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Encyclopedia > Lady Bird Johnson
Claudia "Lady Bird" Johnson
Lady Bird Johnson

The First Lady photographed in the White House Center Hall before an official dinner May 6, 1968. For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...


In office
November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy
Succeeded by Pat Nixon

In office
January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963

Born December 22, 1912(1912-12-22)
Karnack, Texas, United States
Died July 11, 2007 (aged 94)
West Lake Hills, Texas, United States
Spouse Lyndon B. Johnson
Children Lynda and Luci
Occupation First Lady of the United States, entrepreneur

Claudia Alta "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson (December 22, 1912July 11, 2007)[1] was First Lady of the United States from 1963 to 1969, having been the wife of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. Throughout her life, she was an advocate for beautification of the nation's cities and highways and conservation of natural resources, and made that her major initiative as First Lady. After leaving the White House in 1969 and her husband's death in 1973, Lady Bird became an entrepreneur, creating the $150 million LBJ Holdings Company, and was a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian honors. First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... LBJ redirects here. ... Jacqueline Bouvier redirects here. ... Thelma Catherine Pat Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of former President Richard Nixon and the First Lady of the United States of America from 1969 to 1974. ... Lynne Cheney, the current Second Lady of the United States The Second Lady of the United States is an unofficial title for the wife of the Vice President of the United States styled relatively to the formal title of the First Lady who is wife to the President and principal... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Andrews-Taylor House in Karnack, the childhood home of Lady Bird Johnson Karnack is a city located in northeastern Harrison County near Caddo Lake in East Texas, USA. As of the 1990 census, the city had a total population of 755. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... West Lake Hills is a city located in Travis County, Texas. ... LBJ redirects here. ... Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, born March 19, 1944, is the oldest of the two daughters of Lyndon Baines Johnson and his wife Claudia Alta Lady Bird Taylor. ... Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin (born July 2, 1947), is the younger daughter of Lady Bird Johnson and her husband the former president, Lyndon Johnson. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon) is a person who operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... LBJ redirects here. ... An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon) is a person who operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks. ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal should not be confused with the Medal of Honor (commonly called the Congressional Medal of Honor), which is also awarded by Congress, but only to military members as the highest military decoration of the United States. ...

Contents

Early life

The Brick House, Lady Bird Johnson's birthplace and childhood home in Karnack, Texas.
The Brick House, Lady Bird Johnson's birthplace and childhood home in Karnack, Texas.

Claudia Alta Taylor was born in Karnack, Texas, a town in Harrison County, near the state's border with Louisiana. Her birthplace was "The Brick House," a former slave plantation mansion on the outskirts of town, which her father had purchased shortly before her birth. Nearly all of both her maternal and paternal forefathers arrived in the Virginia Colony during the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Her father was a native of Alabama and primarily of English ancestry with small amounts of Welsh and Danish while her mother was a native of Texas and of English and Scottish descent [2]. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Andrews-Taylor House in Karnack, the childhood home of Lady Bird Johnson Karnack is a city located in northeastern Harrison County near Caddo Lake in East Texas, USA. As of the 1990 census, the city had a total population of 755. ... Harrison County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about crop plantations. ... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...


Though she was named for her mother's brother Claud,[3] during her infancy, her nurse, Alice Tittle,[4][5] commented, she was as "purty as a ladybird,"[6][7] which is a brightly colored beetle commonly known as a ladybug in the United States[4] That nickname virtually replaced her given name for the rest of her life. Her father and siblings called her Lady,[8] though her husband called her Bird, which is the name she used on her marriage license. During her teenage years, her schoolmates had called her Bird, though mockingly, since she reportedly was not fond of the name.[8] Ladybird and ladybug redirect here. ... For other uses, see Beetle (disambiguation). ...


Her father was Thomas Jefferson Taylor (August 29, 1874October 22, 1960), a sharecropper's son who became a poor businessman and the owner of 15,000 acres (61 km²) of oil and 25 general stores. "My father was a very strong character, to put it mildly," his daughter once said. "He lived by his own rules. It was a whole feudal way of life, really."[5] is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

A portrait of Lady Bird Taylor at about age three
A portrait of Lady Bird Taylor at about age three

Her mother was the former Minnie Lee Pattillo (1874–1918), an opera lover who felt out of place in Karnack and who was often in "poor emotional and physical health."[3] When Lady Bird was five years old, Minnie, while pregnant, fell down a flight of stairs and died of complications after miscarrying.[3] In a profile of Lady Bird Johnson, Time magazine described Lady Bird's mother as "a tall, eccentric woman from an old and aristocratic Alabama family, liked to wear long white dresses and heavy veils [... and who] scandalized people for miles around by entertaining Negroes in her home, and once even started to write a book about Negro religious practices, called Bio Baptism." Her unreconstructed husband, however, tended to see blacks as "hewers of wood and drawers of water," according to his younger son.[8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Lady Bird had two elder brothers, Thomas Jefferson Jr. (1901–1959) and Antonio, also known as Tony (1904–1986). She also had two stepmothers, one whom her father divorced and Ruth Scroggins, who married Thomas Taylor in 1937.[9]


She was largely raised by her aunt Effie Pattillo, who moved to Karnack after her sister's death, although Lady Bird visited her Pattillo relatives in Autauga County, Alabama, every summer until she was a young woman. As she explained, "Until I was about 20, summertime always meant Alabama to me. With Aunt Effie we would board the train in Marshall and ride to the part of the world that meant watermelon cuttings, picnics at the creek, and a lot of company every Sunday."[10] According to Lady Bird, her aunt Effie "opened my spirit to beauty, but she neglected to give me any insight into the practical matters a girl should know about, such as how to dress or choose one's friends or learning to dance."[8] Autauga County, Alabama is a county of the State of Alabama. ...


