FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Lake District
The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. Harter Fell and Hard Knott can be seen, also a small tarn.
The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. Harter Fell and Hard Knott can be seen, also a small tarn.

The Lake District, also known as The Lakes or Lakeland, is a rural area in North West England. A popular holiday destination, it is famous for its lakes and its mountains (or fells), and also its associations with the early 19th century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the Lake Poets. Image File history File links Lakeland_View. ... Image File history File links Lakeland_View. ... Ill Crag is a fell in the English Lake District. ... To read about the Harter Fell near Mardale in the Lake District, see Harter Fell, Mardale. ... Hard Knott is a hill in the English Lake District, at the head of Eskdale. ... Triad Lake in Glacier Peak Wilderness View of Tarn Hows, Cumbria A tarn (or corrie loch) is a mountain lake or pool, formed in a corrie excavated by a glacier. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... William Wordsworth (April 7, 1770 – April 23, 1850) was a major English romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads. ... The Lake Poets all lived in the Lake District of England at the turn of the nineteenth century. ...


The central and most-visited part of the area is contained in the Lake District National Park — one of fourteen National parks in the United Kingdom. It lies entirely within Cumbria, and is one of England's few mountainous regions. All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level lies within the National Park. The Lake District also contains Scafell Pike, the highest mountain in England. The United Kingdom has 14 national parks, twelve in England and Wales and two in Scotland. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...

Contents

Geography

General geography

The location of the Lake District, shown in white, within Northern England
The location of the Lake District, shown in white, within Northern England

The Lake District is about 34 miles (55 km) across (north-to-south or west-to-east). Its features are a result of periods of glaciation, the most recent of which ended some 15,000 years ago. These include the ice-carved wide U-shaped valleys, many of which are now filled with the lakes that give the park its name. The upper regions contain a number of glacial cirques, which are typically filled with tarns. The higher fells are rocky, with lower fells being open moorland, notable for its wide bracken and heather coverage. Below the tree line native oak woodlands sit alongside nineteenth century pine plantations. Much of the land is often boggy, due to the high rainfall. The Lake District is one of the most highly populated national parks. Its total area is near 885 square miles (2,292 km²), and the Lake District was designated as a National Park in 1951. Image File history File links Lake_District_Map. ... Image File history File links Lake_District_Map. ... The north, the midlands and the south Northern England, The North or North of England is a rather ill-defined term, with no universally accepted definition. ... A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... The Devensian glaciation is a name for an ice age period which occurred between 120,000 and 10,000 years ago. ... A glaciated valley in the Mount Hood Wilderness showing the characteristic U-shape. ... A cirque is an amphitheatre-like valley of glacial origin, formed by glacial erosion at the head of the glacier. ... Triad Lake in Glacier Peak Wilderness View of Tarn Hows, Cumbria A tarn (or corrie loch) is a mountain lake or pool, formed in a corrie excavated by a glacier. ... Moorland in the Pennines (England); Coarse grasses and bracken tend to dominate especially in high rainfall areas. ... Species Pteridium aquilinum Pteridium caudatum Pteridium esculentum Pteridium latiusculum and about 6-7 other species For the Irish television soap opera, see Bracken (TV). ... Heather may be: In botany, the plant Calluna vulgaris, or, more loosely, various species of the closely related genera Erica and Cassiope, low evergreen shrubs (also called heaths). The term is also used to describe land which is vegetated with these plants; In apparel or textiles, interwoven yarns with a... In this view of an alpine tree-line, the distant line looks particularly sharp. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... For other uses, see Pine (disambiguation). ... Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg in northern Germany. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


North-West

The north-western area stands between the valleys of Borrowdale and Buttermere, with Honister Pass joining the two dales. This area comprises the Newlands Fells (Dale Head, Robinson, Catbells) and the ridge joining them. To the north stand Grasmoor, Grisedale Pike and the hills around the valley of Coledale, and in the far north-west is Thornthwaite Forest and Lord's Seat. The fells in this area are rounded Skiddaw slate, with no tarns and few rock faces. Borrowdale is the name of two valleys in the English Lake District. ... Image:Beautiful britain buttermere. ... The B5289 is a road in the Lake District, England. ... The fells of Hindscarth (left) and Robinson (right) at the head of the Newlands valley. ... The Ylläs fell in Finland Fell (from the Old Norse fjall, mountain) is a word used to refer to mountains, or certain types of mountainous landscape, in parts of England and Scandinavia. ... Dale Head is a fell in the northwestern sector of the Lake District, in northern England. ... // Robinson is the name of some places: Robinson, Illinois, United States Robinson, North Dakota, United States Robinson, Texas, United States Robinson, name of a hill in Englands Lake District H.B. Robinson Nuclear Generating Station is a nuclear power plant in the U.S. state of South Carolina Robinson... Catbells is a fell in the English Lake District in the county of Cumbria. ... Grasmoor is a mountain in the north-western part of the Lake District, northern England. ... Categories: | | | | ... Lords Seat is a fell in the English Lake District. ... Skiddaw slate is an early Ordovician compressed sedimentary rock, as first identified on the slopes of Skiddaw in the English Lake District. ...


West

The western part is the area between Buttermere and Wasdale, with Sty Head forming the apex of a large triangle. Ennerdale bisects the area, which consists of the High Stile ridge north of Ennerdale, the Loweswater Fells in the far north west, the Pillar group in the south west, and Great Gable (2,949 feet/899 m) near Sty Head. Other tops include Seatallan, Haystacks and Kirk Fell. This area is craggy and steep, with the impressive pinnacle of Pillar Rock its showpiece. Wastwater, located in this part, is England's deepest lake. Wasdale (pronounced as in was-dale, not waz-dale) is a valley in the western Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England. ... Styhead Pass & Tarn from the Stretcher box Sty Head is a mountain pass in the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. ... Ennerdale is a suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... High Stile is a mountain in the Western part of the Lake District. ... Loweswater is one of the smaller lakes in the English Lake District. ... Pillar is a fell in the English Lake District. ... Great Gable is a pyramid-shaped hill lying at the very heart of the English Lake District. ... Seatallan is a mountain in the western part of the English Lake District. ... Haystacks, or Hay Stacks, is a hill in Englands Lake District, situated at the south-eastern end of the Buttermere Valley. ... Kirk Fell is a fell in the Western part of the English Lake District. ... Categories: English lakes | Cumbria | UK geography stubs ...


Central

A Herdwick grazing above Thirlmere.
A Herdwick grazing above Thirlmere.

