FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Lake Erie
Lake Erie
Looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario
Coordinates 42°30′N 81°00′WCoordinates: 42°30′N 81°00′W
Primary sources Detroit River
Primary outflows Niagara River
Basin countries Canada, United States
Max length 388 km
Max width 92 km
Surface area 9,940 sq mi (25,745 km²)[1]
Average depth 19 m
Max depth 210 ft (64 m)[1]
Water volume 484 km³
Residence time (of lake water) 2.6 yrs
Shore length1 4385 km
Surface elevation 571 ft (174 m)[1]
Islands 24+ (see list)
Settlements Buffalo, New York
Erie, Pennsylvania
Toledo, Ohio
Monroe, Michigan
Cleveland, Ohio
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Erie (pronounced [ˈi.ɹi]) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume.[3][4] It is bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario, on the south by the U.S. states of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, and on the west by the state of Michigan. The lake is named after the Erie tribe of Native Americans who lived along its southern shore before being exterminated for aiding the Hurons, the enemy of the Iroquois League.[3] Image File history File links Lake_Erie_looking_southward. ... Nickname: Motto: Southern Latitude. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... A measure based on the volume of water in a lake and the mean rate of outflow. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... “Erie” redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ... Monroe is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language. ... Blowdown Lake in the mountains near Pemberton, British Columbia A lake (from Latin lacus) is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The volume of a solid object is the three-dimensional concept of how much space it occupies, often quantified numerically. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... The Eriez Indians were a group of Native Americans, related to the Iroquois, who lived pre-historically from western New York to northern Ohio on the south shore of Lake Erie. ... Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... This article is about the First Nations people, the Wyandot, also known as the Huron. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the League of Peace and Power) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ...


The lake creates a favorable environment for agriculture in the bordering areas of Ontario, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. It is home to numerous fish species, making it a popular site for commercial fishing. But since high levels of pollution were discovered in the 1960s and 1970s, there has been continued debate over the extent of commercial fishing and measures used to protect the lake. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... “NY” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Geography

See also: Lake Erie Basin

Lake Erie (42°30'N, 81°00'W) has a mean elevation of 571 feet (174 m)[1] above sea level. It has a surface area of 9,940 square miles (25,745 km²)[1] with a length of 241 miles (388 km) and breadth of 57 miles (92 km) at its widest points. Lake Erie Basin is part of the Great Lakes Basin and St. ...

Frozen Lake Erie from Cleveland
Frozen Lake Erie from Cleveland

It is the shallowest of the Great Lakes with an average depth of 62 feet (19 m) and with a maximum depth of 210 feet (64 m).[1] The western section, comprising one-fourth of the area, is shallower with an average depth of 42 feet (13 m) and a maximum depth of 62 feet (19 m).[citation needed] Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Lake Erie ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Lake Erie ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


For comparison, Lake Superior has an average depth of 483 feet (147 m), a volume of 2,900 cubic miles (12,100 km³) and shoreline of 2,726 miles (4385 km).[citation needed] Lake Superior, bounded by Ontario, Canada and Minnesota, USA, to the north and Wisconsin and Michigan, USA, to the south, is the largest of North Americas Great Lakes. ...


Lake Erie is primarily fed by the Detroit River (from Lake Huron and Lake St. Clair) and drains via the Niagara River and Niagara Falls into Lake Ontario. Navigation downstream is provided by the Welland Canal, part of the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Other major tributaries of Lake Erie include the Grand River, the River Raisin, the Huron River, the Maumee River, the Sandusky River and the Cuyahoga River. Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... Public beach on Lake St. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... Niagara Falls (French: ) is a set of massive waterfalls located on the Niagara River, straddling the international border separating the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of New York. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St. ... Grand River Ontario This article is about the Grand River in Southern Ontario, Canada. ... Boats on the River Raisin just downstream from Monroe, Michigan The River Raisin is a river in southeastern Michigan, United States that flows through glacial sediments into Lake Erie. ... The Huron River is the name of three different rivers in Michigan. ... The Maumee River at Grand Rapids, Ohio. ... The Sandusky River is a tributary to Lake Erie in north-central Ohio in the United States. ... The Cuyahoga River (IPA pronunciation: , or kuy-a-HAW-ga, locally kie-uh-HOE-guh) is located in Northeast Ohio in the United States. ...

