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Encyclopedia > Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal
Olkhon Island
Lake Baikal -
Coordinates 53.5° N 108.2° ECoordinates: 53.5° N 108.2° E
Lake type Continental rift lake
Primary sources Selenga, Chikoy, Khilokh, Uda, Barguzin, Upper Angara
Primary outflows Angara
Catchment area 560,000 km² (216,000 sq mi)
Basin countries Russia
Max length 636 km (395 mi)
Max width 80 km (50 mi)
Surface area 31,494 km² (12,159.9 sq mi)
Average depth 758 m (2,487 ft)
Max depth 1,637 m (5,371 ft)
Water volume 23,600 km3 (5,700 cu mi)
Residence time (of lake water) 350 years
Shore length1 2,100 km (1,300 mi)
Surface elevation 456 m (1,496 ft)
Frozen January-May
Islands 22 (Olkhon)
Settlements Irkutsk
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Baikal Russian: о́зеро Байка́л, pronounced ['ozʲɪrə bʌj'kɑl] is in Southern Siberia in Russia between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and Buryatia to the southeast near the city of Irkutsk. The name Baikal comes from Baigal or Байгал which in the Mongolian language means "nature". It is also known as the "Blue Eye of Siberia". In Buryat language and Mongol language it is called Dalai-Nor, which means "sea lake."[1][2] Lake Baikal is a lake in southern Siberia, Russia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (868x586, 119 KB) Lake Baikal Olchon Source: fot. ... Maloye More Strait between Olkhon island and mainland Olkhon Island (Russian: , also transliterated as Olchon) is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia, with an area of 730 km² (280 sq. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 623 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1444 pixel, file size: 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... The Rift Valley lakes are a group of lakes formed in the Great Rift Valley which runs from south-western Asia through the whole eastern side of the African continent from north to south, with branches into Central Africa. ... Selenga River Delta from space, October 1994 The Selenga or Selenge (Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ, Russian: Селенга́) is a river in Mongolia and Russia. ... Chikoy (Russian: ) is a river in Chita Oblast and the Buryat Republic in Russia, which partially flows along the Russo-Mongolian border. ... Uda (Уда́) is a river in the republic of Buryatia, Russia. ... The Barguzin at Lake Baikal Barguzin (Russian: ) is a river in Buryatia, Russia of length 480 km flowing into the Barguzin Bay of Lake Baikal, the largest and deepest bay of Baikal. ... The Upper Angara River (Russian Verkhnyaya Angara) is a river in Siberia. ... Angara (Ангара́) is a river, 1840 km (1150 m. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... A measure based on the volume of water in a lake and the mean rate of outflow. ... Maloye More Strait between Olkhon island and mainland Olkhon Island (Russian: , also transliterated as Olchon) is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia, with an area of 730 km² (280 sq. ... Irkutsks location Kazansky Church in Irkutsk Irkutsk (Russian: ) is one of the largest cities in Siberia. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... The Buryat Republic (Russian: ; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Irkutsks location Kazansky Church in Irkutsk Irkutsk (Russian: ) is one of the largest cities in Siberia. ... The Mongolian language (, mongol khel) is the best-known member of the Mongolic language family and the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia, where it is officially written with the Cyrillic alphabet. ... “Natural” redirects here. ... The Buryat language is a Mongolic language spoken by the Buryats. ... The Mongolic languages are a group of languages spoken in Central Asia. ...


At 1,637 meters (5,371 ft), Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world[3] and is the largest freshwater lake by volume (23,000 km³), containing approximately twenty percent of the world's total surface fresh water.[4] Like Lake Tanganyika, Lake Baikal was formed on an ancient rift valley and is therefore long and crescent-shaped with a surface area (31,500 km²) less than half that of Lake Superior or Lake Victoria. Lake Tanganyika is a large lake in central Africa (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). ... African Rift Valley. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Victoria (disambiguation). ...


Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world[5] and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.[6] UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Olkhon, the largest island in Lake Baikal, is the second largest lake-bound island in the world after Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron.[7] Maloye More Strait between Olkhon island and mainland Olkhon Island (Russian: , also transliterated as Olchon) is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia, with an area of 730 km² (280 sq. ... Manitoulin Island is the worlds largest freshwater lake island, with an area of 2,766 square kilometres (1068 square miles). ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ...

Contents

Geography and hydrography

Very little was known about Lake Baikal until the Trans-Siberian railway was built between 1896 and 1902. The scenic loop encircling Lake Baikal needed 200 bridges and 33 tunnels. As this railway was being built, a large hydrogeographical expedition headed by F.K. Drizhenko produced the first detailed atlas of the contours of Baikal's depths. The atlas demonstrated that Lake Baikal has as much water as all of North America's Great Lakes combined — 23,600 cubic kilometers (5,662.4 cu mi), about one fifth of the total fresh water on the earth. However, in surface area, it is exceeded by the much shallower Great Lakes Superior, Huron and Michigan, as well as by the relatively shallow Lake Victoria in East Africa.[8] Known as the "Galápagos of Russia", its age and isolation have produced some of the world's richest and most unusual freshwater faunas, which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science.[9] For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... --67. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Victoria (disambiguation). ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... For the nature documentary series, see Galápagos (TV series). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... This article is about evolution in biology. ...


Lake Baikal is in a rift valley, a gorge where the crust of the earth is pulling apart.[10] At 636 kilometers (395 mi) long and 80 kilometers (50 mi) wide, Lake Baikal has the largest surface area of any freshwater lake in Asia (31,494 km²) and is the deepest lake in the world (1,637 metres, previously measured at 1,620 metres). The bottom of the lake is 1,285 metres below sea level, but below this lies some 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) of sediment, placing the rift floor some 8–9 kilometers(more than 5 miles) below the surface: the deepest continental rift on Earth. In geological terms, the rift is young and active—it widens about two centimeters per year. The fault zone is also seismically active: there are hot springs in the area and notable earthquakes every few years. It drains into the Angara tributary of the Yenisei. African Rift Valley. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... In geology, a rift is a place where the Earths lithosphere is expanding. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... Angara (Ангара́) is a river, 1840 km (1150 m. ... Енисей Length 5,550 (4,102) km Elevation of the source m Average discharge 19,600 m³/s Area watershed 2,580,000 km² Origin  ? Mouth Arctic Ocean Basin countries Russia The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk...

The Yenisei River basin, Lake Baikal, and the settlements of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk.

Its age is estimated at 25–30 million years, making it one of the most ancient lakes in geological history. It is unique among large, high-latitude lakes in that its sediments have not been scoured by overriding continental ice sheets. US and Russian studies of core sediment in the 1990s provide a detailed record of climatic variation over the past 250,000 years. Longer and deeper sediment cores are expected in the near future. Download high resolution version (514x699, 28 KB)The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk I used this online map creation tool to create the map, and then I manually edited out the waterways not on this map. ... Download high resolution version (514x699, 28 KB)The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk I used this online map creation tool to create the map, and then I manually edited out the waterways not on this map. ... The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ... The Yenisei watershed, Lake Baikal, and the settlements of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk Dikson (Russian: ) is a closed urban-type settlement in Krasnoyarsk Krai. ... Dudinka and Dikson on the Yenisei River estuary The Yenisei watershed, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk Dudinka (Russian: ) is a town and the administrative center of Taymyria Autonomous District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. ... Turukhansk is an urban-type settlement in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. ... Krasnoyarsk (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai of Russia, and the third largest city in Siberia. ... Irkutsks location Kazansky Church in Irkutsk Irkutsk (Russian: ) is one of the largest cities in Siberia. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different times this page lists times between 3. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


