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Encyclopedia > Ladysmith Black Mambazo
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
Background information
Origin Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Genre(s) Isicathamiya, mbube
Years active 1960–1964 (original group)
1964–present (current incarnation)
Label(s) Gallo Record Company (1973–present)
Warner Bros. Records (1986–1995)
Wrasse Records (1998–present)
Heads Up International (2004–present)
Website www.mambazo.com
Members
Joseph Shabalala
(founder, lead singer and musical director)
Sibongiseni Shabalala
Thamsanqa Shabalala
Thulani Shabalala
Msizi Shabalala
Albert Mazibuko
Abednego Mazibuko
Russel Mthembu
Muzi Sikhondze
Mfanufikile Zungu
Former members
Jockey Shabalala
Jabulani Dubazana
Inos Phungula
Ben Shabalala
Geophrey Mdletshe
Headman Shabalala
Milton Mazibuko
Funokwakhe Mazibuko
Joseph Mazibuko
Walter Malinga
Matovoti Msimanga

Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. They rose to worldwide prominence as a result of singing with Paul Simon on his album, Graceland. They were formed by Joseph Shabalala in 1960 (who still leads the group today) and became one of South Africa's prolific recording artists, with their releases receiving gold and platinum disc honors.[1] The group has now become a mobile academy, teaching people about South Africa and its culture. Ladysmith (2001: pop. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Isicathamiya is a singing style originated from the South African Zulus. ... Mbube is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Gallo Record Company is the largest record label in Africa. ... Warner Bros. ... Wrasse Records was started in 1998 by Ian and Jo Ashbridge. ... Telarc International Corporation is a Cleveland, Ohio based independent record label, founded in 1977 by two classically trained musicians and former teachers, Jack Renner and Robert Woods. ... Bhekizizwe Joseph Siphatimandla Mxhoveni Mshengu Bigboy Shabalala, otherwise known as Joseph Shabalala, is the lead singer and founder of the South African choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Sibongiseni Shabalala, 2005 Sibongiseni Lucas Shabalala (1973 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Thamsanqa Shabalala, 2005 Thamsanqa Shabalala (1977 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Thulani Shabalala (1975 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Msizi Innocent Shabalala (1975 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Mdletshe Albert Mazibuko is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by his cousin Joseph. ... Mpindela Abednego Mazibuko is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by his cousin Joseph. ... Ndoda Russel Mthembu is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by close friend Joseph Shabalala. ... Jockey Shabalala was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded and still led by his brother Joseph. ... Jabulani Frederick Mwelase Dubazana was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by close friend Joseph Shabalala. ... Headman Msongelwa Shabalala (October 10, 1945 - December 10, 1991) was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded and still led by his brother Joseph. ... Isicathamiya is a singing style originated from the South African Zulus. ... Mbube is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Graceland is an album released in 1986 by Paul Simon. ... Bhekizizwe Joseph Siphatimandla Mxhoveni Mshengu Bigboy Shabalala, otherwise known as Joseph Shabalala, is the lead singer and founder of the South African choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ...

Contents

History

Joseph Shabalala formed Ladysmith Black Mambazo because of a series of dreams he had in 1964, in which he heard certain isicathamiya harmonies, isicathamiya being the traditional music of the Zulu people. Following their local success at wedding ceremonies, Shabalala entered them into isicathamiya competitions. The group were described as 'so good' that they were eventually forbidden to enter the competitions but were welcomed to entertain at them. [2] Although they had been recognised as an isicathamiya group in 1964, they had been singing together since the early 1950s. They released their first album, Amabutho, in 1973. The album, along with many other releases by the group, received gold disc certification. [3] Ladysmith Black Mambazo's collaboration with Paul Simon in 1986 paved the way for international releases, making them widely known across the world. Bhekizizwe Joseph Siphatimandla Mxhoveni Mshengu Bigboy Shabalala, otherwise known as Joseph Shabalala, is the lead singer and founder of the South African choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Isicathamiya is a singing style originated from the South African Zulus. ... Amabutho was the debut release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ...


1960-1986

The first incarnation of Ladysmith Black Mambazo was Ezimnyama Ngenkani (The Black Ones), formed by Shabalala in December of 1960. The members of the group were relatives (mostly brothers and cousins) of Shabalala, with many having sung with him while he was growing up on the farm where he was born. Although the group did sing well together and captured the sound of cothoza mfana (tip toe boys, a 1960s slang term for isicathamiya) and mbube groups of the time, they were unknown outside of the Ladysmith district.[4] Mbube is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ...


In late 1964, Shabalala had a series of dreams over a period of six months, featuring a choir, singing in perfect harmony.[5] Whilst his current group had not achieved this sound, Joseph reformed the group as Ladysmith Black Mambazo and taught them the harmonies from his dream. Shabalala invented the name from the hometown of his family, Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal, the black ox, considered to be the strongest farm animal, and mambazo, which means axe in the Zulu language, and is symbolic of the choir's ability to "chop down" the competition. Ladysmith (2001: pop. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... Zulu (isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ...