Lady Bird was a shy and quiet girl who spent much of her youth alone in the outdoors. "People always look back at it now and assume it was lonely," she once said about her childhood. "To me it definitely was not. [...] I spent a lot of time just walking and fishing and swimming."[11] She developed her lifelong love of the environment as a child growing up in the tall pines and bayous of East Texas and watching the wildflowers bloom each spring.[12] Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Big Cypress Bayou in Jefferson, Texas off of U.S. Route 59. ... Red counties show the core of East Texas; pink and red counties may or may not be included in East Texas, and thus their inclusion varies from source to source. ... For other uses, see Wildflower (disambiguation). ...


Education

University of Texas Main Building
University of Texas Main Building

When it came time to enter high school (her brothers, however, had attended boarding schools in New York),[11] Lady Bird moved away from home to live with another family during weekdays in the town of Jefferson, Texas,[13] since there was no high school in the Karnack area. Eventually she graduated third in her class at the age of 15 from Marshall Senior High School in nearby Marshall. Despite her young age, she drove herself to school in her own car, a distance of 15 miles (24 km) each way, because, she said, "it was an awful chore for my daddy to delegate some person from his business to take me in and out."[11] During her senior year, when she realized that she had the highest grades in her class, she "purposely allowed her grades to slip" so that she would not have to give the valedictorian or salutatorian speech.[4] Image File history File linksMetadata The_University_of_Texas_at_Austin_-_Littlefield_Fountain_and_Main_Building. ... Image File history File linksMetadata The_University_of_Texas_at_Austin_-_Littlefield_Fountain_and_Main_Building. ... Jefferson is a city located in Marion County, Texas. ... Education in Marshall, Texas in secondary and primary education is almost entirely conducted by the Marshall Independent School District, with over 6,000 students at twelve campuses. ... Marshall is a major city of the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Texas. ... In the United States and Canada, the title of valedictorian (an anglicized derivation from the Latin vale dicere, to say farewell) is given to the top graduate of the graduating class (the Australia/New Zealand equivalent being dux, although some Australian universities use the American term) of an educational institution. ... In the United States and Canada, the title of salutatorian is given to the second-highest graduate of the entire graduating class of an educational institution. ...


After graduating from high school in May 1928, Lady Bird entered the University of Alabama for the summer session, where she took her first journalism course, but being homesick for Texas, she did not return for the fall term at Alabama.[14] Instead she and a high school friend enrolled at St Mary's College,[15] a strict Episcopal boarding junior college for women in Dallas, where she "converted to the Episcopal faith", although she waited five years to be confirmed.[16] The University of Alabama (also known as Alabama, UA or colloquially as Bama) is a public coeducational university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1831, UA is the flagship school of the University of Alabama System. ... Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... The Episcopal Church or the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America is the American Church of the Anglican Communion. ... Dallas redirects here. ...

Field of Bluebonnets in Texas
Field of Bluebonnets in Texas

After graduating from St. Mary's in May 1930, Lady Bird toyed with the idea of going back to Alabama, but another friend from Marshall was going to the University of Texas, so she chartered a plane to go down to Austin to check it out. Prophetically, as the plane landed she was awed by the sight of a field covered with bluebonnets and instantly fell in love with the city.[17] Lady Bird received a Bachelor's of Arts degree with honors in 1933[18] and a second bachelor's degree in journalism Cum Laude in 1934[19] — a time when women were hard pressed to have a career of their own, let alone a college education. She was active on campus in different organizations such as Orange Jackets and believed in student leadership. Her goal was to become a reporter, but she also earned a teaching certificate.[4] The summer after her second graduation, she and a girlfriend traveled to New York City and Washington, D.C., where they peered through the fence at the White House.[4] University of Texas redirects here. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... This article is about the flower Bluebonnet. ... Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... Orange Jackets is the one of the oldest student organizations at The University of Texas at Austin, founded in 1923 as a womens honorary organization, named for their distinctive orange vests. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...


Marriage and family

Her goal of a career in media was deferred when a friend in Austin introduced her to Lyndon Baines Johnson, a young up-and-coming political hopeful[20] working as an aide to Congressman Richard Kleberg.[4] Richard Mifflin Kleberg, Sr. ...


