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Encyclopedia > La forza del destino
Operas by Giuseppe Verdi

Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio (1839)
Un giorno di regno (1840)
Nabucco (1842)
I Lombardi alla prima crociata (1843)
Ernani (1844)
I due Foscari (1844)
Giovanna d'Arco (1845)
Alzira (1845)
Attila (1846)
Macbeth (1847)
I masnadieri (1847)
Jérusalem (1847)
Il corsaro (1848)
La battaglia di Legnano (1849)
Luisa Miller (1849)
Stiffelio (1850)
Rigoletto (1851)
Il trovatore (1853)
La traviata (1853)
Les vêpres siciliennes (1855)
Simon Boccanegra (1857)
Aroldo (1857)
Un ballo in maschera (1859)
La forza del destino (1862)
Don Carlos (1867)
Aida (1871)
Otello (1887)
Falstaff (1893)
Giuseppe Verdi Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (either October 9 or 10, 1813 – January 27, 1901) was an Italian Romantic composer, mainly of opera. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio is an opera in two acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on a libretto by Antonio Piazza. ... Un giorno di regno, ossia il finto Stanislao (A One-Day Reign, or the false Stanislas) is an opera in two acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Felice Romani, based on the play Le faux Stanislas by Alexandre Vincent Pineu-Duval. ... Nabucco is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on the biblical story and the play by Anicet-Bourgeois and Francis Cornu. ... I Lombardi alla prima crociata (The Lombards on the First Crusade) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based epic poem by Tommaso Grossi. ... Ernani is an operatic dramma lirico in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Hernani by Victor Hugo. ... I due Foscari (The Two Foscaris) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on a historical play The Two Foscari by Lord Byron. ... Giovanna dArco (Joan of Arc) is an opera with a prelude and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on the play Die Jungfrau von Orleans by Friedrich von Schiller. ... Alzira is an opera in a prologue and two acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play Alzire, ou les Américains by Voltaire. ... Attila is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on the play Attila, König der Hunnen by Zacharias Werner. ... For other uses, see Macbeth (disambiguation). ... I masnadieri (The Bandits) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Andrei Maffei, based on Die Räuber by Friedrich von Schiller. ... Jérusalem is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to a French libretto by Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz. ... Il corsaro (The Corsair) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi, from a libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on Lord Byrons poem The Corsair. ... La battaglia di Legnano (The battle of Legnano) is an Opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi from Italian libretto by Salvatore Cammarano, based on play La Battaille de Toulouse by Joseph Méry. ... Luisa Miller is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play Kabale und Liebe by Friedrich von Schiller. ... Stiffelio is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi, from an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Le Pasteur, ou lÉvangile et le Foyer by Émile Souvestre and Eugène Bourgeois. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome) Rigoletto is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi. ... Il trovatore (The Troubadour) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Leone Emanuele Bardare and Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play El Trobador by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. ... Les vêpres siciliennes (The Sicilian Vespers) is an opera in five acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to a French libretto by Charles Duveyrier and Eugène Scribe from their work Le duc dAlbe. ... Simon Boccanegra is an opera with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Simón Bocanegra by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... Aroldo is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on their earlier colaboration, Stiffelio. ... Un ballo in maschera, or A Masked Ball, is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi with text by Antonio Somma. ... This article refers to the opera Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi (and its revised Italian version, known as Don Carlo). ... AIDA is an acronym used in marketing that describes a common list of events that are very often undergone when a person is selling a product or service: A - Attention (Awareness): attract the attention of the customer. ... For the Rossini opera, see Otello (Rossini) or for the eurobeat artist see Gianni Coraini. ... For other uses, see Falstaff (disambiguation). ...

La forza del destino (The Force of Destiny) is an Italian opera by Giuseppe Verdi. The libretto was written by Francesco Maria Piave based on a Spanish drama, Don Alvaro o La Fuerza de Sino (1835), by Ángel de Saavedra, Duke of Rivas, with a scene adapted from Friedrich Schiller's Wallensteins Lager. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... Giuseppe Verdi Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (either October 9 or 10, 1813 – January 27, 1901) was an Italian Romantic composer, mainly of opera. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... Francesco Maria Piave Francesco Maria Piave (18 May 1810 – 5 March 1876) was an Italian librettist who was Verdis life-long friend and collaborator. ... Ángel de Saavedra, Duke of Rivas Don Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, Duke of Rivas (Spanish: Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, Duque de Rivas) (March 19, 1791 - June 22, 1865), was a Spanish poet, dramatist and politician born in Córdoba. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ...