Ladysmith Black Mambazo, 1966, performing at an isicathamiya competition. Left to right: Milton Mazibuko, Albert Mazibuko, Enoch Shabalala, Headman Shabalala (face obscured), Joseph Shabalala (founder and lead singer), Walter Malinga, Funokwakhe Mazibuko.

Shabalala entered the group into isicathamiya competitions, held on Saturday nights in areas of Durban and Johannesburg. The group won nearly every competition that was held; eventually in 1973, they were forbidden to compete with the other choirs. They were, however, welcome to perform only.[6] Image File history File links LBM_1966. ... Image File history File links LBM_1966. ... Headman Msongelwa Shabalala (October 10, 1945 - December 10, 1991) was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded and still led by his brother Joseph. ... Bhekizizwe Joseph Siphatimandla Mxhoveni Mshengu Bigboy Shabalala, otherwise known as Joseph Shabalala, is the lead singer and founder of the South African choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Durban (Zulu: eThekwini (IPA: ) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the eThekwini metropolitan municipality. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1967, the group began to make recordings for Radio Zulu, and then signed with West Nkosi in 1972; Nkosi was a member of the Makgona Tsohle Band and a music producer at Gallo Record Company. Ladysmith Black Mambazo released their first album the following year, Amabutho, which received gold status, and was the first album by a black musician in South Africa to do so. Their subsequent albums also received gold or platinum certification.[7] With the release of their second album, they had become professional singers. [8] The Makgona Tsohle Band was an instrumental band that performed in the South African style of mbaqanga. ... Gallo Record Company is the largest record label in Africa. ... Amabutho was the first release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ...

Ladysmith Black Mambazo's first release, Amabutho (1973).
Ladysmith Black Mambazo's first release, Amabutho (1973).

In 1975, Shabalala converted to Christianity and the group released their first religious album, Ukukhanya Kwelanga. It earned a double platinum disc award, and the group's repertoire came to be dominated by hymns, mostly Methodist. Their 1976 Ukusindiswa became one of their most popular religious albums. By 1981, the group was well-known throughout South Africa, and was allowed to travel to Cologne, Germany. [9] The group toured the country and appeared on television, and learned some of the German language; the 1981 Phansi Emgodini (1981) included the group singing in German on the track "Wir Grüssen Euch Alle". The following year, the group traveled back to Germany to appear on television during a quiz event, bringing about requests for live appearances. [10] Image File history File links Thumb_BL14. ... Image File history File links Thumb_BL14. ... Amabutho was the debut release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Ukukhanya Kwelanga was the fifth studio release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Ukusindiswa was the seventh release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Phansi Emgodini is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ...


1986-1993

In 1985, Paul Simon travelled to South Africa in the hope of collaborating with black musicians for his Graceland album. Simon asked Ladysmith Black Mambazo to work with him, and they travelled to London to record. The first recording was "Homeless", composed by Shabalala with English lyrics by Simon. The group's 1986 Ezulwini Siyakhona refers to the encounter with Paul Simon in the liner notes. Graceland was released in May of that year, and although both Joseph Shabalala and Paul Simon were accused of breaking the cultural boycott of South Africa,[11] the album became a huge success and sold 16 million copies[12] and boosted further Ladysmith Black Mambazo's international image. This also paved the way for other African acts like Stimela and Mahlathini and the Mahotella Queens to gain popularity amongst Western audiences.[13] Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Graceland is an album released in 1986 by Paul Simon. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Liner notes are the booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or any sound recording container. ... -1...

A 1988 release, Zibuyinhlazane.

After Graceland, Simon acted as producer on three records for the group aimed at the American market, Shaka Zulu (1987), Journey of Dreams (1988) and Two Worlds, One Heart (1990). On the latter album, the group recorded with The Winans, Julia Fordham and George Clinton, among others. Image File history File links Thumb_HUL40131. ... Image File history File links Thumb_HUL40131. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... The Winans family is a large family of gospel musicians who have recorded as several different groups and individual projects. ... Julia Fordham (born August 10 1962, Portsmouth, England) is a singer-songwriter based in California and signed to Vanguard Records. ... It has been suggested that P-Funk Mothership be merged into this article or section. ...


In 1988, Ladysmith Black Mambazo appeared in Michael Jackson's movie Moonwalker, where they performed The Moon Is Walking over the end credits. Ladysmith Black Mambazo was also featured in the Sesame Street song Put Down the Duckie. Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... For other uses, see moonwalk. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ...


