constituted on 16 December 1992 by an order of the Indian union home ministry following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December and the riots in Ayodhya city. ...


Legal proceedings against Advani begin

  • After the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992, a police FIR (first information report) was filed where Advani was named amongst other BJP and RSS leaders.
  • The accusations of "inflammatory speeches to spread communal hatred" were levelled against them.

A view of the Babri Mosque, circa pre-1992. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Hindi: , English: ), also known as the Sangh or the RSS, is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. ...

Case dismissed

  • In September 2003, a court in Rae Bareli discharged L.K Advani in the demolition case. Advani was home minister in the Indian cabinet at that time.

Look up September in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...

Case reopened

  • On 6 June 2005, a high court in Allahabad set the Rae Bareli court order aside. This was widely seen as an indication that proceedings against Advani and the other accused would start again.
  • A special judicial magistrate in Rae Bareilly (constituency of opposition congress head Sonia Gandhi) charged Advani with making "exciting and provocative speeches" which aroused the mobs to demolish the Babri Masjid. Advani said the reopening of this case would remind the masses about Ayodhya and resurrect the temple construction issue.

June 6 is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Raebareli is a city in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Sonia Gandhi (Hindi: , IPA: ), born Sonia Antonia Maino on December 9, 1946, is an Italian-born Indian politician, the President of the Indian National Congress and the widow of former Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi. ... A view of the Babri Mosque, circa pre-1992. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ...

Internal problems after electoral defeat

The period after the NDA's electoral defeat in the Indian general elections, 2004 was anything but smooth and has emerged as a major challenge for Advani. Legislative elections were held in India, the worlds largest democracy, in four phases between April 20 and May 10, 2004. ...

  • Uma Bharati was suspended from the party for her outburst in a party meeting against the second rung leadership of the party.
  • The Jinnah controversy has caused internal party feuds and soured the relationship between the BJP and the RSS.
  • On July 18, 2005, BJP leaders Madan Lal Khurana and Murali Manohar Joshi asked Advani to step down as the president of the party citing the following reasons
    • The RSS had supposedly lost faith in Advani.
    • The party's principle of one person holding at most one post. Advani held the post of BJP party president and leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha when the resignations were demanded.
A month later, Khurana told the press that he found it difficult to work with Advani and criticised his style of running the party. On 20 August 2005, Khurana was issued a show cause for his statements and threatened with suspension from the party. He was also relieved from his posts in the party.
  • In August 2005, detractors of Narendra Modi from the Gujarat state assembled in New Delhi to demand Modi's outster. Advani praised Modi's administration calling it clean, efficient and praiseworthy.
  • On November 12, 2006, Advani made a statement by criticizing the delay in carrying out the death sentence on Mohammad Afzal Guru for the Parliament terror attack. He commented, "I fail to understand the delay. They have increased my security. But what needs to be done immediately is to carry out the court's orders". Advani was the Home Minister of India when the attack on the Parliament took place.

Uma Bharti (born May 3, 1959, Madhya Pradesh, India) is an Indian politician. ... The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Hindi: , English: ), also known as the Sangh or the RSS, is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Madan Lal Khurana (born October 15, 1936, Lyallpur (now called Faisalabad in Pakistan]]) is an Indian politician. ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Narendra Dāmodardās ModÄ« (GujarātÄ«: નરેંદ્ર દામોદરદાસ મોદી, born September 17, 1950) has been the Chief Minister of the Indian state of Gujarat since October 7, 2001. ... , Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Jinnah related controversies

Advani has been accused of being absconder in Jinnah murder conspiracy case. The case was lodged at Karachi's Jamshed Quarters police station, on September 10, 1947. According to sources a criminal case is still pending against Advani and 17 others for allegedly conspiring to kill Pakistan's first Governor-General Mohammad Ali Jinnah and other leaders.[1] [2][3] However, the Pakistani government has said that they do not intend to indicte him in the near future. On June 7, 2005, Advani offered his resignation from his post as BJP President amid controversial comments he is said to have made during a trip to Pakistan. He became the first major Indian political leader to visit Jinnah's mausoleum, on June 4 and he wrote in the visitors' book: Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... office: 1st Governor-General of Pakistan Term of office: August 14, 1947 – September 11, 1948 Succeeded by: Khawaja Nazimuddin Date of birth: December 25, 1876 Place of birth: Wazir Mansion, Karachi Wives: Emibai 1892–1893, Rattanbai Petit 1918–1929 Children: daughter Dina Wadia Date of Death: September 11, 1948 Place... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

There are many people who leave an irreversible stamp on history. But there are few who actually create history. Qaed-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah was one such rare individual. In his early years, leading luminary of freedom struggle Sarojini Naidu described Jinnah as an ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity. His address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on August 11, 1947 is really a classic and a forceful espousal of a secular state in which every citizen would be free to follow his own religion. The State shall make no distinction between the citizens on the grounds of faith. My respectful homage to this great man.

This was reported in the Indian media as Advani terming Jinnah as a "secular" leader. Both Hindu nationalist groups aligned with the BJP and officials from the ruling Congress party lashed out against Advani for his statements. The leaders of the BJP party tried to persuade Advani to take back his resignation, a suggestion Advani refused. A memorandum was presented to Advani by the partymen hailing his trip to Pakistan without any reference to the Jinnah speech. Advani rejected this memorandum yet again. Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in...


While Pakistan was cautious, some Pakistanis saw it as Advani's ploy to shed his hawkish image which seems at odd with the times. In its editorial, The News said "His remarks have certainly given him a new look among the Pakistani people, who otherwise would reject him as a hardcore radical with nothing good to contribute to peace." while others saw this as posturing on Advani's part to widen his appeal to the Indian masses to appear as a prime minister in waiting.