The central part is the lowest in terms of elevation. It takes the form of a long boot-shaped ridge running from Loughrigg Fell above Ambleside – a popular tourist destination – to Keswick, with Derwent Water on the west and Thirlmere on the east. The Langdale Pikes, with High Raise behind them, are another feature popular with walkers. The central ridge running north over High Seat is exceptionally boggy. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution (3872 × 2592 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution (3872 × 2592 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Herdwick is a variety of sheep typical to the mountainous Lake District, in North West England. ... Thirlmere is a reservoir in the Lake District National Park, England. ... Loughrigg Fell is a hill in the Central part of the English Lake District. ... The view over Windermere from Ambleside. ... The Moot Hall in the centre of Keswick. ... A view of Derwent Water in the English Lake District Derwent Water (alternative spelling, Derwentwater) is one of the principal bodies of water in the Lake District National Park in the north of England. ... Thirlmere is a reservoir in the Lake District National Park, England. ... Great Langdale seen from the top of Rossett Pike. ... High Raise is a fell in the English Lake District not to be confused with another High Raise situated in the Far Eastern part of the Lake District. ... High Seat is a hill in the central Lake District. ...


East

The eastern area consists of a long north-to-south ridge – the Helvellyn range, running from Clough Head to Seat Sandal with the 3,118 foot (950 m) Helvellyn at its highest point. The western slopes of these summits tend to be grassy, with rocky corries and crags on the eastern side. The Fairfield group lies to the south of the range, and forms a similar pattern with towering rock faces and hidden valleys spilling into the Patterdale valley. It culminates in the height of Red Screes overlooking the Kirkstone Pass. This article is about the use of the term in geography and physical geology. ... Helvellyn range - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Clough Head is the northermost fell of the Helvellyn range in the eastern part of the English Lake District, lying north of Great Dodd. ... Looking down Grisedale to Ullswater in the far distance from Seat Sandal summit, St Sunday Crag is the fell on the right. ... Helvellyn is a mountain in the English Lake District, the apex of the Eastern Fells . ... Iceberg Cirque in Glacier National Park, USA The Lower Curtis Glacier, North Cascades National Park, is a well developed cirque glacier. ... Look up crag in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fairfield, at 873 metres or 2863 feet, is the 13th highest mountain in the Lake District. ... Patterdale is the name of a small village in the eastern part of the English Lake District, and is also the name given to the long valley in which it sits (officially the valley is nameless). ... Red Screes is a fell in the Eastern part of the English Lake District, situated between the valleys of Patterdale and Ambleside. ... Kirkstone Pass is a mountain pass in the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. ...


Far-East

The far-eastern fells lie on the other side of Patterdale and are characterised by steep sides leading up to a huge moorland plateau, again on a north–south axis. High Street is the highest point on the ridge, overlooking the hidden valley of Mardale and Haweswater. In the south of this region are the fells overlooking Kentmere, and to the east is Shap Fell, a huge area that is more akin to the Pennines than the Lakes, consisting of high flat moorland. Patterdale is the name of a small village in the eastern part of the English Lake District, and is also the name given to the long valley in which it sits (officially the valley is nameless). ... For other uses, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... High Street is a fell in the English Lake District. ... Mardale is a glacial valley in the Lake District, in northern England. ... Haweswater seen from high up on Harter Fell Haweswater is a reservoir in the English Lake District built in the valley of Mardale in the county of Cumbria. ... Green Quarter Kentmere valley (Grid reference NY456042) is situated in the Lake District National Park, a few miles from Kendal, Cumbria, England. ... Shap is a linear village located amongst fells and isolated dales in Eden district, Cumbria UK. The village lies along the A6 road and is near to the M6 motorway. ... Typical Pennine scenery. ... Moorland in the Pennines (England); Coarse grasses and bracken tend to dominate especially in high rainfall areas. ...


Mid-West

The mid-western fells form a triangular shape, with the corners at the Irish Sea, Borrowdale and Langdale. They comprise the Wastwater Screes overlooking Wasdale, the Glaramara ridge overlooking Borrowdale, the three tops of Crinkle Crags, Bowfell and Esk Pike overlooking Langdale and Scafell Pike in the centre, at 3,209 feet (978 m) the highest ground in England. Scafell one mile (1.6 km) to the south-west is slightly lower but has an 700 foot (210 m) rock face on its north face, Scafell Crag. The valley of Eskdale penetrates this upland wilderness. These fells are the most rugged and craggy of all, and consequently going is slower amongst the tumbled granite. Relief map of the Irish Sea. ... Borrowdale is the name of two valleys in the English Lake District. ... Great Langdale seen from the top of Rossett Pike. ... A map of Wast Water in 1925 Wast Water or Wastwater is a lake in the Lake District National Park, England. ... Glaramara is fell in the English Lake District in Cumbria. ... Crinkle Crags is a fell in the English Lake District in the county of Cumbria. ... Bowfell (named Bow Fell on Ordnance Survey maps) is a pyramid-shaped mountain lying at the very heart of the English Lake District. ... Esk Pike, by some listings the eleventh highest mountain in the Lake District, is a close neighbour of the higher Bowfell, and is often climbed with it. ... At 978 metres (3,210 feet), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. ... Sca Fell (called Scafell by Wainwright) is a mountain in the English Lake District. ... For articles about other places named Eskdale, see Eskdale (disambiguation). ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ...


South-West

The south-western fells have as their northern boundary the Hardknott and Wrynose Passes. These are particularly narrow and steep, with tight hairpin bends. The Furness Fells stand between Coniston and the Duddon Valley, which runs NE-SW through the centre of the area. On the other side of the Duddon is Harter Fell and the long ridge leading over Whitfell to Black Combe and the sea. The south of this region consists of lower forests and knolls, with Kirkby Moor on the southern boundary. The South-western Lake District ends near the Furness peninsulas, which leads to Cumbria's second largest settlement (Barrow-in-Furness). The motor road over the Hardknott Pass descends to Eskdale. ... The Wrynose Pass is a mountain pass in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England between the Duddon Valley and Great Langdale. ... The Furness Fells (also known as the Coniston Fells) are a small group of mountains in the south of the English Lake District, in Cumbria. ... Coniston is a village in the region of Furness, the area of Lancashire that moved into the administrative county of Cumbria, in the United Kingdom. ... The Duddon Valley is a valley in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England. ... To read about the Harter Fell near Mardale in the Lake District, see Harter Fell, Mardale. ... Whitfell (or sometimes Whit Fell) is a hill in the southwestern part of the Lake District. ... Black Combe is a fell in the far south of the English Lake District, just four miles from the Irish Sea. ... Kirkby Moor is an poorly defined moorland area in southern Cumbria, named after the village of Kirkby-in-Furness, but stretching both sides of the A5092 road, and thus spanning the border of the Lake District national park. ... Furness (IPA: ) is a peninsula in the southern part of Cumbria, in north-west England. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ...


