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Encyclopedia > Labor law
Articles related to
the labo(u)r movement
Child labor
Labor in economics
labor history
Labor law
Labor rights
Timeline
Trade union
Strike
Syndicalism

This article is in need of attention. The labo(u)r movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments. ... Child labour or labourity is the term for the employment of children. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... Labor or labour history is a broad field of study concerned with the development of the labor movement and the working class. ... Labor rights are laws created in order to always have fairness and keep peace between employees and employers. ... Labor History Timeline for 1806-1986 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 1800s 1806 The 1806 Commonwealth vs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Syndicalism refers to a set of ideas, movements and tendencies which share the avowed aim of transforming capitalist society through action by the working class on the industrial front. ...


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Labo(u)r law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the relationship between and among employers, employees, and labor organizations, often dealing with issues of public law. It is distinguished between employment law which deals only with employment contracts and issues regarding employment and workplace discrimination and other private law issues. Law (a loanword from Old Norse lagu), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Public law is the area of the law governing the relationship between individuals (citizens, companies) and the state. ... Employment law is the branch of the law that deals with employment related issues. ... All the textbooks define a contract as either a promise or an agreement that is enfored or recognised by the law. ... To discriminate is to make a distinction. ... Private law is that part of a legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts, as it is called in the common law, and the law of obligations as it is called in civilian legal systems. ...

Contents


Hours of Labor

Before the Industrial Revolution, the workday varied between 11 and 14 hours. With the growth of capitalism and the introduction of machinery, longer hours became far more common, with 14-15 hours being the norm, and 16 not at all uncommon. Use of child labour was commonplace, often in factories. In England and Scotland in 1788, about two-thirds of person working in the new water-powered textile factories were children ([1]). The Industrial Revolution was the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labour to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Capitalism The page is about the economic system. ... Child labour or labor is the phenomenon of children in employment. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... ...


The first law on the length of a working day was passed in 1833 in England, limiting miners to 12 hours, and children to 8 hours. The 10-hour day was established in 1848, and shorter hours with the same pay were gradually accepted thereafter. 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After England, Germany was the first European country to pass labor laws; Chancellor Bismarck's main goal being to undermine the Social Democratic Party (SDP). In 1878, Bismarck instituted a variety of anti-socialist measures, but despite this, socialists continued gaining seat in the Reichstag. The Chancellor, then, adopted a different approach to tackling socialism. In order to appease the working class, he enacted a variety of paternalistic social reforms, which became the first type of social security. The year 1883 saw the passage of the Health Insurance Act, which entitled workers to health insurance; the worker paid two-thirds, and the employer one-third, of the premiums. Accident insurance was provided in 1884, whilst old age pensions and disability insurance were established in 1889. Other laws restricted the employment of women and children. These efforts, however, were not entirely successful; the working class largely remained unreconciled with Bismarck's conservative government. Count Otto von Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (April 1, 1815 – July 30, 1898) was one of the most prominent European aristocrats and statesmen of the nineteenth century. ... SPD redirects here. ... Socialism is an ideology with the core belief that society should exist in which popular collectives control the means of power, and therefore the means of production. ... For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security mainly refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized needs, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ...


In France, the first labor law was voted in 1841. However, it only limited under-age miners' hours, and it was not until the Third Republic that labor law was effectively enforced. take you to calendar). ... A map of France under the Third Republic, featuring colonies. ...


Labor laws in the United States

Main articles: United States labor law, and Child labor in the United States, and [[{{{3}}}]], and [[{{{4}}}]], and [[{{{5}}}]]

In the United States, employers generally accepted the 8-hour day as of 1912. The Wages and Hours Act of 1938 set the maximum standard work week to 44 hours, and in 1950 this was reduced to 40 hours. United States labor law is a heterogeneous collection of state and federal laws. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938 is federal legislation of the United States. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Safety concerns

Other labor laws involve safety concerning workers. The earliest English factory law was drafted in 1802 and dealt with the safety and health of child textile workers. For discussion of modern workplace safety laws, see Occupational safety and health. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... A factory (previously manufactory) or manufacturing plant is a large industrial building where workers manufacture goods. ... --69. ... Child labour or labourity is the term for the employment of children. ... It has been suggested that Textile manufacturing be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Occupational_Safety_and_Health_Act be merged into this article or section. ...


Unions

Unions were legalised in 1825, although agreements among members to seek better hours and wages were punishable as conspiracy until 1871. 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... In the criminal law conspiracy is an agreement between two or more people to break the law at some time in the future. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Workplace Relations

Labour law must address relational power imbalances at the workplace. This is done to ensure justice, a quality that any law must bring. Since employees normally come into an employment agreement as the underdogs, most labour law tends to slant towards according employee more rights than would exist in unregulated settings. Naturally, there must be a balance of power enshrined in labour law, for parties engaged in industrial activities, to ensure that organisations remain profitable and do not get bogged down by retrogressive employee rights.


See also

For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security mainly refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized needs, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... The 35-hour workweek is a measure adopted first in France, in February 2000, under Prime Minister Lionel Jospins administration. ... The constitutional foundation for the facilitation of federal Australian labour law, through the action of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission is section 51, article 35 of the Australian Constitution. ... United States labor law is a heterogeneous collection of state and federal laws. ... Vicarious liability is a form of strict, secondary liability that arises under the common law doctrine of agency – respondeat superior – the responsibility of the superior for the acts of their subordinate and can be distinguished from contributory liability, another form of secondary liability, which is rooted in the tort theory... The Master and Servants Act was the culmination of a series of laws designed to regulate relations between employers and employees during the 18th and 19th centuries, although heavily biased on the employers terms. ...

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