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Encyclopedia > Lake Constance
Lake Constance
Bodensee
satellite image
Location Germany, Switzerland, Austria
Coordinates 47°39′N 9°19′ECoordinates: 47°39′N 9°19′E
Primary sources Rhine
Primary outflows Rhine
Catchment area 11500 km²
Basin countries Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein
Max length 63 km
Max width 14 km
Surface area 539 km²
Average depth 90 m
Max depth 252 m
Water volume 55 km³
Residence time (of lake water) 4.3 years
Surface elevation 395 m
Frozen 1795, 1830, 1880 (partial), 1963
Islands Mainau, Reichenau, Lindau
Settlements see list

Lake Constance or Lake of Constance (German and Alemannic Bodensee) is a large lake on the Rhine between Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. It lies approximately at 47°39′N, 9°19′E. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1394x864, 137 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The Rhine (German: ; Dutch: ; French: ; Italian: ; Romansh: ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe at 1,320 kilometres (820 miles), with an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second. ... The Rhine (German: ; Dutch: ; French: ; Italian: ; Romansh: ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe at 1,320 kilometres (820 miles), with an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... To help compare different orders of magnitudes this page lists volumes between 10 and 100 cubic kilometres (1010 to 1011 m³). See also volumes or capacities of other orders of magnitude. ... A measure based on the volume of water in a lake and the mean rate of outflow. ... Mainau is an island in Lake Constance. ... 15th-century towers on the Romanesque church of Sts Peter and Paul in Reichenau-Niederzell Reichenau Island lies in Lake Constance in southern Germany, at approximately . ... Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance. ... Lake Constance is an alpine lake in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Alemannic German (Alemannisch) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... The Rhine (German: ; Dutch: ; French: ; Italian: ; Romansh: ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe at 1,320 kilometres (820 miles), with an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second. ...


Lake Constance was first mentioned by the Roman geographer Pomponius Mela about AD 43. He noted that the Rhine flows through two lakes, and gave them the Latin names Lacus Venetus (today Obersee) and Lacus Acronius (today Untersee). Pliny the Elder used the name Lacus Brigantinus, after the Roman city of Brigantium (today Bregenz). The lake is colloquially also known as the Swabian Sea[1] (das Schwäbische Meer). Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire. ... Pomponius Mela, who wrote around AD 43, was the earliest Roman geographer. ... Events Aulus Plautius, with 4 legions, landed on Britain. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Bregenz is the capital of Vorarlberg, the westernmost federal state of Austria. ...


The freshwater lake sits at 395 m above sea level and is Central Europe's third largest, after Lake Balaton and Lake Geneva. It is 63 km long, and at its widest point, nearly 14 km. It covers approximately 539 km² (208 mi²) of total area[1]. The greatest depth is 252 m in the middle of the eastern part (Obersee). Its volume is approximately 55 km³. The lake has four parts: Obersee (main, 476 km²), Überlinger See (north, 61 km²), Untersee (west, 63 km²), and the Zeller See and Gnadensee (northwest). The regulated Rhine flows into the lake in the southeast, through the Obersee, the city of Konstanz and the Untersee and flows out near Stein am Rhein. Lake Constance provides fresh water to many cities in south Germany. For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Lake Balaton (Hungarian: Balaton; Latin: Lacus Pelso; German: Plattensee; Serbian: Blatno Jezero or Блатно Језеро; meaning approximately muddy lake in Slavic, probable origin of the name), located in Hungary, is the largest lake in Central Europe. ... Lake Geneva or Lake Léman (French Lac Léman, le Léman, or Lac de Genève) is the second largest freshwater lake in Central Europe (after Lake Balaton). ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitudes this page lists volumes between 10 and 100 cubic kilometres (1010 to 1011 m³). See also volumes or capacities of other orders of magnitude. ... The Rhine (German: ; Dutch: ; French: ; Italian: ; Romansh: ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe at 1,320 kilometres (820 miles), with an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second. ... Konstanz in 1925 seen from the lake Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall Another gate from city wall Shops in Konstanz The Konzilgebäude in Konstanz Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake... Stein am Rhein with the castle Hohenklingen in the background Stein am Rhein is a town located in Switzerland near the German border, a municipality of the canton of Schaffhausen. ...


Lake Constance was formed by the Rhine Glacier during the ice age. The Rhine, the Bregenzer Ache, and the Dornbirner Ache carry sediments from the Alps to the lake, thus gradually decreasing the depth of the lake in the southeast. Johann Heinrich Wüest: Der Rhonegletscher, c. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Bregenzer Ach is the main river of the Bregenzerwald, in the Vorarlberg Province of Austria. ... Dornbirner Ach is a river in Vorarlberg, Austria, with its source up in the valley near the alpine village Ebnit. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The lake was frozen in the years 1077 (?), 1326 (partial), 1378 (partial), 1435, 1465 (partial), 1477 (partial), 1491 (partial?), 1517 (partial), 1571 (partial), 1573, 1600 (partial), 1684, 1695, 1709 (partial), 1795, 1830, 1880 (partial), 1963.


