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Encyclopedia > Labour Day

Labour Day is an annual holiday celebrated all over the world that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. The majority of countries celebrate Labour Day on May 1, and it is popularly known as May Day and International Workers' Day. A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... Vacation redirects here. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Social refers to human society or its organization. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ... International Workers Day (a name used interchangeably with May Day) is a celebration of the social and economic achievements of the international labour movement. ...

Labour Day Parade in Toronto in the early 1900s
Labour Day Parade in Toronto in the early 1900s

The celebration of Labour Day has its origins in the eight hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1050x759, 161 KB) 1900s Toronto Ontario Canada Labour Day Parade Downtown Toronto File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Labour Day Category: ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1050x759, 161 KB) 1900s Toronto Ontario Canada Labour Day Parade Downtown Toronto File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Labour Day Category: ... Eight-hour day banner, Melbourne, 1856 The Eight-hour day movement, also known as the Short-time movement, had its origins in the Industrial Revolution in Britain, where industrial production in large factories transformed working life and imposed long hours and poor working conditions. ...

Contents

Labour Days on the First of May

"Long Live May Day" banner at a Mumbai rally in 2004
"Long Live May Day" banner at a Mumbai rally in 2004

Most countries celebrate Labour Day on May 1, known as May Day and International Workers' Day. In Europe the day has older significance as a rural festival which is predominantly more important than that of the Labour Day movement. The holiday has become internationalised and several countries hold multi-day celebrations including parades, shows and other patriotic and labour-oriented events. International Workers Day (a name used interchangeably with May Day) is a celebration of the social and economic achievements of the international labour movement. ... May Day rally in Mumbai 2004. ... May Day rally in Mumbai 2004. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ...


May 1 is a national holiday in Argentina, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Republic,Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritius, México, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, the Philippines (spelled as "Labor Day"), Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Ukraine and Vietnam. is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... Mexico or, in Spanish, México, is: Mexico, a federal republic in North America Mexico City, that countrys capital city Mexican Federal District, the federal district containing that capital city Estado de México (State of Mexico), one of that republics 31 constituent states Mexico is also the... Holidays in Poland are regulated by the Non-working Days Act of 18 January 1951 (Ustawa z dnia 18 stycznia 1951 o dniach wolnych od pracy) — Journal of Laws, No. ... Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian Government Semi-presidential Federal republic  - President of Russia Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075,400 km...


In Slovenia and Ukraine, May 2 is also a national holiday. is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Poland, while May 1 is a national holiday, it was renamed from Labour Day to simply "State Holiday" in 1990. Holidays in Poland are regulated by the Non-working Days Act of 18 January 1951 (Ustawa z dnia 18 stycznia 1951 o dniach wolnych od pracy) — Journal of Laws, No. ...


Australia

Labor Premier of Queensland Anna Bligh (left) with then federal parliamentary Labor leader Kevin Rudd (second from right) at Labour Day 2007
Labor Premier of Queensland Anna Bligh (left) with then federal parliamentary Labor leader Kevin Rudd (second from right) at Labour Day 2007

Celebrating the Australian labour movement, the Labour Day public holiday is fixed by the various state and territory governments, and so varies considerably. It is the first Monday in October in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales and South Australia. In both Victoria and Tasmania, it is the second Monday in March (though the latter calls it Eight Hours Day). In Western Australia, Labour Day is the first Monday in March. In both Queensland and the Northern Territory, it is the first Monday in May. List of Premiers of Queensland Before the 1890s there was no formal party system in Queensland. ... Anna Maria Bligh (born 14 July 1960) is an Australian politician and the current Premier of Queensland. ... Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957), is the leader of the federal Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Australian Parliament. ... Eight-hour day banner, Melbourne, 1856 University of Melbourne site where Stonemasons won the 8 hour day in 1856 The history of the Australian labour movement reaches back to the 19th century and the movement has a long tradition of organised unions of workers and links to political activity. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... NSW redirects here. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... VIC redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... For other uses, see Queensland (disambiguation). ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004...


The Bahamas

Labour Day is celebrated on the first Friday in June, and is a public holiday[1].