South-East

The south-eastern area is the territory between Coniston Water and Windermere and east of Windermere. There are no high summits in this group; it is mainly low hills, knolls and bumpy terrain such as Gummer's How, Whitbarrow and Top o' Selside. The wide expanse of Grizedale Forest stands between the two lakes. Kendal and Morecambe Bay mark the edge. Coniston Water as seen from Holme Fell, 3 kilometres to the north. ... Windermere from the north. ... Gummers How is a hill in the southern part of the Lake District, on the eastern shore of Windermere, near its southern end. ... Whitbarrow is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and National Nature Reserve in Cumbria, as is a candidate Special Area of Conservation due to its supporting some of the best European examples of natural limestone habitats. ... Woodsman sculpture from Grizedale visitor centre Grizedale Forest is a 2447 ha area of woodland in the Lake District to the east of Coniston Water and to the south of Hawkshead containing a number of hills, small tarns and the settlements of Grizedale and Satterthwaite. ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... Morecambe Bay at low tide from Hest Bank, looking towards Grange-over-Sands. ...


25 highest fells

The 25 highest fells (of those given an individual chapter in the Pictorial Guides by Alfred Wainwright) are: Alfred Wainwright c. ...

The impressive bulk of the Scafell massif, the highest ground in England, seen over the Wastwater valley
The impressive bulk of the Scafell massif, the highest ground in England, seen over the Wastwater valley
  1. Scafell Pike, 978 m (3,210 ft)
  2. Scafell, 965 m (3,162 ft)
  3. Helvellyn, 951 m (3,118 ft)
  4. Skiddaw, 931 m (3,054 ft)
  5. Great End, 910 m (2,986 ft)
  6. Bowfell, 902 m (2,960 ft)
  7. Great Gable, 899 m (2,949 ft)
  8. Pillar, 892 m (2,926 ft)
  9. Nethermost Pike, 891 m (2,923 ft)
  10. Catstycam, 889 m (2,917 ft)
  11. Esk Pike, 885 m (2,903 ft)
  12. Raise (Lake District), 883 m (2,896 ft)
  13. Fairfield, 873 m (2,863 ft)
  14. Blencathra, 868 m (2,847 ft)
  15. Skiddaw Little Man, 865 m (2,837 ft)
  16. White Side, 863 m (2,831 ft)
  17. Crinkle Crags, 859 m (2,818 ft)
  18. Dollywaggon Pike, 858 m (2,815 ft)
  19. Great Dodd, 857 m (2807 ft)
  20. Grasmoor, 852 m (2,795 ft)
  21. Stybarrow Dodd, 843 m (2,772 ft)
  22. St Sunday Crag, 841 m (2,759 ft)
  23. Scoat Fell, 841 m (2,759 ft)
  24. Crag Hill, 839 m (2,753 ft)
  25. High Street, 828 m (2,717 ft)

A more extensive list of fells can be found on the list of fells in the Lake District. Image File history File links Scafells. ... Image File history File links Scafells. ... Sca Fell (called Scafell by Wainwright) is a mountain in the English Lake District. ... Categories: English lakes | Cumbria | UK geography stubs ... At 978 metres (3,210 feet), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. ... Sca Fell (called Scafell by Wainwright) is a mountain in the English Lake District. ... Helvellyn is a mountain in the English Lake District, the apex of the Eastern Fells . ... Skiddaw is a mountain in the Lake District National Park in the United Kingdom. ... Great End is the most northerly mountain in the Scafell chain, in the English Lake District. ... Bowfell (named Bow Fell on Ordnance Survey maps) is a pyramid-shaped mountain lying at the very heart of the English Lake District. ... Great Gable is a pyramid-shaped hill lying at the very heart of the English Lake District. ... Pillar is a fell in the English Lake District. ... Nethermost Pike is a fell in the English Lake District. ... Catstye Cam (also sometimes spelled Caststycam) is a breathtaking outlier to the Helvellyn chain of mountains in the English Lake District. ... Esk Pike, by some listings the eleventh highest mountain in the Lake District, is a close neighbour of the higher Bowfell, and is often climbed with it. ... For other uses see Raise (disambiguation) At 883 m (2897 ft), Raise is the 12th highest mountain in the Lake District, according to Wainwrights list. ... Fairfield, at 873 metres or 2863 feet, is the 13th highest mountain in the Lake District. ... Blencathra is one of the most northerly mountains in the Lake District, United Kingdom. ... Skiddaw is a hill in the Lake District National Park in the United Kingdom. ... White Side is a mountain in the English Lake District. ... Crinkle Crags is a fell in the English Lake District in the county of Cumbria. ... Dollywaggon Pike - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... At 855 m (2807 feet), Great Dodd is one of the highest mountains in England. ... Grasmoor is a mountain in the north-western part of the Lake District, northern England. ... Stybarrow Dodd is a fell in the Lake District, in England. ... St Sunday Crag is a mountain in the eastern part of the English Lake District, near Helvellyn and Fairfield. ... Scoat Fell is a fell in the western part of the English Lake District. ... Crag Hill is a mountain in the North Western part of the English Lake District. ... High Street is a fell in the English Lake District. ... This is a list of fells, hills, mountains, groups of mountains and subsidiary summits and tops in the Lake District, England. ...


Lakes

Boats on Ullswater
Boats on Ullswater

Only one lake in the National Park has the word "Lake" in its name, namely Bassenthwaite Lake. All the others such as Windermere, Coniston Water, Ullswater and Buttermere use other forms, with mere being particularly common. The major lakes and reservoirs in the National Park are given below. Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 977 KB) Lake District view (England) with boats and hills. ... Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 977 KB) Lake District view (England) with boats and hills. ... Map of the lake from 1925 Bassenthwaite Lake seen from Blackstock Point The south end of Bassenthwaite Lake Bassenthwaite Lake is located in the Lake District in England. ... Windermere from the north. ... Coniston Water as seen from Holme Fell, 3 kilometres to the north. ... The middle and lower reaches of Ullswater from Hallin Fell Ullswater is the second largest lake in the English Lake District, being approximately 9 miles (14. ... Image:Beautiful britain buttermere. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

More lakes, tarns and reservoirs can be found on the list of lakes in the Lake District. Map of the lake from 1925 Bassenthwaite Lake seen from Blackstock Point The south end of Bassenthwaite Lake Bassenthwaite Lake is located in the Lake District in England. ... Image:Beautiful britain buttermere. ... Coniston Water as seen from Holme Fell, 3 kilometres to the north. ... Crummock Water is a lake in the Lake District in Cumbria, England. ... A view of Derwent Water in the English Lake District Derwent Water (alternative spelling, Derwentwater) is one of the principal bodies of water in the Lake District National Park in the north of England. ... Devoke Water is a small lake in the mid-west region of the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. ... Ennerdale Water, as seen from Revelin Crag Ennerdale Water is one of the smaller lakes in the region of northern England known as the Lake District. ... Esthwaite Water is one of the smaller and less well-known lakes in the Lake District national park. ... Grasmere village and lake as seen from the fell of Stone Arthur Dove Cottage Grasmere is a village in central Cumbria in the north of England. ... Haweswater seen from high up on Harter Fell Haweswater is a reservoir in the English Lake District built in the valley of Mardale in the county of Cumbria. ... Loweswater is one of the smaller lakes in the English Lake District. ... Rydal Water is a small lake in the central region of the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. ... Thirlmere is a reservoir in the Lake District National Park, England. ... The middle and lower reaches of Ullswater from Hallin Fell Ullswater is the second largest lake in the English Lake District, being approximately 9 miles (14. ... Wast Water seen from the summit of Great Gable, 4. ... Windermere from the north. ... This list contains the lakes, tarns and reservoirs in the Lake District National Park. ...