The chief of the Hindu nationalist RSS acknowledged Advani's contributions as party president without referring to the Jinnah incident while another senior leader of BJP, Murali Manohar Joshi opined that the party ideology could not be diluted. The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Hindi: , English: ), also known as the Sangh or the RSS, is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in...


On 10'th June 2005, L.K Advani took back his resignation. Sushma Swaraj, a BJP party leader said at the end of the party's parliamentary board meeting "During the last four days there was a crisis gripping the party after Advani's resignation, which was unequivocally rejected. It is now over." BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Amongst those present in the board meeting were former Prime Minister A.B Vajpayee and former union minister Murali Manohar Joshi. The board adopted a resolution stating Jinnah to be the pursuer of the two nation theory which eventually lead to the partition of Indian subcontinent into India and Pakistan. However, the controversial visit of L.K Advani to Pakistan was declared to be a success. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in...


Announcement of resignation

On 18 September 2005, Advani announced that, he would step down as party president after the silver jubilee celebrations of the party, to be held in Mumbai during December 2005. He warned the RSS leaders that a perception was building in the country that the "RSS was remote-controlling" the BJP. Thereafter at the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the BJP in Mumbai in December, 2005, Advani stepped down and Rajnath Singh, a mass leader from Uttar Pradesh was installed as BJP President. In March, 2006, following a bomb blast at one of the holiest Hindu shrines at Varanasi, Advani decided to undertake another "Yatra" (Sojourn), which he called "Bharat Suraksha Yatra"( Sojourn for National Security). This was undertaken as a twin yatra, the other person being Rajnath Singh. Despite initial claims by the media and newspersons that the yatra was without an issue and was being ignored by the people, Advani's efforts seem to have stirred the masses and has vowed to make the BJP return to power in 2009 ([4]. September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Prime Ministerial Candidacy

In an interview with CNN-IBN in December 2006, L.K. Advani stated that as the Leader of the Opposition in a parliamentary democracy, he considers himself as the Prime Ministerial candidate for the next general elections, scheduled for early 2009. This public revelation irritated colleagues within the party who are not supportive of his candidacy. In previous remarks, party spokesperson Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi told the press that the BJP would fight the next elections under a second-generation leader. Another factor is his age; He will already be 82 by the time the next government is formed. In addition, he has not managed to repair his relationship with the RSS following his Jinnah remarks. The chief of the RSS, K.S. Sudarshan made it clear that he wants Vajpayee and Advani to step aside for younger leaders. K. S. Sudarshan (born June 18, 1931) is the current sarsanghachalak (appointed leader) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. ...


The major factor going in his favor is that he has always been the second most powerful leader in the BJP behind Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who endorsed Advani's candidacy shortly after the interview was done. Rajnath Singh, BJP President, vaguely remarked that he is the "bridegroom" who will bring the "bride" to Delhi, sparking speculation that he too regarded himself as a candidate. Murli Manohar Joshi, once regarded as the number three leader in the party, told the press that there is no dearth of candidates. This biographical article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rajnath Singh was born on July 10, 1951 in village Bhabhora, Tehsil Chakia of district Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh in a simple farmer’s family of the Late Ram Badan Singh and the Late Gujarati Devi. ... Murli Manohar Joshi was the Union Human Resources Development minister of India in the NDA government. ...


On May 2nd, 2007, BJP President Rajnath Singh, in an interview, stated that "Atal ke baad sirf Advani. Advaniji to natural choice hain. Unhe hi PM hona chahiye." (After Atal it's only Advani. Advaniji is the natural choice. He should be PM). [5]


Trivia

L.K Advani resembles "The Common man" of the "You said it" cartoon strip created by R.K Laxman.


External links

  • Profiles and articles
  • Jinnah episode
    • Pakistan expresses shock at Mr Advani's resignation
  • Babri Masjid Demolition related
    • Allahabad High court order on the Babri Masjid demolition case
  • Post 2004 election party struggles
    • Khurana asks Advani to step down
    • Madan Lal Khurana suspended from BJP
    • Advani praises functioning of Modi Govt
  • Stepping down as party president in December 2005
    • Advani to call it quits in December
  • Advani Discusses His Prime Ministerial Candidacy
  • [http://www.tribuneindia.com/2005/20050501/main3.htm BJP to fight next poll under second-rung

leader: Naqvi] The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lal Krishna Advani - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1565 words)
Lal Krishna Advani (Devanagari: लाल कृष्ण आड़वाणी) also known as Lal Kishenchand Advani (born November 8, 1927/1929, Karachi, Pakistan) was the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) until year-end 2005 and is Leader of the Opposition in the 14th Lok Sabha.
Advani is credited with turning the BJP into a significant force in Indian politics by undertaking the Ratha Yatra (Chariot tour) to mobilize support for the building of a temple dedicated to Lord Rama in Ayodhya, believed to be his birthplace.
Advani held the post of BJP party president and leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha when the resignations were demanded.
Lal Krishna Advani - definition of Lal Krishna Advani in Encyclopedia (578 words)
Advani is the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Leader of the Opposition in the 14th Lok Sabha.
Advani will go down in history as the man who allegedly led the symbolic religious caravan (rath yatra) across the country, which left behind a trail of anti-Muslim riots killing over 3000 Muslims and burning and looting their properties in many states.
The Babri Mosque demolition was the culmination of a decade-long movement by the BJP the party Advani led which came to realise that by raising the issue of the Ram Temple they could mobilise the Hindu voters for their political party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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