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Encyclopedia > Laguna (province)

Laguna is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is located southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna almost completely surrounds Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. The province got its name from the Spanish word lago, which means lake. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Santa Cruz is a 1st class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines and the seat of the Laguna provincial government. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... Rizal is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, just 20 kilometers east of Manila. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ... Cavite is a province of the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the Calabarzon region in Luzon, just 30 kilometers south of Manila. ... Laguna de Bay is the largest lake in the Philippines and the largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. ...

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Laguna
Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Capital: Santa Cruz
Founded: March 10, 1917
Population:
2000 census—1,965,872 (6th largest)
Density—1,117 per km² (3rd highest)
Area: 1,759.7 km² (17th smallest)
Governor: Teresita S. Lazaro {Lakas-CMD} (2004-2007)
Image:Ph locator map laguna.png

Laguna is notable for being the birthplace of José Rizal, the country's national hero. Laguna is also famous among tourists for the Pagsanjan Falls, Pila, Laguna Town Plaza, Taytay Falls, Majayjay, the wood carvings and papier mache created by the people of Paete, the turumba of Pakil, the hot spring resorts in Los Baños on the slopes of Mt. Makiling, and Hidden Valley Springs in Calauan. Image File history File links Ph_seal_laguna. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. ... Santa Cruz is a 1st class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines and the seat of the Laguna provincial government. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... LAKAS is the ruling political party of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Ph_locator_map_laguna. ... For places, institutions and objects named after this person, see Rizal (disambiguation). ... Pila is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Paete is a 4th class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... The land from Punta Inuod to Guinabihan, Banilan is where the first settlers Gat Maitan and his wife Panumbalihan, and Gat Silayan Maginto and his wife Potongan first established themselves. ... Los Baños is a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Mt. ... Hidden Falls from Hidden Valley Springs, Philippines Hidden Valley Springs is a hot springs resort located in Calauan, Laguna, Philippines. ... Calauan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ...

Contents

People and culture

Economy

  • Natural Resources: Laguna is endowed with abundant natural resources. Its forests are filled with bamboo, rattan, and soft hardwood. Its wide fields and vast forests are ideal for growing rice, coconuts, vegetables, tropical fruits, orchids, and other ornamental flowers and exotic plants. The province is also rich in mineral resources such as clay, jasper and basalt glass.

There are about forty rivers in Laguna with a total area of almost 0.5 square kilometres. In the forests of Mount Makiling and in the waters of Laguna de Bay are an abundance of flora and fauna. The Laguna de Bay has an approximate area of 3800 km² broken down into 2900 km² of land and 900 km² of lake proper with 220 km shoreline.


Laguna's greatest natural resource is water. It has an estimated 300 million US gallons (1,100,000 m³) of underground water, capable of generating energy for Laguna's expanding power needs. At least seven principal water basins in the province with a total of 5,773 km² drainage area and 1,316 km² level area provide an estimated 9.238 km³ total run-off annually.

  • Agricultural Activities: Crop Production, Livestock and Poultry Production, Fishing
  • Investment Opportunities: Ecotourism enterprises; Convention centers; Coconut inter-cropping; Forest Trees, Cutflowers & ornamentals; Fruit & vegetable processing; Herbal medicines; Herbal essences; Gifts and housewares; Metalcraft (Industrial equipment, Engines, Surgical instruments, Agricultural machinery, tools); Service Facilities (Packaging, Warehousing, Trucking services, dryers); Electronics (Consumer electronics, Telecommunications, Computers & peripherals, Semi-conductors); and Garments and footwear; Agriculture; Fishing; Forestry; Tourism.
  • Financial Institutions: Banking institutions maintain an extensive branch network in Laguna. Commercial banks, savings and mortgage banks, private development banks, stock savings and loan associations, and rural banks operated a total of 267 branches in the province.

Non-bank financial institutions provide supplementary financial services to Laguna residents and businesses. A total of 394 offices have been set up by lending investors, pawnshops, financial companies, nonstock savings and loan associations, and investment houses with quasi-banking functions.

  • Exports: US$7.0 Billion (1997) out of total Philippine exports of $25 Billion

US$1.5 billion (1996)


Geography

Political

Laguna is subdivided into 26 municipalities and 4 cities. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local...