Geology

The Lake District's geology is complex but well-studied. Its oldest rocks are the Skiddaw Slate series and the Borrowdale Volcanic series dating back to the Ordovician, some 500 million years ago. The Skiddaw Slates are found in the northern part of the park and were probably deposited in shallow seas; their thickness is unknown. The Borrowdale Volcanic rocks are more extensive and form the Lakes' highest peaks, being resistant to weathering. Later intrusions have formed individual outcrops of igneous rock in both these series. The other large rock group is the Silurian Windermere Group, made of Limestone that rests upon the volcanic rocks. Many smaller series are also present. This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Skiddaw slate is an early Ordovician compressed sedimentary rock, as first identified on the slopes of Skiddaw in the English Lake District. ... The Borrowdale Volcanics or, more correctly, in modern terminology, the Borrowdale Volcanic Group are a development of volcanic rocks named after the Borrowdale area of the Lake District, in England. ... Artist impression of the Ordovician Sea. ... Devils Tower, an igneous intrusion exposed when the surrounding softer rock eroded away. ... Volcanic rock on North America Plutonic rock on North America Igneous rocks (etymology from latin ignis, fire) are rocks formed by solidification of cooled magma (molten rock), with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. ... The Silurian is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Ordovician period, about 443. ... The Windermere Group of rocks is the name used to define the type of geological formation found in the Windermere region of the English Lake District. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ...


Climate

The Lake District's location on the north west coast of England, coupled with its mountainous geography, makes it the dampest part of England. The UK Met Office reports average annual precipitation of more than 2,000 millimetres (80 in), but with very large local variation. Although the entire region receives above average rainfall, there is a wide disparity between the amount of rainfall in the western and eastern lakes. Lake District has relief rainfall. Seathwaite in Borrowdale is the wettest inhabited place in the British Isles with an average of 3,300 millimetres (130 in) of rain a year, while nearby Sprinkling Tarn is even wetter, recording over 5,000 millimetres (200 in) per year; by contrast, Keswick, at the end of Borrowdale receives 1,470 millimetres (60 in) per year, and Penrith (just outside the Lake District) only 870 millimetres (30 in). March to June tend to be the driest months, with October to January the wettest, but at low levels there is relatively little difference between months. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The new building on the edge of Exeter The Met Office (originally an abbreviation for Meteorological Office, but now the official name in itself), which has its headquarters at Exeter in Devon, is the United Kingdoms national weather service. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... In the art of sculpture, a relief is an artwork where a modelled form projects out of a flat background. ... Borrowdale is the name of two valleys in the English Lake District. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-Western Europe. ... Borrowdale is the name of two valleys in the English Lake District. ... Statistics Population: 14,756 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NY515305 Administration District: Eden Shire county: Cumbria Region: North West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Cumbria Historic county: Cumberland Services Police force: Cumbria Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: North West Post office and telephone...


The Lake District is also windy, although sheltered valleys experience gales on an average of five days a year. In contrast, the coastal areas have 20 days of gales; while the fell tops may have 100 days of gales per year. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The maritime climate means that the Lake District experiences relatively moderate temperature variations through the year. Mean temperature in the valleys ranges from about 3 °C (37 °F) in January to around 15 °C (59 °F) in July. (By comparison, Moscow, at the same latitude, ranges from -10 °C to 19 °C/14°F to 66°F). Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...


The relatively low height of most of the fells means that, while snow is expected during the winter, they can be free of snow at any time of the year. Normally, significant snow fall only occurs between November and April. On average, snow falls on Helvellyn 67 days per year. During the year, valleys typically experience 20 days with snow falling, a further 200 wet days, and 145 dry days. Helvellyn is a mountain in the English Lake District, the apex of the Eastern Fells . ...


Hill fog is common at any time of year, and the fells average only around 2.5 hours of sunshine per day, increasing to around 4.1 hours per day on the coastal plains. For other uses, see Fog (disambiguation). ...


Wildlife

The area is home to a plethora of wildlife, some of which is unique in England. It provides a home for the red squirrel and colonies of sundew, one of the few carnivorous plants native to Britain. England's only nesting pair of Golden Eagles can be found in the Lake District. Sadly the female Golden Eagle has not been seen since 2004 although the male still remains.[1] Binomial name Sciurus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758 For the North American Red Squirrel, see American Red Squirrel. ... Species See separate list. ... Nepenthes mirabilis in flower, growing on a road cut in Palau Carnivorous plants (sometimes called insectivorous plants) are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients (but not energy) from trapping and consuming animals or protozoans, most focusing on insects and other arthropods. ... For other uses, see Golden Eagle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Golden Eagle (disambiguation). ...


The lakes of the Lake District support three rare and endangered species of fish: the vendace, which can be found only in Bassenthwaite Lake and Derwent Water, the schelly, which lives in Brothers Water, Haweswater, Red Tarn and Ullswater, and the arctic charr, which can be found in Buttermere, Coniston Water, Crummock Water, Ennerdale Water, Haweswater, Loweswater, Thirlmere, Wast water, and Windermere. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Schelly (Coregonus lavaretus), is a rare and endangered species of freshwater fish, in the whitefish family. ... Binomial name Salvelinus alpinus Linnaeus, 1758 Arctic char or Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is both a freshwater and saltwater fish in the Salmonidae family, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic and alpine lakes and coastal waters. ...

The vendace (Coregonus vandesius) is England's rarest species of fish, and is only found in the Lake District.
The vendace (Coregonus vandesius) is England's rarest species of fish, and is only found in the Lake District.

In recent years, some important changes have been made to fisheries byelaws covering the north-west region of England, to help protect some of the rarest fish species. The Environment Agency has introduced a new fisheries byelaw, banning the use of all freshwater fish as live bait or as dead bait in 14 of the lakes in the Lake District. Anglers who do not comply with the new byelaw could face fines of up to £2,500. The byelaw was introduced on 26 July 2002. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 404 pixelsFull resolution (1077 × 544 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 404 pixelsFull resolution (1077 × 544 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Coregonus vandesius is a freshwater fish found in the United Kingdom. ... (see also the List of environmental organizations) The Environment Agency (Welsh: Asiantaeth yr Amgylchedd) of England and Wales was created by the Environment Act 1995, along with the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


There are 14 lakes in the Lake District which are affected. These are: Bassenthwaite Lake, Brothers Water, Buttermere, Coniston Water, Crummock Water, Derwent Water, Ennerdale Water, Haweswater, Loweswater, Red Tarn, Thirlmere, Ullswater, Wast Water and Windermere.