On December 10, 1991, Shabalala's brother and one of the bass members in the group, Headman Shabalala, was shot and killed by Sean Nicholas, a white off-duty security guard. His death was considered a racial killing by Paul Simon, who led the court proceedings against Nicholas. [14] Shabalala stopped singing. Eventually, helped by his Christian beliefs, he returned to singing. Following the retirement of three more members in 1993, Shabalala recruited four of his sons into the group.[15] December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Headman Msongelwa Shabalala (October 10, 1945 - December 10, 1991) was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded and still led by his brother Joseph. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch...


1993-2002

The Apartheid system was abolished in 1991. Many changes occurred within Ladysmith Black Mambazo following this; most notably the reformation of its members (see above). The release of Nelson Mandela after 27 years imprisonment brought about the group's first release in the post-Apartheid era, 1993's Liph' Iqiniso. The album's last track, "Isikifil' Inkululeko" ("Freedom Has Arrived"), was a celebration of the end of Apartheid. [16] A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (IPA pronunciation: //) (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ...


According to Shabalala, Nelson Mandela (shortly after his release from prison) publicly stated that "the members of Ladysmith Black Mambazo are South Africa's cultural ambassadors".[17] In 1993, at the request of Nelson Mandela, Ladysmith Black Mambazo accompanied the future President of South Africa to the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Oslo, Norway. Mambazo sang again at President Mandela's inauguration in May 1994.[18] Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (IPA pronunciation: //) (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...


In 1998, the group recorded a special version of "Inkanyezi Nezazi" (The Star and the Wiseman) for a series of advertisements in Britain for Heinz. The adverts proved so popular that the group released the original 1992 version as a single; this was followed up by The Best of Ladysmith Black Mambazo: The Star and the Wiseman, a compilation release which was certified triple platinum, selling 1 million copies in Britain alone. [19] The single reached #2 in the UK Pop Charts. They have since traveled the world and have recorded with performers such as Stevie Wonder, Dolly Parton, The Winans, Julia Fordham, George Clinton, B*Witched, The Corrs, Ben Harper, Josh Groban and many more and performing for Nelson Mandela, Pope John Paul II and the British royal family among many others. H. J. Heinz Company, commonly known as just Heinz, famous for its 57 Varieties slogan, was founded in 1869 by Henry John Heinz in Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania. ... Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris),[1] is an American singer, songwriter, and record producer. ... Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is a Grammy-winning and Academy Award-nominated American country singer, songwriter, composer, author, actress and philanthropist. ... The Winans family is a large family of gospel musicians who have recorded as several different groups and individual projects. ... Julia Fordham (born August 10 1962, Portsmouth, England) is a singer-songwriter based in California and signed to Vanguard Records. ... It has been suggested that P-Funk Mothership be merged into this article or section. ... B*Witched were an Irish girl group who enjoyed success in both the European and, to a lesser degree, the North American music scene throughout the late 1990s. ... The Corrs are a multi-platinum, Grammy-nominated Celtic folk-rock and pop rock group from Dundalk, Republic of Ireland. ... Ben Harper (born Benjamin Chase Harper on October 28, 1969 in Claremont, California, USA) is an American musician. ... Joshua Winslow Groban (born February 27, 1981) is a Grammy-nominated American singer/songwriter known for his mature and lyrical baritone voice. ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (IPA pronunciation: //) (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as... Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is a shared royal family. ...


2002-2006

Audio samples:

As a follow-up to the release Lihl' Ixhiba Likagogo in 2000, the group began the recording of Wenyukela, another album of new material, in 2002. However, the making of the record underwent severe strain when, in May 2002, Shabalala's wife Nellie of thirty years (and lead singer in the allied group "Women of Mambazo"), was murdered in a church car park by a masked gunman. Shabalala's hand was injured trying to protect his wife[20]. To date, no conviction has been made, despite several trials. Joseph's son Vivian Nkosinathi was accused of hiring a hitman to murder his stepmother Nellie. During the court trial, Nkosinathi supposedly testified that the South African police offered some kind of reprieve if he would implicate his own father, Joseph, in the murder.[21] Image File history File links LBMSelingelethu. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Oxfam International logo Oxfam International is a confederation of 13 organizations working together with over 3000 partners in more than 100 countries to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice. ... Make Trade Fair is a campaign organized by Oxfam International to promote fair trade among governments, institutions, and multinational corporations. ... Lihl Ixhiba Likagogo (My Grandmothers Kitchen) is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Wenyukela is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Nellie Shabalala was the lead singer in the group Women of Mambazo, that released one album. ...


Wenyukela, however, went ahead, as Shabalala recovered. Songs such as "Wenza Ngani?" ("How Did You Do That?") had a moral theme, such as racism. Others included "Fak' Ibhande" ("Don't Drink and Drive"), which warned of the dangers of alcohol and driving, "Wenyukela", which spoke of the resurrection of Jesus and how South Africans were nearly misled into killing each other during the 1994 elections[22], and "Selingelethu Sonke", a song asking for fair trade in Africa. The group had originally spoken of the issue of fair trade in the Oxfam campaign Make Trade Fair. They appeared as guests in "The Big Noise", a worldwide petition for fair trade. [23] Wenyukela is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Because racism carries connotations of race-based bigotry, prejudice, violence, oppression, stereotyping or discrimination, the term has varying and often hotly contested definitions. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Certified Fair trade quinoa producers in Ecuador. ... Oxfam International logo Oxfam International is a confederation of 13 organizations working together with over 3000 partners in more than 100 countries to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice. ... Make Trade Fair is a campaign organized by Oxfam International to promote fair trade among governments, institutions, and multinational corporations. ...


