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Encyclopedia > Label

A label is any kind of tag attached with adhesive to something so as to identify the object or its contents. Labels come in many forms and can be differentiated by the type of base material, called stock, that they are printed on, and by the adhesive type that they use. The most common type is made with a paper stock and a colloquial term for it is a sticker. Labels have many uses, from product identification to name tags. Special types of labels called digital labels (printed through a digital process) can also have special applications such as RFID tags, security inks, and sandwich process labels. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 426 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1041 × 1466 pixel, file size: 181 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... “Glue” redirects here. ... A blank sheet of paper Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ...

Contents

Stock types

  • Litho - one of the most common base stocks
  • Latex - a litho stock with some added latex allows the label to be much more flexible and form around certain curved objects more easily than standard litho.
  • Various plastics such as acetate, vinyl, and PET film allow a variety of features, such as greater strength, flexibility, transparency, resistance to tearing, etc. They typically require special equipment and printing methods (ultra-violet curing is common) as they do not normally print well with conventional ink. A bumper sticker is usually a vinyl label with a very strong, durable adhesive and Lightfast Inks.
  • Foil - has the shiny properties of a metal foil.
  • Thermal - direct thermal label stock will change color (usually black) when heated. A heating element in the shape of letters or images can be used to create an image on the label. Custom labels can be easily be made on location in this way. A disadvantage is durability, because another heat source can ruin or obscure the image, or it may fade completely over time

The stock type will affect the types of ink that will print well on them. This does not cite any references or sources. ... Cellulose acetate, first prepared in 1865, is the acetate ester of cellulose. ... Chemical structure of the vinyl functional group. ... Biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate (boPET) polyester film is used for its high tensile strength, chemical and dimensional stability, transparency, gas and aroma barrier properties and electrical insulation. ... An ink is a liquid containing various pigments and/or dyes used for coloring a surface to render an image or text. ... Bumper stickers are often used on commercial vehicles so that employers can receive feedback about the driving habits of their employees A bumper sticker is an adhesive label or sticker with a message, intended to be attached to the bumper of an automobile and to be read by the occupants... A foil is a very thin sheet of metal, usually made by hammering or rolling a piece of metal. ...


Corona treating or "zapping" makes a substrate more receptive to inks.


Adhesive types

  • Permanent - Typically not designed to be removed without tearing the stock or using solvents. The adhesion strength and speed can also be varied. For example, full adhesion can be nearly instant, or the label can be almost removable for a short period with full adhesion developing in minutes or hours. This is considered the most popular and cheapest option by many self-adhesive paper manufacturers. Permanent labels may also be referred to as "pressure-sensitive", as a slight amount of pressure will cause a label to immediately bond to almost any surface.
  • Removable - Adhesion is fairly strong and will not fall off in normal circumstances, but the label can be removed relatively easily without tearing the base stock or leaving adhesive behind on the old surface. The adhesive is usually strong enough to be applied again elsewhere.
  • Semi-permanent - aka repositionable - Adhesion strengthens fully after application (approx 48-72 hours), allowing the label to be removed easily if placed incorrectly and still be a permanent label.
  • Freezer permanent- special type of removable adhesive that remains fully permanent under certain temperatures. This is useful for labeling objects that are to be stored in a freezer for any length of time.
  • Tamper evident- special types of label-stocks that comes in different guises; example 1 is a weak material, that breaks into tiny pieces (Frangible) or example 2 could be a material that uses a two-stage adhesive that will reveal any attempt of removal or replacement.

Fig. ...

Colour

Ink and base stock color choices commonly conform to the Pantone Matching System (PMS) colors. The Pantone system is very dominant in the label printing industry. Additionally specialty inks such as metallic, UV ink, magnetic ink, and more are available. Ink is usually transparent however it can be made opaque. It has been known for certain companies to patent "their own" color. [1]. Digital labels use process colors to replicate Pantone solid colors. For the record label, see Pantone Music. ...


Specialized Labels

  • Piggyback labels are made from combining two layers of adhesive substrate. The bottom layer forms the backing for the top. The label can be applied to any object as normal, the top layer can be a removable label that can be applied elsewhere, which may change the message or marking on the remaining label underneath. Often used on Express mail envelopes.
  • Asset Labels / Tags are used for marking fixed and non-fixed assets. They are usually tamper-evident, permanent or frangible and usually contain a barcode for electronic identification using readers.
  • Blockout labels are not see-through at all, concealing what lies underneath with a strong gray adhesive.
  • Radioactive labels The use of radioactive isotopes of chemical elements, such as carbon-14, to allow the in vivo tracking of chemical compounds.
  • Laser Labels are generally die cut on 8.5" x 11" sheets, and come in many different shapes, sizes, and materials. Laser label material is a nonporous stock made to withstand the intense heat of laser printers and copiers.
  • Inkjet Labels are generally die cut on 8.5" x 11" sheets, and come in many different shapes, sizes, and materials. Inkjet label material is a porous stock made to accept ink and dye from your inkjet printer. One of the more modern inkjet label material stocks is waterproof printable inkjet material commonly used for soap or shower gel containers.
  • Security Labels (also called Anti-counterfeiting or Brand protection labels). These combine a number of overt and covert features to make reproduction difficult. They are used for authentication and protection against counterfeit and are commonly used on ID cards, credit cards, and products from CDs to electronics to clothing.

