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Encyclopedia > Lake Champlain
Lake Champlain
At sunset, looking west from Grand Isle to Plattsburgh, NY and Crab Island
Coordinates 44°32′N 73°20′WCoordinates: 44°32′N 73°20′W
Primary sources Otter Creek
Winooski River
Missisquoi River
Lamoille River
Ausable River
Chazy River
Boquet River
Saranac River
Primary outflows Richelieu River
Catchment area 21,326 km² (8232 mi²)
Basin countries Canada, United States
Max. length 180 km (110 mi)
Max. width 19 km (12 mi)
Surface area 1130 km² (435 mi²)
Average depth 19.5 m (64 ft)
Max. depth 122 m (400.3 ft)
Water volume 25.8 km³
Residence time (of lake water) 3.3 years
Shore length1 945 km (587 mi)
Surface elevation 29 m (95 ft)
Islands Grand Isle
North Hero
Isle La Motte
Settlements Burlington, Vermont
Plattsburgh, New York
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Champlain (French: lac Champlain) is a natural, freshwater lake in North America, located mainly within the borders of the United States (states of Vermont and New York) but partially situated across the US-Canada border in the Canadian province of Quebec. Three ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Lake Champlain, after the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 360 KB) Lake Champlain at sunset, viewed from Grand Isle looking 5 miles west towards Plattsburgh, NY and Crab Island I attest that I am the copyright holder for this image and I release it for use under the Creative... Grand Isle, Vermont Grand Isle is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Nickname: Location within the state of New York Coordinates: , Country State County Clinton Government  - Mayor Donald Kasprzak Area  - Total 6. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Otter Creek Falls in Middlebury, Vermont Otter Creek is one of the major streams located in the state of Vermont. ... The Winooski River is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 90 miles (145 km) long, in northern Vermont in the United States. ... The Missisquoi River is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 80 mi (130 km) long, in northern Vermont in the United States and southern Quebec in Canada. ... The Au Sable River in the U.S. state of New York runs from the Adirondack Mountains and flows past the town of Lake Placid, to empty into Lake Champlain a few miles east of Keeseville, New York. ... The Chazy River is a name related to two rivers in Clinton County, New York, USA. The more northerly river is the Great Chazy River, which empties into Lake Champlain at King Bay in the Town of Champlain. ... Saranac River is a river in the U.S. state of New York. ... The Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada flows about 130 km north to drain Lake Champlain into the St. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... A measure based on the volume of water in a lake and the mean rate of outflow. ... Grand Isle, Vermont Grand Isle is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... North Hero, Vermont North Hero is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Isle La Motte, Vermont Isle La Motte is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Burlington is the largest city in the U.S. state of Vermont and is the shire town of Chittenden County, Vermont. ... Plattsburgh, New York refers to two locations in Clinton County, New York: City of Plattsburgh Town of Plattsburgh This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the state. ... Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border among any two countries that is not militarized or actively patrolled. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...

Contents

Geography

Landsat photo
Landsat photo

Lake Champlain is situated in the Champlain Valley between the Green Mountains of Vermont and the Adirondack Mountains of New York, drained northward by the Richelieu River into the St. Lawrence River near Montreal and fed by Otter Creek, the Winooski, Missisquoi, and Lamoille Rivers in Vermont, and the Ausable, Chazy, Boquet, and Saranac Rivers in New York. Lake Champlain also receives water from Lake George via the La Chute River. Download high resolution version (430x1056, 296 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (430x1056, 296 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Champlain Valley is a region of the United States around Lake Champlain in Vermont and New York. ... The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Stream on the hike to the top of Ampersand Mountain The Adirondack mountain range is located in the northeastern part of New York that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, St. ... This article is about the state. ... The Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada flows about 130 km north to drain Lake Champlain into the St. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Otter Creek Falls in Middlebury, Vermont Otter Creek is one of the major streams located in the state of Vermont. ... The Winooski River is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 90 miles (145 km) long, in northern Vermont in the United States. ... The Missisquoi River is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 80 mi (130 km) long, in northern Vermont in the United States and southern Quebec in Canada. ... The Au Sable River in the U.S. state of New York runs from the Adirondack Mountains and flows past the town of Lake Placid, to empty into Lake Champlain a few miles east of Keeseville, New York. ... The Chazy River is a name related to two rivers in Clinton County, New York, USA. The more northerly river is the Great Chazy River, which empties into Lake Champlain at King Bay in the Town of Champlain. ... Willsboro is a town in Essex County, New York, in the United States. ... Saranac River is a river in the U.S. state of New York. ... Lake George, nicknamed the Queen of American Lakes, is a long narrow lake at the southeast base of the Adirondack Mountains, northern New York, USA. The lake extends about 32. ...


