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Encyclopedia > Labour law
Articles related to
the labo(u)r movement
Child labor
Labor in economics
labor history
Labor law
Labor rights
Timeline
Trade union
Strike
Syndicalism

This article is in need of attention. The labo(u)r movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments. ... Child labour or labourity is the term for the employment of children. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... Labor or labour history is a broad field of study concerned with the development of the labor movement and the working class. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Labor rights are laws created in order to always have fairness and keep peace between employees and employers. ... Labor History Timeline for 1806-1986 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 1800s 1806 The 1806 Commonwealth vs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Syndicalism refers to a set of ideas, movements and tendencies which share the avowed aim of transforming capitalist society through action by the working class on the industrial front. ...


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Labour law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which addresses the legal rights of, and restrictions on, workers' organisations. As such, it mediates many aspects of the relationship between trade unions, employers and employees. Its definition, as distinct from employment law varies between countries. In Canada, for instance, 'labour law' relates to unionised workplaces, while 'employment law' relates to ununionised individuals. In Britain, no such clear distinction is made. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Employment law is the branch of the law that deals with employment related issues. ... Law (a loanword from Old Norse lagu), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Employment law is the branch of the law that deals with employment related issues. ...

Contents


The scope and function of labour law

Labour law must address relational power imbalances at the workplace. This is done to ensure justice, a quality that any law must bring. Since employees normally come into an employment agreement as the underdogs, most labour law tends to slant towards according employee more rights than would exist in unregulated settings. Naturally, there must be a balance of power enshrined in labour law, for parties engaged in industrial activities, to ensure that organisations remain profitable and do not get bogged down by retrogressive employee rights.


Important issues in labour law

Hours of Labor

Before the Industrial Revolution, the workday varied between 11 and 14 hours. With the growth of capitalism and the introduction of machinery, longer hours became far more common, with 14-15 hours being the norm, and 16 not at all uncommon. Use of child labour was commonplace, often in factories. In England and Scotland in 1788, about two-thirds of person working in the new water-powered textile factories were children ([1]). The Industrial Revolution was the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labour to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Capitalism The page is about the economic system. ... Child labour or labor is the phenomenon of children in employment. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ...


The first law on the length of a working day was passed in 1833 in England, limiting miners to 12 hours, and children to 8 hours. The 10-hour day was established in 1848, and shorter hours with the same pay were gradually accepted thereafter. 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After England, Germany was the first European country to pass labor laws; Chancellor Bismarck's main goal being to undermine the Social Democratic Party (SDP). In 1878, Bismarck instituted a variety of anti-socialist measures, but despite this, socialists continued gaining seat in the Reichstag. The Chancellor, then, adopted a different approach to tackling socialism. In order to appease the working class, he enacted a variety of paternalistic social reforms, which became the first type of social security. The year 1883 saw the passage of the Health Insurance Act, which entitled workers to health insurance; the worker paid two-thirds, and the employer one-third, of the premiums. Accident insurance was provided in 1884, whilst old age pensions and disability insurance were established in 1889. Other laws restricted the employment of women and children. These efforts, however, were not entirely successful; the working class largely remained unreconciled with Bismarck's conservative government. Prince Otto von Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (April 1, 1815 – July 30, 1898) was one of the most prominent European aristocrats and statesmen of the nineteenth century. ... SPD redirects here. ... Socialism is an ideology with the core belief that society should exist in which popular collectives control the means of power, and therefore the means of production. ... For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security mainly refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized needs, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ...


In France, the first labor law was voted in 1841. However, it only limited under-age miners' hours, and it was not until the Third Republic that labor law was effectively enforced. take you to calendar). ... A map of France under the Third Republic, featuring colonies. ...


Safety concerns

Other labor laws involve safety concerning workers. The earliest English factory law was drafted in 1802 and dealt with the safety and health of child textile workers. For discussion of modern workplace safety laws, see Occupational safety and health. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... A factory (previously manufactory) or manufacturing plant is a large industrial building where workers manufacture goods. ... --69. ... Child labour or labourity is the term for the employment of children. ... It has been suggested that Textile manufacturing be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Occupational_Safety_and_Health_Act be merged into this article or section. ...


United States labour law

Main articles: United States labor law, and [[{{{2}}}]], and [[{{{3}}}]], and [[{{{4}}}]], and [[{{{5}}}]]

In the United States, employers generally accepted the 8-hour day as of 1912. The Wages and Hours Act of 1938 set the maximum standard work week to 44 hours, and in 1950 this was reduced to 40 hours. United States labor law is a heterogeneous collection of state and federal laws. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938 is federal legislation of the United States. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Australian labour law

Main articles: Australian labour law, and [[{{{2}}}]], and [[{{{3}}}]], and [[{{{4}}}]], and [[{{{5}}}]]

Labour law in Australia The constitutional foundation for the facilitation of federal Australian labour law, through the action of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission is section 51, article 35 of the Australian Constitution. ...


British labour law

Main articles: British labour law, and [[{{{2}}}]], and [[{{{3}}}]], and [[{{{4}}}]], and [[{{{5}}}]]

See also

For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security mainly refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized needs, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... The 35-hour workweek is a measure adopted first in France, in February 2000, under Prime Minister Lionel Jospins administration. ... The constitutional foundation for the facilitation of federal Australian labour law, through the action of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission is section 51, article 35 of the Australian Constitution. ... United States labor law is a heterogeneous collection of state and federal laws. ... Vicarious liability is a form of strict, secondary liability that arises under the common law doctrine of agency – respondeat superior – the responsibility of the superior for the acts of their subordinate and can be distinguished from contributory liability, another form of secondary liability, which is rooted in the tort theory... The Master and Servants Act was the culmination of a series of laws designed to regulate relations between employers and employees during the 18th and 19th centuries, although heavily biased on the employers terms. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Labor law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (310 words)
Labor law or labour law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the relationship between and among employers, employees, and labor organizations, often dealing with issues of public law.
The first law on the length of a working day was passed in 1833 in England, limiting miners to 12 hours, and children to 8 hours.
The earliest English factory law was drafted in 1802 and dealt with the safety and health of child textile workers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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