On their first date, which was breakfast the next morning at the Driskill Hotel and a long drive in the country, Johnson proposed. Lady Bird did not want to rush into marriage, but Lyndon Johnson was persistent and did not want to wait. Lady Bird accepted his proposal 10 weeks later.[4] The couple married on November 17, 1934 at St. Mark's Episcopal Church in San Antonio, Texas. The Driskill Hotel, dedicated on December 29, 1886, is the oldest operating hotel in Austin, Texas and one of the best-known hotels in Texas generally. ... Matrimony redirects here. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... San Antonio redirects here. ...


After three miscarriages,[4] the couple had two daughters, Lynda (born in 1944), whose husband Charles S. Robb went on to become governor of Virginia and a U.S. Senator, and Luci, born in 1947,[21] who first married Pat Nugent and later married Ian Turpin. At the time of her death, Johnson had seven grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren.[4] Lynda B. Johnson at Expo 67 Credit: Library and Archives Canada Lynda Bird Johnson Robb (born March 19, 1944 ) is the elder of the two daughters of Lyndon Baines Johnson and his wife, Lady Bird Johnson. ... Charles Spittal Chuck Robb (born June 26, American politician. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin (born July 2, 1947), is the younger daughter of Lady Bird Johnson and her husband the former president, Lyndon Johnson. ...


Early politics

When Lyndon decided to run for Congress from Austin's 10th district, Lady Bird provided the money to launch his campaign. She took $10,000 of her inheritance from her mother's estate to help start his political career.[22] The couple settled in Washington, D.C. after Lyndon was elected to Congress.[23] After he enlisted in the Navy at the outset of the Second World War, Lady Bird ran the congressional office.[23] USN redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Johnson sometimes served as a mediating force between her willful husband and those he had encountered; on one occasion, after Lyndon had clashed with a young Houston reporter, Dan Rather, Lady Bird followed Rather in her car and invited him to return and have some punch, explaining, "That's just the way Lyndon sometimes is."[24] Houston redirects here. ... Daniel Irvin Rather, Jr. ...


Business career

In 1943, Johnson spent $17,500 of her inheritance to purchase KTBC, an Austin radio station that was in debt. She served as President of the company, LBJ Holding Co., and her husband negotiated an agreement with the CBS radio network. Lady Bird decided to expand by buying a television station in 1952 despite Lyndon's objections, reminding him that she could do as she wished with her inheritance.[4] The station, KTBC-7 (then affiliated with CBS as well), would make the Johnsons millionaires as Austin's monopoly VHF franchise.[25] Eventually, Johnson's initial $41,000 investment turned into more than $150 million for the LBJ Holding Company.[26] Johnson remained involved with the company until she was in her 80s.[4] 590 KLBJ AM is a talk radio station broadcasting out of Austin, TX, USA. It was once owned by the family of Lyndon Baines Johnson, but is now owned by Emmis Communications out of Indianapolis, Indiana. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... KTBC channel 7 is the Fox owned-and-operated television station in Austin, Texas. ... This article is about the economic term. ... Very high frequency (VHF) is the radio frequency range from 30 MHz to 300 MHz. ...

Lady Bird Johnson in 1962
Lady Bird Johnson in 1962

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (940x1188, 208 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lady Bird Johnson Category: ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (940x1188, 208 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lady Bird Johnson Category: ...

Second Lady of the United States

John F. Kennedy chose Lyndon Johnson as his running mate for the 1960 election. At Kennedy's request, Lady Bird took an expanded role during the campaign, due to Jacqueline Kennedy's pregnancy. Over 71 days, she traveled 35,000 miles (56,000 km) through 11 states and appeared at 150 events.[4] Kennedy and Johnson won the election that November, with Lady Bird helping the Democratic ticket carry seven Southern states.[4] John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... First official White House portrait. ...


As the Vice-President's wife, Lady Bird often served as a substitute for Jacqueline Kennedy at official events and functions. The Johnsons were accompanying Kennedy in Dallas when he was assassinated, and Lyndon was sworn in as President two hours later. President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine just moments before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ...


First Lady of the United States

Official White House portrait of Lady Bird Johnson, painted in 1968 by Elizabeth Shoumatoff
Official White House portrait of Lady Bird Johnson, painted in 1968 by Elizabeth Shoumatoff

As First Lady, Johnson started a capital beautification project (Society for a More Beautiful National Capital) to improve physical conditions in Washington, D.C., both for residents and tourists by planting millions of flowers.[26] Her beliefs regarding the importance of national beautification can best be summarized in her statement that "where flowers bloom, so does hope." She worked extensively with American Association of Nurserymen (ANN) executive Vice President Robert F. Lederer to protect wildflowers and promote the planting of them along highways. Her efforts inspired similar programs throughout the country. She was also instrumental in promoting the Highway Beautification Act, which was nicknamed "Lady Bird's Bill"[4] and sought to beautify the nation's highway system by limiting billboards and by planting roadside areas. She was an advocate of the Head Start program. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Unfinished Portrait Elizabeth Shoumatoff was a painter. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Billboard redirects here. ... Head Start is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that focuses on assisting children from low-income families. ...