Cities

Calamba City is a 1st class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... San Pablo City is a 2nd class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Santa Rosa City is a 1st class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Los Banos may refer to: Los Banos, California, United States Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Municipalities

Alaminos is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Bay is one of the oldest towns and was the first capital of the province of Philippines. ... Biñán is a first class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Cabuyao is a 1st class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Calauan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Cavinti is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Famy is a municipality in the province of Laguna in the Philippines. ... Kalayaan is a municipality in the province of Laguna in the Philippines. ... Liliw is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Luisiana is a municipality located in the province of Laguna in the Philippines. ... Lumban is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Mabitac is a 5th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Magdalena is a municipality in the province of Laguna in the Philippines. ... Majayjay is a municipality in the province of Laguna in the Philippines. ... Nagcarlan is a municipality in the province of Laguna in the Philippines. ... Paete is a 4th class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Pagsanjan (pronounced Pag-sang-han) is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... The land from Punta Inuod to Guinabihan, Banilan is where the first settlers Gat Maitan and his wife Panumbalihan, and Gat Silayan Maginto and his wife Potongan first established themselves. ... Pangil was founded in 1579 by two Franciscan missionaries. ... Pila is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... The historic town of Rizal, Laguna which is named after the greatest national hero of the Philippines, Dr. Jose Rizal. ... San Pedro is a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Santa Cruz is a 1st class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines and the seat of the Laguna provincial government. ... Santa Maria is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Siniloan has twenty barangays, 13 in the urban are and 7 in the rural areas. ... Victoria is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ...

Physical

Laguna lies on the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. On the southern border of the province are Mt. Makiling (Maquiling) and Mt. Banahaw, both are long dormant volcanoes, but still sources of geothermal energy. Mt. Makiling is popular for the numerous hot spring resorts that are found on its slopes. Pagsanjan Falls, is a popular waterfall that tumbles down a deep gorge in the hills. Laguna de Bay is the largest lake in the Philippines and the largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. ... Mt. ... Mount Banahaw is a dormant volcano located on the boundary of the provinces of Laguna and Quezon in Luzon, Philippines. ...


The eastern portion of Laguna straddles the southernmost portions of the Sierra Madre mountain range. The Sierra Madre is a mountain range in the Philippines. ...


Climate

The province is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year for a small portion near the southern boundary. The other parts, west of Santa Cruz municipality, experience a dry season from November to April and rainy season during the rest of the year. The eastern and southern most portions do not have distinct season, with rainfall more evenly distributed throughout the year.


Tourist attractions

Historical

  • Rizal Shrine, Calamba City - The Rizal Shrine is located in Calamba City and features the home of José Rizal.
  • Homma–Yamashita Shrine, Los Baños
  • Japanese Garden, Caliraya, Cavinti
  • Underground Cemetery, Nagcarlan
  • The Battle of Mabitac Mural, Mabitac. Cultural: National Arts Center, UP Los Baños
  • Pila Town Plaza and Ancestral Houses
  • Philippines' Oldest Crematorium, Pinagbayanan, Pila, Laguna
  • Baker Hall, UP Los Baños

Calamba City is a 1st class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... For places, institutions and objects named after this person, see Rizal (disambiguation). ...

Natural

  • Pagsanjan Falls, Cavinti - The Pagsanjan Falls used to be called the Magdapio Falls but have become popularly known as the Pagsanjan Falls because the trip starts in Pagsanjan. The falls are actually located upstream in Cavinti, and not in Pagsanjan as many think. The boat ride goes through many rapids before reaching the falls.
  • Mount Makiling, Los Baños
  • Hidden Valley Springs
  • Crocodile Lake, Los Baños
  • Seven Lakes, San Pablo City
  • Dalatiwan River, Botocan, Majayjay
  • Buruwisan Falls, Siniloan

Pagsanjan (pronounced Pag-sang-han) is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Cavinti is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Hidden Falls from Hidden Valley Springs, Philippines Hidden Valley Springs is a hot springs resort located in Calauan, Laguna, Philippines. ...

Man-Made

  • Diocesan Shrine of St. Anthony of Padua, Pila, Laguna
  • Pila Museum, Pila, Laguna
  • Boy Scouts of the Philippines Camp, UP Los Baños
  • Hot Spring Resorts, Los Baños & Calamba City
  • Paete’s Woodcarving, Paete
  • Religious: St. Gregory Church (Majayjay Catholic Church)
  • St. James The Apostle Church (Paete Church)
  • San Pedro De Alcantara Church (Pakil Church)
  • Our Lady Of Candelaria (Mabitac Church)

The Boy Scouts of the Philippines (BSP), or Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas in Filipino, is the National Scout Association for boys and young men of the Philippines. ...