Lake Erie and the other Great Lakes
Lake Erie and the other Great Lakes

The American states Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York are located to the south of Lake Erie; Michigan lies to the west, and the Canadian province of Ontario lies to the north. Point Pelee National Park, the southernmost point of the Canadian mainland, is located on a peninsula extending into the lake. Several islands are found in the western end of the lake; these belong to Ohio except for Pelee Island and 8 neighboring islands, which are part of Ontario. Image File history File links Great_Lakes_Lake_Erie. ... Image File history File links Great_Lakes_Lake_Erie. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Point Pelee National Park is a park in Essex County in southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Islands of Canada | Ontario communities ...


The cities of Buffalo, New York; Erie, Pennsylvania; Toledo, Ohio; Port Stanley, Ontario; Monroe, Michigan; and Cleveland, Ohio are located on the shores of Lake Erie. It was the last of the Great Lakes discovered by the French explorers, who had followed rivers out of Lake Ontario and portaged into Lake Huron. Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... “Erie” redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ... Port Stanley is a village in the Municipality of Central Elgin, Ontario located on the north shore of Lake Erie at the mouth of Kettle Creek. ... Monroe is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ...


History

See also: 1813, Battle of Lake Erie, and Oliver Hazard Perry

Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants United Kingdom United States Commanders Robert Heriot Barclay Oliver Hazard Perry Jesse Elliot Strength 2 ships 2 brigs 1 schooner 1 sloop 3 brigs 5 schooners 1 sloop Casualties 41 dead 93 wounded prisoners 306 surrendered Entire squadron captured 27 dead 96 wounded One brig heavily damaged The Battle... Oliver Hazard Perry Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry (August 23, 1785 – August 23, 1819) was an officer in the United States Navy. ...

Native American

Before European contact, there were several tribes which lived along the shores of Lake Erie. The Erie tribe (from whom the lake takes its name) lived along the southern edge while the Neutrals (also known as Attawandaron) lived along the northern shore. Both tribes were conquered and exterminated during the Beaver Wars in 1655 by the Iroquois confederacy. The Eriez Indians were a group of Native Americans, related to the Iroquois, who lived pre-historically from western New York to northern Ohio on the south shore of Lake Erie. ... The Neutrals were a tribe of American Indians who lived in what is now upstate New York and southern Ontario. ... The French and Iroquois Wars (also called the Iroquois Wars or the Beaver Wars) were an intermittent series of conflicts fought in the late 17th century in eastern North America, in which the Iroquois sought to expand their territory and take control of the role of middleman in the fur... Languages Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, English, French Religions Christianity, Longhouse religion The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the League of Peace and Power; the Five Nations; the Six Nations; or the People of the Long house) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of...


For many years after that war, the land around Lake Erie remained uninhabited and was used by the Iroquois as a hunting ground, until the waning of the their power around 1700. About that time, several other Native American tribes moved into the empty land, namely the Ottawa, Ojibwe, Wyandot, and Mingo tribes.


European Exploration and Settlement

In 1669, the Frenchman Louis Jolliet was the first documented European to sight Lake Erie, although there is speculation that Etienne Brule may have come across it in 1615. Lake Erie was the last of the Great Lakes to be explored by Europeans, since the Iroquois who occupied the Niagra river area were in conflict with the French, and they did not allow explorers or traders to pass through. Louis Jolliet, also known Louis Joliet (baptised September 21, 1645 – 1700), was a Canadian explorer born in Quebec who is important for his discoveries in North America. ... Étienne Brûlé (1592 - 1632) was a French explorer in Canada in the 17th century. ... Languages Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, English, French Religions Christianity, Longhouse religion The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the League of Peace and Power; the Five Nations; the Six Nations; or the People of the Long house) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of...