Johnson created the modern structure of the First Lady's office; she was the first to have a press secretary and chief of staff of her own and an outside liaison with Congress.[26] Her press secretary from 1963 to 1969 was Liz Carpenter, a fellow University of Texas alumna. Carpenter was the first professional newswoman to be press secretary to a First Lady, and she also served as Lady Bird's staff director. Johnson's tenure as First Lady marked the beginning of the hiring of employees in the East Wing to work specifically for the First Lady's projects.[25] A press secretary is a senior advisor (usually to a politician) who provides advice on how to deal with the media and, using news management techniques, helps them to maintain a positive public image and avoid negative media coverage. ... White House portrait Claudia Alta Taylor Johnson, known commonly as Lady Bird Johnson, (born December 22, 1912), as the wife of Lyndon B. Johnson, was First Lady of the United States from 1963-1969. ...

Mrs. Johnson in front to the South Lawn of the White House
Mrs. Johnson in front to the South Lawn of the White House

During the 1964 election, Johnson traveled through eight Southern states in her own train to promote the Civil Rights Act,[26] at one point giving 45 speeches over five days.[25] It was the first solo whistlestop tour of a First Lady.[24] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3196x4804, 1945 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lady Bird Johnson Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3196x4804, 1945 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lady Bird Johnson Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... Several United States laws have been called the Civil Rights Act: Civil Rights Act of 1866[1] aimed to buttress Civil Rights Laws to protect freedmen and to grant full citizenship to those born on U.S. soil except Indians. ...


In 1970, Johnson published A White House Diary, her intimate, behind-the-scenes account of her husband's presidency spanning November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969. Beginning with Kennedy's assassination, Mrs. Johnson recorded the momentous events of her times, including the Great Society's War on Poverty, the national civil rights and social protest movements, her own activism on behalf of the environment, and the Vietnam War. Long out of print, the paperback edition of A White House Diary will be available again through the University of Texas Press in fall 2007.[27] Johnson was acquainted with a long span of fellow First Ladies, from Eleanor Roosevelt to Laura Bush, and was protected by the United States Secret Service for 44 years, longer than anyone else in history.[28] is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The Great Society was also a 1960s band featuring Grace Slick, and a 1914 book by English social theorist Graham Wallas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The University of Texas Press is a university press that is part of the University of Texas at Austin. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... USSS redirects here. ...


Later life

A portrait of Lady Bird Johnson in the Texas Hill Country
A portrait of Lady Bird Johnson in the Texas Hill Country
The former First Lady in 1987
The former First Lady in 1987

After former President Johnson died of a heart attack in 1973,[25] Lady Bird remained in the public eye, honoring her husband and other Presidents. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 620 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1275 × 1232 pixel, file size: 938 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions No File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 620 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1275 × 1232 pixel, file size: 938 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions No File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ...


In the 1970s, she focused her attention on the Austin riverfront area through her involvement in the Town Lake Beautification Project. In 2007, Town Lake was posthumously renamed Lady Bird Lake after all to honor her efforts. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ...


From 1971 to 1978, Johnson served on the board of regents for the University of Texas System.[29] She also served on the National Park Service Advisory Board and was the first woman to serve on National Geographic's Board of Trustees.[25] President Nixon mentioned Johnson as a possible ambassador in a circulated memo, but nothing came of that proposal.[25] The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities and six are health institutions. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ... Nixon redirects here. ...


On December 22, 1982 (her 70th birthday), she and actress Helen Hayes founded the National Wildflower Research Center, a nonprofit organization devoted to preserving and reintroducing native plants in planned landscapes, located east of Austin, Texas. This earned her the nickname of "Johnny Appleseed" of Wildflowers. The Center opened a new facility southwest of Austin on La Crosse Avenue in 1994. It was officially renamed the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center in 1998 in honor of Johnson, who raised $10 million for the facility.[26] On June 20, 2006, the University of Texas at Austin announced plans to incorporate the 279-acre (1.1 km²) Wildflower Center into the University.[30] is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Helen Hayes (October 10, 1900 – March 17, 1993) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress whose successful and award-winning career spanned almost 70 years. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... This article is about the historical figure. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... University of Texas redirects here. ...


For 20 years, Johnson spent her summers on the island of Martha's Vineyard renting the home of Charles Guggenheim for many of those years. She said she had greatly appreciated the island's natural beauty and flowers.[31] Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... Charles Guggenheim (March 31, 1924-October 9, 2002) was a U.S. film director and producer. ...


In 2004, she personally accepted the Edwin P. Hubble Medal of Initiative, the city of Marshfield, Missouri's, highest honor. The presentation occurred at the Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library and was presented by friend, Nicholas W. Inman. Johnson unable to speak wrote to Inman on a piece of paper that she had watched them launch the Hubble telescope, following Inman's lengthy explanation regarding the telescope. Following, the revelation, the two shared a lengthy laugh.


On October 13, 2006, Johnson made a rare public appearance at the renovation announcement of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum. Sitting in a wheelchair and showing signs of recent health problems, Lady Bird seemed engaged and alert, and clapped along with those present at the ceremony. is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lyndon B. Johnson library in Austin, Texas. ...


