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Encyclopedia > Lake Taupo
Lake Taupo
Location North Island, New Zealand
Coordinates 38°49′S 175°55′ECoordinates: 38°49′S 175°55′E
Lake type crater lake, oligotrophic
Primary sources Waitahanui River, Tongariro River, Taupo-Tauranga River
Primary outflows Waikato River
Catchment area 3487 km²
Basin countries New Zealand
Max length 46 km
Max width 33 km
Surface area 616 km²
Average depth 110 m
Max depth  ?
Water volume 59 km³
Residence time (of lake water) 10.5 years
Shore length1 193 km
Surface elevation ~356 m
1 Shore length is an imprecise measure which may not be standardized for this article.

Lake Taupo is a lake situated in the North Island of New Zealand. It has a perimeter of approximately 193 kilometres, a deepest point of 186 metres and a surface area of 616 square kilometres. The largest lake by surface area in the country, it is drained by the Waikato River, while its main tributaries are the Waitahanui River, the Tongariro River, and the Taupo-Tauranga River. It is noted for stocks of short-finned eel and trout, the former a traditional delicacy and the latter a tourist attraction. Image File history File links Lake_Taupo. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size surrounded by land. ... Crater Lake is a caldera lake in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... An Oligotrophic refers to any environment which offers little to sustain life. ... The Waitahanui River is a river in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Looking south towards the Hydro Pool The Tongariro River is a river in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Waikato River system The Waikato River is the longest river in New Zealand. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A residence time is the average time a substance spends within a specified region of space, such as a reservoir. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size surrounded by land. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The perimeter is the distance around a given two-dimensional object. ... km redirects here. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Lake Wakatipu This is a list of lakes in New Zealand. ... The Waikato River system The Waikato River is the longest river in New Zealand. ... The Waitahanui River is a river in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Looking south towards the Hydro Pool The Tongariro River is a river in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Anguilla australis Richardson, 1841 The Short-finned eel (Anguilla australis) is one of the 15 species of eel in the family Anguillidae. ... Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss Biwa trout, Oncorhynchus masou subsp Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. ...

Contents

Lake formation

Location
Location
Lake Taupo
Country: New Zealand
Island: North Island
Attributes
Administration
Territorial Authority: Taupo District Council
Mayor: Clayton Stent
Regional Council: Environment Waikato
Parliamentary electorate: Taupo

The lake lies in a caldera created following a huge volcanic eruption (see supervolcanos) approximately 26,500 years ago. According to geological records, the volcano has erupted 28 times in the last 27,000 years. The largest eruption, known as the Oruanui eruption, ejected an estimated 1170 cubic kilometres of material and caused several hundred square kilometres of surrounding land to collapse and form the caldera. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (501x728, 46 KB)Location map of Lake Taupo, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (501x728, 46 KB)Location map of Lake Taupo, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ... Taupo is a large urban area in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Mayor of Taupo is the head of the municipal government of Taupo, New Zealand, and presides over the Taupo District Council. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... In New Zealand, an electorate is a voting district for Parliamentary elections. ... Taupo is a New Zealand electorate, in the Central North Island, which includes the places of: Acacia Bay; Arapuni; Hikumutu; Kaitieke; Kakahi; Kinloch; Kuratau; Lichfield; Mangakino; Marotiri; Mihi; National Park; Ngakonui; Ngapuke; Ohakune; Okoroire; Omori; Orautoha; Owhango; Puketurua; Putaruru; Raetihi; Rangitaiki; Taupo; Tihoi; Tirohanga; Tokaanu; Tokoroa; Turangi; Wairakei; Waitahanui; Waotu... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... A supervolcano refers to a volcano that produces the largest and most voluminous kinds of eruption on Earth. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... The Oruanui eruption of the Taupo volcano is the most recent known supervolcanic eruption that reached a VEI of 8 and is the worlds largest known eruption in the past 70,000 years. ...

