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Encyclopedia > Lacedaemon

Lacedaemon, or Lakedaimon, Grk. Λακεδαιμων or Λακεδαιμωνία in historical times was the proper name of the Spartan state as used by Thucydides in his histories. Greek (, IPA — Hellenic) has a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single language within the Indo-European family. ...


Homer and Herodotus use only the former, and in some passages seems to denote by it the Achaean citadel, the Therapnae of later times, in contrast to the lower town Sparta. Lacedaemon is now the name of a separate department, which had in 1907 a population of 87,106. Homer (Greek Hómēros) was a legendary early Greek poet and rhapsode traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey, commonly assumed to have lived in the 8th century BC. However, exact placement of these dates is unsure. ... Bust of Herodotus at Naples Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: , Herodotos) was a historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC-ca. ... Sparta (Doric: , Attic: ) is a city in southern Greece. ...


The Lakedaimonians were the only full-time army in ancient Greece. Their state institutions and system of education were designed for the purpose of creating superbly trained soldiers.


In Greek mythology, Lacedaemon was a son of Zeus by Taygete, and was married to Sparta the daughter of Eurotas, by whom he became the father of Amyclas, Eurydice, and Asine. He was king of the country which he called after his own name, Lacedaemon, while he gave to his capital the name of his wife, Sparta. He was believed to have built the sanctuary of the Charites, which stood between Sparta and Amyclae, and to have given to those divinities the names of Cleta and Phaenna. An heroum was erected to him in the neighbourhood of Therapne. // Greek mythology consists in part of a large collection of narratives that explain the origins of the world and detail the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines. ... Statue of Zeus Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall statue of Zeus at Olympia about 435 BC. The statue was perhaps the most famous sculpture in Ancient Greece, imagined here in a 16th century engraving In Greek mythology, Zeus (in Greek: nominative: Ζεύς Zeús, genitive: Διός Díos) is... In Greek mythology, Taygete (Greek: Ταϋγέτη, in Modern Greek Taygeti, Taigeti) was a nymph, one of the Pleiades according to Apollodorus (3. ... In Greek mythology, Sparta was the daughter of Eurotas by Clete. ... In Greek mythology, Eurotas was a son of Myles and grandson of Lelex. ... In Greek mythology, there were two persons that had the name Amyclas: Amyclas was the son of Lacedemon and daughter of Sparta, and he was the brother of Eurydice (no relation to Orpheus Eurydice). ... In Greek mythology, there were two characters named Eurydice (Eurydíkê). // Wife of Orpheus The more famous was a woman—or a nymph—who was the wife of Orpheus. ... This page refers to ancient Asine of Argolis. ... Sparta (Doric: , Attic: ) is a city in southern Greece. ... The Three Graces, from Sandro Botticellis painting Primavera Uffizi Gallery In Greek mythology, the Charites were the graces. ... // Historical population Amykles or Amikles (Greek: Αμύκλες, older form, polytonic: Ἀμύκλαι, monotonic: Αμύκλαι), older forms: Amyklai, Amykle, Amiklai and Amikle, Latin: Amyclae, is a village and an archaeological site located southwest of Sparta. ... The Three Graces, from Sandro Botticellis painting Primavera Uffizi Gallery In Greek mythology, the Charites were the graces. ...


Coordinates: 37°04′N 22°26′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

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References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lacedaemon - definition of Lacedaemon in Encyclopedia (149 words)
Lacedaemon, or Lakedaimon, in historical times, was an alternative name of Sparta, in the Classical period the chief polis of Laconia.
Lacedaemon is now the name of a separate department, which had in 1907 a population of 87,106.
Lacedaemon, or Lakedaimon, was also the mythical founder of Sparta, a son of Zeus and Taygete.
House of Sparta (3660 words)
Sparta or Lacedaemon was the capital of a south eastern region of the Peloponnese, called Laconia.
Lacedaemon (Lacedaimon) was the son of Zeus and Taygete, daughter of Atlas and Pleione.
Amyclas was the son of Lacedaemon and Sparta.
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