Final years

Health problems and death

Lady Bird with her daughter Lynda Johnson Robb and First Lady Laura Bush in 2005
Lady Bird with her daughter Lynda Johnson Robb and First Lady Laura Bush in 2005

In 1993, Johnson's health began to fail. In August 1993 she suffered a stroke and became legally blind due to macular degeneration. In 1999 she was hospitalized for a fainting spell and, in 2002, she suffered a second, more severe, stroke, which left her unable to speak coherently or walk without assistance. In 2005, she spent a few days in an Austin hospital for treatment of bronchitis. In February 2006, Lady Bird's daughter Lynda Johnson Robb told a gathering at the Truman Library in Independence, Missouri, that her mother was now totally blind and was "not in very good health."[32] Lynda B. Johnson at Expo 67 Credit: Library and Archives Canada Lynda Bird Johnson Robb (born March 19, 1944 ) is the elder of the two daughters of Lyndon Baines Johnson and his wife, Lady Bird Johnson. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... Blindness can be defined physiologically as the condition of lacking sight. ... Listen to this article ( info/dl) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-07-19, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi and may specifically refer to: Acute bronchitis, caused by viruses or bacteria and lasting several days or weeks Chronic bronchitis, a persistent, productive cough lasting at least three months in two consecutive years. ... Independence is a city in Missouri, in the Kansas City metropolitan area. ...


In June 2007, Johnson spent six days in Seton Hospital in Austin after suffering from a low-grade fever.[33] At 4:18 PM (CDT) on July 11, 2007, she died at home of natural causes,[34] surrounded by members of her family and Catholic priest Father Robert Scott.[35] At Johnson's funeral service her daughter, Luci Baines Johnson, remarked that one week before her death she made a public appearance and visited the New Austin Art Gallery. "It was a scene: mother was on IV, oxygen tube and a feeding tube. It looked like a mobile hospital. But she had a wonderful time," Luci said. June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ... Central Standard Time redirects here. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Three weeks before Lady Bird's death, the rector of St. Barnabas Episcopal Church in Fredericksburg, which had been her second home for over 50 years, had announced to his parishioners that she had given $300,000 to pay off the church's mortgage.[36]


Funeral services

Nancy Reagan, Rosalynn Carter, Jimmy Carter, Laura Bush, Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, (second row) Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg, Barbara Bush, Susan Ford Bales, (third row) Maria Shriver, and Patricia "Tricia" Nixon Cox attend the funeral of Lady Bird Johnson at the Riverbend Centre in Austin, Texas
Nancy Reagan, Rosalynn Carter, Jimmy Carter, Laura Bush, Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, (second row) Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg, Barbara Bush, Susan Ford Bales, (third row) Maria Shriver, and Patricia "Tricia" Nixon Cox attend the funeral of Lady Bird Johnson at the Riverbend Centre in Austin, Texas

Johnson's family held a private Eucharist at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center on July 13. The public was able to pay tribute as her casket lay in repose in the Great Hall of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum from the afternoon of July 13 to the morning of July 14. The library remained open all night as more than 12,000 mourners filed by her casket.[37] Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (born August 18, 1927) is the wife of former President Jimmy Carter and was First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... REDIRECT Hillary Rodham Clinton   This is a redirect from a title with another method of capitalisation. ... Caroline Bouvier Kennedy (born November 27, 1957) is the daughter of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Susan Ford Vance Bales (born July 6, 1957 in Washington, D.C.) is an American author, photojournalist, and drug addiction and cancer awareness advocate. ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and as such, the current First Lady of California. ... Tricia Nixon, escorted by her father down the aisle at her wedding to Edward Cox in 1971. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lyndon B. Johnson library in Austin, Texas. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The funeral services took place at Riverbend Centre in Austin on the afternoon of July 14. The service was by invitation only due to limited space at the venue. Those in attendance included First Lady Laura Bush, former Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton, and former First Ladies New York Democratic Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton, Barbara Bush, Nancy Reagan and Rosalynn Carter.[38] Former First Lady Betty Ford was unable to attend the funeral service and was represented by her daughter Susan Ford. In addition, Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg and Patricia Nixon Cox represented their former first families. For Nixon Cox, the service was quite poignant, as she and her late father, Richard Nixon, attended the state funeral of President Johnson 34 years earlier, which he presided over when president. is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is the junior United States Senator from New York, and is a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 presidential election. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (born August 18, 1927) is the wife of former President Jimmy Carter and was First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. ... Betty Fords official White House portrait, painted in 1977 by Felix de Cossio Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the widow of former United States President Gerald R. Ford and was the First Lady from 1974 to 1977. ... Susan Ford Vance Bales (born July 6, 1957 in Washington, D.C.) is an American author, photojournalist, and drug addiction and cancer awareness advocate. ... Caroline Bouvier Kennedy Schlossberg (born November 27, 1957) is the daughter and only surviving child of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline. ... Tricia Nixon, escorted by her father down the aisle at her wedding to Edward Cox in 1971. ... Nixon redirects here. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