NASA satellite photo of Lake Taupo
NASA satellite photo of Lake Taupo

The most recent major eruption, which occurred in 181 CE, is believed to have ejected 100 cubic kilometres of material, of which 30 cubic kilometres was ejected in the space of a few minutes. It is believed that the eruption column was 50 kilometres high, twice as high as the eruption column from Mount St. Helens in 1980. This makes it one of the most violent eruptions in the last 5000 years (alongside the Tianchi eruption of Baekdu at around 1000 and the 1815 eruption of Tambora), with a Volcanic Explosivity Index rating of 7. It was sufficiently large, due to the ash expulsion, to turn the sky red over Rome and China (as documented in Hou Han Shu). Since New Zealand was not settled by the Māori until several centuries later at the earliest, the area was uninhabited by humans at the time of the eruption. This eruption further expanded the lake. The volcano is considered to be dormant rather than extinct. It lies in the Taupo Volcanic Zone. Taupo's last known eruption occurred around 210 CE, with lava dome extrusion, but that eruption was much smaller than the 181 CE eruption. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x948, 124 KB)NASA World wind image of Lake Taupo in New Zealands North Island. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x948, 124 KB)NASA World wind image of Lake Taupo in New Zealands North Island. ... Events Antonine Wall is overrun. ... For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Baekdu Mountain, also known as Mount Paektu or Changbai Mountain, is a volcanic mountain on the border between China and North Korea, located at . At 2,744 m, it is the highest mountain of the Changbai Mountains to the north and Baekdudaegan to the south. ... Mount Tambora (or Tomboro) is an active stratovolcano on Sumbawa island, Indonesia. ... VEI and ejecta volume correlation The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) was devised by Chris Newhall of the U.S. Geological Survey and Steve Self at the University of Hawaii in 1982 to provide a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions. ... Diamond Head, a well_known backdrop to Waikiki in Hawaii, is an ash cone that solidified into tuff Volcanic ash is the term for very fine rock and mineral particles less than 2 mm in diameter that are ejected from a volcanic vent. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban... The Book of Later Han (Chinese: 後漢書; pinyin: ) is one of the official Chinese historical works which was compiled by Fan Ye (Traditional Chinese: 范瞱; Simplified Chinese: 范晔; 398-445), using a number of earlier histories and documents as sources. ... Languages Māori, English Religions Māori religion, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Polynesian peoples, Austronesian peoples The word Māori refers to the indigenous people of New Zealand and their language. ... Thermally active area - Craters of the Moon, North Island, New Zealand. ...

Rock carvings created in Mine Bay in 1979 by Matahi Whakataka-Brightwell and John Randall. Named Ngatoroirangi after the high priest who brought volcanism to New Zealand according to Maori legend, the impressive 10 metre high carving is intended to protect Lake Taupo from volcanic activities underneath.
Rock carvings created in Mine Bay in 1979 by Matahi Whakataka-Brightwell and John Randall. Named Ngatoroirangi after the high priest who brought volcanism to New Zealand according to Maori legend, the impressive 10 metre high carving is intended to protect Lake Taupo from volcanic activities underneath.

Lake Taupo showing some rock carvings from the 1970s. ... Lake Taupo showing some rock carvings from the 1970s. ... In Maori mythology, Ngātoro-i-rangi (Ngātoro) is the name of a priest in the legends about the settling of New Zealand. ... Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. ...

Tourism

Tourism is now a major business for the area, attracting over 1.2 million tourists per year. The fact that the lake is the largest fresh water lake in Australasia, and approximately the same size as Singapore, ensures it is a huge 'must do' component to many tourists. Christmas and New Year Holidays are an exceptionally busy time of the year for Lake Taupo, with holiday makers booking up to 12 months in advance to avoid missing out.


The town of Taupo is hugely popular with events, one in particular that is held each year is the Lake Taupo Cycle Challenge where cycling enthusiasts cycle around the lake, this usually take about 4–10 hours depending on the cyclist. Hundreds of volunteers from the Taupo township help out to ensure the famous event is a success. The Lake Taupo Cycle Challenge is New Zealands largest mass participation cycling event. ...


Taupo is host to the Oxfam Trailwalker, a charity ultra-challenge held annually on 100km course in April. Oxfam International is a confederation of 13 independent, non-profit, secular, community-based aid and development organizations who work with local partners in over 100 countries worldwide to reduce poverty, suffering, and injustice. ... Oxfam Trailwalker Logo Oxfam Trailwalker (Hong Kong) This is an event organised by Oxfam in various locations across the globe, including Hong Kong, Australia and the United Kingdom. ...


Another activity the region is famous for is skydiving, a sport also heavily advertised. Skydiver about to land Parachuting, or skydiving, is a recreational activity, competitive sport and method of deployment of military personnel (and occasionally, firefighters). ...


See also

This is a list of lists of active and extinct volcanoes sorted by country. ... VEI and ejecta volume correlation The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) was devised by Chris Newhall of the U.S. Geological Survey and Steve Self at the University of Hawaii in 1982 to provide a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions. ...

References

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Lake Taupo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (651 words)
Lake Taupo is a lake situated in the North Island of New Zealand.
The town of Taupo is situated on the north-eastern shore of the lake, and Turangi is at the lake's southern extremity.
Lake Taupo is 90% of the physical size of the island of Singapore.
Taupo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (361 words)
Taupo is a large urban area in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand.
Taupo is located at the north-east corner of Lake Taupo, and functions as a tourist centre, particularly in the summer, as it offers panormaic views over the Lake and Mountains to the south.
Taupo means shoulder cloak, nui big, a of and Tia the name of the discoverer of the lake: literally translated it means "The great cloak of Tia".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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