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Encyclopedia > La fanciulla del West

La Fanciulla del West (The Girl of the Golden West) is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Guelfo Civinini and Carlo Zangarini, based on the play The Girl of the Golden West by David Belasco. First performance: New York, 1910. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Giacomo Puccini Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ... David Belasco (July 25, 1853 - May 14, 1931) was an important American playwright and theatrical producer. ...

Contents


Characters

Look up Soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In music, a soprano is a singer with a voice ranging approximately from the A below middle C to high C two octaves above middle C (i. ... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high voice (although not as high as a countertenor). ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high voice (although not as high as a countertenor). ... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high voice (although not as high as a countertenor). ... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high voice (although not as high as a countertenor). ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high voice (although not as high as a countertenor). ... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high voice (although not as high as a countertenor). ... In music, a baritone (from Greek barutonos deeply, heavily sounding) is a male voice of intermediate pitch, between bass and tenor. ...

Plot

Time:1849 to 1850.
Place: A mining camp in the high Sierras in California.

State nickname: The Golden State Official languages English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 4. ...

Act I

Sheriff Rance quiets a brawl that has broken out in Minnie's Polka saloon. Ashby announces that he is chasing the bandit Ramerrez and his gang. When Rance is told that Minnie is only toying with him, another fight follows. A plan is formed to capture Ramerrez, after reading a letter from Ramerrez's old girlfriend. Minnie rebuffs Rance's attentions. The stranger Dick Johnson enters who knows Minnie. When the miners demand to know his plans, she intervenes. Rance becomes angry when he sees Minnie and Johnson dancing. Ashby returns with the gang member Castro, and after they threaten to kill him, he promises to betray Ramerrez, who is actually Johnson. The miners follow Castro on a wild goose chase. Johnson stays behind to protect Minnie. They confess their love for each other.


Act II

Minnie tells Johnson about her life, and they kiss. Overwhelmed with guilt over his secret identity, Johnson tries to leave, but is stopped by snow. He swears his love to Minnie. Before the sheriff and his men enter, Minnie hides Johnson. She is shocked to learn that Johnson is Ramerrez. After the men leave, she confronts Ramerrez. He confesses, asks for forgiveness, and reforms. After leaving he is shot, but Minnie takes him back to care for him in secret. Sheriff Rance is about to give up searching for Ramerrez, when he discovers a drop of blood. Minnie desparately makes Rance an offer. If she beats him at poker, he must let Ramerrez go free. If he wins, she will be his. Minnie wins by cheating, and Rance honors the deal.


Act III

Rance is furious that Minnie loves Ramerrez. Ashby captures Ramerrez and turns him over to the sheriff. The men want to hang Ramerrez as a thief and a murderer. He denies killing anyone, but admits to stealing. He accepts the sentence, and only asks that Minnie be told that he escaped. Minnie gallops in before the hanging, and while Rance tries to procede, she convinces the miners that they owe Minnie too much to kill the man she loves. Minnie and Rammerrez leave to start a new life together.


Noted arias

  • "Ch'ella mi creda" (Johnson)
  • "Laggiu nel soledad" (Minnie)
  • "Minnie, dalla mia casa" (Rance)
  • "Or son sei mesi" (Johnson)

History

After the success of his opera Madama Butterfly, Puccini returned to the source of its inspiration, David Belasco. Belasco, playwright for Madam Butterfly had also written The Girl of the Gold West, and Puccini selected that drama for his next opera. Madama Butterfly (Madame Butterfly) is an opera in three acts (originally two acts) by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa, based on the book by John Luther Long and the drama by David Belasco. ...


It was first performed on 10 December 1910 in New York City at the Metropolitan Opera House with Emmy Destinn as Minnie, Caruso as Dick Johnson and Pasquale Amato as Jack Rance; Arturo Toscanini conducted the premiere. December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The city is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture, and is one of the worlds major global cities (along with London, Tokyo and Paris) with a virtually unrivaled collection of museums, galleries, performance venues, media outlets, international corporations, and stock exchanges. ... A full house at the old Metropolitan Opera House, seen from the rear of the stage, at the Metropolitan Opera House for a concert by pianist Josef Hofmann, November 28, 1937. ... Enrico Caruso Enrico Caruso (February 25, 1873–August 2, 1921) was one of the most famous tenors in the history of opera. ... Arturo Toscanini Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was considered by many of his contemporaries — critics, fellow musicians, and the public alike — as the greatest conductor of his era. ...


This opera was the first world premiere for the Metropolitan Opera House, and was a huge success in the United States. Despite that, it was never as popular in Europe. It has less of the "showstopping" highlights that are characteristic of other Puccini operas, but is admired for being far better integrated than his earlier work. It is still occasionally performed, but not as often as Puccini's other mature operas. A full house at the old Metropolitan Opera House, seen from the rear of the stage, at the Metropolitan Opera House for a concert by pianist Josef Hofmann, November 28, 1937. ... A satellite composite image of Europe // Etymology Picture of Europa, carried away by bull-shaped Zeus. ...


References

Hamilton, David, ed. (1987). The Metropolitan Opera Encyclopedia, New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-61732.


External links

Free eBook of The Girl of the Golden West by David Belasco at Project Gutenberg Project Gutenberg (often abbreviated as PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ...


 
 

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