The lakes and waters of the Lake District do not naturally support as many species of fish as other similar habitats in the south of the country and elsewhere in Europe. Some fish that do thrive there are particularly at risk from accidental or deliberate introduction of new species.


The introduction of non-native fish can lead to the predation of the native fish fauna or competition for food. There is also the risk of disease being introduced, which can further threaten native populations. In some cases, the introduced species can disturb the environment so much that it becomes unsuitable for particular fish. For example, a major problem has been found with ruffe. This non-native fish has now been introduced into a number of lakes in recent years. It is known that ruffe eat the eggs of vendace, which are particularly vulnerable because of their long incubation period. This means that they are susceptible to predators for up to 120 days. The eggs of other fish, for example roach, are only at risk for as little as three days. Binomial name Gymnocephalus cernuus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Gymnocephalus cernua The Ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus) is a freshwater fish found in ur moms poo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Roach can refer to: Cockroach, an insect. ...


Industry and agriculture

Forestry operations on Harter Fell
Forestry operations on Harter Fell

In Neolithic times, the Lake District was a major source of stone axes, examples of which have been found all over Britain. The primary site, on the slopes of the Langdale Pikes, is sometimes described as a "stone axe factory" of the Langdale axe industry. Some of the earliest stone circles in Britain are connected with this industry. Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 549 KB)Forestry on Harter Fell Photograph by Stephen Dawson, 11 May 2004. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 549 KB)Forestry on Harter Fell Photograph by Stephen Dawson, 11 May 2004. ... To read about the Harter Fell near Mardale in the Lake District, see Harter Fell, Mardale. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... The Langdale axe industry is the name given by archaeologists to the centre of a specialised stone tool manufacturing in Englands Lake District during the Neolithic. ... Swinside stone circle, in the Lake District, England. ...


Since Roman times, farming, in particular of sheep, was the major industry in the region. The breed most closely associated with the area is the tough Herdwick, with Rough Fell and Swaledale sheep also common. Sheep farming remains important both for the economy of the region and for preserving the landscape which visitors want to see. Features such as dry stone walls, for example, are there as a result of sheep farming. Some land is also used for silage and dairy farming. There are extensive plantations of non-native pine trees. Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... “Sheep” redirects here. ... The Herdwick is a variety of sheep typical to the mountainous Lake District, in North West England. ... The Rough Fell is an upland breed of sheep, originating in the UK. It is common on its native mountain and moorland farms, its distribution embracing a large proportion of South Cumbria, parts of the West Riding of Yorkshire, North Lancashire and, more recently, upland parts of Devon. ... Swaledale is a bread of domestic sheep named after the Yorkshire valley of Swaledale. ... Detail of a dry stone wall in the Yorkshire Dales. ... Silage (hay) somewhere in Allschwil or Schönenbuch, near Basel, Switzerland. ... Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or more properly, an animal husbandry enterprise, raising female cattle, goats, or other lactating animals for long-term production of milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale. ...


The area was badly affected by the foot-and-mouth outbreak across the United Kingdom in 2001. Thousands of sheep, grazing on the fellsides across the District, were destroyed. In replacing the sheep, one problem to overcome was that many of the lost sheep were heafed, that is, they knew their part of the unfenced fell and did not stray, with this knowledge being passed between generations. With all the sheep lost at once, this knowledge has to be re-learnt and some of the fells have had discreet electric fences strung across them for a period of five years, to allow the sheep to "re-heaf". Not to be confused with hand, foot and mouth disease. ... The Ylläs fell in Finland Fell (from the Old Norse fjall, mountain) is a word used to refer to mountains, or certain types of mountainous landscape, in parts of England and Scandinavia. ...


Mining, particularly of copper, lead (often associated with quantities of silver), baryte, graphite and slate, was historically a major lakeland industry, mainly from the 16th century to the 19th century. Coppiced woodland was used extensively to provide charcoal for smelting. Some mining still takes place today — for example slate mining continues at the Honister Mines, at the top of Honister Pass. Abandoned mine-workings can be found on fell-sides throughout the district. The locally-mined graphite led to the development of the pencil industry, especially around Keswick. For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... This article is about the metal. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Baryte with Cerussite from Morocco Baryte with Galena and Hematite from Poland Barite (BaSO4) is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate. ... For other uses, see Graphite (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Slate (disambiguation). ... The B5289 is a road in the Lake District, England. ... This article is about the handwriting instrument. ... The Moot Hall in the centre of Keswick. ...

A typical Lake District scene
A typical Lake District scene

In the middle of the 19th century, half the world textile industry's bobbin supply came from the Lake District area. Over the past century, however, tourism has grown rapidly to become the area's primary source of income. Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1578 KB)Typical Lake District scene, with verdant fields grazed by sheep in fields bounded by stone walls, a stone barn, and white-washed houses, overlooked by a bracken-brown fell. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1578 KB)Typical Lake District scene, with verdant fields grazed by sheep in fields bounded by stone walls, a stone barn, and white-washed houses, overlooked by a bracken-brown fell. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ...


Development of tourism

Early visitors to the Lake District, who travelled for the education and pleasure of the journey, include Celia Fiennes who in 1698 undertook a journey the length of England, including riding through Kendal and over Kirkstone Pass into Patterdale. Her experiences and impressions were published in her book Great Journey to Newcastle and Cornwall: Celia Fiennes (7 June 1642 - 10 April 1741) was an English traveller. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... Kirkstone Pass is a mountain pass in the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. ... Patterdale is the name of a small village in the eastern part of the English Lake District, and is also the name given to the long valley in which it sits (officially the valley is nameless). ...

As I walked down at this place I was walled on both sides by those inaccessible high rocky barren hills which hang over one’s head in some places and appear very terrible; and from them springs many little currents of water from the sides and clefts which trickle down to some lower part where it runs swiftly over the stones and shelves in the way, which makes a pleasant rush and murmuring noise and like a snowball is increased by each spring trickling down on either side of those hills, and so descends into the bottoms which are a Moorish ground in which in many places the waters stand, and so form some of those Lakes as it did here.

In 1724, Daniel Defoe published the first volume of A Tour Thro' the Whole Island of Great Britain. He commented on Westmorland that it was: Daniel Defoe (1659/1661 [?] â€“ April 24 [?], 1731)[1] was an English writer, journalist, and spy, who gained enduring fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe. ... Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland, an even older spelling is Westmerland) is an area of north west England and one of the 39 historic counties of England. ...

the wildest, most barren and frightful of any that I have passed over in England, or even Wales itself; the west side, which borders on Cumberland, is indeed bounded by a chain of almost unpassable mountains which, in the language of the country, are called fells.

Towards the end of the 18th century, the area was becoming more popular with travellers. This was partly a result of wars in Continental Europe, restricting the possibility of travel there. In 1778 Father Thomas West produced A Guide to the Lakes, which began the era of modern tourism. Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ... Thomas West can refer to: Thomas West, 2nd Baron De La Warr Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr Thomas West, 1st Baron West Thomas West, 2nd Baron West Category: ...