The lake is completely surrounded by mountains. The Baikal Mountains on the north shore and the taiga are technically protected as a national park. It contains 22 islands; the largest, Olkhon, is 72 kilometers (45 mi) long. The lake is fed by as many as three hundred inflowing rivers, the six main ones are the Selenga River (the source of some of Lake Baikal's pollution), the Chikoy River, the Khilokh, the Uda River, the Barguzin River, and the Upper Angara River. It is drained through a single outlet, the Angara River. Baikal Mountains rise steeply over the northwestern shore of Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, Russia. ... For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... Maloye More Strait between Olkhon island and mainland Olkhon Island (Russian: , also transliterated as Olchon) is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia, with an area of 730 km² (280 sq. ... The Selengе or Selenga (Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ, Russian: Селенга́) is a river in Mongolia and Russia. ... Chikoy (Russian: ) is a river in Chita Oblast and the Buryat Republic in Russia, which partially flows along the Russo-Mongolian border. ... For other uses, see Uda. ... Barguzin (Russian: ) is a river in Buryatia, Russia of length 480 km flowing into the Barguzin Bay of Lake Baikal, the largest and deepest bay of Baikal. ... The Upper Angara River (Russian Verkhnyaya Angara) is a river in Siberia. ... Angara (Ангара́) is a river, 1840 km (1150 m. ...


Despite its great depth, the lake's waters are well-mixed and well-oxygenated throughout the water column compared to the stratification that occurs in such bodies of water as Lake Tanganyika and the Black Sea. Stratification gooberini went to lousville to dance on a praire and then he went down the hill to hang out with jarry. ... Lake Tanganyika is a large lake in central Africa (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ...


Although there were muted protests, a wood pulp and cellulose processing plant was built at the south end of the lake (at Baykalsk). The plant still pours industrial effluent into Baikal's waters. The overall impacts of watershed pollution on Baikal and similar watersheds are studied annually by the Tahoe-Baikal Institute,[11] an exchange program between U.S., Russian, and Mongolian scientists and university graduate students started in 1990.


Wildlife

Omul Fish at the Listvyanka market.
Omul Fish at the Listvyanka market.

The extent of biodiversity present in Lake Baikal is equaled by few other lakes. Lake Baikal hosts 1,085 species of plants and 1,550 species and varieties of animals. Over 80% of animals are endemic. Image File history File links Omul fish, endemic to Lake Baikal (Russia). ... Image File history File links Omul fish, endemic to Lake Baikal (Russia). ... Listvyanka (Russian: Листвя́нка) is the name of two towns in Russia. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ...


The Baikal Seal or nerpa (Phoca sibirica), is found throughout Lake Baikal. It is one of the only entirely freshwater seal species in the world. Binomial name Phoca sibirica Gmelin, 1788 The Nerpa or Baikal Seal (Phoca sibirica) is a species of earless seal endemic to Lake Baikal, a huge freshwater lake in Siberia near the border with Mongolia). ... Binomial name Phoca sibirica Gmelin, 1788 The Nerpa or Baikal Seal (Phoca sibirica) is a species of earless seal endemic to Lake Baikal, a huge freshwater lake in Siberia near the border with Mongolia). ... Genera Monachus (Monk Seals) Mirounga (Elephant Seal) Lobodon (Crabeater Seals) Leptonychotes Hydrurga (Leopard Seals) Ommatophoca Erignathus (Bearded Seals) Phoca Halichoerus (Gray Seals) Cystophora (Hooded Seals) The true seals or earless seals are one of the three main groups of mammals within the seal suborder, Pinnipedia. ...


Perhaps the most important local species is the omul (Coregonus autumnalis migratorius), a smallish endemic salmonid. It is caught, smoked, and sold widely in markets around the lake. Trinomial name Coregonus autumnalis migratorius Georgi, 1775 The Omul or Arctic cisco, Coregonus autumnalis migratorius, is a salmon-like fish found only in the waters of Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia. ... Genera (see text) Salmonidae is a family of ray-finned fish, the only family of order Salmoniformes. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Smoking Smoking is the process of preserving, cooking, or flavoring food by exposing it to the smoke from burning or smoldering plant materials, most often wood. ...