The success of Wenyukela in South Africa prompted its release in Britain in March 2003 on Wrasse Records. Following the repeated success of the album, the American-based Headsup International released the album in January 2004. In addition to the standard version, Headsup released the album in the Hybrid SACD format. The US release reportedly sold 6 million copies [24] and that garnered the group their second Grammy Award. They also embarked on a three month tour of the United States. Wrasse Records was started in 1998 by Ian and Jo Ashbridge. ... Telarc International Corporation is a Cleveland, Ohio based independent record label, founded in 1977 by two classically trained musicians and former teachers, Jack Renner and Robert Woods. ... Super Audio CD (SACD) is a new audio recording format aimed at providing higher fidelity audio reproduction than the compact disc. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


The group returned to Headsup with their 2005 release, No Boundaries, a collaboration with the English Chamber Orchestra which featured many classical standards (Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring, Ave Verum Corpus) and Mambazo tunes (Homeless, Awu, Wemadoda, Ngingenwe Emoyeni). Despite initial worry about European traditions and Zulu folklore, the album sold very well [25] and was nominated for a Grammy Award. No Boundaries is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo and the English Chamber Orchestra. ... The English Chamber Orchestra is a small (hence chamber) orchestra based in London. ...


2006-present

Ladysmith Black Mambazo's 2006 release, Long Walk to Freedom.

Long Walk to Freedom, a celebration of 45 years together, was released by Ladysmith Black Mambazo on January 24, 2006. On the album (which also celebrated 20 years since Graceland), the group recorded with a multitude of artists including Zap Mama, Sarah McLachlan, Melissa Etheridge, Joe McBride, Natalie Merchant, Emmylou Harris, and Taj Mahal as well as South African musicians Lucky Dube, Phuzekhemisi, Bhekumuzi Luthuli, Nokukhanya, Thandiswa, Vusi Mahlasela and Hugh Masekela. Ladysmith Black Mambazo also expressed wishes to work with Paul Simon once more, twenty years on since Graceland. [26] Image File history File links LBM_LongWalk. ... Image File history File links LBM_LongWalk. ... Long Walk to Freedom is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Long Walk to Freedom is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Image:Marie Zap photo. ... Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC,[2] OBC[2] (born January 28, 1968) is a Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... Melissa Lou Etheridge (born May 29, 1961 in Leavenworth, Kansas) is a Grammy- and Academy Award-winning American rock musician. ... Joe McBride (b. ... Natalie Merchant Natalie Anne OShea Merchant (born October 26, 1963 in Jamestown, New York, USA) is a professional musician. ... Emmylou Harris (b. ... Henry Saint Clair Fredericks, better known by the stage name Taj Mahal (born May 17, 1942), is an American blues musician. ... Image:Lucky Dube. ... Vusi Mahlasela is a South African singer/songwriter whose music is generally described as African folk. ... Hugh Masekela (born Johannesburg, April 4, 1939) is a South African flugelhorn and cornet player. ...


To support the promotion of the album and tour, Mambazo appeared on various television and radio programmes throughout January and February 2006. The group has also started a street team; this is currently exclusive to fans in the US and Canada [27].


In April 2006, Mambazo collaborated with Josh Groban for his third studio album, Awake. The songs, "Weeping" and "Lullaby", featured a clear South African influence; lines from a Mambazo song, "Wangibambezela" ("Message from his Heart") were added to the backing track of "Weeping". Following this, in August 2006, Mambazo began working with Mavis Staples in a collaboration for Staples's new album.[28] Whilst Mambazo toured the United States, the television program Saturday Night Live parodied the group in a TV Funhouse sketch, hosted by Dennis Haysbert, about failed Saturday morning cartoons starring black cartoon characters, one of which was a cartoon featuring the group called, Ladysmith Black Mambazo in Outer Space. Members of the group added commentary to the short for the DVD release of the SNL special, "The Best of TV Funhouse".[29] Joshua Winslow Groban (born February 27, 1981) is a Grammy-nominated American singer/songwriter known for his mature and lyrical baritone voice. ... Awake is an album by Josh Groban. ... Mavis Staples (born July 10, 1939 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American rhythm and blues singer. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Dennis Dexter Haysbert (born June 2, 1954) is an American film and television actor. ...