Radioactivity may mean: Look up radioactivity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Isotopes are atoms of a chemical element whose nuclei have the same atomic number, Z, but different atomic weights, A. The word isotope, meaning at the same place, comes from the fact that isotopes are located at the same place on the periodic table. ... A chemical element, often called simply element, is a substance that cannot be divided or changed into different substances by ordinary chemical methods. ... Carbon-14 is the radioactive isotope of carbon discovered February 27, 1940, by Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben. ... In vivo (Latin for (with)in the living). ... A chemical compound is a chemical substance formed from two or more elements, with a fixed ratio determining the composition. ...

Uses

A sticker

Stickers are very widely used when an object requires identification with a word or idea. Brand stickers may be attached to products to identify those products as coming from a certain company. They may also be used to describe characteristics of the products that would not be obvious from simple examination. A Label dispenser is often used as a convenient way to separate the sticky label from its liner or backing tape. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 422 pixelsFull resolution (2068 × 1090 pixel, file size: 813 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of a sticker I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 422 pixelsFull resolution (2068 × 1090 pixel, file size: 813 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of a sticker I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A brand includes a name, logo, slogan, and/or design scheme associated with a product or service. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


They are frequently distributed as part of promotional, advertising, and political campaigns; for example, in many voting districts in the U.S., stickers indicating an individual has voted are given to each voter as they leave the polling place, largely as a reminder to others to vote. Other methods of underground forms of voting for your favorite graffiti artists' current productions are by an open form of appreciation such as clapping while passing such a sticker (a smile and a kind reminder to a fellow appreciator throughout the day is commonplace as well). Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Scale model of a Wheaties cereal box at a pep rally Promotion is one of the four key aspects of the marketing mix. ... Advertising is nothing but just waste of money. ... Political campaign Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political campaign is an organized effort to influence the decision making process within a group. ... Voting is a method of decision making wherein a group such as a meeting or an electorate attempts to gauge its opinion—usually as a final step following discussions or debates. ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... A polling station situated inside a suburban library in the north of Cambridge during the United Kingdom general election, 2005. ...


An eco-label is used on consumer products (including foods) to identify products that may be less damaging to the environment and/or to humankind than other related products. Ecolabel is a labelling system for consumer products (also food stuff) that are made in fashion to avoid detrimental effects on the environment. ...

A sticker that might be used for scrapbooking

Stickers placed on automobiles, called bumper stickers, are often used by individuals as a way of demonstrating support for political or ideological causes. Identification of vehicle registration and last service details are two examples of stickers on the inside of most car windscreens. The term "window sticker" is generally used for vinyl labels which are stuck to the inside of a vehicle's window, as opposed to water-resistant stickers that are stuck to the outside of a vehicle but can be affixed to anything. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 521 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (969 × 1115 pixel, file size: 426 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) An example of a sticker I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 521 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (969 × 1115 pixel, file size: 426 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) An example of a sticker I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Car redirects here. ... A bumper sticker is, usually, an adhesive label or sticker with message attached to, or designed to be attached to, the bumper of a vehicle (almost invariably an automobile, van, pickup truck, minivan or the like), for the purpose of being read by the driver and/or passengers in following...


Barcodes are frequently used on many products as a convenient way of identification.


If one wants to remove a bumper sticker, which is one of the harder to remove types of sticker, than a penetrating oil can be used.


Another common use for stickers is embellishing scrapbooking pages. With the advent of this very popular craft, every type of sticker imaginable can now be found: cardstock, flocked, acrylic, 3D, sparkly, paper, epoxy, fabric, vellum and so much more. While in the earlier days of scrapbooking stickers were sold mostly on 2"x6" sheets, now 6"x12" and even 12"x12" size sheets are very common. Scrapbooking is a method for preserving a legacy of written history in the form of photographs, printed media, and memorabilia contained in decorated albums, or scrapbooks. ... In chemistry, epoxy or polyepoxide is a thermosetting epoxide polymer that cures (polymerizes and crosslinks) when mixed with a catalyzing agent or hardener. Most common epoxy resins are produced from a reaction between epichlorohydrin and bisphenol-A. The first commercial attempts to prepare resins from epichlorohydrin occurred in 1927 in...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
TheStar.com | entertainment | LaBelle says music industry racist (348 words)
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