Canada

Labour Day has been celebrated on the first Monday in September in Canada since the 1880s. The origins of Labour Day in Canada can be traced back to April 14, 1872 when a parade was staged in support of the Toronto Typographical Union's strike for a 58-hour work-week.[2] The Toronto Trades Assembly (TTA) called its 27 unions to demonstrate in support of the Typographical Union who had been on strike since March 25.[2] George Brown, Canadian politician and editor of the Toronto Globe hit back at his striking employees, pressing police to charge the Typographical Union with "conspiracy."[2] Although the laws criminalizing union activity were outdated and had already been abolished in Great Britain, they were still on books in Canada and police arrested 24 leaders of the Typographical Union. Labour leaders decided to call another similar demonstration on September 3 to protest the arrests. Seven unions marched in Ottawa, prompting a promise by Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald to repeal the "barbarous" anti-union laws.[2] Parliament passed the Trade Union Act on June 14 the following year, and soon all unions were demanding a 54-hour work-week. is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... George Brown George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-born Canadian journalist and politician. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... -1... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... For other persons named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation). ...


The Toronto Trades and Labour Council (successor to the TTA) held similar celebrations every spring. American Peter J. McGuire, co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, was asked to speak at a labour festival in Toronto, Canada on July 22, 1882. Returning to the United States, McGuire and the Knights of Labor organized a similar parade based on the Canadian event on September 5, 1882 in New York City, USA. On July 23, 1894, Canadian Prime Minister John Thompson and his government made Labour Day, to be held in September, an official holiday. In the Unites States, the New York parade became an annual event that year, and in 1894 was adopted by American president Grover Cleveland to compete with International Workers' Day (May Day). Peter J. McGuire (July 6, 1852 - February 18, 1906) was an American labor leader of the nineteenth century, the founder of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and one of the leading figures in the first three decades of the American Federation of Labor. ... The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Knights of Labor seal The Knights of Labor, also known as Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was founded by seven Philadelp tailors in 1869, led by Uriah S. Stephens. ... United States Marines on parade. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sir John Sparrow David Thompson, KCMG, PC, QC, (November 10, 1845 – December 12, 1894) was a Canadian lawyer and judge who served as the fourth Prime Minister of Canada from December 5, 1892 to December 12, 1894 as well as Premier of Nova Scotia in 1882. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837–June 24, 1908), was the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. ... International Workers Day (a name used interchangeably with May Day) is a celebration of the social and economic achievements of the international labour movement. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ...


While Labour Day parades and picnics are organized by unions, many Canadians today simply regard Labour Day as the Monday of the last long weekend of summer. Non-union celebrations include picnics, fireworks displays, water activities, and public art events. Since the new school year generally starts right after Labour Day, families with school-age children take it as the last chance to travel before the end of summer. Some teenagers and young adults view it as the last weekend for parties before returning to school, which traditionally begin their new year the day after. The Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Opera House illuminated under New Years Eve Fireworks 2005 A fireworks event (fireworks display, fireworks show) is a spectacular display of the effects produced by firework devices on various occasions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


An old custom prohibits the wearing of white after Labour Day. The explanations for this tradition range from the fact that white clothes are worse protection against cold weather in the winter to the fact that the rule was intended as a status symbol for new members of the middle class in the late 19th century and early 20th century.[3] [4]


