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Encyclopedia > Laboratory

A laboratory (informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific research, experiments, and measurement may be performed. The title of laboratory is also used for certain other facilities where the processes or equipment used are similar to those in scientific laboratories. These notably include: Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1361x917, 1367 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Laboratory Portal:Chemistry/Selected picture/Archive ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1361x917, 1367 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Laboratory Portal:Chemistry/Selected picture/Archive ... Michael Faraday, FRS (September 22, 1791 – August 25, 1867) was an English chemist and physicist (or natural philosopher, in the terminology of that time) who contributed significantly to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Articles with similar titles include physician, a person who practices medicine. ... A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1555 KB) Lab bench. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1555 KB) Lab bench. ... Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes and transformations in living organisms. ... The University of Cologne (German Universität zu Köln) is one of the oldest universities in Europe and, with over 44. ... Image File history File links Aps_linear_accelerator. ... Image File history File links Aps_linear_accelerator. ... The Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory is a national synchrotron_radiation light source research facility funded by the United States Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. ... A Linear particle accelerator is an electrical device for the acceleration of subatomic particles. ... Aerial photo of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... In the scientific method, an experiment (Latin: ex-+-periri, of (or from) trying), is a set of actions concerning phenomena. ... Various meters Measurement is an observation that reduces an uncertainty expressed as a quantity. ...

Scientific laboratories can be found in schools and universities, in industry, in government or military facilities, and even aboard ships and spacecraft. A laboratory might offer work space for just one to more than thirty researchers depending on its size and purpose. A film laboratory is a commercial service provider and technical facility for the film industry which develops and prints film material for classical film production and distribution which is based on film material (negative and positive, black and white and color, on different film formats: 70/65, 35, 16, 9... This Computer lab, called by Marling School for boys, is laid out in such a way as to reduce cabling clutter, and maximise space for workstations. ... A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on biological specimens in order to get information about the health of a patient. ... Clandestine chemistry generally refers to chemistry carried out in illegal drug laboratories, but can include any kind of laboratory operation carried on in secret. ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ... The Space Shuttle Discovery as seen from the International Space Station. ...

Contents

Characteristics of scientific laboratories

Labs used for scientific research take many forms because of the differing requirements of specialists in the various fields of science. A physics lab might contain a particle accelerator or vacuum chamber, while a metallurgy lab could have apparatus for casting or refining metals or for testing their strength. A chemist or biologist might use a wet laboratory, while a psychologist's or economist's lab might be a room with one-way mirrors and hidden cameras in which to observe behavior. In some laboratories, computers (sometimes supercomputers) are used for either simulations or the analysis of data collected elsewhere. Scientists in other fields will use still other types of laboratories. Despite the great differences among laboratories, some features are common. The use of workbenches or countertops at which the scientist may choose to either sit or stand is a common way to ensure comfortable working conditions for the researcher, who may spend a large portion of his or her working day in the laboratory. The provision of cabinets for the storage of laboratory equipment is quite common. It is traditional for a scientist to record an experiment's progress in a laboratory notebook, but modern labs almost always contain at least one computer workstation for data collection and analysis. Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For the DC Comics Superhero also called Atom Smasher, see Albert Rothstein. ... Look up Vacuum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Casting may be used to create artistic sculptures Casting is a manufacturing process by which a molten material such as metal or plastic is introduced into a mold, allowed to solidify within the mold, and then ejected or broken out to make a fabricated part. ... Refining is the process of purification of a substance, usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. ... Strength of materials is materials science applied to the study of engineering materials and their mechanical behavior in general (such as stress, deformation, strain and stress-strain relations). ... Chemistry - the study of atoms, made of nuclei (conglomeration of center particles) and electrons (outer particles), and the structures they form. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Wet Laboratories are defined as laboratories where chemicals, drugs, or other material or biological matter are tested and analyzed requiring water, direct ventilation, and specialized piped utilities. ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The NASA Columbia Supercomputer. ... A supercomputer is a computer that led the world in terms of processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation, at the time of its introduction. ... It has been suggested that simulation software be merged into this article or section. ... Data analysis is the act of transforming data with the aim of extracting useful information and facilitating conclusions. ... For other uses, see Data (disambiguation). ... AmigaOS is the default native operating system of the Amiga and AmigaOne personal computers. ... A stainless steel countertop Countertop (also counter top, countertopping, or (British English) worktop) usually refers to a horizontal worksurface in kitchens, other food preparation areas, and workrooms in general. ... A cabinet is a usually oblong piece of furniture, often attached to a wall and made of wood, used throughout the world for the storage of clothes or other miscellaneous items. ... Laboratory equipment refers to the various tools and equipment used by scientists working in a laboratory. ... A lab notebook is a record of what has been done in a lab. ...


Lab safety

In some laboratories, conditions are no more dangerous than in any other room. In many labs, though, hazards are present. Laboratory hazards are as varied as the subjects of study in laboratories, and might include poisons; infectious agents; flammable, explosive, or radioactive materials; moving machinery; extreme temperatures; or high voltage. In laboratories where dangerous conditions might exist, safety precautions are important. Rules exist to minimize the individual's risk, and safety equipment is used to protect the lab user from injury or to assist in responding to an emergency. The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ... In medicine, infectious disease or communicable disease is disease caused by a biological agent (e. ... Flammable or Flammability refers to the ease at which a substance will ignite, causing fire or combustion. ... This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ... Radioactive decay is the set of various processes by which unstable atomic nuclei (nuclides) emit subatomic particles. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... Temperature is the physical property of a system which underlies the common notions of hot and cold; the material with the higher temperature is said to be hotter. ... In electrical engineering High voltage refers to a voltage which is high. ... Warning signs, such as this one, can improve safety awareness. ... Look up emergency in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Cornell Food and Brand Lab [3] Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Aerial view of the Fermilab site. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Food and Brand Lab The Food and Brand Lab is a non-profit research facility at Cornell University which focuses on why people buy and eat the foods they do in they quantities they do. ...

  • ChemisLab - Build your own Lab
  • Key Laboratory Services - world renowned food microbiology lab
  • NTA Testing Laboratories - ISO 17025 Structural testing laboratory

See also

Look up Laboratory in
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Laboratory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (627 words)
Other common laboratory equipment includes centrifuges to remove solid particles from a liquid, or create a density gradient, spectrophotometers to accurately measure the optical absorbance of a liquid and a particular wavelength (measure its colour), aspirators for providing suction, and water baths that maintain a substance at a particular temperature.
Microbiology laboratories usually have separate rooms with negative pressure to prevent the breathing in of harmful bacteria.
Laboratories designed for processing specimens, such as environmental research or medical laboratories will have specialised machinery (automated analysers) designed to process many samples and numerous tests.
Encyclopedia4U - Los Alamos National Laboratory - Encyclopedia Article (13300 words)
The Laboratory was founded in the midst of World War II as part of what is now called the Manhattan Project to provide nuclear weapons to help end the war.
Franz Kurie of the UC Radiation Laboratory was not released by Lawrence.
The plutonium was made by the 60-inch Crocker medical cyclotron at the UC Radiation Laboratory by the bombardment of uranium-238 by deuterons, the ions of heavy water (deuterium).
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