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Encyclopedia > Labor Zionism

Labor Zionism (or Socialist Zionism, Labour Zionism) is the traditional left wing of the Zionist ideology and was historically oriented towards the Jewish workers' movement. Unlike the "political Zionist" tendency founded by Theodor Herzl and advocated by Chaim Weizmann, Labor Zionists did not believe that a Jewish state would be created simply by appealing to the international community or to a powerful nation such as Britain, Germany or the Ottoman Empire. Rather, Labor Zionists believed that a Jewish state could only be created as part of the class struggle through the efforts of the Jewish working class settling in Palestine and constructing a state through the creation of kibbutzim in the countryside and a Jewish proletariat in the cities. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms that refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially but not exclusively in the American sense of the word... Zionism is a political movement that supports a homeland for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel, where Jewish nationhood is thought to have evolved somewhere between 1200 BCE and late Second Temple times,[1][2] and where Jewish kingdoms existed up to the 2nd century CE. Zionism is... Theodor Herzl, in his middle age. ... Chaim Weizmann and Harry S. Truman, May 25, 1948 Chaim Azriel Weizmann (Hebrew: חיים ויצמן) (also: Chaijim W., Haim W.) (November 27, 1874 – November 9, 1952) chemist, statesman, President of the World Zionist Organization, first President of Israel (elected May 16, 1948, served 1949 - 1952) and founder of a research institute in... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Class struggle is class conflict looked at from a Marxist, libertarian socialist, or anarchist perspective. ... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... A kibbutz קיבוץ (Hebrew, pl. ...


Labor Zionism grew in size and influence and eclipsed "political Zionism" by the 1930s both internationally and within the British Mandate of Palestine where Labor Zionists dominated the institutions of the Yishuv, particularly the trade union federation known as the Histadrut. The Haganah -- the largest Zionist paramilitary force -- was a Labour Zionist institution. It played a leading role in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and its former members dominated the Israeli military for decades after the formation of the state of Israel in 1948. Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Yishuv is a Hebrew word meaning settlement. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... The Histadrut (Federation [of labor]) or HaHistadrut HaKlalit shel HaOvdim BEretz Yisrael (ההסתדרות הכללית של העובדים בארץ ישראל) (Hebrew: General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel) is the Israeli trade union congress. ... Haganah Poster (1940s) The Haganah (Hebrew: The Defense, ×”×”×’× ×”) was a Jewish paramilitary organization in what was then the British Mandate for Palestine from 1920 to 1948. ... Combatants Egypt Syria Transjordan  Lebanon Saudi Arabia Iraq Holy War Army Arab Liberation Army  Israel Jewish militias: (Haganah, Irgun, Lehi) Druze militias Commanders Glubb Pasha Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni† Hasan Salama† Fawzi al-Qawuqji Yaakov Dori Yigael Yadin Strength Egypt: 10,000 initially rising to 20,000 Iraq: 5... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces...


Philosophers of the Labor Zionist movement included Moses Hess, Nahum Syrkin and Ber Borochov and leading figures in the movement included David Ben-Gurion. Albert Einstein was one of the prominent figures that supported the Labor Zionist Movement. The main vehicle of the Labor Zionist movement was the Poale Zion party which split into left and right factions in 1920. The Left Poale Zion party ultimately merged with Hashomer Hatzair and several small left-wing groups to become the Mapam party, which in turn later joined with other parties to create Meretz and Yachad. The Right Poale Zion became the Mapai party, later the Israeli Labour Party. These two parties were initially the two largest parties in the Yishuv and in the first Israeli Knesset and the Mapai/Labour Party in particular dominated Israeli politics both in the pre-independence Yishuv and for the first three decades of the state of Israel, until Revisionist Zionism (represented by the Likud political party) became an increasingly strong power in Israeli politics and surpassed Labor Zionism in the 1970s. Moses Hess Moses Hess (June 21, 1812– April 6, 1875), adopted the name Moritz. but later reverted to his original name Moses, thus re-claiming his Jewish identity. ... Nahum Syrkin or Nahman Syrkin (1868-1924) was a political theorist and founder of Labour Zionism. ... Ber Borochov, c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Albert Einstein ( ) (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who is widely considered one of the greatest physicists of all time. ... Poale Zion (also spelled Poalei Tziyon or Poaley Syjon, meaning Workers of Zion) was a Movement of Marxist Zionist Jewish workers circles founded in various Russian cities about the turn of the century after the Bund rejected Zionism in 1901. ... The Semel Tnua, the official logo of Hashomer Hatzair. ... Mapam - United Workers Party (in Hebrew: מפם - מפלגת פועלים מאוחדת Mifleget Poalim Meuhedet) was initially a Marxist-Zionist party. ... Meretz (מרצ, Hebrew: vitality, energy) was an Israeli leftist secular political party. ... This is an article about the Israeli political party. ... Labour (העבודה HaAvoda) is an Israeli political party. ... Labour (העבודה HaAvoda) is an Israeli political party. ... Yishuv is a Hebrew word meaning settlement. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... Yishuv is a Hebrew word meaning settlement. ... Revisionist Zionism is a right wing tendency within the Zionist movement. ... Likud (Hebrew: ליכוד, literally means consolidation) is a centre-right political party in Israel. ...

