FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Labiaplasty

Labiaplasty (sometimes spelled labioplasty) is plastic surgery of the Labia majora and/or the Labia minora, the external folds of the vulva. The procedure involve changing the shape of the labia. When labia are created where there were none, it is usually part of a vaginoplasty. Plastic surgery is a specialty that uses surgical techniques to change the appearance and function of patients bodies. ... Parts of a vulva The external genital organs of the female are collectively known as the vulva (also sometimes called the pudenda). ... The labia minora (nymphae) are two small cutaneous folds, situated between the labia majora, and extending from the clitoris obliquely downward, lateralward, and backward for about 4 cm. ... Labeled picture of external human female reproductive anatomy. ... A vaginoplasty is any surgical operation with the aim of correcting structural defects in the vagina or even to construct or reconstruct it. ...


Labiaplasty may be undertaken for functional reasons, aesthetic reasons, or a combination of the two. The procedure is frequently performed to reduce the size of one or both sets of labia. It may also be used to repair the labia following disease or injury, especially from childbirth. A hoodectomy may be performed to expose the clitoris in order to address clitoral phimosis. Hoodectomy is sometimes used to address sexual dysfunction such as lack of orgasm, although the efficacy of this procedure for this purpose is disputed. It has been suggested that Refractory disease be merged into this article or section. ... Injury is damage or harm caused to the structure or function of the body caused by an outside agent or force, which may be physical or chemical. ... Childbirth (also called labour, birth, partus or parturition) is the culmination of a human pregnancy with the emergence of a newborn infant from its mothers uterus. ... Phimosis is a medical condition in which the foreskin of the penis of an uncircumcised male cannot be fully retracted. ... Sexual dysfunction or sexual malfunction (see also sexual function) is difficulty during any stage of the sexual act (which includes desire, arousal, orgasm, and resolution) that prevents the individual or couple from enjoying sexual activity. ... Anorgasmia (also known as Retarded Ejaculation in males) is a form of sexual dysfunction, sometimes classified as a psychiatric disorder, where the patient cannot achieve orgasm, even with adequate stimulation. ...



Labiaplasty is an outpatient procedure usually performed under local anesthesia. After surgery, patients may experience some mild discomfort and swelling, which usually disappears completely after 1-2 weeks. Local anesthesia is any technique to render part of the body insensitive to pain without affecting consciousness. ...

Contents

Controversy

Labiaplasty evokes strong emotional responses, both pro and con, far more often than more common procedures like rhinoplasty. There is considerable controversy surrounding such surgeries for many patients, notably around women who worry that their labia are abnormal. Although countless plastic surgery websites can be found that indicate this procedure may be appropriate for women experiencing discomfort during physical activities, sexual intimacy, or even from irritation caused from close-fitting garments, some suggest that this procedure is chosen by women wishing to change the appearance of their vulvas.


Many individuals, of both genders, professionals and non-professionals alike, raise concerns that the desire for this procedure is driven by marketing, and an unhealthy self-image derived from media images of what the "ideal" female genitalia should look like. The increasing attention this procedure is receiving in various media is believed to be generating a growing market for this surgery. For most women, it is cosmetically unwarranted, and constitutes a needless exposure to the risks inherent in any surgery. Some have likened the procedure to other forms of genital modification and mutilation. Genital modification and genital mutilation both can refer to permanent or temporary changes to the human genitals. ...


Another concern about choosing this surgery for cosmetic reasons is that the ring of scar tissue created at the vaginal opening can later cause pain and complications during childbirth. As this surgery is more and more frequently performed on younger women, a concern is that surgeons are not warning women of the long-term physical risks they may undertake by electing for labiaplasty.


Transsexual labiaplasty

In the case of transsexual women, labiaplasty is frequently the second part of a two-stage vaginoplasty, where labia and a clitoral hood are created. This is often performed a few months after the first part of the procedure. In some cases, labiaplasty is an elective procedure to improve appearance after a one-stage vaginoplasty. A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... A vaginoplasty is any surgical operation with the aim of correcting structural defects in the vagina or even to construct or reconstruct it. ... In female human anatomy, the clitoral hood, (also called prepuce), is a fold of skin that surrounds and protects the clitoral glans. ...


See also

Genital modification and genital mutilation both can refer to permanent or temporary changes to the human genitals. ... A vaginoplasty is any surgical operation with the aim of correcting structural defects in the vagina or even to construct or reconstruct it. ...

External links

  • Designer Vaginas by Debra Ollivier/ Salon.com Nov. 14, 2000
  • 2004 New York Times article on Dr Bernard Stern's Procedure in Florida
  • Toronto Globe 1998 Labiaplasty Piece

  Results from FactBites:
 
Labiaplasty, Labia Minora Reduction Surgeon Gary Alter, MD, Beverly Hills, California and Manhattan, New York (745 words)
Labiaplasty is a surgical procedure that reduces and/or reshapes the labia minora (labia minora reduction) - the skin surrounding the vaginal opening.
Labiaplasty is a procedure to correct this problem.
Labiaplasty is a procedure performed on women who dislike the size of their labia minora, which may cause embarrassment with a sexual partner or discomfort in tight pants, with sports, or during sexual intercourse.
Labiaplasty Vaginoplasty Hawaii Home (598 words)
Labiaplasty and vaginoplasty surgery produce very predictable results with minimal risk, and our patients are extremely happy to have undergone labiaplasty surgery.
Labiaplasty - The purpose of undergoing a labiaplasty is to reshape or reduce the labia minora by better defining the labia, leading to a more symmetrical clean appearance.
Vaginoplasty is the procedure used to tighten the vaginal canal which may have a larger diameter than prior to childbirth or from changes associated with aging.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m