On October 17, 2006[30], Ladysmith Black Mambazo performed a special concert, Long Walk to Freedom: An Evening with Ladysmith Black Mambazo. The night included special guest appearances by Sarah McLachlan, Natalie Merchant, The Mahotella Queens, Vusi Mahlasela, and Pete Seeger. In preparation for the show, The Mahotella Queens performed a special acappella concert the previous night (October 16) in New York. Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC,[2] OBC[2] (born January 28, 1968) is a Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... Natalie Merchant Natalie Anne OShea Merchant (born October 26, 1963 in Jamestown, New York, USA) is a professional musician. ... The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for... Vusi Mahlasela is a South African singer/songwriter whose music is generally described as African folk. ... Peter Seeger (born May 3, 1919), almost universally known as Pete Seeger, is a folk singer, political activist, and author. ... The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for...


For Bob Sinclar's third Africanism mix album, a sampled version of Ladysmith Black Mambazo's song "Isala Kutshelwa" (1985) was used in the song "Steel Storm". Ladysmith Black Mambazo was again nominated for two Grammy Awards in the 49th Annual Grammy Awards, for their album Long Walk to Freedom. The album was nominated in the categories Best Contemporary World Music Album and Best Surround Sound Production, but did not win. Bob Sinclar, mistaken many times as Sinclair (born Christophe Le Friant, 1967) is a French record producer, House music DJ, remixer and owner of the label Yellow Productions. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Ladysmith Black Mambazo's album, Ilembe (2007).
Ladysmith Black Mambazo's album, Ilembe (2007).

Ladysmith Black Mambazo's latest album, Ilembe, was released on February 26, 2007. It was released in South Africa initially, but was issued on the Warner Jazz label for international release on April 2, 2007 (under the title Ilembe - Our Tribute to King Shaka). The album featured new recordings such as "Ommu Beno Mmu", "Sizobalanda" ("We Will Get Them") and "Iphel' Emasini". Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ilembe is the latest release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Ilembe is the latest release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ...


The Ladysmith Black Mambazo Foundation

In January 1999, Joseph Shabalala founded The Ladysmith Black Mambazo Foundation. The aim of the organisation is to teach young Zulu South African children about their traditional culture and music; isicathamiya. Today, the Mambazo Academy is currently being built, with plans for a rehearsal hall, teaching areas and a professional recording studio. The main aim, of course, is to promote and teach the history of isicathamiya music to youngsters. The Ladysmith Black Mambazo Foundation was set up in January 1999 by Ladysmith Black Mambazo lead singer and founder Joseph Shabalala. ... Languages Zulu Religions Christian, African Traditional Religion Related ethnic groups Bantu Nguni Basotho Xhosa Swazi Matabele Khoisan The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are a South African ethnic group of an estimated 17-22 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ...


Awards and nominations

Ladysmith Black Mambazo, like many other artists, have been acknowledged in award ceremonies such as the Grammy Awards and Academy Awards. In 1988, the group received their first Grammy Award for the album Shaka Zulu, which was their first release recorded for the American market. Since then, they have won one more, and have been nominated for a total of twelve times. Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Awards
1981 S.A.R.I.E. Award Best Choral Group on Disc
1988 Grammy Award Best Traditional Folk Recording Shaka Zulu
1993 Drama Desk Award Best Original Music Score The Song of Jacob Zulu (stage)
1996 Drama Desk Award Best Original Music Score Nomathemba (stage)
1997 S.A.M.A. Award Best Zulu Music Album Ukuzala-Ukuzelula
1997 S.A.M.A. Award Best Duo or Group Award Ukuzala-Ukuzelula
2001 S.A.M.A. Award Best Zulu Music Album Lihl' Ixhiba Likagogo
2005 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Raise Your Spirit Higher
Nominations
1988 Grammy Award Best Traditional Folk Recording Shaka Zulu
1991 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Classic Tracks
1993 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Best of - Vol. 1
1995 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Liph' Iqiniso
1995 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Gift of the Tortoise
1996 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Thuthukani Ngoxolo
1998 Grammy Award Best Contemporary World Music Album Heavenly
1999 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Live at the Royal Albert Hall
2001 Academy Award Best Short Documentary Film On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom
2002 Emmy Award Best Cultural Documentary On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom
2005 Grammy Award Best Traditional World Music Album Raise Your Spirit Higher
2006 Grammy Award Best Contemporary World Music Album No Boundaries
2007 Grammy Award Best Contemporary World Music Album Long Walk to Freedom
2007 Grammy Award Best Surround Sound Production Long Walk to Freedom

Touring

The competitions and the first Mambazo concerts

After the release of the group's first album in 1973, they were banned from competing in the isicathamiya competitions because of their ability to win many of the competition. [31] They were, however, welcome to perform for the audience. Following this, the group started performing for their own audiences in shows that were specially made - and soon afterwards, the group began touring around South Africa in their own concerts, but due to the Apartheid system in use, they were often stopped by police guards; on some of these occasions they were even made to lie down on the ground whilst being searched. Shortly afterwards, they were allowed to tour without permits. Isicathamiya is a singing style originated from the South African Zulus. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Two ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Permit, named in honor of the permit, a food fish, often called round pompano, found in waters from North Carolina to Brazil. ...