Approximately 1000 tons of fish were caught by 150 professional fishermen in 2001 which was below the previous ten year average of 1200 tons per year. The Lake Constance trout (Salmo trutta) was almost extinct in the 1980s due to pollution, but thanks to protective measures has made a significant return. Binomial name Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the sea trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species distinguished chiefly by the fact that the brown trout...


The lake itself is an important drinking water source for south-west Germany called Bodenseewasserversorgung[2]


Car ferries link Romanshorn, Switzerland to Friedrichshafen, and Konstanz to Meersburg. The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, ca. ... Romanshorn is a town on the southern side of Lake Constance in the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Friedrichshafen is a town on the northern side of Lake Constance (Bodensee) in southern Germany, near the borders with Switzerland and Austria. ... Konstanz in 1925 seen from the lake Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall Another gate from city wall Shops in Konstanz The Konzilgebäude in Konstanz Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake... Meersburg is a town of Baden-Württemberg in the southwest of Germany on Lake Constance. ...

Contents

Geographic oddity

Bodensee Steamboat Hohentwiel
Bodensee Steamboat Hohentwiel

There is no legally binding agreement as to where the boundaries lie between Switzerland, Germany and Austria where these three countries meet in Lake Constance. While Switzerland holds the view that the border runs through the middle of the lake, Austria is of the opinion that the lake stands in condominium of all the states on its banks. Germany holds no unambiguous opinion. Legal questions pertaining to ship transport and fishing are regulated in separate treaties. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 552 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 552 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In international law, a condominium is a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights. ...


Disputes naturally arise. One concerns a boat house which was moored in two states, another concerns the rights to fish in the Bay of Bregenz. In relation to the latter, an Austrian family was of the opinion that it alone had the right to fish in broad portions of the bay. However, this was accepted neither by the Austrian courts nor by the organs and courts of the other states [3].


Recent floods

  • The so-called "flood of the century" in May or June 1999 raised the level about 2 metres above normal, flooding harbors and many shoreline buildings and hotels.
  • In late August 2005, heavy rains raised the level by more than 70 cm in a few days. The rains caused widespread flooding and washed out highways and railroads.

1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in August August 31: Michael Sheard August 26: Lord Fitt August 24: Jack Slipper August 24: Maurice Cowling August 24: Dr. Tom Pashby August 23: Brock Peters August 22: Lord Lane August 21: Robert Moog August...

Islands in the lake

Map of the Bodensee; Schweiz is Switzerland, Deutschland is Germany, and Österreich is Austria.
Map of the Bodensee; Schweiz is Switzerland, Deutschland is Germany, and Österreich is Austria.
View from mount Pfänder of Bregenz and the lake (with Lindau in the background).
View from mount Pfänder of Bregenz and the lake (with Lindau in the background).
Reichenau seen from the German shore.
Reichenau seen from the German shore.
Twilight near Arbon.
Twilight near Arbon.
The Lower Lake (Untersee).
The Lower Lake (Untersee).

Mainau is an island in Lake Constance. ... 15th-century towers on the Romanesque church of Sts Peter and Paul in Reichenau-Niederzell Reichenau Island lies in Lake Constance in southern Germany, at approximately . ... Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x689, 281 KB) en: Map of the Lake Constance de: Quelle: selbstgezeichnet von Tschubby en: Source: German Wikipedia, uploaded by user Tschubby Image History (before Commons @deWP): 18:09, 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x689, 281 KB) en: Map of the Lake Constance de: Quelle: selbstgezeichnet von Tschubby en: Source: German Wikipedia, uploaded by user Tschubby Image History (before Commons @deWP): 18:09, 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 537 pixelsFull resolution (1795 × 1205 pixel, file size: 316 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bregenz, Austria Vew from mount Pfänder over Bregenz (Austria) to Lake Constance (with the historic town centre of Lindau (Germany) on an island) Blick vom... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 537 pixelsFull resolution (1795 × 1205 pixel, file size: 316 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bregenz, Austria Vew from mount Pfänder over Bregenz (Austria) to Lake Constance (with the historic town centre of Lindau (Germany) on an island) Blick vom... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 589 pixelsFull resolution (893 × 658 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Blick auf die Insel Reichenau oberhalb von Hegne Photo: Tungsten 2004 Uploaded to de. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 589 pixelsFull resolution (893 × 658 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Blick auf die Insel Reichenau oberhalb von Hegne Photo: Tungsten 2004 Uploaded to de. ... 15th-century towers on the Romanesque church of Sts Peter and Paul in Reichenau-Niederzell Reichenau Island lies in Lake Constance in southern Germany, at approximately . ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 294 pixelsFull resolution (4500 × 1654 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 294 pixelsFull resolution (4500 × 1654 pixel, file size: 3. ...

