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Encyclopedia > Lahore Declaration

The Lahore Declaration was a historic declaration signed by the Indian Prime Minister, Mr. A. B. Vajpayee, and the Pakistan Prime Minister, Mr. Nawaz Sharif, in Lahore on February 21, 1999. The communique was a milestone in the Indo-Pak relations which had slowly deteriorated over the previous decade especially after the 1998 nuclear tests by both nations. Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee decided to break the ice and travelled to Lahore via bus passing through the Wagah border to normalise relations between the two countries. He was met by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif and with the exception of islamic fundamentalists, the move was welcomed by everyone in Pakistan and India. The peace declaration was largely built upon the Shimla Accord, drafted in 1972, that stressed for a peaceful and bilateral resolution of all problems related to Kashmir. The event was marked with much fanfare and optimism about the future of the bilateral relations between the two neighbours. The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ... The Prime Minister (Vazir-e-Azam) of Pakistan is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ... South section of the Hazuri Bagh, looking south towards the Roshnai Gate The Minar-e-Pakistan, south-side view Lahore (لاھور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The word nuclear means of or belonging to the nucleus of something. ... Atal Bihari Vajpayee (अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी in Devanagari) (born December 25, 1924) was the Prime Minister of India in 1996 and again from October 13, 1998 until May 19, 2004. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... Wagah is the only road crossing between India and Pakistan. ... Nawaz Sharif (born December 25, 1949) was twice elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan, serving two non-consecutive terms. ... The phrase Islamic fundamentalism is primarily used in the West to describe Islamist groups. ... Shimla Accord (named after Shimla) is a treaty signed between India (Prime Minister Indira Gandhi) and Pakistan (Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto) after their 1971 war. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Bilateralism is a term referring to trade or political relations between two states. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... A fanfare is a short piece of music played by trumpets and other brass instruments, frequently accompanied by percussion, usually for ceremonial purposes. ... Bilateralism is a term referring to trade or political relations between two states. ...


Despite laying out the roadmap for resolution of disputes via peaceful means, the Kargil War would soon derail the very intent of this declaration. In the months following this historic resolution, Pakistan backed infiltrators entered Indian administered Kashmir by scaling the Kargil-Drass peaks. The mood shifted from optimism to jingoism in both the nations. The Indian government felt betrayed by this hostile attempt to spark a new crisis in Kashmir and responded with force eventually reclaiming the Kargil region. However the bilateral relations between the two countries were again at an all time low due to the conflict and would take more time to revert back to normalcy. The Agra Summit was the next direct high level meeting between the leaders of the two countries and it would take place only after 2 years on July 14, 2001. Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Strength 20,000 5,000+ Casualties 527 4000+ The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict , was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan between April and June 1999 in Kashmir. ... Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most state of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its summer capital and Jammu as its winter capital. ... Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... Jingoism is a term describing chauvinistic patriotism, usually with a hawkish political stance. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


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  • The Lahore Declaration

 
 

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