Major Cities

Burlington, Vermont (pop. 38,889, 2000 Census) is by far the largest city on the lake, having a larger population than the 2nd and 3rd most populated cities (Plattsburgh, New York, and Colchester, Vermont, respectively) combined. Burlington is the largest city in the U.S. state of Vermont and is the shire town of Chittenden County, Vermont. ... Colchester, Vermont Colchester is a town located in Chittenden County, Vermont. ...


Lake crossings

The Alburg Peninsula (also known as the Alburg Tongue), extending south from the Quebec shore of the lake into Vermont, shares with Point Roberts, Washington, and the Northwest Angle in Minnesota as well as Province Point (see below) the distinction of being reachable by land from the rest of its state only via Canada. However, unlike the other three cases, this is no longer of practical significance since highway bridges across the lake do provide access to the peninsula within the United States (from three directions, in fact). A few kilometres to the north-east of the town of East Alburgh, however, the southernmost tip of a small promontory, Province Point, is cut through by the US-Canadian border. A geopolitical oddity, Point Roberts is a small unincorporated community in Whatcom County, Washington, United States. ... The Northwest Angle (the purple portion) in Minnesota, bordering Manitoba, Ontario, and Lake of the Woods The Northwest Angle viewed from space The Northwest Angle, known simply as the Angle by locals, and coterminous with Angle Township, is a small part of northern Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota that... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Alburgh, Vermont Alburgh (formerly Alburg) is a town in Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States. ...


Mainland

Lake Champlain can be crossed by road at only two points, near the very far southern and northern reaches of the lake. In the south, it is crossed by road at only one southerly point, the Champlain Bridge, connecting Chimney Point in Vermont with Crown Point, New York. The Champlain Bridge crosses Lake Champlain between Crown Point, New York and Addison, Vermont. ... Crown Point is a town located in Essex County, New York. ...


To the north, US 2 runs from Rouses Point, New York to Grand Isle County, Vermont in the town of Alburg, before continuing south along a chain of islands towards Burlington. To the east, Vermont Route 78 runs from an intersection with US 2 in Alburg through East Alburg to Swanton. The US 2-VT 78 route technically runs from the New York mainland to an extension of the mainland between two arms of the lake and then to the Vermont mainland, but it provides a rather direct route across the two main arms of the northern part of the lake. Rouses Point is a village located in Clinton County, New York. ... Grand Isle County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. ... Swanton, Vermont Swanton is a town located in Franklin County, Vermont. ...


Ferry

Lake Champlain
Lake Champlain
Lake Champlain Ferry at Burlington
Lake Champlain Ferry at Burlington
Map showing the Lake Champlain-River Richelieu watershed
Map showing the Lake Champlain-River Richelieu watershed
Lake Champlain from Burlington Vermont
Lake Champlain from Burlington Vermont
Lake Champlain looking south while crossing the border between VT and NY on U.S. Route 2
Lake Champlain looking south while crossing the border between VT and NY on U.S. Route 2
The LCTC ferry slip at Grand Isle, VT
The LCTC ferry slip at Grand Isle, VT

North of Ticonderoga, NY, the lake widens appreciably; ferry service is provided by the Lake Champlain Transportation Company at: Image File history File links Champlainmap. ... Image File history File links Champlainmap. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2778x1164, 278 KB) Summary Lake Champlain Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2778x1164, 278 KB) Summary Lake Champlain Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 427 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Matthew Teal, taken by me September 26th 2004. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 427 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Matthew Teal, taken by me September 26th 2004. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the state. ... United States Highway 2 is an east-west United States Highway. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 396 KB) The Lake Champlain Transportation Company ferry slip at Grand Isle I attest that I am the copyright holder for this image and I release it for use under the Creative Commons 2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 396 KB) The Lake Champlain Transportation Company ferry slip at Grand Isle I attest that I am the copyright holder for this image and I release it for use under the Creative Commons 2. ... The Lake Champlain Transportation Company (LCTC or just LCT) provides car and passenger ferry service at three points on Lake Champlain in the United States. ... Grand Isle, Vermont Grand Isle is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Ticonderoga is a town located in Essex County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,167. ... The Lake Champlain Transportation Company (LCTC or just LCT) provides car and passenger ferry service at three points on Lake Champlain in the United States. ...