Claife Station on the western shore of Windermere
Claife Station on the western shore of Windermere

West listed "stations" - viewpoints where tourists could enjoy the best views of the landscape, being encouraged to appreciated the formal qualities of the landscape and to apply aesthetic values. At some of these stations, buildings were erected to help this process. The remains of Claife Station (on the western shore of Windermere below Claife Heights) can be visited today. Claife Station below Claife Heights on the western shore of Windermere in the Lake District of north-west England. ... Claife Station below Claife Heights on the western shore of Windermere in the Lake District of north-west England. ... Windermere from the north. ... Windermere from the north. ...


William Wordsworth published his Guide to the Lakes in 1810, and by 1835 it had reached its fifth edition, now called A Guide through the District of the Lakes in the North of England. This book was particularly influential in popularising the region. Wordsworth's favourite valley was Dunnerdale or the Duddon Valley nestling in the south-west of the Lake District. William Wordsworth (April 7, 1770 – April 23, 1850) was a major English romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads. ... The Duddon Valley is a valley in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England. ...


The railways led to another expansion in tourism. The Kendal and Windermere Railway was the first to penetrate the Lake District, reaching Kendal in 1846 and Windermere in 1847. The line to Coniston opened in 1848 (although until 1857 this was only linked to the national network with ferries between Fleetwood and Barrow-in-Furness); the line from Penrith through Keswick to Cockermouth in 1865; and the line to Lakeside at the foot of Windermere in 1869. The railways, built with traditional industry in mind, brought with them a huge increase in the number of visitors, thus contributing to the growth of the tourism industry. Railway services were supplemented by steamer boats on the major lakes of Ullswater, Windermere, Coniston Water, and Derwent Water. The Kendal and Windermere Railway is a railway in Cumbria in north-west England. ... For the 1832-1918 Parliamentary constituency, see Kendal (UK Parliament constituency). ... Location within the British Isles. ... Coniston is a village in the region of Furness, the area of Lancashire that moved into the administrative county of Cumbria, in the United Kingdom. ... , Fleetwood is a town within the Wyre district of Lancashire, England, lying at the northwest corner of the Fylde. ... Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... Statistics Population: 14,756 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NY515305 Administration District: Eden Shire county: Cumbria Region: North West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Cumbria Historic county: Cumberland Services Police force: Cumbria Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: North West Post office and telephone... The Moot Hall in the centre of Keswick. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lakeside is at the south end of Lake Windermere, Lancashire, England. ... Windermere from the north. ... The middle and lower reaches of Ullswater from Hallin Fell Ullswater is the second largest lake in the English Lake District, being approximately 9 miles (14. ... Windermere from the north. ... Coniston Water as seen from Holme Fell, 3 kilometres to the north. ... A view of Derwent Water in the English Lake District Derwent Water (alternative spelling, Derwentwater) is one of the principal bodies of water in the Lake District National Park in the north of England. ...

A steamer on Ullswater
A steamer on Ullswater

The growth in tourist numbers continued into the age of the motor car, when railways began to be closed or run down. The formation of the National Park in 1951 recognised the need to protect the Lake District environment from excessive commercial or industrial exploitation, preserving that which visitors come to see, without (so far) any restriction on the movement of people into and around the district. The M6 Motorway helped bring traffic to the Lakes, passing up its eastern flank. The narrow roads present a challenge for traffic flow and, from the 1960s, certain areas have been very congested. Download high resolution version (1528x736, 74 KB)Personal Photograph taken by Mick Knapton on 15th September 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1528x736, 74 KB)Personal Photograph taken by Mick Knapton on 15th September 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The middle and lower reaches of Ullswater from Hallin Fell Ullswater is the second largest lake in the English Lake District, being approximately 9 miles (14. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Whilst the roads and railways provided easier access to the area, many people were drawn to the Lakes by the publication of the Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells by Alfred Wainwright. First published in the 1950s, these books provided detailed information on 214 peaks across the region, with carefully hand-drawn maps and panoramas, and also stories and asides which add to the colour of the area. They are still used by many visitors to the area as guides for walking excursions, with the ultimate goal of bagging the complete list of Wainwrights. The famous guides are being revised by Chris Justy to reflect changes, mainly in valley access and paths. The Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells is a series of seven books detailing the fells (the local word for hills and mountains) of the English Lake District. ... Alfred Wainwright c. ... Peak bagging (also hill bagging, mountain bagging, or among enthusiasts, just bagging) is a popular activity for hillwalkers and mountaineers in which they attempt to reach the summit of each peak in a region above some height, or having a particular feature. ... Alfred Wainwright listed 214 fells in total in his series of seven Pictorial Guides to the Lakeland Fells. ...


The area has also become associated with writer Beatrix Potter. A number of tourists visit to see her family home, with particularly large numbers coming from Japan. Helen Beatrix Potter (28 July 1866 – 22 December 1943) was an English author and illustrator, botanist, and conservationist, best known for her childrens books, which featured animal characters such as Peter Rabbit. ...


Tourism has now become the park's major industry, with about 14 million visitors each year.[2] Windermere Lake Steamers are now the UK's second most popular charging tourist attraction and the local economy is dependent upon tourists. The negative impact of tourism has been seen, however. Soil erosion, caused by walking, is now a significant problem, with millions of pounds being spent to protect over-used paths. In 2006, two Tourist Information Centres in the National Park were closed. Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, or movement in response to gravity. ... A visitor center is a place where visitors to a location can get information on the areas attractions, lodging, maps, and other items relevant to tourism. ...


Cultural tourism is becoming an increasingly important part of the wider tourist industry. The Lake District's links with a wealth of artists and writers and its strong history of providing summer theatre performances in the old Blue Box of Century Theatre are strong attractions for visiting tourists. The tradition of theatre is carried on by venues such as Theatre by the Lake in Keswick with its Summer Season of six plays in repertoire, Christmas and Easter productions and the many literature, film, mountaineering, jazz and creative arts festivals. Keswicks Theatre by the Lake is situated on the shores of Derwentwater in one of the most picturesque Lake District locations in the UK. It opened in 1999, replacing the old Blue Box Touring Theatre and was made possible by an Arts Council Lottery Fund Grant. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Literature and art

The Lake District is intimately associated with English literature in the 18th and 19th centuries. Thomas Gray was the first to bring the region to attention, when he wrote a journal of his Grand Tour in 1769, but it was William Wordsworth whose poems were most famous and influential. Wordsworth's poem "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud", inspired by the sight of daffodils on the shores of Ullswater, remains one of the most famous in the English language. Out of his long life of eighty years, sixty were spent amid its lakes and mountains, first as a schoolboy at Hawkshead, and afterwards living in Grasmere (1799-1813) and Rydal Mount (1813-50). Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey became known as the Lake Poets. The term English literature refers to literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by writers not necessarily from England; Joseph Conrad was Polish, Robert Burns was Scottish, James Joyce was Irish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, Edgar Allan Poe was American, Salman Rushdie is Indian, V.S... For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see Thomas Gray (VC), for the co-inventor of the seismometer see Thomas Lomar Gray. ... For other uses, see Grand Tour (disambiguation). ... William Wordsworth (April 7, 1770 – April 23, 1850) was a major English romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their 1798 joint publication, Lyrical Ballads. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud The Daffodils is an 1804 poem by William Wordsworth. ... Hawkshead is a village in the Lake District, England. ... Grasmere village and lake as seen from the fell of Stone Arthur Dove Cottage Grasmere is a village in central Cumbria in the north of England. ... Rydal Mount was William Wordsworths home from 1813 to 1850. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Robert Southey, English poet Robert Southey (August 12, 1774 – March 21, 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called Lake Poets, and Poet Laureate. ... The Lake Poets all lived in the Lake District of England at the turn of the nineteenth century. ...