Of particular note are the two species of golomyanka or Baikal oil fish (Comephorus baicalensis and C. dybowskii). These long-finned, translucent fish live in depths of 700 to 1600 m and are the primary prey objects of the Baikal seal, representing the largest fish biomass in the lake. They are famous for decomposing into a pool of oil and bones when withdrawn rapidly from the high pressures of the deep water. Species Comephorus baicalensis Comephorus dybowskii The golomyankas (lit. ...


The Baikal grayling (Thymallus arcticus baicalensis), a fast swimming salmonid popular among anglers, and the Baikal sturgeon (Asipenser baerri baicalensis) are both important endemic species with commercial value. Grayling may mean: Fish: grayling (species), Thymallus thymallus grayling (genus), generically, any fish of genus Thymallus Australian grayling, of the genus Prototroctes and family Retropinnidae Places: Grayling, Alaska Grayling, Michigan Grayling Township, Michigan People: Chris Grayling, British politician Anthony Grayling, British philosopher USS Grayling, a ship Grayling (butterfly), Hipparchia semele... Genera (see text) Salmonidae is a family of ray-finned fish, the only family of order Salmoniformes. ... The Baikal Sturgeon is indigenous to Lake Baikal. ...


Bear and deer are common and hunted along Baikal shores. For other uses, see Bear (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ruminant animal. ...


Tourism

The lake called "the Pearl of Siberia" drew investors from the tourist industry since energy revenues sparked an economic boom. Viktor Grigorov's Grand Baikal in Irkutsk is one of the investors who planned to build three hotels creating 570 jobs. In 2007, the Russian government declared the Baikal region a special economic zone. The popular resort of Listvyanka has a seven-storey Hotel Mayak. Baikal is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Rosatom plans to build a laboratory in Baikal, in conjunction with an international uranium plant and to invest $2.5bn in the region and create 2,000 jobs in the city of Angarsk.[12] Irkutsks location Kazansky Church in Irkutsk Irkutsk (Russian: ) is one of the largest cities in Siberia. ... Investment is a term with several closely related meanings in finance and economics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... The Federal Atomic Energy Agency (FAEA) (Russian: ), often abbreviated as RosAtom () or MinAtom (), is the federal agency of Russia, the regulatory body of the Russian nuclear complex. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... General Name, symbol, number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, period, block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Standard atomic weight 238. ... Angarsky Prospekt Angarsk (Russian: Ангарск) is a city in the Irkutsk Oblast, South-East Siberia, Russia. ...


Environmental concerns

Baykalsk pulp and paper mill

The lake in the summer, as seen from Bolshiye Koty on the southwest shore.
The lake in the summer, as seen from Bolshiye Koty on the southwest shore.

Baykalsk Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM) was constructed in 1966 directly on the shore line. The BPPM bleaches its paper with chlorine and discharges the waste into Baikal. Despite numerous protests, the BPPM is still in production. Environmental activists are now in a struggle to make the pollution less harmful rather than end BPPM's production since a plant shutdown would be problematic due to local socioeconomic issues. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 2372 KB) Summary Image of Lake Baikal taken at Bolshoi Koty 7/06 by me, released into public domain Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 2372 KB) Summary Image of Lake Baikal taken at Bolshoi Koty 7/06 by me, released into public domain Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Bolshiye Koty (Russian: ; lit. ... This article is about the chemical whitener. ... General Name, symbol, number chlorine, Cl, 17 Chemical series halogens Group, period, block 17, 3, p Appearance yellowish green Standard atomic weight 35. ... Bold textHello ...


