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Encyclopedia > Lagomorpha
Lagomorphs[1]
Fossil range: Earliest Eocene - Recent
Pika, Ochotona princeps, in Sequoia National Park
Pika, Ochotona princeps, in Sequoia National Park
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Order: Lagomorpha
Brandt, 1855
Families

Leporidae
Ochotonidae
Prolagidae (extinct) hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ... Image File history File links Ochotona_princeps. ... Type Species Ochotona minor Link, 1795 (= Lepus dauuricus Pallas, 1776) Species See text The name pika (archaically spelled pica) is used for any member of the Ochotonidae, a family within the order of lagomorphs, which also includes the Leporidae (rabbits and hares). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Orders[1] Bobolestes Eomaia Maelestes Montanalestes Murtoilestes Prokennalestes Placentalia Superorder Xenarthra: Cingulata (Armadillos) Pilosa (Sloths, True Anteaters) Superorder Afrotheria: Afrosoricida (Tenrecs, etc. ... Orders Glires Rodentia Lagomorpha Euarchonta Dermoptera Scandentia Primates The Euarchontoglires are a mammalian superorder based on molecular genetic research, combining the Glires clade, which consists of the Rodentia and the Lagomorpha, with that of the Euarchonta, a clade consisting of the Scandentia, the Primates and the Dermoptera. ... Johann Friedrich von Brandt (May 25, 1802 - July 15, 1879) was a German naturalist. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Caprolagus Pronolagus Lepus Leporids are the approximately 50 species of rabbits and hares which form the family Leporidae. ... Genera Ochotona Prolagus The name pika is used for any member of the Ochotonidae, a family within the order of lagomorphs, which also includes the Leporidae (rabbits and hares). ... Binomial name Prolagus sardus (Wagner, 1829) The Sardinian Pika (Prolagus sardus) was a pika native to the Mediterranean island of Sardinia until its extinction in the late 1700s or early 1800s. ...

The Lagomorphs, order Lagomorpha, are an order of mammals of which there are two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Caprolagus Pronolagus Lepus Leporids are the approximately 50 species of rabbits and hares which form the family Leporidae. ... Jack rabbit and Jackrabbit redirect here. ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. ... Type Species Ochotona minor Link, 1795 (= Lepus dauuricus Pallas, 1776) Species See text The name pika (archaically spelled pica) is used for any member of the Ochotonidae, a family within the order of lagomorphs, which also includes the Leporidae (rabbits and hares). ...


Though members of order Lagomorpha can resemble rodents (order Rodentia), and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. For a time it was common to consider the lagomorphs only distant relatives of the rodents, to whom they merely bore a superficial resemblance; however, genetic studies have since shown that, while still distinct from rodents, they are indeed very closely related after all. Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... In biology, a superfamily is a taxonomic grade intermediate between suborder and family. ...

Contents

Characteristics

Lagomorphs (loģ o-moŕ fs)(Gr. lagos, hare: + morphē, form) differ from rodents in that:

  • they have four incisors in the upper jaw (not two as in rodents);
  • they will only eat vegetation (unlike rodents, which will eat meat and vegetation)
  • the male's scrotum is in front of the penis instead of behind; and
  • the penis has no bone (baculum) unlike the rodent penis.

However, they resemble rodents in that their teeth grow throughout their life, thus necessitating constant chewing to keep them from growing too long. Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... In some male mammals, the scrotum is a protuberance of skin and muscle containing the testicles. ... The baculum (also penis bone, penile bone or os penis) is a bone found in the penis of most mammals. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... Types of teeth Molars are used for grinding up foods Carnassials are used for slicing food. ...


Classification

Type Species Ochotona minor Link, 1795 (= Lepus dauuricus Pallas, 1776) Species See text The name pika (archaically spelled pica) is used for any member of the Ochotonidae, a family within the order of lagomorphs, which also includes the Leporidae (rabbits and hares). ... Genera Ochotona Prolagus The name pika is used for any member of the Ochotonidae, a family within the order of lagomorphs, which also includes the Leporidae (rabbits and hares). ... Binomial name Prolagus sardus (Wagner, 1829) The Sardinian Pika (Prolagus sardus) was a pika native to the Mediterranean island of Sardinia until its extinction in the late 1700s or early 1800s. ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Caprolagus Pronolagus Lepus Leporids are the approximately 50 species of rabbits and hares which form the family Leporidae. ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. ... Jack rabbit and Jackrabbit redirect here. ... Binomial name Brachylagus idahoensis (Merriam, 1891) The Pygmy Rabbit, Brachylagus idahoensis is a North American rabbit, and is one of only two rabbit species in America to dig its own burrow. ... Binomial name Bunolagus monticularis {{{author}}}, {{{date}}} The bushman rabbit or riverine rabbit (Bunolagus monticularis) is a species of rabbit and one of the rarest mammals in the world. ... Binomial name Caprolagus hispidus (Pearson, 1839) The Hispid Hare, Caprolagus hispidus, is a leporid native to the foothills of the Himalaya. ... Jack rabbit and Jackrabbit redirect here. ... Binomial name Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a species of rabbit native to southern Europe. ... Binomial name Pentalagus furnessi (Stone, 1900) The Amami Rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi), or Amami no Kuro Usagi (奄美の黒兔/アマミノクロウサギ), also known as the Ryukyu Rabbit, is a primitive dark-furred rabbit which is only found in Amami Oshima and Toku-no-Shima, two small islands between southern Kyushu and Okinawa in Kagoshima Prefecture... Binomial name (St. ... Pronolagus is a genus of mammal in the Leporidae family. ... Binomial name Romerolagus diazi (Ferrari-Pérez, 1893) The Volcano Rabbit (Romerolagus diazi) is a small rabbit that resides in the mountains of Mexico. ... Species Sylvilagus aquaticus Swamp Rabbit Sylvilagus auduboni Desert Cottontail Sylvilagus bachmani Brush Rabbit Sylvilagus brasiliensis Forest Rabbit Sylvilagus cunicularis Mexican Cottontail Sylvilagus dicei Dices Cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus Eastern Cottontail Sylvilagus graysoni Tres Marias Rabbit Sylvilagus insonus Omilteme Cottontail Sylvilagus mansuetus San Jose Brush Rabbit Sylvilagus nuttallii Mountain Cottontail Sylvilagus...

See also

This article lacks an appropriate taxobox. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Hoffmann, Robert S.; Andrew T. Smith (November 16, 2005). in Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds): Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 185-211. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lagomorpha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (468 words)
The Lagomorphs, order Lagomorpha, are an order of mammals of which there are two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas).
Though members of order Lagomorpha can resemble rodents (order Rodentia), and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order.
For a time it was common to consider the lagomorphs only distant relatives of the rodents, to whom they merely bore a superficial resemblance; however, genetic studies have since shown that, while still distinct from rodents, they are indeed very closely related after all.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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