The Graceland success

By 1986, the group had a very small number of white fans in South Africa; the majority of their fan base was comprised of black people (the group mainly toured in townships). After Paul Simon included the group on his "Graceland Tour of 1987", the group began touring by themselves and became very widely known. They have visited Europe, USA, and Asia, amongst others. The group is quite possibly more well-known in the USA (due to the Graceland success and various advert campaigns for 7-Up and LifeSavers candy) and the UK (again, because of the Graceland success, and several successful advertisements for Heinz). Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Graceland is an album released in 1986 by Paul Simon. ... 7 Up is a brand of a lemon-lime flavored non-caffeinated soft drink. ... A Life Savers Five-Flavor roll. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Today

The group usually tours for three months before returning to South Africa (usually during the Christmas holiday). Altogether, the tours span nine to ten months each year. The group finished a four-month tour of the US in April 2006, and a follow-up 30-date tour of the UK (from May 5 through to June 10), with the Mbaqanga trio Mahotella Queens as their support act. Mambazo started a summer tour on 9 July 2006 with concerts in the US, Australia and New Zealand, ending in October 2006. The same month, the group performed a special concert entitled Long Walk to Freedom: An Evening with Ladysmith Black Mambazo at New York's Carnegie Hall (see 2006-present for more details). In January 2007, the group commenced a three-month tour of the US and will follow this up with concerts in Australia, New Zealand and Europe. [32] The group will also complete an October-November 2007 tour of the UK. [33] May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Mbaqanga is a style of South African music that is usually sung by people from rural areas. ... The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Carnegie Hall Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a chorus from South Africa that sings a cappella isicathamiya and mbube music. ...


Membership

Initially, the group was formed of Joseph Shabalala, his brothers Headman and Enoch, cousins Albert, Milton, Funokwakhe, Abednego and Joseph Mazibuko as well as close friends Matovoti Msimanga and Walter Malinga. Altogether, the group has had 30 different members at one point or another over the past forty-five years. [34] However, founder Joseph Shabalala continues to lead the group in the recording studio and on stage. Headman Msongelwa Shabalala (October 10, 1945 - December 10, 1991) was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded and still led by his brother Joseph. ... Mdletshe Albert Mazibuko is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by his cousin Joseph. ... Mpindela Abednego Mazibuko is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by his cousin Joseph. ...


Even though the early line-ups of the group contained a large amount of relatives from Shabalala's family (and, from 1969, his cousins from the Mazibuko family), most of the members that arrived in the group after the mid-1970s were recruited for their professional qualities. [35] After alto voice Milton Mazibuko was murdered in 1980, the group spent quite a few months 'off', until returning the following year with two new members, Inos Phungula and Geophrey Mdletshe. After Shabalala's younger brother Headman was also murdered on December 10, 1991 (and the departure of Phungula, Mdletshe and Ben Shabalala - who was also killed in 2004), the group stopped singing for a while before Joseph recruited four of his six sons. In the 1970s, the group's original six members had been joined by many other men (most of whom only stayed with them for the recording sessions). Joseph Shabalala's sons joined the group in 1993, moving up from Ladysmith Black Mambazo's junior choir, Mshengu White Mambazo. Mshengu White Mambazo is a South African choral group consisting of the sons of Ladysmith Black Mambazo leader Joseph Shabalala, with his eldest son Nkosinathi leading the group. ...


The members of the group currently reside in Kloof, just outside of the coastal city of Durban in KwaZulu-Natal - though due to their heavy work schedule and appearances, the group only spend a few weeks at home. The chorus' members are Joseph Shabalala; his sons Msizi, Thulani, Thamsanqa, and Sibongiseni; cousins Albert and Abednego Mazibuko; and close friend Russel Mthembu. Jabulani Dubazana, a member of the group since 1975, retired from international touring in September 2004. Long-time member Jockey Shabalala died at his home in Ladysmith, South Africa on February 11, 2006 from various ailments. He was 62, and was a member of the group for almost forty years. Kloof, meaning a small canyon in Afrikaans is a small, middle- to upper-income town in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and is now a suburb of the greater Durban area known as eThekwini. ... Durban (Zulu: eThekwini (IPA: ) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the eThekwini metropolitan municipality. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ... Msizi Innocent Shabalala (1975 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Thulani Shabalala (1975 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Thamsanqa Shabalala, 2005 Thamsanqa Shabalala (1977 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Sibongiseni Shabalala, 2005 Sibongiseni Lucas Shabalala (1973 - ) is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 (and still led) by his father Joseph. ... Ndoda Russel Mthembu is a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by close friend Joseph Shabalala. ... Jabulani Frederick Mwelase Dubazana was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded in 1960 - and still led - by close friend Joseph Shabalala. ... Jockey Shabalala was a member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group founded and still led by his brother Joseph. ... Ladysmith is the name of several places: Ladysmith, British Columbia, Canada Ladysmith, Wisconsin, United States Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Ladismith, Western Cape, South Africa Ladysmith, New South Wales, Australia Ladysmith can also refer to: Siege of Ladysmith, 1900 Ladysmith Black Mambazo, a South African choral group Category: ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Discography

