FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Laibach (band)
Laibach

Laibach in 2004
Background information
Origin Slovenia
Genre(s) Electronic dance
Experimental music
Industrial music
Martial music
Neo-classical
Years active 1980–present
Label(s) Mute
Associated
acts
300.000 V.K.
Website http://www.laibach.nsk.si/
Members
Milan Fras
Ivan Novak
Dejan Knez
Ervin Markošek

Laibach is a Slovenian experimental music group, strongly associated with industrial, martial and neo-classical. Laibach formed June 1, 1980 in Trbovlje, Slovenia. Laibach represents the music wing of the Neue Slowenische Kunst (NSK) art collective, of which it was a founding member in 1984. The name "Laibach" is the German name for Slovenia's capital city, Ljubljana. Image File history File linksMetadata Anthems2004a. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Electronic music is a term for music created using electronic devices. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ... Industrial music is a loose term for a number of different styles of electronic and experimental music. ... Martial music, also known as military pop and martial industrial, is a music genre originating in late 20th century Europe. ... Neoclassical is a subgenre of darkwave music. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mute Records is a record label formed in 1978 by Daniel Miller primarily to release his own single, T.V.O.D./Warm Leatherette, under the moniker The Normal. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Martial music, also known as military pop and martial industrial, is a music genre originating in late 20th century Europe. ... Neoclassical is a subgenre of darkwave music. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Area: 57. ... Logo of Neue Slowenische Kunst Neue Slowenische Kunst (a German phrase meaning New Slovenian Art), aka NSK, is a controversial political art collective that announced itself in Slovenia in 1984, when Slovenia was still part of Yugoslavia. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ...

Contents

Controversy

Cover art for Macbeth, 1990

Laibach has frequently been accused of both far left and far right political stances due to their use of uniforms and totalitarian-style aesthetics and also due to the Wagnerian influence found in some of their music, notably the thunder in "Sympathy for the Devil (Time for a Change)" and releases such as Macbeth.They were also accused for being members of the neonationalism movement which reincarnates modern ideas of nationalism. Laibach always denied this strongly, pointing out that, as fascism needs a scapegoat, they had become their own scapegoat in the name of satire. Milan Fras, vocalist, is quoted as saying "We are fascists as much as Hitler was a painter" when confronted with such accusations.[1] Cover of the Laibach album Macbeth. ... Cover of the Laibach album Macbeth. ... Macbeth is a Laibach album released in 1990. ... The term far left refers to the relative position a person or group occupies within the political spectrum. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... A uniform is a set of standard clothing worn by members of an organisation whilst participating in that organisations activity. ... The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. ... Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests inferior to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, religious, cultural, or racial attributes. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ...


Laibach is notorious for rarely stepping out of character. Some releases feature artwork by the Communist and early Dada artist/satirist, John Heartfield. Laibach concerts have sometimes aesthetically appeared as political rallies. When interviewed, they answer in wry manifestos, showing a paradoxical lust and condemnation for authority. [1] Out of Character (OOC) is a roleplaying term, referring to the world of the players, rather than the world of the characters. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ... Self-portrait, 1920 Translation: Der Sinn des Hitlergrusses The real meaning of the Hitler salute Kleiner Mann bittet um grosse Gaben The little man asks for big gifts Millionen stehen hinter mir! Ive got millions standing behind me John Heartfield (June 19, 1891 - April 26, 1968) is the anglicized...


Richard Wolfson wrote of the group: Richard Wolfson (Solihull, 25th April, 1955 - 1st February, 2005) was a British Jewish musician, performance artist, cameraman and journalist. ...

Laibach's method is extremely simple, effective and horribly open to misinterpretation. First of all, they absorb the mannerisms of the enemy, adopting all the seductive trappings and symbols of state power, and then they exaggerate everything to the edge of parody... Next they turn their focus to highly charged issues — the West's fear of immigrants from Eastern Europe, the power games of the EU, the analogies between Western democracy and totalitarianism. [Wolfson, 2003] A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... Totalitarianism is a term employed by political scientists, especially those in the field of comparative politics, to describe modern regimes in which the state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior. ...

Cover songs

Cover art for Let It Be, 1988

Laibach is also known for their cover versions, which are often used to subvert the original message or intention of the song - most notable being their cover version of the song "Life is Life" on the album Opus Dei, which completely changes the meaning of the original song ("Live Is Life") from the original writers' (Opus, an Austrian arena rock band) intentions. Whereas the original is a feel-good reggae anthem, Laibach's subversive interpretation twists the melody into a sinister, rolling military march. The refrain is at one instance translated into German, giving an eerie example of the sensitivity of its lyrics to context. Cover of the Laibach album Let It Be. ... Cover of the Laibach album Let It Be. ... Let It Be is the fifth album by Laibach. ... In pop music a cover version is a new rendition of a previously recorded song. ... Opus Dei is the fourth album by Laibach. ... Opus is an Austrian pop-rock group which was formed in 1973. ... ConTeXt is a document preparation system based on the TeX typesetting system. ...


