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Encyclopedia > Lafayette, California
Lafayette, California
Location of Lafayette in California.
Location of Lafayette in California.
Coordinates: 37°53′28″N 122°06′42″W / 37.89111, -122.11167
Country United States
State California
County Contra Costa
Settled 1848
Founded 1857
Incorporated 1968
Government
 - Mayor Ivor Samson
Area
 - Total 15.4 sq mi (39.9 km²)
 - Land 15.2 sq mi (39.4 km²)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km²)
Elevation 320 ft (97.5 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 23,908
 - Density 1,572.9/sq mi (606.8/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94549, 94596
Area code(s) 925
FIPS code 06-39122
GNIS feature ID 0277535
Website: http://www.ci.lafayette.ca.us/

Lafayette is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city's population was 23,908. It is named (in 1857) after the Marquis de Lafayette, a French military hero of the American Revolutionary War. Today Lafayette is known for its bucolic rolling hills and upscale lifestyle. Average home prices start at $1 million. Image File history File links Contra_Costa_County_California_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Lafayette_Highlighted. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Map of California area codes in blue (and border states) with 925 in red In the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), area code 925 is an area code that covers parts of the Bay Area, California. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... This article is about military actions only. ...

Contents

Origin and early history

Before the colonization of the region by Spain, Lafayette and its vicinity were inhabited by the Saclan tribe of the indigenous Bay Miwok. Ohlone also populated some of the areas along Lafayette Creek.[1] The indigenous inhabitants' first contact with Europeans was in the late 1700s with the founding of Catholic missions in the region. These initial contacts developed into conflict, with years of armed struggle, including a battle on what is currently Lafayette soil in 1797 between the Saclan and the Spanish, and eventually resulting in the subjugation of the native population. Most of what is currently Lafayette was given as a land grant, Rancho Acalanes (the name seems to have come from the name of a native village in the area, Ahala-n), to Candelario Valencia in 1834, by the Mexican government, which then controlled the region. [2] The Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Western Hemisphere of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Miwok—also spelled Miwuk or Me-Wuk—refers to native Californians who lived in what is now Northern California. ... For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... Events and trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. ... The Spanish missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Catholic faith among the local Native Americans. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


American settlement started with the arrival of Elam Brown, who purchased Rancho Acalanes in 1848. Steadily growing from the influx of American settlers. Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


On March 2, 1857 the LaFayette post office was established by the U.S. Postal Service. (The official document giving this exact date was supplied to the Lafayette Historical Society in 1993 by the Historical Division of the U.S. Postal Service.) Prior to 1857 the community that we have been calling "Lafayette" actually had no known name - though there are undocumented rumors that it was called Dog Town, Brown's Corner, Brown's Mill, Acalanus, and perhaps Centerville.


The name "LaFayette" came together with the community's first post office. In 1857 Benjamin Shreve, owner and manager of a roadside hotel-general store (which faced today's Lafayette Plaza), applied for a post office for the community, first requesting the name Centerville. When informed that a post office with that name already existed in California, Shreve suggested La Fayette, after the French general who became a hero of the American Revolution (probably not because his wife was a native of La Fayette, Indiana). The first LaFayette post office was established at 3535 Plaza Way and Shreve became the town's first permanent postmaster, holding the job for 30 years.


Spelling: On the original document from the U.S. Postal Service, dated 2 March 1857, the name “LaFayette” is unmistakably written as one word with a capital “F” in the middle. Yet research by Ruth Dyer, Lafayette historian, shows that the name of the post office and of the new town itself soon began to be written as two words, “La Fayette.” By 1890 it had changed to one word, "Lafayette," and so appeared in an official communication from the U.S. "Post Office Department" in Feb. 1899. Then by 1905 it was back to two words. Finally on 31 March 1932 the name of the post office was officially changed to Lafayette, which has remained unchanged to this day. Lafayette was the second oldest post office in Contra Costa County, after Martinez, the county seat. [3]


In the early 1860s, Lafayette was briefly the site of a station for the Pony Express. // The First Transcontinental Railroad in the USA was built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... Frank E. Webner, pony express rider c. ...