At 9:00 A.M. on July 15, a ceremonial cortège left the Texas State Capitol. The public was invited to line the route through downtown Austin on Congress Avenue and along the shores of Lady Bird Lake to pay their respects. The public part of the funeral procession ended in Johnson City. The family had a private burial at the Johnson family cemetery in Stonewall, where Johnson was laid to rest next to her husband.[38] is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Capitol Building is brilliantly illuminated at night The Texas State Capitol, located in Austin, Texas, is the fourth building to serve as the seat of Texas government. ... Downtown Austin and the State Capitol as seen from the Congress Avenue Bridge over Town Lake. ... Johnson City is a city located in Blanco County, Texas. ... Stonewall is a census-designated place located in Gillespie County, Texas. ...


Honors

Lady Bird Johnson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Gerald Ford on January 10, 1977. The citation for her medal read: The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...

"One of America's great First Ladies, she claimed her own place in the hearts and history of the American people. In councils of power or in homes of the poor, she made government human with her unique compassion and her grace, warmth and wisdom. Her leadership transformed the American landscape and preserved its natural beauty as a national treasure."[39]

Johnson then received the Congressional Gold Medal on May 8, 1984. Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal should not be confused with the Medal of Honor (commonly called the Congressional Medal of Honor), which is also awarded by Congress, but only to military members as the highest military decoration of the United States. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


In a 1982 poll taken of historians ranking the most influential and important First Ladies, Johnson placed third behind Abigail Adams and Eleanor Roosevelt for her work as a conservation activist.[4] Abigail Adams (née Smith) (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams the second President of the United States and mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth, and is regarded as the first Second Lady of the United States and the second First Lady of... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. ...


In addition to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, she was honored by the naming of the Lady Bird Johnson Park on Columbia Island in Washington, D.C., which was founded as a result of her efforts as First Lady to beautify the capital.[4] She declined many overtures to name Austin's Town Lake in her honor after she had led a campaign to clean up the lake and add trails to its shoreline; following her death, Austin Mayor Will Wynn's office said it was a "foregone conclusion that Town Lake is going to be renamed" in honor of Johnson.[39] The lake was renamed Lady Bird Lake on July 26, 2007.[40] The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center is a national non-profit organization based in Austin, Texas devoted to preserving and reintroducing native plants in planned landscapes. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac is located in Lady Bird Johnson Park on Columbia Island in Washington, D.C. The memorial honors the 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, and the larger park honors his widow, Lady Bird Johnson. ... Columbia Island is located in the Potomac River in Washington, DC. It is accessible from downtown DC and Arlington National Cemetery via the Arlington Memorial Bridge and from Northern Virginia via the George Washington Memorial Parkway. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Will Wynn is the current mayor of Austin, Texas. ... Lady Bird Lake (formerly Town Lake) is a reservoir on the Colorado River in downtown Austin, Texas, in the United States. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Johnson was also named the honorary chairwoman of the Head Start program.[39]


She held honorary degrees from many universities: Boston University, the University of Alabama, George Washington University, Johns Hopkins University, State University of New York, Southern Methodist University, Texas Woman's University, Middlebury College, Williams College, Southwestern University, Texas State University–San Marcos, Washington College and St. Edward's University.[39] For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... The University of Alabama (also known as Alabama, UA or colloquially as Bama) is a public coeducational university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. Founded in 1831, UA is the flagship school of the University of Alabama System. ... The George Washington University (GW), is a private, coeducational university located in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C. The school was founded in 1821 as The Columbian College in the District of Columbia by Baptist ministers using funds bequeathed by George Washington. ... The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ... Not to be confused with University of the State of New York. ... Dallas Hall at Dedman College at SMU The Laura Lee Blanton Hall during a rare snow storm Southern Methodist University (commonly SMU) is a nationally recognized, private, coeducational university in University Park, Texas (an enclave of Dallas). ... Texas Womans University (historically the College of Industrial Arts and Texas State College for Women) is a university in Denton, Texas with two health science center branches in Dallas, Texas and Houston, Texas. ... Middlebury College is a small, private liberal arts college located in the rural town of Middlebury, Vermont, United States. ... Williams College is a highly selective, private, liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. ... Southwestern University is a private, four-year, undergraduate, liberal arts college located in Georgetown, Texas, USA. Founded in 1840, Southwestern is the oldest university in Texas. ... Texas State University–San Marcos is a doctoral degree granting university located in San Marcos, Texas. ... See Washington (disambiguation) for institutions with similar names. ... This article is about the university in Texas. ...