A Labour Day tradition in Canada is the Labour Day Classic, a Canadian Football League event where rivals like Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos, Hamilton Tiger-Cats and Toronto Argonauts, and Saskatchewan Roughriders and Winnipeg Blue Bombers play on Labour Day weekend. Before the demise of the Ottawa Renegades after the 2005 season, that team played the nearby Montreal Alouettes on Labour Day weekend. Since then, the Alouettes have played the remaining team in the league, the BC Lions. The Labour Day Classic is a particular week of the Canadian Football League schedule that is played over the Labour Day weekend. ... Lions Stampeders Eskimos Roughriders Blue Bombers Tiger-Cats Argonauts Alouettes The Canadian Football League (CFL) (Ligue canadienne de football (LCF) in French), is a professional sports league located in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... For the defunct hockey team, see Calgary Stampeders (hockey) The Calgary Stampeders are a Canadian Football League team based in Calgary, Alberta. ... The Edmonton Eskimos are a Canadian Football League team based in Edmonton, Alberta. ... The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a Canadian Football League team based in Hamilton, Ontario, founded in 1950 with the merger of the Hamilton Tigers and the Hamilton Flying Wildcats. ... The Toronto Argonauts are a Canadian Football League team based in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Saskatchewan Roughriders are a Canadian Football League team based in Regina, Saskatchewan, founded in 1910. ... The Winnipeg Blue Bombers are a Canadian Football League team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba . ... The Ottawa Renegades are a Canadian Football League team based in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Montreal Alouettes (French: Alouettes de Montréal) are a Canadian Football League team based in Montreal, Quebec. ... The British Columbia Lions (commonly known and identified as the BC Lions) are a Canadian Football League (CFL) team based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


China

Labour Day is celebrated on May 1, and is a public holiday.


In the 1990s, the Labour Day holiday was extended from 1 day to 3 days. The Chinese government made it a 7 day holiday by moving the prior and upcoming weekends together with these 3 days. The Labour Day holiday was one of the three Golden Weeks in China, allowing millions of Chinese people to travel during this period. This phrase also refers to Golden Week (Japan) Golden Week (黄金周) in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China is the name given to three annual 7-day national holidays, implemented in 2000:[1] The Spring Festival (or Chinese Lunar New Year) Golden Week begins in January or February. ...


Starting January 1st, 2008, the People's Republic of China reduced this holiday period down to 1 day, while simultaneously reviving three traditional Chinese holidays: Dragon Boat Festival (端午节), Tomb-Sweeping Day (清明节) , and the Mid-Autumn Festival (中秋节). For the same festival in other East Asian cultures, see Double Fifth. ... Qing Ming Jie (Chinese: 清明節; Hong Kong Ching Ming Festival; pinyin: qīng míng jié), literally Pure Brightness Festival, is a traditional Chinese festival/holiday on the 106th day after the winter solstice, occurring on April 4 or April 5 of the Gregorian calendar (see Chinese calendar). ... Japanese name Kanji: Kana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Chữ nôm: Mid-Autumn Festival celebrations in Victoria Park, Hong Kong. ...


Germany

In Germany, Labour Day was established as an official holiday in 1933 after the Nazi Party, or NSDAP, rose to power. It was supposed to symbolise the new-found unity between the state and the German people. However, just one day later, on May 2, 1933, all free unions were outlawed and destroyed. But since the holiday had been celebrated by German workers for many decades before the official state endorsement, the NSDAP's attempt to appropriate it left no long-term resentment. Vacation redirects here. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party, (German: , or NSDAP, commonly known as the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Greece

In Greece, May 1 is a state holiday. Left-wing parties invariably refer to it as a "strike" instead, organizing commemorative marches throughout the country. is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


India

India started observing Labour Day beginning on May 1, 1927. It is a public holiday with processions carried out by various labour organizations. In Maharashtra (a State in India) Labour Day is also known as Maharashtra Diwas as state of Maharashtra was created on same day in 1960. , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ...


Ireland

In Ireland, Labour Day (also called May Day) is celebrated on the first Monday in May, and is a public holiday. Public holidays are observed in the Republic of Ireland on: New Years Day, 1 January[1] St Patricks Day, 17 March[1] Easter Monday, moveable Labour Day/May Day, the first Monday in May June Bank Holiday, the first Monday in June August Bank Holiday, the first Monday...


Israel

In Israel May 1 is not officially celebrated, but each year the socialist and Marxist youth movements arrange a parade in Tel Aviv. is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...


Italy

In Italy, May 1 is national holiday, demonstrations of the trade unions are widespread. Since the '90s, the trade unions have organised a massive free concert in Rome, with attendances topping a million people. is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers...