Recent History

Lake Erie infamously became very polluted in the 1960s and 1970s. Urban legend has described it as a dead lake, but both sport and commercial fishing have continued without interruption to the present day. Pollution in the lake did not get much attention until the great Cuyahoga River Fire in June of 1969. Pollution from Cleveland and other Ohio cities had so contaminated this tributary of Lake Erie with petrochemicals that it actually caught on fire. The fire embarrassed state officials and prompted the U.S. Congress to pass the Clean Water Act of 1972. It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ... The Cuyahoga River (IPA pronunciation: , or kuy-a-HAW-ga, locally kie-uh-HOE-guh) is located in Northeast Ohio in the United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... The Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. Â§ 1251, et seq. ...


The lake was even referenced in Dr Seuss' environmentally-themed book The Lorax. Moreover, Chicago-based punk band The Broadways' wrote a song called "I Hear Things Are Just As Bad Down In Lake Erie" (its title almost a direct quote from a line in the aforementioned book) for their album Broken Star about the environment, industry and people's attitude to each other in spite of the two. Dr. Seuss is the pen name of Theodor Seuss Geisel (March 2, 1904 - September 24, 1991). ... Cover of The Lorax This article is about the Dr. Seuss childrens story. ... The Broadways were a short-lived pop-punk band from Chicago, Illinois. ... Broken Star is a 1998 album by The Broadways. ...


Ecology

Sour cherry orchard on Lake Erie shorelineLeamington, Ontario
Sour cherry orchard on Lake Erie shoreline
Leamington, Ontario

Like the other Great Lakes, Erie produces lake effect snow when the first cold winds of winter pass over the warm waters, leading to Buffalo, New York being the eleventh snowiest place in the entire United States.[5] The lake effect ends or its effect is reduced, however, when the lake freezes over. Being the shallowest of the Great Lakes, it is the most likely to freeze and frequently does.[6] Sour cherry orchard on Lake Erie shoreline, Leamington, Ontario Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 15:46, Jun 2, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sour cherry orchard on Lake Erie shoreline, Leamington, Ontario Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 15:46, Jun 2, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... “Cherry tree” redirects here. ... A community apple orchard originally planted for productive use during the 1920s, in Westcliff on Sea (Essex, England) An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ... Lake-effect precipitation coming off the Great Lakes, as seen from NEXRAD. Lake effect snow, which can be a type of snowsquall, is produced in the winter when cold, artic dry winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water, picking up water vapor which freezes and is deposited on... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ...


The lake is also responsible for microclimates that are important to agriculture. Along its north shore is one of the richest areas of Canada's fruit and vegetable production, and along the southeastern shore in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York is an important grape growing region, as are the islands in the lake. Tree ferns thrive in a protected dell at Heligan Gardens, in Cornwall, England, latitude 50° 15N A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... It has been suggested that Veraison be merged into this article or section. ...


During the 1960s and 1970s, Lake Erie experienced changes in water quality associated with increasing levels of the nutrient phosphorus in the water and bottom sediments. The result was eutrophication of the system which resulted in major changes in productivity and algal blooms. The decomposition of algae led to extensive seasonal anoxic areas in the lake (the so-called dead zone), that were expanding rapidly in the early 1970s. The decomposing algal masses and associated fish kills fouled shorelines, contributing to the widespread impression of Lake Erie as a dead lake. Eutrophication refers to an increase in the primary productivity of any ecosystem. ... Algal blooms can present problems for ecosystems and human society An algal bloom is a relatively rapid increase in the population of (usually) phytoplankton algae in an aquatic system. ... Anoxic sea water refers to water depleted of oxygen. ... Sediment from the Mississippi River carries fertilizer to the Gulf of Mexico Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the worlds oceans, the observed incidences of which have been increasing since oceanographers began noting them in the 1970s. ...


