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Encyclopedia > Labialisation

Labialisation is secondary articulatory feature of sounds in a language, most usually used to refer to consonants. Labialisation, simply put, is the usage of the lips as a secondary articulator while the remainder of the oral cavity produces some other phoneme. Secondary articulation refers to co-articulated consonants (consonants produced simultaneously at two places of articulation) where the two articulations are not of the same manner. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... hi ...

While labialisation is by no means universal in the world's languages, it is certainly extremely widespread. It appears in families as varied as Northwest Caucasian, Athabaskan, Salishan, Sahaptian and (from a diachronic perspective) Indo-European, where it is thought that the proto-language, Proto-Indo-European, used labialised velar consonants. Mycenaean Greek appears to have used it as well. The Northwest Caucasian languages, also called Pontic or Abkhaz-Adyg/Circassian, are a group of languages spoken in Caucasian Russia, Turkey, Jordan, Kabardino-Balkaria (an autonomous republic in Russia) and Abkhazia ( de facto independent formally an autonomous republic in Georgia). ... Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Athapascan or Athapaskan) is the name of a large group of distantly related Native American peoples, also known as the Athabasca Indians or Athapaskes, and of their language family. ... The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of western Canada and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Sahaptianic language family is a group of languages of several Native American tribes on the Columbia Plateau region of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho in the northwestern United States. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Indo-European is originally a linguistic term, referring to the Indo-European language family. ... Proto-language may either refer to a language that preceded a certain set of given languages, or to system of communication during a stage in glottogony that may not yet be properly called a language. ... The Proto-Indo-Europeans are the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language, a prehistoric people of the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age. ... Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate (the back part of the roof of the mouth, known also as the velum). ... Map of Bronze Age Greece as described in Homers Iliad Mycenaean is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, spoken on the Greek mainland and on Crete in the 16th to 11th centuries BC, before the Dorian invasion. ...

Labialisation is not restricted to lip-rounding, although this is certainly the most common type. The following labial articulations have been found as realisations of labialisation:

  • Labial rounding, with or without protrusion of the lips (found in Navajo)
  • Labiodental frication (found in Abkhaz)
  • Bilabial frication (found in Ubykh)
  • Bilabial trill (found in Ubykh)
  • Bilabial plosion (found in Ubykh)

Labialisation also refers to an specific type of assimilatory process where a given sound become labialised due to the influence of neighboring labial sounds. Navajo (also Navaho) (in Navajo: Diné bizaad) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken in the southwest United States by the Navajo people (Diné). It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages (the majority of Athabaskan languages are spoken in northwest Canada and Alaska). ... Abkhaz is a Northwest Caucasian language spoken in Abkhazia and Turkey. ... Ubykh is a language of the Northwestern Caucasian group, spoken by the Ubykh people up until the early 1990s. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Labialisation at AllExperts (587 words)
The most common form of labialisation is rounding of dorsal consonants such as k, g, and q.
The labialisation derives historically from adjacent rounded vowels, as is also the case of the Northwest Caucasian languages.
Labialisation also refers to a specific type of assimilatory process where a given sound become labialised due to the influence of neighboring labial sounds.
  More results at FactBites »



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