The most southerly crossing is the Fort Ticonderoga Ferry, connecting Ticonderoga, New York with Shoreham, Vermont just north of the historic fort. Charlotte, Vermont Charlotte is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. ... Essex is a town located in Essex County, New York. ... Burlington is the largest city in the U.S. state of Vermont and is the shire town of Chittenden County, Vermont. ... Chesterfield is a town located in Essex County, New York. ... Grand Isle, Vermont Grand Isle is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Cumberland Head is a census-designated place and region of the Town of Plattsburgh located in Clinton County, New York. ... Plattsburgh, New York refers to two locations in Clinton County, New York: City of Plattsburgh Town of Plattsburgh This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... U.S. 1955 postage stamp depicting Ethan Allen and Fort Ticonderoga. ... Shoreham, Vermont Shoreham is a town located in Addison County, Vermont. ...


Railroad

Through history there were four significant railroad crossings over the lake. Currently, only one such crossing remains.

  • The "floating" rail trestle from Larabees Point, VT to Ticonderoga, NY. This crossing used a floating trestle that was abandoned in 1918 due to many accidents resulting in locomotives and rail cars being dumped in the lake. This crossing was operated by the Addison Branch of the Rutland Railroad.
  • The Island Line Causeway. This marble rock landfill causeway stretched from Colchester, VT (on the mainland) three miles north and west to South Hero, VT. Two breaks in the causeway were spanned by a fixed iron trestle and a swing bridge that could be opened to allow nautical navigation. The Rutland Railroad (later Rutland Railway) operated trains over this causeway from 1901-1961. The Railway was officially abandoned in 1963, with tracks and trestles removed over the course of the ten years that followed. The marble causeway still remains, as does the fixed iron trestle that bridges the lesser of the two gaps. The swing bridge over the navigation channel was removed sometime in the early 1970s. The main three mile causeway is a popular recreation area (called Colchester Park) for cyclists, runners, anglers, and lovers of the outdoors. Two smaller marble rock landfill causeways were also erected as part of this line that connected Grand Isle, VT to North Hero, VT and from North Hero to Alburgh, VT.
  • The Rouses Point, NY rail trestle. This wooden trestle carried two railroads (the Rutland Railroad and the Central Vermont Railroad) over the lake adjacent and to the south of the US 2 vehicular bridge. This trestle carried rolling stock from sometime in the late 19th century until 1964. The iron swing bridge at the center (over the navigation channel) has been removed, but most of the wooden piles that carried the railroads still remain and can easily be seen looking south from the U.S. 2 bridge. The Rouses Point side of the bridge has been converted, in part, to an access pier associated with the local marina.
  • The Swanton, VT, to East Alburg, VT, rail trestle. This wooden trestle was built in the same manner as the Rouses Point trestle. It crosses the lake just south of Missisquoi Bay and the Canadian border, running directly south of the VT 78 highway causeway. This rail crossing carries the New England Central Railroad (part of the Canadian National Railway) and is still being used to this day.

Ticonderoga is a town located in Essex County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,167. ... The Rutland Railroad was a small railroad in the north-eastern United States, primarily in the state of Vermont but extending into the state of New York. ... The Hindenburgdamm rail causeway across the Wadden Sea to the island of Sylt in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany In modern usage, a causeway is a road or railway elevated by a bank, usually across a broad body of water or wetland. ... Colchester, Vermont Colchester is a town located in Chittenden County, Vermont. ... South Hero, Vermont South Hero is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Steel trestle with plate girder spans A trestle is a bridge that consists of a large number of short spans, supported by splayed vertical elements and is usually for railroad use. ... A swing bridge is a bridge that has as its primary structural support a vertical locating pin and support ring at or near to its center, about which it can then pivot horizontally as shown in the animated illustration below. ... Grand Isle, Vermont Grand Isle is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... North Hero, Vermont North Hero is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Alburgh, Vermont Alburgh (formerly Alburg) is a town in Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States. ... Rouses Point is a village located in Clinton County, New York. ... 1879 map The Central Vermont Railway (AAR reporting mark CV) was a railroad that operated in the New England states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New York, as well as the Canadian province of Quebec. ... For architectural piers, see Pier (architecture). ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... Swanton, Vermont Swanton is a town located in Franklin County, Vermont. ... The New England Central Railroad is a subsidiary of RailAmerica. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ...