A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the dumping and runoff of phosphorus into the lake significantly. A dead zone persists in the central Lake Erie basin during the late summer. The United States Environmental Protection Agency is currently studying this cyclic phenomenon.[7] Sediment from the Mississippi River carries fertilizer to the Gulf of Mexico Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the worlds oceans, the observed incidences of which have been increasing since oceanographers began noting them in the 1970s. ... EPA redirects here. ...


Since the 1970s environmental regulation has led to a great increase in water quality and the return of economically important fish species such as walleye and other biological life.[8] Environmental law is a body of law which addresses the system of complex and interlocking rules which seeks to protect from destruction or development certain species or favored natural areas thought to be endangered by human encroachment. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Mitchill, 1818) Subspecies S. v. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


However, the lake ecosystem is much changed from its original state, with a long list of invasive species well established. Common fish species such as rainbow smelt, alewife, white perch and common carp have all been introduced from outside the Great Lakes. Non-native sportfish such as rainbow trout and brown trout continue to be stocked for anglers to catch. Attempts to stock the lake with coho salmon were made, but failed, and that species is once again nearly absent from the lake. Recent invaders, zebra and quagga mussels have populated the entire Lake Erie ecosystem, altering energy flow through the food web away from the pelagic zone and into the benthic zone. Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ... Binomial name Osmerus mordax (Mitchill, 1814) Subspecies Osmerus mordax mordax Osmerus mordax dentex Rainbow Smelt (Osmerus mordax) is a anadromous species of fish inhabiting rivers and coastal areas of North America from New Jersey to Labrador on the east coast and from Vancouver Island to the Arctic Ocean on the... Binomial name (Wilson, 1811) The alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) is a species of small shad. ... Binomial name Morone americana (Gmelin, 1789) The white perch, Morone americana, is a fish of the temperate bass family Moronidae, notable as a food and game fish of eastern North America. ... It has been suggested that Mirror carp be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Steelhead be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the sea trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species distinguished chiefly by the fact that the brown trout... Binomial name Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum, 1792) The Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch, from the Russian кижуч kisutch) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. ... Binomial name Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 The Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is a bivalve mussel native to freshwater lakes of southeast Russia. ... North American range of the Quagga Mussel. ... Subclasses Pteriomorpha (marine mussels) Palaeoheterodonta (freshwater mussels) Heterodonta (zebra mussels) The term mussel is used for several families of bivalve molluscs inhabiting lakes, rivers, and creeks, as well as intertidal areas along coastlines worldwide. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... The pelagic zone is the part of the open sea or ocean comprising the water column, i. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Other invasive species, such as the goby (recently arrived) and the grass carp (on the doorstep), have increased public debate about the risks of non-native invaders to Great Lakes ecosystems. Binomial name Neogobius melanostromus Pallas, 1814 The Round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) is a freshwater bottom-dwelling fish native to central Eurasia including the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. ... Binomial name Valenciennes, 1844 The Grass Carp, (Ctenopharyngodon idella), also known as the White Amur, is a herbivorous, freshwater fish. ...


The effects of zebra mussels and gobies have been credited with the increased population and size of smallmouth bass in Lake Erie.[9] Binomial name Micropterus dolomieu Lacépède, 1802 The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ...


Lake Erie is home to one of the world's largest freshwater commercial fisheries. Once a mainstay of communities around the lake, commercial fishing is now predominantly based in Canadian communities, with a much smaller fishery, largely restricted to yellow perch, in Ohio. The Ontario fishery is one of the most intensively managed in the world. It was one of the first fisheries in the world managed on individual transferable quotas (ITQs) and features mandatory daily catch reporting and intensive auditing of the catch reporting system. Still, the commercial fishery is the target of critics who would like to see the lake managed for the exclusive benefit of sport fishing and the various industries serving the sport fishery. Fishing industry is the commercial activity of fishing and producing fish and other seafood products. ... Sport fishing is a popular attraction in Cabo San Lucas Sport fishing is a term (often used interchangeably with game fishing) that describes recreational fishing where the primary reward is the challenge of finding and catching the fish rather than the culinary or financial value of the fishs flesh. ...