Contents

Performance history

It was first performed in the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre of St. Petersburg, Russia, on 10 November 1862. The St. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


After some further revisions, performances in Rome in 1863 (as Don Alvaro) and Madrid (with the Duke of Rivas, the play's author, in attendance) followed shortly afterwards, and the opera subsequently travelled to New York and Vienna (1865), Buenos Aires (1866) and London (1867). Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... “NY” redirects here. ... “Wien” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Verdi made other revisions, with additions by Antonio Ghislanzoni, which premiered at La Scala, Milan, on 27 February 1869. This has become the "standard" performance version). Antonio Ghislanzoni (25 November 1824 – July 16, 1893) was an Italian journalist, poet, and novelist who wrote many librettos for Verdi, among other composers, of which the best known are La forza del destino and Aida. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


La forza del destino is frequently performed and there are a number of recordings.


Roles

Premiere
10 November 1862[1]
(Conductor: Unknown)
Revised version
premiere
27 February 1869[2]
(Conductor: Unknown)
The Marquis of Calatrava bass Meo Giuseppe Vecchi
Leonora, his daughter soprano Caroline Barbot Teresa Stolz
Don Carlo di Vargas, his son baritone Francesco Graziani Luigi Colonnese
Don Alvaro, Leonora's suitor tenor Enrico Tamberlik Mario Tiberini
Curra, Leonora's maid mezzo-soprano Lagramante Ester Neri
Preziosilla, a young gypsy mezzo-soprano Constance Nantier-Didier Ida Benzi
Mayor bass Ignazio Marini Luigi Alessandrini
Maestro Trabuco, a muleteer and peddler tenor Geremia Bettini Antonio Tasso
Padre Guardiano, a Franciscan bass Gian-Francesco Angelini Marcello Junca
Fra Melitone, a Franciscan baritone Achille De Bassini Giacomo Rota
A surgeon bass Alessandro Polonini Vincenzo Paraboschi
Peasants, servants, pilgrims, soldiers and friars

A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A tenor is a singer with a voice range from approximately C3 (one octave below middle C) to A4 (above middle C) in choral music, or to tenor C (C5, one octave above middle C) or higher in operatic music (see voice type). ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that...

Synopsis

A summary of the plot of La forza del destino is detailed below. [3]

Setting: around 1850 in Spain and Italy.

For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Act I

Don Alvaro is a young nobleman from South America (presumably Peru) who is part Indian and who has settled in Seville, where, however, he is not very well thought of. He falls in love with Donna Leonora, the daughter of the Marquis of Calatrava, who, notwithstanding his love for his daughter, is determined that she shall marry only a man of the highest origin. Leonora, knowing her father’s aversion, and deeply in love with Alvaro, determines to elope with him, aided by her confidante, Curra. On the point of departure with him, she suddenly desires to see her father for a last time. Her father unexpectedly enters and discovers Alvaro; he threatens him with death, and Alvaro in order to remove any suspicion as to Leonora’s purity, offers to surrender himself to the Marquis. He flings down his pistol which goes off and mortally wounds the Marquis who dies cursing his daughter.


Act II

The Alcade, several peasant muleteers, and Don Carlo of Vargas, the brother of Donna Leonora, are gathered in the kitchen of an inn in the village of Hornachuelos. Don Carlo is searching for Don Alvaro to avenge the death of his father and is disguised as a student of Salamanca, under the fictitious name of Pereda. Leonora, in male attire arrives. During the supper, Preziosilla, a young gypsy, tells the young men’s fortunes and exhorts them to enlist in the war for Italy’s freedom, which all agree to do. In a very beautiful solo, Don Carlo tells them of his father’s death. Leonora overhears his song and barely escapes discovery by him. She takes refuge in a monastery where she tells the abbot her true name and that she intends to spend the remainder of her life in a hermitage. After the abbot has recounted the trials she will have to undergo, she departs for her cave.


Act III

Meanwhile Don Alvaro has joined the Spanish army under the name of Don Federico Herreros. One night he saves the life of Don Carlo who is serving in the same army under the name of Don Felix Bornos. They become close friends and go into battle side by side. In one of these engagements Don Alvaro is, as he supposes, mortally wounded, and confides to Don Carlo’s care a valise containing a bundle of letters which he is to destroy as soon as Don Alvaro dies. Don Carlo has sworn not to look at the contents of the letters; but he becomes suspicious of his friend, opens the valise and finds his sister’s picture. At that moment a surgeon brings word that Don Alvaro may recover. Don Carlo is overjoyed at the idea of revenging his father’s death. The scene changes to a camp near Velletri (Italy) where Don Carlo and Don Alvaro fight a duel, in which Don Alvaro thinks he has killed his opponent. In expiation, Don Alvaro vows to enter a monastery.