Islands

Lake Champlain contains roughly 80 islands, including an entire county in Vermont. Grand Isle County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Isle La Motte, Vermont Isle La Motte is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Grand Isle, Vermont Grand Isle is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... North Hero, Vermont North Hero is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Valcour Island, about two miles long and a mile broad, lies in Lake Champlain, forming a narrow strait against the New York mainland. ... Crab Island may refer to: Crab Island, Guyana, is at the mouth of the Berbice River Crab Island, Australia, is in the western Torres Strait Crab Island (West Virginia), lies on the Ohio River An island in Lake Champlain near Plattsburgh, New York Crab Island, one of the San Juan...

Lighthouses

There is a historic stone lighthouse located on Cumberland Head.

On Isle La Motte, a recognizable pink lighthouse is located on the northern end.

On Point Au Roche, part of Beekmantown, New York, there is a privately owned, historic lighthouse. Cumberland Head is a census-designated place and region of the Town of Plattsburgh located in Clinton County, New York. ... Isle La Motte, Vermont Isle La Motte is a town located in Grand Isle County, Vermont. ... Beekmantown is a town located in Clinton County, New York. ...


Parks

There are many large parks in the Lake Champlain region of both Vermont and New York. Two notable ones on the New York side of the lake is Point Au Roche State Park, which features many hiking and cross country skiing trails. A popular public beach is also located on park grounds. The Cumberland Bay State Park is located on Cumberland Head, featuring a campground, city beach, and sports fields. This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the state. ... Point Au Roche State Park is a state park in Clinton County in the State of New York in the USA. The park is in the east part of the Town of Beekmantown on the shore of Lake Champlain. ... Cumberland Bay State Park is located in the Town of Plattsburgh in Clinton County, New York. ... Cumberland Head is a census-designated place and region of the Town of Plattsburgh located in Clinton County, New York. ...


History

The lake was named for the French explorer Samuel de Champlain, who encountered it in 1609. While the ports of Burlington, Vermont, Port Henry, New York, and Plattsburgh, New York are little used nowadays except by small craft, ferries and lake cruise ships, they had substantial commercial and military importance in the 18th and 19th Century. Explorer redirects here. ... Statue symbolizing Samuel de Champlain in Ottawa. ... Burlington is the largest city in the U.S. state of Vermont and is the shire town of Chittenden County, Vermont. ... Port Henry is a village located in Essex County, New York. ... Nickname: Location within the state of New York Coordinates: , Country State County Clinton Government  - Mayor Donald Kasprzak Area  - Total 6. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Colonial America and the Revolutionary War

In colonial times, Lake Champlain provided an easily traversed water (or, in winter, ice) passage between the Saint Lawrence and the Hudson Valleys. Boats and sledges were usually preferable to the unpaved and frequently mud-bound roads of the time. The northern tip of the lake at Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec (St. John in colonial times) is a short distance from Montreal. The southern tip at Whitehall (Skenesborough in colonial times) is a short distance from Saratoga, Glens Falls, and Albany, New York. In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... a broat veiew of the St LAwrence River, with a Quebec City on a background The Saint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large south west-to-north east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... , The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois,[1][2][3] or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, Θkahnéhtati[4] in Tuscarora), is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and... Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is a city in the province of Quebec, Canada about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Montreal. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Whitehall is a town located in Washington County, New York. ... Saratoga is a town located in Saratoga County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,141. ... Glens Falls is a city in Warren County, New York, United States. ... For other uses, see Albany. ... This article is about the state. ...