Planned East Siberia-Pacific Ocean oil pipeline

Main article: Eastern Siberia – Pacific Ocean oil pipeline

Russian state company Transneft[13] was planning to build a trunk pipeline that would have come within 800 meters (2,620 ft) of the lake shore in a zone of substantial seismic activity. Environmental activists in Russia,[14] Greenpeace,[15] Baikal pipeline opposition[16] and local citizens[17] were strongly opposed to these plans due to the possibility of an accidental oil spill that might cause significant damage to the environment. According to the Transneft's president, numerous meetings with ordinary citizens were held in towns along the route, especially in Irkutsk.[18] However, it was not until Russian president Vladimir Putin ordered the company to consider an alternative route 40 kilometers (25 mi) to the north to avoid such ecological risks that Transneft agreed to alter its plans.[19] Transneft has since decided to move the pipeline away from Lake Baikal so that it will not pass through any federal or republic natural reserves.[20][21] The Eastern Siberia – Pacific Ocean oil pipeline (ESPO pipeline) is a 4130 km long pipeline system to export Russian crude oil to the Asia-Pacific markets (Japan, China, Korea). ... Transneft (Russian: Транснефть) is a Russian state-owned business, which runs the oil pipelines of the country. ... Irkutsks location Kazansky Church in Irkutsk Irkutsk (Russian: ) is one of the largest cities in Siberia. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ Lake Baikal: the great blue eye of Siberia. CNN.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  2. ^ The Oddities of Lake Baikal. Alaska Science Forum. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  3. ^ Deepest Lake in the World. geology.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-18.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet: Lake Baikal - A Touchstone for Global Change and Rift Studies, July 1993 (accessed February 10, 2007)
  5. ^ "Russia." Britannica Student Encyclopedia. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 3 July 2007 [1]
  6. ^ Lake Baikal - World Heritage Site. World Heritage. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  7. ^ Travel to Baikal - Olkhon Island. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.
  8. ^ Lake Tahoe and Lake Baikal Watersheds. Tahoe-Baikal Institute. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  9. ^ Lake Baikal - A Touchstone for Global Change and Rift Studies. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  10. ^ The Oddities of Lake Baikal. Alaska Science Forum. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  11. ^ Tahoe Baikal Institute Tahoe-Baikal Institute. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  12. ^ BBC NEWS, 'Pearl of Siberia' draws investors
  13. ^ Transneft Transneft. Transneft. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  14. ^ Baikal Environmental Wave. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  15. ^ Greenpeace. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  16. ^ Baikal pipeline. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  17. ^ The Right to Know: Irkutsk Citizens Want to be Consulted. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  18. ^ Тема: [ENWL Власти Иркутской обл. выступили против прокладки нефтепровода к Тихому океану]. Retrieved on 2007-08-03.
  19. ^ Putin orders oil pipeline shifted. BBCNews (April 26 2006). Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  20. ^ Transneft charged with Siberia-Pacific pipeline construction. BizTorg.ru. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  21. ^ New route. Transneft Press Center. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Commons has media related to Lake Baikal
  • Eawag aquatic research: Lake Baikal Homepage
  • Baikal Buzz A list of daily updated content about the lake. (News, videos, articles.)
  • USGS survey fact sheet on Lake Baikal
  • World lakes database entry for Lake Baikal
  • Plants of the Lake Baikal West Coast in English and Russian (download a pdf-photoalbum and descriptions)
  • Save Baikal Greenpeace site
  • Tahoe-Baikal Institute- environmental exchange non-profit site
  • Expeditions "Lake Baikal & the Great Siberian Taiga"
  • Huge map of Lake Baikal region
  • Wellesley College's Lake Baikal homepage
  • Baikal Club International Blog (in English) Articles about the Lake from people from all over the world.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Baikal tours in Siberia, travel lake Baikal (472 words)
Travel to Eastern Siberia region and to lake Baikal.
Trans-siberia adventure tours and baikal lake travel at baikal area, siberia, russia.
Siberian dog-sledding in deep taiga and on Baikal ice as the additional winter adventure activity during the sightseeing tour to Listvyanka village.
Russia / Exploring Siberia / Baikal (433 words)
On the merits of magnitude alone the lake is renowned as one of the earth's most impressive natural wonders, and rightfully so--Baikal is so large that all of the rivers on earth combined would take an entire year to fill it.
The lake region is home to an enormous variety of plants and animals, most of which--like nerpas,the lake's freshwater seals, and its trademark delicacy, the omul salmon-- are found nowhere else in the world.
Lake Baikal long ago became famous for the purity of its waters and surrounding shores, a pristine state that had been seriously threatened by planned industrial development in recent years.
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