Commercial landings are dominated by yellow perch and walleye, with substantial quantities of rainbow smelt and white bass also taken. Anglers target walleye and yellow perch, with some effort directed on rainbow trout. A variety of other species are taken in smaller quantities by both commercial and sport fleets. For the unit of measurement, see pole. ... Binomial name (Mitchill, 1818) Subspecies S. v. ... Binomial name Morone chrysops (Rafinesque, 1820) The white bass or sand bass (Morone chrysops) is a freshwater fish of the temperate bass family Moronidae. ...


Although management of the fishery is by consensus of all management agencies with an interest in the resource (the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Michigan and the province of Ontario) under the mandate of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission, and driven by comprehensive fisheries assessment programs and sophisticated mathematical modeling systems, it remains the source of considerable recrimination, primarily from United States based angler and charter fishing groups with an historical antipathy to the commercial fishery. This conflict is complex, dating from the 1960s and changes in U.S. fisheries management that led to elimination of commercial fishing in most U.S. Great Lakes states. The process began in the state of Michigan, and its evolution is well documented in Szylvian (2004)[10], using Lake Michigan as a case study. The underlying issues are universal, wherever sport and commercial fishing coexist, but their persistence in the Lake Erie context, one of the most intensively scrutinized and managed fisheries anywhere, suggests that these conflicts are cultural, not scientific, and therefore not resolvable by reference to ecological data. These debates are largely driven by social, political and economic issues, not ecology[11]. “NY” redirects here. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked...


Geology

Lake Erie has a lake retention time of 2.6 years, which is the shortest of all the Great Lakes.[12] A measure based on the volume of water in a lake and the mean rate of outflow. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ...


Like the rest of the Great Lakes, Erie's levels fluctuate with the season of the year, with the lowest levels in January and February, and the highest in June or July. Its average yearly levels also vary depending on long-term precipitation variations, with levels falling during droughts and rising during periods of extended above-average precipitation.


Lake Erie's short-term level changes are often subject to weather, since its shallowness and the southwest-to-northeast alignment of its longitudinal axis make it particularly prone to seiches, especially during high southwesterly winds, when the lake water tends to pile up at one end of the lake. This can lead to large storm surges, potentially causing damage onshore. During one storm in November 2003, the water level at Buffalo rose by 7 feet (2.1 m) with waves of 10-15 feet (3-4.5 m) on top of that, for a cumulative rise of as much as 22 feet (6.7 m). Meanwhile, Toledo at the western end of the lake will measure similar drops in water level. After the storm event, the water will slowly slosh back and forth, similar to the effect in a bath tub, until equilibrium is re-established. A seiche (pronounced saysh) or an underwater wave is a standing wave in a body of water. ... ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ...


Islands

Partial map of the Lake Erie islands
Partial map of the Lake Erie islands
Some of the Lake Erie islands
Some of the Lake Erie islands