References

  1. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson, Former First Lady, Dies at 94", The New York Times, Associated Press, July 11, 2007
  2. ^ wc.roots.com
  3. ^ a b c "Vibrant spirit takes Lady Bird from a small town to UT", The Palm Beach Post
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Champion of Conservation, Loyal Force Behind LBJ", The Washington Post, 2007-07-12, p. A1. Retrieved on 2007-07-21. 
  5. ^ a b Lady Bird Johnson: Her Early Years PBS
  6. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson: Final Tribute"
  7. ^ "Obituary: Lady Bird Johnson", BBC news website
  8. ^ a b c d The First Lady Bird TIME
  9. ^ The Handbook of Texas
  10. ^ So Glad, So Glad TIME April 3, 1964
  11. ^ a b c Brandon, Henry. "A Talk With the First Lady", The New York Times, September 10, 1967. 
  12. ^ Wilson, Janet. "East Texas wildflower." Austin American-Statesman, July 13, 2007, p.2 (Lady Bird Johnson Commemorative Section)
  13. ^ Former first lady leaves rich legacy as political wife, environmental activist, businesswoman. American Statesman
  14. ^ Russell, Jan Jarboe, Lady Bird, A Biography of Mrs. Johnson, 1999, New York: Scribner, pp. 69-70
  15. ^ TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association
  16. ^ Russell, Jan Jarboe, Lady Bird, A Biography of Mrs. Johnson, 1999, New York: Scribner, pp. 70-71
  17. ^ Russell, Jan Jarboe, Lady Bird, A Biography of Mrs. Johnson, 1999, New York: Scribner, pp. 71-72
  18. ^ Russell, Jan Jarboe, Lady Bird, A Biography of Mrs. Johnson, 1999, New York: Scribner, p. 83
  19. ^ Russell, Jan Jarboe, Lady Bird, A Biography of Mrs. Johnson, 1999, New York: Scribner, p. 88
  20. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson, the First Lady a Nation Mourns." AXcess News. Accessed online on July 12, 2007.
  21. ^ New York Times "Lady Bird Johnson, 94, Dies; Eased a Path to Power" July 12, 2007
  22. ^ Wilson, Janet. "Wife, mother, partner." The Austin American-Statesman, July 13, 2007, p.3 (Lady Bird Johnson Commemorative Section)
  23. ^ a b [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/front/4960783.html Houston Chronicle "Lady Bird Johnson, 94, Dies; Eased a Path to Power" July 12, 2007
  24. ^ a b NPR "Former First Lady 'Lady Bird' Johnson Dead at 94" July 12, 2007
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Lady Bird Johnson", The Daily Telegraph. 
  26. ^ a b c d e Washington Post, "Lady Bird Johnson Gave America A Big Bouquet", July 12, 2007
  27. ^ Johnson, Lady Bird (2007). A White House Diary. University of Texas Press. 
  28. ^ Feldman, Claudia. "Secret Service agent will miss Lady Bird", The Houston Chronicle. 
  29. ^ DeBard, Amanda; Philip Jankowski. "A former first lady leaves us her legacy", The Daily Texan, 2007-07-12. 
  30. ^ University of Texas at Austin (June 20, 2006). "University of Texas System Regents authorize union of The University of Texas at Austin, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center". Press release. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
  31. ^ "Former First Lady Visited Vineyard", Vineyard Gazette, 2007-07-13. 
  32. ^ Recalling life in the mansion
  33. ^ Lady Bird Johnson released from hospital June 28, 2007. Reuters @ MSNBC.com
  34. ^ 4:18 (CDT) Former First Lady, Lady Bird Johnson Dies at 94 Fox News
  35. ^ Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, p. 29, July 13, 2007
  36. ^ Episcopal Life Online - DIOCESAN DIGEST
  37. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson Receives Her Goodbye." New York Times. July 14, 2007
  38. ^ a b "Lady Bird Johnson laid to rest next to LBJ", The Canton Repository, 2007-07-16. Retrieved on 2007-07-21. 
  39. ^ a b c d Wilson, Janet. "Lady Bird Johnson dies at 94", Austin American-Statesman, July 12, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-22. 
  40. ^ Raskin, Amy (2007). "Austin's Town Lake renamed Lady Bird Lake". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved on July 26, 2007.

The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Palm Beach Post is a major daily newspaper in Florida, serving mainly Palm Beach, Martin, and St. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Austin American-Statesman is the major daily newspaper for Austin, the capital city of Texas. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