Act IV

Don Alvaro has entered the monastery at Hornachuelos, near which is Leonora’s cave, under the name of Father Raphael. Don Carlo arrives cured of his wound and forces him to fight. They choose the ground before Leonora’s cave; and Don Carlo is mortally wounded. Alvaro calls for help, and Leonora recognizing his voice rushes out, and seeing her brother dying, stoops over him; he thereupon stabs her to the heart. Don Alvaro flings himself to death from some rocks, before the monks arrive singing the Miserere.

Cover of first bilingual edition of the libretto of La forza del destino, St. Petersburg 1862
Cover of first bilingual edition of the libretto of La forza del destino, St. Petersburg 1862

Cover of first bilingual edition of the libretto of La Forza del Destino, St. ...

Noted Arias

  • "Me pellegrina ed orfana" - Leonora in Act I
  • "Son Pereda son ricco d'onore" - Don Carlo in Act II, Scene 1
  • "Sono giunta! . . . Madre, pietosa Vergine" - Leonora in Act II, Scene 2
  • "Al suon del tamburo" - Preziosilla in Act II, Scene 1
  • "La vita è inferno . . . O tu che in seno agli angeli" - Don Alvaro in Act III
  • "Morir! Tremenda cosa! . . . Urna fatale del mio destino" - Don Carlo in Act III, Scene 1
  • "Pace, pace mio Dio!" - Leonora in Act IV, Scene 2

Libretto

Click the following links for the libretto in (original language) Italian or the English translation.


Discography

  • Recommended Recordings.

Trivia

This play makes an appearance in the A Series of Unfortunate Events book series written by Lemony Snicket. In the first chapter of the twelfth book (The Penultimate Peril), Kit Snicket talks of attending the play with the Baudelaire orphans' parents, in an attempt to convince them that she is on the noble side of the schism. In a shocking plot twist at the end of the book, the orphans later discover that at this very play, their parents used poison darts delivered by Snicket to kill Count Olaf's parent. Throughout the book parallels are drawn between the play and the Baudelaire orphans' lives, most noticeably when a dropped gun kills a character in the ninth chapter, and when the children wonder if their lives are also being controlled by the mysterious force of destiny. This article is about the book series. ... Lemony Snicket is a pseudonym used by author Daniel Handler in his book series A Series of Unfortunate Events, as well as a character in that series. ... The Penultimate Peril is the twelfth novel in the book series A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket. ... In A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket, three siblings under the name Snicket are mentioned, Lemony, Jacques, and Kit Snicket. ... The word schism (IPA: or ), from the Greek σχισμα, schisma (from σχιζω, schizo, to split), means a division or a split, usually in an organization. ... The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ... A standard dart board. ... Information Aliases Count Omar Al Funcoot Stephano Captain Julio Sham Shirley T. Sinoit-Pécer Coach Genghis Gunther Detective Dupin Mattathias Gender Male Age Adult (Deceased) Occupation Actor Address Count Olafs House Portrayed by Jim Carrey Created by Lemony Snicket (aka Daniel Handler) Count Olaf is the main villain...


"Forza" is an opera that many old school Italian singers felt was "cursed" and brought bad luck. For example, rumor has it that Franco Corelli would sometimes hold his crotch when singing this great opera as some kind of "protection" from the Forza curse. The fact that the American baritone Leonard Warren died on stage at the Met in 1960 during a performance of the opera did not help matters. There was also a well-known Italian opera director, costumer and set provider [specify] who would launch into an obscenity-laced tirade if anyone in his presence so much as whistled anything from the opera. He was also heard telling someone in the 1970s that while he had Forza scenery and costumes, anyone who wanted them needed to pick them up himself.[citation needed] However, another Italian tenor [specify] during the 1980s sang the tenor aria from the opera during a concert in New Jersey, immediately after which the power went out in the theater.[citation needed] Franco Corelli. ... The American opera singer Leonard Warren (April 21, 1911 - March 4, 1960) was a famous baritone who was associated for many years with the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ...


La forza del destino is referred to several times in the "Odd Couple" episode, "The New Car".


Notes

  1. ^ List of singers taken from Budden, Julian: The Operas of Verdi (Cassell), vol 2, p. 427.
  2. ^ Ibid
  3. ^ The plot description is taken from The Opera Goer's Complete Guide by Leo Melitz, 1921 version.

References

  • The Opera Goer's Complete Guide by Leo Melitz, 1921 version.

  Results from FactBites:
 
La forza del destino - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1132 words)
La forza del destino (The Force of Destiny) is an Italian opera by Giuseppe Verdi.
The libretto was written by Francesco Maria Piave based on a Spanish drama, Don Alvaro o La Fuerza de Sino (1835), by Ángel de Saavedra, Duke of Rivas, with a scene adapted from Friedrich Schiller's Wallensteins Lager.
La forza del destino is frequently performed and there are a number of recordings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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