Other notable covers include the entirety of the Beatles album Let It Be (with the exception of the title track) and their album Sympathy for the Devil which deconstructs the Rolling Stones song of the same name with seven different covers of the song. Opus Dei (itself titled apparently in reference to their cover of Opus's reggae anthem "Live is Life") features a cover of Queen's "One Vision" with the lyrics translated into German under the title Geburt einer Nation, starkly revealing the ambiguity of lines like "One race one hope/One real decision". In NATO, they also memorably rework Europe's hair-metal anthem "The Final Countdown" as a Wagnerian disco epic. The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool whose members were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. ... Let It Be is the twelfth and final album by the Beatles, released on May 8, 1970 by the bands own Apple Records label. ... Sympathy for the Devil is a song by The Rolling Stones. ... Deconstruction is a term in contemporary philosophy, literary criticism, and the social sciences, denoting a process by which the texts and languages of Western philosophy (in particular) appear to shift and complicate in meaning when read in light of the assumptions and absences they reveal within themselves. ... “Rolling Stones” redirects here. ... Opus is an Austrian pop-rock group which was formed in 1973. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Birth of a Nation is a famously controversial film which promoted the superiority of the white race. ... NATO October 10, 1994 is a album by Slovenian industrial / techno group Laibach, named after the NATO organisation. ... Europe is a Swedish hard rock band originally assembled as a progressive rock group; they later added keyboards to their sound in order to soften it, in hopes of gaining radio airplay. ... The Final Countdown is a 1986 hit single released by the Swedish hard rock band Europe. ... Disco is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that blends elements of funk and soul music. ...


Laibach recently covered the song Ohne Dich by Rammstein in a significantly altered version. It features male and female vocals (supplied by Laibach's Milan Fras and Mina Špiler from the band Melodrom), as opposed to the solo male vocals in the Rammstein version. The orchestral sound of the original has been supplemented, and in some sections replaced, by a more electronic element. For the airshow accident, see Ramstein airshow disaster. ... Melodrom are: Mina Å piler (vocals), Matevž Grad (guitar, programming), Miha Žargi (bass), Matej Nolda (drums) and Polona Janežič (keyboards). ...


Aesthetics

Although primarily a musical group, Laibach has sometimes worked in other media. In their early years, especially before the founding of NSK, Laibach produced several works of visual art. Probably the most historically important was MB 84 Memorandum (1984) an image of a black cross that served as a way to advertise Laibach's appearances during a period in the 1980s when the government of Yugoslavia banned the name "Laibach".[2] A Greek cross (all arms of equal length) above a saltire, a cross rotated by 45 degrees A famous Armenian khachkar at Goshavank (Notice the cross). ... The 1980s refers to the years of and between 1980 and 1989. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - Secessions...


Slovene singer and radio announcer Anja Rupel has performed with the group. Anja Rupel (born March 19, 1966) is a Slovene pop singer, songwriter, radio announcer, and journalist. ...


Influence

Cover art for Laibach, 1985

Cover of the Laibach album Laibach. ... Cover of the Laibach album Laibach. ... Laibach was the debut album of Slovenian industrial group Laibach. ...

Martial music

Main article: martial music

Some early material by Laibach and later neoclassical releases by the band—such as the Macbeth release—were influential on certain artists within the martial music genre. Martial music, also known as military pop and martial industrial, is a music genre originating in late 20th century Europe. ... Neoclassicism in music was instigated by Igor Stravinsky, according to himself, but attributed by others to composers including Ferruccio Busoni (who wrote Junge Klassizität or New Classicality in 1920), Sergei Prokofiev, Maurice Ravel, and others. ...


Rammstein

The popular German musical group Rammstein has acknowledged influence by both the aesthetic approach and some Laibach material. When members of Laibach were asked by an interviewer about Rammstein "stealing" from them, they responded that "Laibach does not believe in originality… Therefore, Rammstein could not 'steal' much from us. They simply let themselves get inspired by our work, which is absolutely a legitimate process. We are glad that they made it. In a way, they have proven once again that a good 'copy' can make more money on the market than the 'original.' Anyhow, today we share the territory: Rammstein seem to be a kind of Laibach for adolescents and Laibach are Rammstein for 'grown-ups.'" [3]. The way Laibach wanted to position as a predecessor to Rammstein appeared to change when they covered Ohne dich, a song made famous initially by Rammstein. For the airshow accident, see Ramstein airshow disaster. ...