In 1864 the place name "Lafayette" first appeared on a map of the area, titled "Bancroft's Map of California, Nevada, Utah and Arizona (copyrighted 1863. Scale: 24 miles to 1 inch).


During the mid-1900s, Lafayette was transformed from an agricultural village into a commuter town, and was incorporated in 1968. Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey to travel to New York City A commuter town is an urban community that is primarily residential, from which most of the workforce commute out of the community to earn their livelihood. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ...


Geography

Lafayette Reservoir
Lafayette Reservoir

Lafayette is located at 37°53′28″N, 122°6′42″W (37.891224, -122.111615)GR1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.9 km² (15.4 mi²). 39.4 km² (15.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.5 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (1.36%) is water. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 563 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lafayette, California ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 563 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lafayette, California ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The city is part of the greater San Francisco Bay Area and has its own station on the BART public transit system. Lafayette is situated between Walnut Creek, Moraga, and Orinda, and, together with the latter two towns, is considered locally as part of "Lamorinda." USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Platforms Island Parking Monthly Reserved, Daily Fee ($1), Extended Weekend, Midday ($1), Carpool ($5), Long Term/Airport Parking Bicycle facilities 30 Lockers Other information Opened May 21, 1973 Accessible Lafayette is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station that serves Lafayette, California. ... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... Looking east across Walnut Creek. ... Moraga is an affluent suburban town located in Contra Costa County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Orinda is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ...


Lafayette is separated from greater Berkeley and Oakland by the Berkeley Hills (and the Caldecott Tunnel running beneath), a geographical boundary within the East Bay which also represents interesting meteorological, cultural, and political distinctions. The climate differences can be striking: during the summer, temperatures can soar beyond 100 degrees Fahrenheit in Lafayette and its neighboring cities while the areas west of the hills and nearer to the bay remain up to 20 degrees cooler. The region directly east of the hills is generally known for its more suburban or rural atmosphere, and features rolling, grassy hills which highlight a more peaceful and domestic aura. In the southwestern part of Lafayette, is the Lafayette Reservoir, and Briones Regional Park extends into the northern part of Lafayette. Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Oakland redirects here. ... The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ... The Caldecott Tunnel is a three bore tunnel in Oakland, California. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Briones Regional Park: Old Briones Trail Briones Regional Park is a 5,756-acre park maintained and operated by the East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD). ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 23,908 people, 9,152 households, and 6,754 families residing in the city. The population density was 607.3/km² (1,572.5/mi²). There were 9,334 housing units at an average density of 237.1/km² (613.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.81% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 8.23% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 3.30% from two or more races. 3.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 9,152 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.02. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $111,400, and the median income for a family was $120,364. Males had a median income of $90,067 versus $51,855 for females. The per capita income for the city was $54,319. About 2.1% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The average home price was $1,284,900 in 2005.


Cross Memorial

See: Lafayette hillside memorial The Lafayette hillside memorial is a collection of crosses on private property owned by 81 year old Louise Clark and her husband in Lafayette, California, intended to serve as a memorial for soldiers killed in the Iraq War, which raised controversy in November 2006. ...


In November 2006, area residents began placing crosses on a hill overlooking the Lafayette BART station and Highway 24 to "to represent and memorialize the American soldiers who have died in the ongoing Iraqi war." [4] As of March 2007, there are over 3,200 crosses in place, one for each of the troops who have died in Iraq, and there is also a large sign displaying the total number of deaths. The memorial has generated public attention, media coverage and counter-protests due to its visibility from the commuter thoroughfare below. Also, since the creation of the memorial, there have been several vandalizations of the crosses. Some residents complain that it is a disgrace to those in uniform in Iraq.[5] Platforms Island Parking Monthly Reserved, Daily Fee ($1), Extended Weekend, Midday ($1), Carpool ($5), Long Term/Airport Parking Bicycle facilities 30 Lockers Other information Opened May 21, 1973 Accessible Lafayette is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station that serves Lafayette, California. ... State Route 24 in the U.S. State of California is a heavily-traveled east-west freeway in the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay Area of northern California between Oakland (junction Interstate 580, the MacArthur Freeway) and Walnut Creek (junction Interstate 680). ...