Educational

  • Pila Museum, Pila, Laguna
  • University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB)
  • University of the Philippines Rural High School, UP Los Baños
  • Philippine High School for the Arts, Los Baños
  • UPLB Museum of Natural History, Los Baños
  • Brent International School Manila, Southwoods, Binan
  • De La Salle University, Canlubang,Biñan
  • Don Bosco Canlubang, Canlubang
  • Caritas Don Bosco School, Binan
  • University of the Philippines Botanical Garden, UP Los Baños
  • Makiling Rainforest Park / Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve, UP Los Baños
  • Kamalig Gallery, Paete; Aera Museum (Escudero Private Museum), San Pablo City
  • The Coca-Cola Pavilion, CCBPI Plant, Santa Rosa
  • Riceworld Museum International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), UP Los Baños
  • Museum of the Wildlife Collections Of Dr. Dioscoro Rabor, UP Los Baños
  • Entomology Museum, Institute of Biological Sciences Bldg., UP Los Banos
  • Trace Computer College (Los Baños Campus), Los Baños
  • Pedro Guevarra Memorial National High School (Formerly Laguna High School and Pedro Guevarra Memorial High School)
  • Colegio San Agustin Manila Southwoods, Binan
  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran (Calamba Campus), City of Calamba
  • Canossa Academy, Calamba City
  • Laguna State Polytechnic University, Campuses in Sta. Cruz (formerly Laguna School of Arts and Trades), San Pablo City, Los Baños and Cabuyao, Siniloan (The Province's State University)
  • Laguna College, San Pablo City
  • San Pablo Colleges, San Pablo City
  • Canossa College, San Pablo City
  • Dalubhasaan ng Lungsod ng San Pablo (DLSP), San Pablo City
  • Montesorri Professional College, San Pablo City
  • Marcelino Fule Memorial College, Alaminos

The University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) is an autonomous constituent university of the University of the Philippines System situated at the foot of Mount Makiling in Los Baños, Laguna. ... The University of the Philippines Rural High School Paciano Rizal, Bay, Laguna University of the Philippines Los Baños The UPRHS is a UP High School at the Campus of Los Baños, Laguna. ... De La Salle University - Canlubang, is a campus of the De La Salle University System, located in Biñan, Laguna, Philippines. ...

Recreational/Commercial

  • SM City Santa Rosa, Santa Rosa City
  • Splash Island, Santa Rosa City
  • Enchanted Kingdom, Santa Rosa City
  • Liana's Discount City, Calamba City
  • SM City Calamba (under construction), City of Calamba
  • Monte Vista Resort and Hotel, City of Calamba
  • Waltermart, City of Calamba
  • Robinsons' Town Mall Los Baños, Los Baños
  • Olivarez Plaza, Los Baños
  • Vega Centre and Arcade, Los Baños
  • Los Baños Square, Los Baños
  • San Pablo Shopping Centre, San Pablo City
  • SM Super Center San Pablo (under construction), San Pablo City
  • Star Mall, Santa Cruz
  • Ultimart Shopping Plaza, City of San Pablo
  • Centro Park Depatment Store and Supermarket, City of San Pablo & Santa Cruz
  • Tierra de Oro Resort and Hotel, San Pablo City

History

The Province of Laguna was named after Laguna de Bay, the body of water that forms its northern boundary. Laguna de Bay, in turn, was named after the town of Bay (Laguna de Bay is Spanish which means "Lake of Bay"), the first provincial capital. Captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers and many Bisayan allies conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain in 1571. Seven years later, two Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization. Laguna de Bay is the largest lake in the Philippines and the largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. ... Bay is one of the oldest towns and was the first capital of the province of Philippines. ... Juan de Salcedo (b. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ...


In 1577, the Franciscan missionaries arrived in Manila, and in 1578 they started evangelizing Laguna, Morong (now Rizal), Tayabas (now Quezon) and the Bicol Peninsula. Fathers Juan de Placencia and Diego de Orepesa were the earliest Franciscans sent to these places. From 1580, the towns of Bay, Caliraya, Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Liliw, Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil and Siniloan were founded. In 1678, Fray Hernando Cabrera founded San Pablo de los Montes (now San Pablo City) and built a wooden church and convent considered as the best and finest in the province. Events March 17 - formation of the Cathay Company to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold May 28 - Publication of the Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings. ... The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines and one of the municipalities that comprise Metro Manila. ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ... Rizal is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, just 20 kilometers east of Manila. ... Tayabas was a province of the Philippines. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Bicol Region is one of the regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ...


In 1670, delimitation of borders were made between Lucban, Majayjay and Cavite. The populous town at that time was Bay, the capital of the province until 1688, when the seat of the provincial government was moved to Pagsanjan, and later, in 1858, to Santa Cruz. In 1754, the Province of Laguna and Tayabas were divided, with the Malinao River separating the towns of Majayjay and Lucban. 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The province became a bloody battle ground for the Chinese during the two instances that they rose in revolt against Spain. In 1603's, the Chinese made their last stand in the mountains of San Pablo, and in 1639, they fortified themselves in the highlands of Cavinti and Lumban, surrendering in Pagsanjan a year later.