Members

Laibach’s history started in 1978 when Dejan Knez founded the band Salte Morale. After that, in 1979 Knez formed the very first Laibach (note that the official founding date is in the year 1980!). It is believed that in the first Laibach the members were only Dejan Knez and Miran Mohar. Later, Tomaz Hostnik joined the band as singer and spokesman. In the first period Laibach were a quintet, but soon after that they declared that Laibach has only four members – ‘Vier Personen’. Sometimes those 4 members of the band were signed with their pseudonyms: Dachauer, Keller, Saliger and Eber. In the mid and late ‘80s, those 4 full time members were Dejan Knez, Milan Fras, Ervin Markosek and Ivan Novak. From time to time, some other persons, such as Nikola Sekulovic, famous bass player from the Demolition Group, replaced Markosek. During the late ‘90s Markosek and Knez became drug addicts, and Markosek left the band. Despite that he appears on the press photos for WAT. After WAT tour Knez also left the band. Now, the oldest member is Milan Fras, because Novak joined the band later than Fras.


Current

  • Milan Fras, vocals
  • Ivan Novak, lights, projector, spokesperson
  • Mina Spiler, vocals, synth
  • Janež Gabrič, drums
  • Luka Jamnik, synth
  • Primož Hladnik, synth
  • Eva Breznikar, vocals, percussion
  • Natasa Regovec, vocals, percussion
  • Damjan Bizilj, synth

Previous

  • Tomaž Hostnik (committed suicide)
  • Dejan Knez, keyboards, electronics. Knez left Laibach after the album WAT.
  • Roman Decman, drums
  • Nikola Sekulović, bass
  • Matej Mršnik, guitar
  • Miran Mohar
  • Ervin Markošek was stepping down from Laibach in 1989. Back in the band by the next album Kapital.
  • Dare Hocevar, bass
  • Borut Kržišnik, guitar
  • Oto Rimele, guitar
  • Andrej Lupinc

Kapital (Capital) is a 1992 album by Laibach. ...

Selected discography

Laibach was the debut album of Slovenian industrial group Laibach. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In January 1984 Laibach signed a contract with a Hamburg independent label Walter Ulbricht Schallfolien for a double LP retrospective release entitled REKAPITULACIJA 1980-1984 (RECAPITULATION 1980-1984). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Neu Konservatiw is a live album by Laibach, recorded during their first Occupied Europe Tour. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nova akropola (New acropolis in Slovene) was the second album by Laibach. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Opus Dei is the fourth album by Laibach. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Baptism (full title Krst pod Triglavom - Baptism Below Triglav) was the third album by Laibach. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Let It Be is the fifth album by Laibach. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sympathy for the Devil is an EP by Laibach and follows on from their Beatles cover album Let It Be. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Macbeth is a Laibach album released in 1990. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Kapital (Capital) is a 1992 album by Laibach. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Ljubljana-Zagreb-Beograd June 7, 1993 is an album by Slovenian industrial / techno group Laibach. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... NATO October 10, 1994 is a album by Slovenian industrial / techno group Laibach, named after the NATO organisation. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Jesus Christ Superstars is an album by Slovenian industrial / techno group Laibach. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... WaT (Wentz and Teppei) is a Japanese pop duo, composed of singer/songwriters Eiji Wentz and Teppei Koike. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthems is a compilation by the Slovenian industrial music group Laibach. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Volk is an approaching album by Slovenian industrial/techno music group Laibach. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Volk Volk Tour London CC Club 16. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...

Side projects

  • 300.000 V.K., Dejan Knez experimental electronic music side project
  • Germania, side project, Laibach, Iztok Turk and Anja Rupel
  • Kraftbach
  • 600.000 V.K., responsible for the music for the Noordung theatre productions
  • Sturm und Klang

Laibach is the German name for Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia; Laibach is a Slovenian industrial musical group, named after the place name; Congress of Laibach was held in 1821 in todays Ljubljana. ... Anja Rupel (born March 19, 1966) is a Slovene pop singer, songwriter, radio announcer, and journalist. ... Noordung may refer to: Hermann Noordung (originally Herman Potočnik), Slovene rocket engineer. ...

References

  1. ^ a b VH1.com Laibach Biography. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  2. ^ ARTMargins - Winifred M. Griffin: Review of Laibach and Irwin. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  3. ^ Interview: Laibach. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  • Richard Wolfson, "Warriors of weirdness", The Daily Telegraph, 4 Sep 2003.
  • Alexei Monroe, "Interrogation Machine - Laibach and NSK", MIT Press, Sep 2005. Foreword by Slavoj Žižek.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... MIT Press Books The MIT Press is a university publisher affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Slavoj Žižek (pronounced: ) (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian sociologist, postmodern philosopher, and cultural critic. ...

External links

Official

  • Official Site
  • The NSKSTATE - The official website of the NSK.
  • Official video for Slovania (from Volk)

Unofficial

  • The Unofficial Laibach Site
  • Interview @ Legends
  • Laibachkunst includes images of early visual artworks by Laibach and also pieces by fellow NSK members Irwin.
Pop and Rock music of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Music of Yugoslavia - SFR Yugoslav Pop and Rock scene - Yugoslav Band Aid (YU Rock Misija) - Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest
Record labels
Jugoton - PGP RTB - Suzy Records - Diskoton - ZKP RTLJ

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m