Forts at Ticonderoga and Crown Point (Fort St. Frederic) controlled passage of the lake in colonial times. Important battles were fought at Ticonderoga in 1758 and 1777. Following a frenetic shipbuilding race through the Spring and Summer of 1776 by the British at the north end of the lake and the Americans at the south end, a significant naval engagement was fought on October 11 at the Battle of Valcour Island, which saw the the destruction of the first US Navy vessel to carry the name Enterprise. While the battle was a tactical defeat for the Americans and the small fleet led by Benedict Arnold was almost entirely destroyed, it was a strategic victory. The British invasion was delayed long enough so that the approach of Winter prevented the fall of these forts until the following year, allowing the Continental Army to grow stronger and enabling the later victory at Saratoga. U.S. 1955 postage stamp depicting Ethan Allen and Fort Ticonderoga. ... Crown Point is a town located in Essex County, New York. ... Fort St. ... Year 1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Valcour Island, 11 October 1776, also known as Battle of Valcour Bay, was a naval engagement fought on Lake Champlain in a narrow strait between the New York mainland and Valcour Island. ... USS Enterprise was a Continental Navy sloop-of-war that served in Lake Champlain during the American Revolutionary War. ... For other persons named Benedict Arnold, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ... The Continental Army was an army formed after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. ... Commanders Horatio Gates John Burgoyne Template:Campaignbox American Revolutionary War: Campaign of 1777 The campaign of 1777 was a series of battles in 1777 during the American Revolutionary War for control of the Hudson River. ...


War of 1812

The Battle of Lake Champlain, also known as the Battle of Plattsburgh, fought on September 11, 1814, ended the final invasion of the northern states during the War of 1812. Fought just prior to the signing of the Treaty of Ghent, the American victory denied the British any leverage to demand exclusive control over the Great Lakes and any territorial gains against the New England states. Combatants Britain United States Commanders George Prevost George Downie † Thomas Macdonough Alexander Macomb Strength 11,000 1,500 regulars 1,900 milita Casualties 300 200 {{{notes}}} The Battle of Plattsburgh also known as the Battle of Lake Champlain ended the final invasion of the Northern states during the War of... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ... Signing of the Treaty of Ghent. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


Several US Naval ships have been named after this battle. Three ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Lake Champlain, after the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812. ...


Fort Blunder (more properly known as Fort Montgomery) was built by the Americans on an arm of Lake Champlain after the War of 1812, to protect against attacks from British Canada. Its name comes from a surveying error: the initial phase of construction on the fort turned out to be taking place three quarters of a mile north of the border. Once this error was spotted, construction stopped and resumed at the current location, safely on U.S. soil. The materials used in the aborted fort were scavenged by locals for use in their own homes and public buildings. Fort Montgomery was a massive stone fortification built between 1844 and 1871 on the northwest arm of Lake Champlain at Island Point in the town of Rouses Point, New York. ... This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ...


Modern history

In the early 19th century, the construction of the Champlain Canal connected Lake Champlain to the Hudson River system, allowing north-south commerce by water from New York City to Montreal and Atlantic Canada. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Champlain Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... , The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois,[1][2][3] or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, Θkahnéhtati[4] in Tuscarora), is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and... HI Eric u suck!!!!!!!!!!!!! from,Trevor and Dalton ...


Lake Champlain briefly became the nation's sixth Great Lake on March 6, 1998, when President Clinton signed Senate Bill 927. This bill, which reauthorized the National Sea Grant Program, contained a line declaring Lake Champlain to be a Great Lake. Not coincidentally, this status allows neighboring states to apply for additional federal research and education funds allocated to these national resources. Following a small uproar, the Great Lake status was rescinded on March 24 (although Vermont universities continue to receive funds to monitor and study the lake). The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... The National Sea Grant Program is a national network of 30 Sea Grant Colleges and institutional programs shares research, outreach and education to solve old problems and explore new uses for the worlds marine, Great Lakes and coastal resources. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


One of the more enduring mysteries surrounding Lake Champlain is the legend of Champ. Reminiscent of the Loch Ness monster, Ogopogo and other phenomena of cryptozoology, Champ is purportedly a giant aquatic animal that makes the lake its home. Sightings have been sporadic over time. Regardless, locals and tourists have developed something of a fondness for the creature and its legend and representations of Champ can now be found on tee shirts, coffee mugs, and many other tourist souvenirs. The Vermont Lake Monsters, a minor-league baseball team, have a cartoonish version of Champ as their mascot. Map of Lake Champlain Champ is the name given to a reputed lake monster supposedly living in Lake Champlain. ... For other uses, see Loch Ness Monster (disambiguation). ... Ogopogo is the name given to a lake monster reported to live in Lake Okanagan, British Columbia, Canada. ... Cryptozoology (from Greek: κρυπτός, kryptós, hidden; ζῷον, zôon, animal; and λόγος, logos, knowledge or study – zoology) is the search for animals hypothesized to exist, but for which conclusive proof is missing. ... T-Shirt A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt with short or long sleeves, a round neck, put on over the head, without pockets. ... For other uses, see Souvenir (disambiguation). ... The logo of the Vermont Lake Monsters is Champ, the legendary sea monster of Vermonts Lake Champlain. ... This article is about the sport. ...