Ladysmith Black Mambazo first recorded in 1973 on the Gallo label in South Africa. Since then the group has recorded over 50 albums, many of which have received gold- and/or platinum-disc certification. This is a near-complete list of recordings made by the South African vocal group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Gallo Record Company is the largest record label in Africa. ...


In popular culture

  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo currently performs the theme song for the animated television series The Land Before Time (based on The Land Before Time films).
  • A Saturday Night Live animated sketch about failed African-themed cartoons featured Lady Smith Black Mambazo In Outer Space.
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo is referenced in the film Mean Girls (2004), when Cady Heron (Lindsay Lohan) chooses to stay home for the weekend instead of going to see a concert with her parents. Her mother's confused response is, "But you love Ladysmith Black Mambazo!"
  • In an episode of the sketch comedy series MADtv, recurring character Coach Hines (played by Keegan-Michael Key) references Ladysmith Black Mambazo when speaking to the wrestling team about the effects of steroid abuse.
  • Priyan Weerappuli, the leader of the Sri Lankan group Pahan Silu, cites Ladysmith Black Mambazo as one of his greatest musical influences.
  • In an episode of The Venture Bros., the character Dr. Venture exclaims "Ladysmith Black Mambazo!", using it as an interjection.
  • On the children's television program Sesame Street, Ladysmith Black Mambazo appear in a montage among other celebrities, singing a verse of "Put Down the Duckie", a song about Ernie having to put down his trademark rubber ducky to learn how to play a saxophone.
  • The group performed in an IBM ThinkPad TV commercial in 1995.
  • The group performed in a Life Savers commercial during the early 1990s. The commercial ended with the group sing, "Lifesavers... yum!"
  • The Griffins in the Family Guy episode "Lethal Weapons" perform a sing-along in the style of Ladysmith Black Mambazo while under the mellowing placebo effect of "mood enhancing" sugar pills.
  • The Ladysmith Black Mambazo song "Izithembiso Zenkosi" is featured at the start of the "Black Rhino" episode of MacGyver.

An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... The Land Before Time is an animated television series, based on characters from The Land Before Time film series created by Judy Freudberg and Tony Geiss. ... The Land Before Time is an animated film, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment, and directed by Don Bluth. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Mean Girls is a 2004 film written by (and co-starring) Tina Fey. ... Lindsay Dee Lohan[1] (born July 2, 1986) is an American actress and pop music singer. ... MADtv is an American sketch comedy television series based on the humor magazine, Mad. ... Keegan-Michael Key (born June 15, 1971 in Northville, Michigan) is an American comedian and actor best known for his appearance on MADtv. ... An article that appeared in the Sri Lankan newspaper The Sunday Leader following Pahan Silus 2005 performance alongside Sri Lankan musician Sanath Nandasiri Pahan Silu, which roughly translates to dancing candlelight from its original Sinhala (one of the three primary languages spoken on the island of Sri Lanka); is... The Venture Bros. ... Dr. Thaddeus S. Rusty Venture is one of the main characters on the Adult Swim show The Venture Bros. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... Ernie, in a skit. ... The quintessential yellow rubber duckie. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family, usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece like the clarinet. ... International Business Machines Corporation (known as IBM or Big Blue; NYSE: IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century. ... A Life Savers Five-Flavor roll. ... Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... “Lethal Weapons” is an episode from the third season of the FOX animated television series Family Guy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Placebo. ... A so-called sugar pill is a pill containing no medical ingredient; this pill is given to half of the subjects of a double-blind drug trial. ... Binomial name Diceros bicornis The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a mammal of the Perissodactyla order which lives in the eastern areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also