The loyalty of the people of Laguna to the crown was tested during the British invasion (1762-1764) when thousands of Filipinos rallied to its defense. When a detachment of British troops under Captain Thomas Backhouse entered the province in search of the silver cargo of the galleon Filipino, Francisco de San Juan of Pagsanjan led a band of volunteers that fought them in several engagements in and around the town which was then the provincial capital (1688-1858). Captain Backhouse plundered the town and burned its newly reconstructed church but San Juan succeeded in escaping with the precious hoard to Pampanga where the treasure greatly bolstered the defense effort of Simon Anda. For his heroism, San Juan was made a brigade commander and alcalde mayor of Tayabas (now Quezon) province.


If Filipino loyalty gradually degenerated into bitter hostility, it was the fault of the Spaniards themselves, including the clergy. They perpetrated such grave abuses that the resentment of the Filipinos was fanned into a rising flood of nationalism. In 1840 for instance, religious intolerance led the people of Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Bay, and Biñan to join the revolt of Hermano Pule (Apolinario de la Cruz) of Lucban, Tayabas.


Laguna was also exposed to the aspirations of its most famous son, Dr. Jose Rizal, who was born in Calamba. The persecution of Dr. Jose Rizal and his parents toward the end of the century further aggravated the situation, so that by 1896, thousands of patriotic inhabitants, especially of Bay, Los Baños, Nagcarlan, Magdalena, Santa Cruz, and Pagsanjan had joined the revolutionary Katipunan.


Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish misrule led by Generals Paciano Rizal of Calamba, Severino Taino of Pagsanjan, Agueda Kahabagan (woman general) of Calauan, and Miguel Malvar of Batangas. The ill-equipped Filipino forces fought the well-armed enemy until on August 31, 1898, when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz. The province was cleared of Spaniards. There had been only one respite, the Pact of Biac-na-Bato on December 14 to 15, 1897.


Laguna actively supported the first Philippine Republic proclaimed at Malolos on January 23, 1899. Her two delegates to the Malolos Congress, Don Higino Benitez and Don Graciano Cordero, were natives of Pagsanjan.


Upon the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899-1901), General Juan Cailles and General Paciano Rizal led the defense of Laguna until June 30, 1901, when surrender became inevitable. Cailles became the first Filipino Governor of Laguna under the American flag.


The Province of Laguna progressed rapidly in peace. Roads were built, schools were established, and in 1917, the Manila Railroad Company extended its line to Laguna as far as Pagsanjan.


During the Japanese occupation (1942-1945), Laguna was a center of resistance despite the presence of Makapili traitors.


Present-day Laguna shows a thriving economy. Peopled by 1,734,618 (1997 estimated population) industrious citizens and possessing a total area of 1760 km² of land, Laguna produces millions of pesos worth of coconuts, rice, sugar, citrus fruits, lanzones and other products. Tourists flock to its beauty spots, especially Pagsanjan Falls, Los Baños Hot Springs, Makiling National Park, Caliraya Lake and many others. Levels of development vary. The towns near Metro Manila have become industrialized whereas the inner towns continue to engage in agricultural production or pursue agri-based industries and cottage and small-scale industries.


Laguna was one of the first sites of the Philippine Revolution. Calamba City is the birthplace of José Rizal, the country's national hero. Combatants Filipino independence movement Spanish Empire Commanders Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Strength 80,000 soldiers unknown Casualties unknown unknown The Philippine Revolution (1896—1898) was a conflict between the Spanish colonial regime and the Katipunan, which sought independence for the Filipinos. ... Calamba City is a 1st class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... For places, institutions and objects named after this person, see Rizal (disambiguation). ...


See also

This is a list of battles of the Philippine-American War. ... The Philippines Laguna Lake Development Authority abbreviated as LLDA is one of the attached agency of the the Philippiness Department of Environment and Natural Resources responsible in the preservation, development and sustainability of the Laguna de Bay and its 21 tributary rivers. ... Mount Makiling, also rarely Mount Maquiling, is located in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ...

External links

  • Official Website of the Provincial Government of Laguna
  • Cavinti, Laguna Philippines
  • Pila, Laguna, Philippines
  • Paete, Laguna, Philippines
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Laguna (province) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1683 words)
Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is located southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite.
In the forests of Mount Makiling and in the waters of Laguna de Bay are an abundance of flora and fauna.
Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish misrule led by Generals Paciano Rizal of Calamba, Severino Taino of Pagsanjan, Agueda Kahabagan (woman general) of Calauan, and Miguel Malvar of Batangas.
Calamba City - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (627 words)
Calamba City is a 1st class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines.
Calamba lies at the northern slopes of Mount Makiling, an extinct volcano.
Calamba City is bordered by Cabuyao to the north, Los Baños to the east, by the province of Batangas to the south, specifically the municipalities of Santo Tomas and Talisay, and by the province of Cavite to the west, with Tagaytay City and Silang.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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