Ecology

A pollution prevention, control, and restoration plan for Lake Champlain was first endorsed in October of 1996 by the governors of New York and Vermont and the regional administrators of the US Environmental Protection Agency. In April 2003, the plan was updated and Quebec signed onto it. The plan is being implemented by the Lake Champlain Basin Program and its partners at the state, provincial, federal and local level. It is renowned as a model for interstate and international cooperation. It primary goals are to reduce phosphorus inputs to Lake Champlain; reduce toxic contamination; minimize the risks to humans from water-related health hazards; and control the introduction, spread, and impact of nonnative nuisance species in order to preserve the integrity of the Lake Champlain ecosystem.


There are stories of a sea monster named Champ living in the lake. While there is no scientific evidence for the belief, there are occasional Loch Ness style sightings. Map of Lake Champlain Champ is the name given to a reputed lake monster supposedly living in Lake Champlain. ... For other uses, see Loch Ness (disambiguation). ...


Coral

The Chazy Reef, which has been called the oldest reef in the world, is located on Isle La Motte, a Vermont island on Lake Champlain. However, there are two even older reefs on the island, which are the subject of study by scientists.


UVM Professor of Geology, Charlotte Mehrtens, says that the oldest reefs are found around "The Head" of the south end of the island, slightly younger reefs are found at the Fisk Quarry and the youngest (the famous coral reefs) are located in fields to the north. Together, these three sites provide a unique narrative of events which took place over 450 million years ago in ocean in the Southern Hemisphere, long before the emergence of Lake Champlain - 20 thousand years ago.


Geology

Lake Champlain is one of a large number of large lakes spread in an arc from Labrador through the northern United States and into the Northwest Territories of Canada. Although it is much smaller than the Great Lakes of Ontario, Erie, Huron, Superior, or Michigan, Lake Champlain is a large body of fresh water. Approximately 1130 km² (435 square miles) in area, the lake is roughly 180 km (110 miles) long, and 19 km (12 miles) across at its widest point. The maximum depth is approximately 400 feet. The lake varies seasonally from about 95 to 100 feet above mean sea level. Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... For the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


Waterways

Lake Champlain has been connected to the Erie Canal via the Champlain Canal since the canal's official opening 1823-09-10, the same day as the opening of the Erie Canal from Rochester on Lake Ontario to Albany. It connects to the St. Lawrence River via the Richelieu River, with the Chambly Canal bypassing rapids on the river since 1843. Together with these waterways the lake is part of the Lakes to Locks Passage. The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Champlain Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... For other uses, see Albany. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada flows about 130 km north to drain Lake Champlain into the St. ... The Chambly Canal is a National Historic Site of Canada, running along the Richelieu River past St_Jean_sur_Richelieu and Chambly. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lake Champlain

ÃŽle aux Noix aka Fort Lennox is an island fort on the Richelieu River and Lake Champlain border. ... This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of New York. ... Cumberland Head is a census-designated place and region of the Town of Plattsburgh located in Clinton County, New York. ... The Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada flows about 130 km north to drain Lake Champlain into the St. ... The Champlain Canal is a canal in New York, USA. It is now part of the New York Barge Canal. ... The Chambly Canal is a National Historic Site of Canada, running along the Richelieu River past St_Jean_sur_Richelieu and Chambly. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lake Champlain (840 words)
Lake Champlain, the ribbon of fresh-water extending along the state's western boundary with New York, is one of the best locations on this continent for studying the past 300 years of inland water transportation.
The nineteenth century was to be Lake Champlain's "Golden Era" of waterborne commerce.
The third era in the lake's written history began with the introduction of the railroad to the Champlain Valley in the late 1840s.
Lake Champlain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (941 words)
Lake Champlain, named for the French explorer Samuel de Champlain, who encountered it 1609, is a large lake in North America, mostly within the borders of the United States (states of Vermont and New York) but partially situated across the US-Canada border in Quebec.
It is the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the United States, situated in the Champlain Valley between the Green Mountains of Vermont and the Adirondack Mountains of New York, drained northward by the Richelieu River into the St.
Lake Champlain is one of a large number of large lakes spread in an arc from Labrador through the Northern United States and into the Northwest Territories of Canada.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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