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x990, 260 KB) This is a map of the Bass Islands in Lake Erie. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x990, 260 KB) This is a map of the Bass Islands in Lake Erie. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3300x2475, 732 KB) w:Lake Erie Islands Photo credit: Lake Erie Coastal Ohio, Inc. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3300x2475, 732 KB) w:Lake Erie Islands Photo credit: Lake Erie Coastal Ohio, Inc. ... Big Chicken Island is a small, flat, treeless island in Ontario located within Lake Erie. ... Chick Island is an island in Ontario, located within Lake Erie. ... East Sister Island is an island in Ontario, located within Lake Erie. ... Gibraltar Island is an island in Ohio, located within Lake Erie. ... Gull Island is an island of the U.S. state of Ohio, located in Lake Erie. ... Old Hen Island is an island on Lake Erie in Ontario. ... Johnsons Island was the site of a prisoner-of-war camp for Confederate officers captured during the American Civil War. ... Kelleys Island is both a village in Erie County, Ohio and the island which it fully occupies in Lake Erie. ... Lost Ballast Island is an island in the U.S. state of Ohio, located in Lake Erie. ... Map of Pelee island and Middle Island. ... Middle Bass Island and the other Bass Islands. ... Mouse Island is an island of the U.S. state of Ohio located in Lake Erie. ... Map of the Bass Islands. ... North Harbour Island is island in Ontario, Canada, located in Lake Erie. ... Pelee Island. ... Rattlesnake Island is an 85-acre island located on Lake Erie near Put-In-Bay, 11 miles northeast of Port Clinton, Ohio. ... South Bass Island from the air, looking west, over Put-in-Bay. ... Starve Island is an island of the U.S. state of Ohio located in Lake Erie. ... Sugar Island is one of the Bass Islands of Ottawa County, Ohio, USA in southwestern Lake Erie. ... Turtle Island is a small island in Lake Erie that defines part of the boundary between the U.S. states of Ohio and Michigan. ... West Sister Island is an island of the U.S. state of Ohio located in Lake Erie. ...

See also

Lakes with a surface area of more than 4,000 km², listed by area. ... Cedar Point is a 364 acre (1. ... The Bass Islands are four islands of the Great Lakes, specifically Lake Erie. ... The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ... Maumee Bay on Lake Erie is located in Ohio, just east of the city of Toledo. ... Bessie is a name given to a sea monster in Lake Erie by the locals. ... Great Lakes Areas of Concern are designated geographic areas within the Great Lakes watershed that show severe environmental degradation. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Wright, John W. (ed.); Editors and reporters of The New York Times (2006). The New York Times Almanac, 2007, New York, New York: Penguin Books, 64. ISBN 0-14-303820-6. 
  2. ^ Large Lakes of the World. Factmonster.com.
  3. ^ a b Lake Erie - Facts and Figures. Great Lakes Information Network.
  4. ^ Erie, Lake. Factmonster.com.
  5. ^ Answers: 10 snowiest 'cities' aren't all in New York. Chris Cappella, USATODAY.com.
  6. ^ What's the physics behind "lake effect snow"?. the Straight Dope Science Advisory Board.
  7. ^ Lake Erie 'Dead Zone'. US EPA Lake Erie 'Dead Zone'. URL accessed on December 15, 2005.
  8. ^ Recovery of Lake Erie Walleye a Success Story. Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Szylvian,K.M. 2004. Transforming Lake Michigan into the 'World's Greatest Fishing Hole': The Environmental Politics of Michigan's Great Lakes Sport Fishing, 1965–1985.
  11. ^ Berkes, F. 1984. Competition between commercial and sport fishermen: an ecological analysis. Human Ecology 12: 413-429.
  12. ^ Great Lakes; Basic Information: Lake Erie. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Images

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lake Erie
Look up Erie in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Lake Erie Islands Directory
  • How many Islands are there in Lake Erie?
  • EPA's Great Lakes Atlas

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lake Erie - definition of Lake Erie in Encyclopedia (548 words)
Lake Erie is primarily fed by the Detroit River (from Lake Huron and Lake St. Clair) and drains via the Niagara River and Niagara Falls into Lake Ontario.
The American states Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York are located to the south of Lake Erie; Michigan lies to the west, and the Canadian province of Ontario lies to the north.
Lake Erie is the shallowest of the Great Lakes and became famously polluted in the 1960s and 1970s (see Swill).
Lake Erie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (872 words)
Lake Erie (ee ree) is is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, among the world's largest such lakes.
During the 1970s, Lake Erie's future was jeopardized by the overabundance of phosphorus in the water, which resulted in rank smelling algal blooms fouling both cobbled and sandy beaches.
Lake Erie's shallowness also makes it particularly prone to seiches, especially during storms, when the lake water tends to pile up at one end of the lake.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m