Jamaica

Before 1961, May 24 was celebrated in Jamaica as Empire Day. The day was celebrated as the birthday of Queen Victoria, who was credited with granting slaves in Jamaica and the rest of the British Empire, their freedom.


The holiday also served the purpose of reminding Jamaica of the greatness and glory of England – the Mother Country. School children were required to attend school on the morning of the holiday to participate in the flag-raising ceremonies and in the singing of ‘Rule Britannia’, the British national anthem, ‘God Save the King’ and other British patriotic songs. In 1961, the then Premier, the late Right Excellent Norman Washington Manley, National Hero, presented a Bill in Parliament which abolished Empire Day as a public holiday and substituted instead, the commemorative celebration of May 23, 1938, when Jamaicans first declared their mass intent to seek freedom from colonial oppression. This day was called Labour Day.


From then until May 23[1], 1971, Labour Day was mainly celebrated by the trade unions in collaboration with the political parties to which they were affiliated, in the form of public rally meetings and marches. These were done primarily in the corporate area.


There were occasions when the marches of the opposing major trade unions and the political parties clashed, contrary to the original concept of Mr. Manley, that the intention of the day should be a demonstration of unity among workers in Jamaica.


There was one additional dimension to the celebration, instituted by the Most Hon. Hugh Shearer when he became Prime Minister in 1967, in the form of a Labour Day reception at Jamaica House.


In 1972, then Prime Minister, The Most Hon. Michael Manley announced a programme whereby the importance of labour to the development of Jamaica would be marked by a day of voluntary community participation in projects of benefit to the country.


Labour Day in Jamaica is a calendar event recognized not only as a public holiday but also as a day of community involvement across Jamaica.


New Zealand

In New Zealand, Labour Day is a public holiday held on the fourth Monday in October. Its origins are traced back to the eight-hour working day movement that arose in the newly founded Wellington colony in 1840, primarily because of carpenter Samuel Parnell's refusal to work more than eight hours a day. He encouraged other tradesmen to also only work for eight hours a day and in October 1840 a workers' meeting passed a resolution supporting the idea. On 28 October 1890, the 50th anniversary of the eight-hour day was commemorated with a parade. The event was then celebrated annually in late October as either Labour Day or Eight-Hour Demonstration Day. In 1899 government legislated that the day be a public holiday from 1900. The day was celebrated on different days in different provinces. This led to ship owners complaining that seamen were taking excessive holidays by having one Labour Day in one port then another in their next port. In 1910 the government "Mondayised" the holiday so that it would be observed on the same day throughout the nation. Nowadays for the majority of New Zealanders it's "just another holiday"[5]. For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Samuel Duncan Parnell was an early New Zealand settler often credited with the establishment of the Eight hour day in New Zealand. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ...


The United States

Main article: Labor Day

Labor Day is a United States federal holiday that takes place on the first Monday of September. This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... In the United States, a Federal holiday is a holiday recognized by the United States Government. ...


References

  1. ^ The Government of The Bahamas - Home
  2. ^ a b c d Origins of Labour Day, The Canadian Encyclopedia
  3. ^ Why aren't you supposed to wear white after Labor Day?
  4. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia
  5. ^ http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/node/441 Labour Day: A History - from NZHistory.net.nz

See also

Organized Labour Portal

Image File history File links Syndicalism. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ... The Haymarket Riot on May 4, 1886 in Chicago is generally considered to have been an important influence on the origin of international May Day observances for workers. ...

External links

  • Canadian Holidays, Government of Canada
  • Labour Day in Bulgaria
  • The Canadian Roots of Labour Day
  • An anarchist celebration of May Day
  • How Labour Day was Celebrated in the 13th Century
  • New Zealand Encyclopaedia history of the 8 hour movement


  Results from FactBites:
 
U.S. DOL - The History of Labor Day (764 words)
Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers.
The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union.
Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.
Labour Day - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1151 words)
A Labour Day is an annual holiday celebrated all over the world that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers.
In New Zealand, Labour Day is a public holiday held on the fourth Monday in October.
On 28 October 1890, the 50th anniversary of the eight-hour day was commemorated with a parade.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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