The poet and his wife lie buried in the churchyard of Grasmere and very near to them are the remains of Hartley Coleridge (son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge), who himself lived for many years in Keswick, Ambleside and Grasmere. Robert Southey, the Poet Laureate and friend of Wordsworth, was a resident of Keswick for forty years (1803-43), and was buried in Crosthwaite churchyard. Samuel Taylor Coleridge lived for some time in Keswick, and also with the Wordsworths at Grasmere. From 1807 to 1815 John Wilson lived at Windermere. De Quincey spent the greater part of the years 1809 to 1828 at Grasmere, in the first cottage which Wordsworth had inhabited. Ambleside, or its environs, was also the place of residence both of Thomas Arnold, who spent there the vacations of the last ten years of his life and of Harriet Martineau, who built herself a house there in 1845. At Keswick, Mrs Lynn Linton (wife of William James Linton) was born, in 1822. Brantwood, a house beside Coniston Water, was the home of John Ruskin during the last years of his life. His assistant W. G. Collingwood the author, artist and antiquarian lived nearby, and wrote Thorstein of the Mere, set in the Norse period. Hartley Coleridge (September 19, 1796 - January 6, 1849) was an English writer. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Robert Southey, English poet Robert Southey (August 12, 1774 – March 21, 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called Lake Poets, and Poet Laureate. ... A Poet Laureate is a poet officially appointed by a government and often expected to compose poems for State occasions and other government events. ... John Wilson may refer to: // John Wilson (Scottish politician), member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) John Wilson (British politician), leader, Greater London Council, 1984 John Wilson (British Columbia politician) (born 1944), member of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada John Wilson (Massachusetts), member of the U.S. House of... Thomas de Quincey from the frontispiece of Revolt of the Tartars, Thomas de Quincey (August 15, 1785 – December 8, 1859) was an English author and intellectual. ... Thomas Arnold, 1840 Thomas Arnold (June 13, 1795 – June 12, 1842) was a famous schoolmaster and historian, head of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841. ... Harriet Martineau Harriet Martineau (June 12, 1802 - June 27, 1876) was an English writer and philosopher, renowned in her day as a controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist. ... William James Linton (1812 - December 29, 1897) was an English-born American wood engraver and political reformer. ... This article is about the house in Cumbria; for the Belfast football club see Brantwood F.C. Brantwood, overlooking Coniston Water, Cumbria, England, was the home of Victorian writer and painter John Ruskin from 1872 until his death in 1900. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... William Gershom Collingwood, (6 August 1854 - 1 October 1932), was an author, artist, and antiquary. ...


In addition to these residents or natives of the Lake District, a variety of other poets and writers made visits to the Lake District or were bound by ties of friendship with those already mentioned above. These include Percy Bysshe Shelley, Sir Walter Scott, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Arthur Hugh Clough, Henry Crabb Robinson, Thomas Carlyle, John Keats, Lord Tennyson, Matthew Arnold, Felicia Hemans, and Gerald Massey. Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4, 1792 – July 8, 1822; pronounced ) was one of the major English Romantic poets and is widely considered to be among the finest lyric poets of the English language. ... For the first Premier of Saskatchewan see Thomas Walter Scott Sir Walter Scott (August 14, 1771 - September 21, 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe. ... Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. ... Arthur Hugh Clough (January 1, 1819 – November 13, 1861) was an English poet, and the brother of Anne Jemima Clough. ... Henry Crabb Robinson (1775 - 1867), diarist, born at Bury St. ... The most familiar view of Carlyle is as the bearded sage with a penetrating gaze. ... Keats grave in Rome (left). ... Alfred, Lord Tennyson Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and is one of the most popular English poets. ... Matthew Arnold Caricature from Punch, 1881: Admit that Homer sometimes nods, That poets do write trash, Our Bard has written Balder Dead, And also Balder-dash Family tree Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was an English poet and cultural critic, who worked as an inspector of schools. ... Felicia Hemans (September 25, 1793 - 1835), was an English poetess. ... Gerald Massey (May 29, 1828 - October 29, 1907), English poet, was born near Tring, Hertfordshire. ...


During the early 20th century, the children's author Beatrix Potter was in residence at Hill Top Farm, setting many of her famous Peter Rabbit books in the Lake District. Her life was made into a biopic film, starring Renée Zellweger and Ewan McGregor. Arthur Ransome lived in several areas of the Lake District, and set a number of his Swallows and Amazons books, published between 1930 and 1947, in a fictionalised Lake District setting. So did Geoffrey Trease with his five Black Banner school stories (1949-56), starting with No Boats on Bannermere. Helen Beatrix Potter (28 July 1866 – 22 December 1943) was an English author and illustrator, botanist, and conservationist, best known for her childrens books, which featured animal characters such as Peter Rabbit. ... Hill Top can refer to: Hill Top, Stanley, County Durham, England Hill Top, Teesdale, County Durham, England Hill Top, Cumbria, England (Beatrix Potters House) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Peter Rabbit and wife being asked for cabbages by Benjamin and Flopsy Bunny in The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies Peter Rabbit is the main character in a series of childrens books by Beatrix Potter. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Renée Kathleen Zellweger (born April 25, 1969) is an Academy Award-winning American film actress. ... Ewan Gordon McGregor (born March 31, 1971) (IPA pronunciation: [1]) is a Scottish actor who has had significant success in mainstream, indie and art house films. ... Cover of Arthur Ransomes autobiography Arthur Mitchell Ransome (January 18, 1884 – June 3, 1967), was a British author and journalist, best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of childrens books, which tell of school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk... Swallows and Amazons is a series of childrens books by English author Arthur Ransome, named after the title of the first book in the series. ... Geoffrey Trease (1909-1998), was a prolific writer, publishing over 110 books between 1934 (Bows Against the Barons) and 1997 (Cloak for a Spy). ...