Towns and cities on the lake

Austria

Hard is a town in the westernmost Austrian province of Vorarlberg, directly on the Lake of Constance. ... Bregenz is the capital of Vorarlberg, the westernmost federal state of Austria. ... A town in the westernmost province of Vorarlberg, Austria. ...

Germany

From the entry of the Rhine, on the northern or right shore:

Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance. ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... There are other places called Wasserburg Wasserburg am Bodensee is one of the three Bavarian municipalities on the shores of Lake Constance. ... Nonnenhorn is one of the three Bavarian towns at Lake Constance in the Swabian district of Lindau. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Langenargen is a town in the district of Bodensee in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Eriskirch is a town in the district of Bodensee in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Friedrichshafen is a town on the northern side of Lake Constance (Bodensee) in southern Germany, near the borders with Switzerland and Austria. ... Immenstaad is a small town in Germany on the north shore of Lake Constance (Bodensee) near the Austrian and Swiss borders. ... Meersburg is a town of Baden-Württemberg in the southwest of Germany on Lake Constance. ... Uhldingen-Mühlhofen is a town at the northern shore of Lake Constance, Germany between Ãœberlingen and Meersburg. ... Ãœberlingen Ãœberlingen is a city in south-western Germany. ... Sipplingen is a town in the district of Bodensee in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Bodman-Ludwigshafen is a town in the district of Konstanz in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Konstanz in 1925 seen from the lake Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall Another gate from city wall Shops in Konstanz The Konzilgebäude in Konstanz Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake... Wallhausen is a town in the district of Schwäbisch Hall in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... 15th-century towers on the Romanesque church of Sts Peter and Paul in Reichenau-Niederzell Reichenau Island lies in Lake Constance in southern Germany, at approximately . ... Allensbach is a town in the district of Konstanz in Baden-Württemberg in Germany, which is known for being the home of the Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, a prestigious polling organization. ... Radolfzell am Bodensee is a town in Germany at the western end of Lake Constance. ... Moos may refer to: People Carolyn Moos Jeanne Moos Ludwig von Moos Malcolm Moos Silvia Moos Places Moos in Passeier, South Tyrol, Italy See also Moose Moo Moss Categories: | ... Gaienhofen is a town in the district of Konstanz in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Öhningen is a town in the district of Konstanz in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ...

Switzerland

From the entry of the Rhine, on the southern or left shore:

The Canton of St. ... Alternate uses: Rorschach (superhero), Rorschach inkblot test, Hermann Rorschach Rorschach is a city in the canton of St. ... For other uses, see Horn (disambiguation). ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Steinach is a municipality in the Wahlkreis (constituency) of Rorschach, in the canton of St. ... The Canton of St. ... Arbon is a municipality and district capital of the district of Arbon, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Egnach is a municipality in the district of Arbon, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Romanshorn is a town on the southern side of Lake Constance in the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Uttwil is a municipality in the district of Arbon, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Kesswil is a municipality in the district of Arbon, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Güttingen is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Altnau is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Münsterlingen is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Bottighofen is a town on Lake Constance in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland, bordering with Konstanz in Germany. ... Kreuzlingen is a city in Switzerland bordering with Constance in Germany. ... Konstanz in 1925 seen from the lake Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall Another gate from city wall Shops in Konstanz The Konzilgebäude in Konstanz Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake... Gottlieben is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Ermatingen is a municipality in the district of Kreuzlingen, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Salenstein is a municipality in the district of Steckborn in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland. ... Berlingen is a municipality in the district of Steckborn, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland on Lake Constance. ... Steckborn is a municipality and the district capital of the district of Steckborn, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Mammern is a village in the Swiss canton of Thurgau, situated next to the Lake of Constance. ... Eschenz is a municipality in the district of Steckborn, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ...

See also

Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, registration RA-85816, was a Tupolev 154M passenger jet en route from Moscow, Russia to Barcelona, Spain. ...

References

  1. ^ Gordon McLachlan. The Rough Guide to Germany. Rough Guides Ltd. London, 2004 ISBN 184353293X

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lake Constance - definition of Lake Constance in Encyclopedia (267 words)
Lake Constance (German Bodensee, also known as Schwäbisches Meer (informally) and sometimes written Lake of Constance) is a lake on the Rhine between Germany, Switzerland and Austria.
Lake Constance was formed by the Rhine Glacier during the ice age.
The Rhine, the Bregenzer Ache, and the Dornbirner Ache carry sediments from the Alps to the lake, thus gradually decreasing the depth of the lake in the southeast.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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