The Ladysmith Black Mambazo Foundation was set up in January 1999 by Ladysmith Black Mambazo lead singer and founder Joseph Shabalala. ... Mshengu White Mambazo is a South African choral group consisting of the sons of Ladysmith Black Mambazo leader Joseph Shabalala, with his eldest son Nkosinathi leading the group. ... Solomon Linda (1909-1962) and the Evening Birds in 1941. ... -1... Sweet Honey in the Rock is an all-woman, African American a cappella ensemble that has been producing music for more than 30 years. ... Zulu (isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... Languages Zulu Religions Christian, African Traditional Religion Related ethnic groups Bantu Nguni Basotho Xhosa Swazi Matabele Khoisan The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are a South African ethnic group of an estimated 17-22 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ... Only known drawing of Shaka standing with the long throwing assegai and the heavy shield in 1824 - four years before his death Shaka (sometimes spelled Tshaka, Tchaka or Chaka; ca. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Erlmann, V: "Nightsong", page 291-92. The University of Chicago Press, 1996
  2. ^ Shabalala, J: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom". New Video Group, 2004
  3. ^ Erlmann, V: "Nightsong", interview with Joseph Shabalala (page 294). The University of Chicago Press, 1996
  4. ^ Maile, Sam R.: Amabutho, liner notes. Gallo Record Company, 1973
  5. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom", interview with Joseph Shabalala. New Video Group, 2004
  6. ^ Erlmann, V: "Nightsong", interview with Joseph Shabalala (page 292). The University of Chicago Press, 1996
  7. ^ Erlmann, V: "Nightsong", page 293. The University of Chicago Press, 1996
  8. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom", interview with Patrick Buthelezi (Radio Zulu announcer). New Video Group, 2004
  9. ^ Nkosi, W: "Ezulwini Siyakhona", liner notes. Gallo Record Company, 1986
  10. ^ Nkosi, W: "Ezulwini Siyakhona", liner notes. Gallo Record Company, 1986
  11. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom", interview with Paul Simon on the Apartheid system. New Video Group, 2004
  12. ^ Classic Albums - Graceland (interviews with Paul Simon), Harcourt Films - Isis Productions, 1997
  13. ^ Mankwane, M: Mahlathini, Mahotella Queens and Makgona Tsohle Band - Mbaqanga at its Best!, interviews with Marks Mankwane and Mildred Mangxola. Gallo Record Company, 1997
  14. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom", interview with Paul Simon. New Video Group, 2004
  15. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom", interview with Sibongiseni, Thamsanqa and Thulani Shabalala. New Video Group, 2004
  16. ^ Shabalala, J: Liph' Iqiniso, liner notes and lyrics. Gallo Record Company, 1993
  17. ^ Shabalala, J: Adam Boulton Meets Ladysmith Black Mambazo, interviews with members of the group. Sky News, 1999
  18. ^ Boulton, A: Adam Boulton Meets Ladysmith Black Mambazo. Sky News, 1999
  19. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom". New Video Group, 2004
  20. ^ iAfrica.com news report, Tragedy Strikes Ladysmith Black Mambazo [1].
  21. ^ IOL news report, Shabalala's Son Walks Free [2].
  22. ^ Shabalala, J: Wenyukela, liner notes. Gallo Record Company, 2003
  23. ^ Make Trade Fair - Ladysmith Black Mambazo section, accessed August 13, 2006.
  24. ^ South African Press Association, article on release of Raise Your Spirit Higher in the US, 2004
  25. ^ Williamson, N: "Long Walk to Freedom", liner notes. Headsup International, 2006
  26. ^ ITV London Tonight, interview with Joseph Shabalala during the Ladysmith Black Mambazo UK tour, May-June 2006; retrieved 7 May 2006.
  27. ^ Headsup International page on Ladysmith Black Mambazo's street team
  28. ^ Ladysmith Black Mambazo tour blog [3], entry entitled "Mavis Staples & Ry Cooder". Retrieved September 3, 2006.
  29. ^ Ladysmith Black Mambazo tour blog [4], entry entitled "We're still in outer space". Retrieved September 3, 2006.
  30. ^ Ladysmith Black Mambazo homepage [5], entry entitled "Ladysmith Black Mambazo to perform at New York's Carnegie Hall with Special Friends". Retrieved September 19, 2006.
  31. ^ Simonson, E: "On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom", commentary by Joseph Shabalala on the Durban YMCA competitions of 2004. New Video Group, 2004
  32. ^ Ladysmith Black Mambazo tour page; list of current tour dates
  33. ^ Ladysmith Black Mambazo tour page; list of current tour dates
  34. ^ Erlmann, V: "Nightsong", brief history of Ladysmith Black Mambazo (page 93). The University of Chicago Press, 1996
  35. ^ Erlmann, V: "Nightsong", page 93. The University of Chicago Press, 1996

Amabutho was the debut release by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news and sports-news channel that started broadcasting on 16 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news and sports-news channel that started broadcasting on 16 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service. ... London Tonight is the flagship news programme in the ITV London region. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Erlmann, Veit (1996). Nightsong. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-21721-3. 
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo. In Harmony [VHS]. Gallo Record Company.
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo. The Best of Ladysmith Black Mambazo [VHS]. Gallo Record Company.
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo. Journey of Dreams [DVD]. ILC Ltd.
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo. On Tiptoe: Gentle Steps to Freedom [DVD]. New Video Group.
  • Paul Simon, Ladysmith Black Mambazo et al. Classic Albums - Graceland [DVD]. Harcourt Films/Isis Productions.

External links


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