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Honorary titles
Preceded by
Pat Nixon
Second Lady of the United States
1961–1963
Succeeded by
Muriel Humphrey
Preceded by
Jacqueline Kennedy
First Lady of the United States
1963–1969
Succeeded by
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Helen Herron Taft Helen Louise Herron Taft (June 2, 1861 – May 22, 1943), usually known as Nellie Taft or Helen Taft, was the wife of William Howard Taft, was First Lady of the United States from 1909 to 1913. ... Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914),[1] first wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1913 until her death. ... White House portrait Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (October 15, 1872–December 28, 1961), second wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921. ... White House portrait Florence (Flossie) Mabel Kling deWolfe Harding (August 15, 1860 – November 21, 1924), wife of Warren G. Harding, was First Lady of the United States from 1921 to 1923. ... Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge (January 3, 1879 – July 8, 1957) was wife of Calvin Coolidge and First Lady of the United States from 1923 to 1929. ... Lou Henry Hoover (1874-1944) Lou Henry Hoover (March 29, 1874 – January 7, 1944) was the wife of President Herbert Hoover and First Lady of the United States. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. ... Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982), often known as Bess Truman, was the wife of Harry S Truman and First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953. ... Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (November 14, 1896 – November 1, 1979) was the wife of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and First Lady of the United States from 1953 to 1961. ... Jacqueline Bouvier redirects here. ... Thelma Catherine Pat Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of former President Richard Nixon and the First Lady of the United States of America from 1969 to 1974. ... Betty Fords official White House portrait, painted in 1977 by Felix de Cossio Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the widow of former United States President Gerald R. Ford and was the First Lady from 1974 to 1977. ... Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (born August 18, 1927) is the wife of former President Jimmy Carter and was First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is the junior United States Senator from New York, and is a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 presidential election. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... Image File history File links Seal_Of_The_President_Of_The_Unites_States_Of_America. ... Lynne Cheney, the current Second Lady of the United States The Second Lady of the United States is an unofficial title for the wife of the Vice President of the United States styled relatively to the formal title of the First Lady who is wife to the President and principal... Abigail Adams (née Smith) (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams the second President of the United States and mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth, and is regarded as the first Second Lady of the United States and the second First Lady of... Floride Calhoun (February 15, 1792-July 25, 1866, was the wife of prominent U.S. politician John C. Calhoun. ... Letitia Christian Tyler (November 12, 1790 - September 10, 1842), first wife of John Tyler, was First Lady of the United States from 1841 until her death. ... Abigail Powers Fillmore (March 13, 1798 - March 30, 1853), wife of Millard Fillmore, was First Lady of the United States from 1850 to 1853. ... Eliza McCardle Johnson (October 4, 1810 - January 15, 1876) was the wife of Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of the USA. Even though she supported her husband in his political career, she avoided public appearances. ... Anna Livingston Reade Street Morton (May 18, 1846—August 14, 1918) was the second wife of Vice President Levi P. Morton. ... Jennie Tuttle Hobart (c. ... White House portrait Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (August 6, 1861 – September 30, 1948), second wife of Theodore Roosevelt, was First Lady of the United States from 1901 to 1909. ... Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge (January 3, 1879 – July 8, 1957) was wife of Calvin Coolidge and First Lady of the United States from 1923 to 1929. ... Mariette Rheiner Garner (17 July 1869—17 August 1948) was the wife of John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice-President of the United States, who served from 1933 until 1941. ... Ilo Wallace was the wife of U.S Vice President, and later Commerce Secretary, Henry A. Wallace. ... Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982), often known as Bess Truman, was the wife of Harry S Truman and First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953. ... Jane Hadley Barkley is the former Second Lady of the United States and the widow of former Vice President Alben Barkley. ... Thelma Catherine Pat Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of former President Richard Nixon and the First Lady of the United States of America from 1969 to 1974. ... Muriel Humphrey Muriel Buck Humphrey (February 20, 1912 – September 20, 1998) was the wife of Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey, and a United States Senator. ... Elinor Isabel Judy Agnew was the wife of the thirty-ninth Vice President of the United States, Spiro Agnew. ... Betty Fords official White House portrait, painted in 1977 by Felix de Cossio Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the widow of former United States President Gerald R. Ford and was the First Lady from 1974 to 1977. ... Margaretta Large Fitler Murphy Rockefeller (born June 9, 1926) is the second wife and widow of Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (1908–1979), the 41st Vice President of the United States of America and a Governor of New York. ... Joan Adams Mondale (born August 8, 1930), is a former Second Lady of the United States and the wife of Walter Mondale. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Marilyn Tucker Quayle (born July 29, 1949) is the wife of former U.S. Vice President James Danforth Quayle and held the unofficial title of Second Lady of the United States from 1989 until 1993. ... Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson Gore (born August 19, 1948), known as Tipper Gore, is the wife of former Vice President Al Gore and was the Second Lady of the United States from 1993 until 2001. ... Lynne Ann Vincent Cheney (born August 14, 1941) , is a novelist, conservative scholar, and former talk-show host who is the wife of Vice President Dick Cheney. ...

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Biography of Lady Bird Johnson (515 words)
Christened Claudia Alta Taylor when she was born in a country mansion near Karnack, Texas, she received her nickname "Lady Bird" as a small child; and as Lady Bird she was known and loved throughout America.
Johnson's White House Diary, published in 1970, and a 1981 documentary film, The First Lady, A Portrait of Lady Bird Johnson, give sensitive and detailed views of her contributions to the President's Great Society administration.
Lady Bird lead a life devoted to her husband's memory, her children, and seven grandchildren.
Lady Bird Johnson: The First Lady's Beautification Campaign (1228 words)
Lady Bird focused much of her efforts on cleaning up Washington, DC, believing that beautifying the dilapidated capital city could become an example to other cities across the country.
Lady Bird also saw her beautification projects as helping soothe the nation at a time when the Vietnam war, civil rights and other highly charged political topics fomented division.
Lady Bird and her husband had driven many times from their home in Texas to Washington, DC, and had been frustrated by the increasing number of junkyards and billboards along the way.
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