Contents

Decline and transformation

With the decline of socialist movements generally, the destruction of European Jewry and the ascent of North American Jews into the middle class, the Labor Zionist movement has moved away from its working class and socialist roots. In Israel the Labor Party has followed the general path of other governing social democratic parties such as the British Labour Party and is now fully oriented towards capitalism and even neo-liberalism though recently it has rediscovered the welfare state under leader Amir Peretz. Generally however, what distinguishes modern Labor Zionism from other streams is not economic policy, an analysis of capitalism or any class analysis or orientation but its attitude towards the peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict with Labor Zionists tending to support the Israeli peace camp to varying degrees. The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... The Labour Party is a centre-left or social democratic political party in Britain (see British politics), and one of the United Kingdoms three main political parties. ... The term neoliberalism is used to describe a political-economic philosophy that had major implications for government policies beginning in the 1970s – and increasingly prominent since 1980 – that de-emphasizes or rejects positive government intervention in the economy, focusing instead on achieving progress and even social justice by... It has been suggested that Welfare capitalism be merged into this article or section. ... Amir Peretz, MK, Chairman of the Israel Labour Party Amir Peretz (Hebrew: עמיר פרץ; Arabic: عمير بيريتس; born March 9, 1952) is an Israeli politician and Defense Minister of Israel. ... The UN Partition Plan Map of the State of Israel today The Peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has taken shape over the years, despite the ongoing violence in the Middle East. ... The Israeli peace camp is a collection of political and non-political movements which desire to promote peace, mainly with the Arab neighbours of Israel (the Palestinians, Syria and Lebanon) and encourage co-existence with the Arab citizens of Israel. ...


Movements

Labor Zionism still exists today as platforms for popular Zionist youth movements such as Habonim Dror, Hashomer Hatzair and the campus activism group the Union of Progressive Zionists. A Zionist youth movement is an organization formed for Jewish children and adolescents for educational, social and ideological development, including a belief in Jewish nationalism as represented in the State of Israel. ... The Habonim Dror Emblem (known as its Semel / סמל). Habonim Dror (Hebrew: הבונים דרור; Translation: The Freedom Builders (more popularly The Builders of Freedom) is a Socialist-Zionist youth movement formed by the merger in 1982 of the Habonim and Dror youth movements. ... The Semel Tnua, the official logo of Hashomer Hatzair. ...


See also

Zionism is a political movement that supports a homeland for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel, where Jewish nationhood is thought to have evolved somewhere between 1200 BCE and late Second Temple times,[1][2] and where Jewish kingdoms existed up to the 2nd century CE. Zionism is... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים, gathering or together) is an Israeli collective intentional community. ... The Histadrut (Federation [of labor]) or HaHistadrut HaKlalit shel HaOvdim BEretz Yisrael (ההסתדרות הכללית של העובדים בארץ ישראל) (Hebrew: General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel) is the Israeli trade union congress. ... HaNoar HaOveds emblem (semel) Motto reads: To Labour, Defence and Peace, Rise and Make it So Hanoar Haoved Vehalomed (Hebrew: for The Working and Learning Youth) is an Israeli youth organization. ... // Ameinu, founded in 2003 as the successor to the Labor Zionist Alliance, is the continuation of Labor Zionist activity in the United States that began with the founding of Poale Zion in 1905. ...

External links

  • A history of labor and socialist zionism
  • Ber Borochov - The Economic Development of the Jewish People
  • The Jewish Problem and the Socialist Jewish State
  • A general history of Zionism and the Creation of Israel
  • Jewish Left-Wing Community Website
  • Ameinu - Liberal Values, Progressive Israel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Israel - Labor Zionism (709 words)
The intellectual founders of Labor Zionism were Nachman Syrkin and Ber Borochov.
Ber Borochov's contribution to Labor Zionism was his synthesis of the concepts of class and nation.
Zionism in its theoretical formulations only took practical effect with the coming to Palestine of the Second Aliyah.
Labor Zionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (346 words)
Labor Zionism (or Labour Zionism) is the traditional left-wing of the Zionist ideology.
Rather, Labor Zionists believed that a Jewish state could only be created as part of the class struggle though the efforts of the Jewish working class settling in Palestine and constructing a state through the creation of kibbutzim in the countryside and a Jewish proletariat in the cities.
Labor Zionism grew in size and influence and eclipsed "political Zionism" by the 1930s both internationally and within the British Mandate of Palestine where Labor Zionists dominated the institutions of the Yishuv, particularly the trade union federation known as the Histadrut.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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