The novelist Sir Hugh Walpole lived at "Brackenburn" on the lower slopes of Catbells overlooking Derwent Water from 1924 until his death in 1941. Whilst living at "Brackenburn" he wrote The Herries Chronicle detailing the history of a fictional Cumbrian family over two centuries. The noted author and poet Norman Nicholson came from the south-west Lakes, living and writing about Millom in the twentieth century – he was known as the last of the Lake Poets and came close to becoming the Poet Laureate. Sir Hugh Walpole, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole (March 13, 1884 - June 1, 1941) was an English novelist. ... Catbells is a fell in the English Lake District in the county of Cumbria. ... Norman Cornthwaite Nicholson OBE, (January 8, 1914 – May 30, 1987), was an English poet, known for his association with the Cumberland town of Millom. ... , Millom is a town on the estuary of the River Duddon in Cumbria, England, which, in Victorian Times, was merely a small hamlet by the name of Holborn Hill. ... The Lake Poets all lived in the Lake District of England at the turn of the nineteenth century. ...


Some students of Arthurian lore identify the Lake District with the Grail kingdom of Listeneise. King Arthur is an important figure in the mythology of Britain. ... Grail may refer to: Holy Grail Grail (web browser) The grail community of Pinner, England is a group of Catholic women, who have translated the Psalms in a renowned version. ... Listeneise or Listenoise is the name of the land of the Holy Grail in some Arthurian works, and the location of the Grail Castle. ...


The former Keswick School of Industrial Art at Keswick was started by Canon Rawnsley, a friend of John Ruskin. Keswick School of Industrial Art (KSIA) was founded in 1884 by Canon and Mrs Edith Rawnsley as an evening class of repoussé‚ metalwork in the Crosthwaite Parish Rooms Copper had been mined for many years nearby in the Lake District but operations had declined by the time the School was... Canon Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley (born on September 29, 1851 at Shiplake near Henley-on-Thames, died in 1920 at Grasmere, Cumbria, England) was a clergyman, poet, writer of hymns and one of the co-founders of the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...


Nomenclature

A number of words and phrases are local to the Lake District and are part of the Cumbrian dialect. These include: This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

  • fell - brought to England by Viking invaders and close to modern Norwegian "fjell" and Swedish "fjäll" meaning mountain
  • tarn - a word that has been taken to mean a small lake situated in a corrie, a local phrase for any small pool of water. The word is derived from the old Norse and Norwegian word "tjærn".
  • Yan Tan Tethera - the name for a system of sheep counting which was traditionally used in the Lake District. Though now rare, it is still used by some and taught in local schools.

The Ylläs fell in Finland Fell (from the Old Norse fjall, mountain) is a word used to refer to mountains, or certain types of mountainous landscape, in parts of England and Scandinavia. ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... Triad Lake in Glacier Peak Wilderness View of Tarn Hows, Cumbria A tarn (or corrie loch) is a mountain lake or pool, formed in a corrie excavated by a glacier. ... Iceberg Cirque in Glacier National Park, USA The Lower Curtis Glacier, North Cascades National Park, is a well developed cirque glacier. ... Yan Tan Tethera was a traditional numeric jargon used by shepherds to count sheep in northern England and southern Scotland. ... Species See text. ...

See also

Geological map of Great Britain. ... Geological map of Great Britain, showing the differing geology of England, Scotland and Wales. ... There are currently two national parks of Scotland, Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, created in 2002, and Cairngorms National Park, created in 2003. ... The Peak District National Park is a national park in the north of England. ... The Fell & Rock Climbing Club of the English Lake District (in everyday usage the Fell and Rock Club or FRCC) is the senior climbing club covering the English Lake District. ... This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ... The Yorkshire Dales (also known as the Dales) is the name given to an upland area, mostly in Yorkshire, in Northern England. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: There are insufficient sources, accordingly the subject may not be notable. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.rspb.org.uk/wildlife/birdguide/name/g/goldeneagle/population_trends.asp
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/holiday/destinations/lake_district_cartmel/

Further reading

  • Hollingsworth, S. '"The Geology of the Lake District: a review", Proc. Geologists Assoc., 65 (Part 4) 1954
  • Moseley, F. Geology of the Lake District, Yorkshire Geologic

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lake District

Coordinates: 54°30′N, 3°10′W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada A national park is a reserve of land, usually, but not always (see National Parks of England and Wales), declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, lying mainly in northern Derbyshire, but also covering parts of Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Staffordshire, and South and West Yorkshire. ... High Willhays, the highest point on Dartmoor and southern England at 621 m (2037 ft) above sea level, with Yes Tor beyond. ... A View of the North York Moors The North York Moors (also known as the North Yorkshire Moors) is a national park in North Yorkshire, England. ... The Yorkshire Dales (also known as the Dales) is the name given to an upland area, mostly in Yorkshire, in Northern England. ... Dunkery Beacon, with heather in bloom Exmoor National Park is a national park situated on the Bristol Channel coast of Devon and Somerset in South West England. ... Northumberland National Park is the northernmost national park in England. ... The Broads are a network of mostly navigable rivers and lakes (known locally as broads) in the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. ... For other uses, see New Forest (disambiguation). ... The South Downs National Park is a proposed National Park in the South Downs region of England. ... This article is about the country. ... Tryfans north ridge (seen on the left in this picture) in Snowdonia. ... Pembrokeshire Coast National Park (Parc Cenedlaethol Arfordir Penfro in the Welsh language) is a national park along the Pembrokeshire coast in Wales. ... Part of the Brecon Beacons, looking from the highest point Pen y Fan, 886 m (2907 feet), to Cribyn, 795 m (2608 feet) The Brecon Beacons (Welsh: Bannau Brycheiniog) are a mountain range located in the south-east of Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park is a national park in Scotland. ... The Cairngorms National Park is a national park in North-eastern Scotland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The granite Mountains of Mourne are located in the first proposed national park of Northern Ireland. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lake District - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3558 words)
The Lakes, as the region is also called, were made famous during the early 19th century by the poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the Lake Poets.
Wordsworths favourite valley was Dunnerdale or the Duddon Valley nestling in the South West of the Lake District.
The Lake District is intimately associated with English literature in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Lake District - LoveToKnow 1911 (1848 words)
But the lakes show a wonderful variety of character, from open expanse and steep rock-bound shores to picturesque island-groups and soft wooded banks; while the mountains have always a remarkable dignity, less from the profile of their summits than from the bold sweeping lines of their flanks, unbroken by vegetation, and often culminating.
These two lakes are in a class apart from all the rest, being broader for their length, and quite shallow (about 18 ft. average and 70 ft. maximum), as distinct from the long, narrow and deep troughs occupied by the other chief lakes, which average from 40 to 135 ft. deep.
This lake collects waters by the Brathay from Langdale, the head of which, between Bow Fell and Langdale Pikes (2401 ft.), is very fine; and by the Rothay from Dunmail Raise and the small lakes of Grasmere and Rydal Water, embowered in woods.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m