Schools

Burton Valley Elementary is an elementary school in Lafayette, California. ... Acalanes High School is one of several high schools in the Acalanes Union High School District in Lafayette, California. ... Campolindo High School is located in Moraga, California. ... Stanley Middle School is a middle school in Lafayette, California. ... St. ...

Notable citizens

Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912 – February 25, 1999) was an American atomic scientist. ... In chemistry, transuranium elements (also known as transuranic elements) are the chemical elements with atomic numbers greater than 92, the atomic number of Uranium. ... Orville Willis Will Forte IV (born June 17, 1970) is an American actor, writer, and comedian best known for appearing on the television show Saturday Night Live, where he has been a cast member since 2002. ... This article is about the American television series. ... Alexander and Ann Shulgin, in a photo from their book TiHKAL, c. ... Frankie Beverly (born Howard Beverly, December 6, 1946, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an internationally acclaimed singer, founder, producer, and songwriter, known primarily for his recordings with the soul and funk unit, Maze. ... Eddie Money (born Edward Joseph Mahoney, March 21, 1949) is an American rock musician and singer who found success in the 1970s and 1980s with a string of Top 40 hits and platinum albums. ... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... Brent Mydland (October 21, 1952 – July 26, 1990) was the fourth keyboardist to play for the United States rock band the Grateful Dead. ... One time guitarist for Ozzy. ... A compilation of three photos of Scott Dyleski, run on the cover of the San Francisco Chronicle. ...

See also

The Lafayette hillside memorial is a collection of crosses on private property owned by 81 year old Louise Clark and her husband in Lafayette, California, intended to serve as a memorial for soldiers killed in the Iraq War, which raised controversy in November 2006. ...

References

  1. ^ Draft Environmental Impact Report for the East Area Service Center, Earth Metrics Incorporated, prepared for the East Bay Municipal Utility District, May, 1989
  2. ^ Lafayette Historical Society: Town History
  3. ^ http://www.ci.lafayette.ca.us/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={5C5F6290-CED5-462A-B902-0726444084FA}&DE={2A63C469-F7E0-4C9A-838B-74FD18892F41} City of Lafayette - History of Lafayette]
  4. ^ The Crosses of Lafayette: About
  5. ^ San Francisco Chronicle: Grim Update to War Tally

http://www.ci.lafayette.ca.us/vertical/Sites/%7BC1C49B72-3D02-4C7B-82A7-92186ABD75FF%7D/uploads/%7BA8C4FF3F-9616-4650-B80E-B0FE292B3E40%7D.PDF The East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) provides water and sewage treatment for customers in Alameda County and portions of Contra Costa County in California, on the eastern side of San Francisco Bay. ...


External links

Coordinates: 37.891224° N 122.111615° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
City of Lafayette -- Lafayette, California (158 words)
Lafayette is located on 15 square miles in Contra Costa County, one of nine counties of the San Francisco Bay Area.
Lafayette was incorporated for the preservation and enhancement of the semi-rural character of the community.
Lafayette shall endeavor to maintain the nature of the community by using a volunteer system of commissions and committees and a small staff whose number is consistent with the services provided.
Lafayette - Wikitravel (236 words)
Lafayette (California) - A town in the Bay Area of California.
Lafayette (Indiana) - A city in the state of Indiana that is home to Purdue University.
Lafayette (Ohio) - A town in the state of Ohio.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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