FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > La Scala
The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night.
Enlarge
The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night.
Teatro alla Scala
Teatro alla Scala
This article is about the opera house. For other uses, see Scala.

The Teatro alla Scala (or La Scala, as it is known), in Milan, Italy, is one of the world's most famous opera houses. The theatre was inaugurated on 3 August 1778, under the name Nuovo Regio Ducal Teatro alla Scala with Salieri's L'Europa riconosciuta. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1000x742, 239 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: La Scala Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1000x742, 239 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: La Scala Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Milan (MI) Mayor Letizia Moratti Elevation 120 m Area 182 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,308,311  - Density 6,988/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Milanesi Dialing code 02 Postal code 20100 Patron St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x768, 229 KB) Piazza Scala, Milano, Italia Foto scattata da me, Aprile 2005 --Paolo da Reggio 18:56, 21 Apr 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x768, 229 KB) Piazza Scala, Milano, Italia Foto scattata da me, Aprile 2005 --Paolo da Reggio 18:56, 21 Apr 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not... Scala is a multi-paradigm programming language designed to express common programming patterns in a concise, elegant, and type-safe way. ... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Milan (MI) Mayor Letizia Moratti Elevation 120 m Area 182 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,308,311  - Density 6,988/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Milanesi Dialing code 02 Postal code 20100 Patron St. ... An opera house is a building where operas are performed. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Antonio Salieri Antonio Salieri (August 18, 1750 – May 7, 1825), born in Legnago, Italy, was a composer and conductor, as well as one of the most important and famous musicians of his time. ...


The current edifice is the second theatre on the site. A fire destroyed the first, the ancient Teatro Ducale, on 25 February 1776, after a carnival gala. A group of ninety wealthy Milanese, who owned palchi (private boxes) in the theater, wrote to Archduke Ferdinand I of Austria asking for a new theatre and a provisional one to be used while completing the new one. The neoclassical architect Giuseppe Piermarini produced an initial design but it was rejected by Count Firmian (an Austrian governor). February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival is a public celebration or parade combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the Carnival Season. ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ...


A second plan was accepted in 1776 by Empress Maria Theresa. The new theatre was built on the former location of the church of Santa Maria della Scala, from which the theatre gets its name. The church was deconsecrated and demolished, and over a period of two years the theater was completed by Pietro Marliani, Pietro Nosetti and Antonio and Giuseppe Fe. This theatre had a total over 3,000 seats organized into 678 pit-stalls, arranged in six tiers of boxes above which is the 'loggione' or two galleries. The stage is one of the largest in Italy; the proscenium is 26m wide and 27m high, and the stage was originally 20m deep. Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia (Vienna, May 13, 1717 – November 29, 1780 in Vienna) was the first and only ruling Empress of the Habsburg dynasty. ...


Building expenses were covered by the sale of palchi, which were lavishly decorated by their owners, impressing observers such as Stendhal. La Scala (as it soon became to be known) soon became the preeminent meeting place for noble and wealthy Milanese people. In the tradition of the times, the platea (the main floor) had no chairs and spectators watched the shows standing up. The orchestra was in full sight, as the golfo mistico (orchestra pit) had not yet been built. Stendhal. ...


Above the boxes, La Scala has always had a gallery where the less wealthy can watch the performances. It is called the loggione. The loggione is typically crowded with the most critical opera aficionados, who can be ecstatic or merciless towards singers' perceived successes or failures. La Scala's loggione is considered a baptism of fire in the opera world, and fiascos are long remembered. (The famed tenor Carlo Bergonzi, back on stage after many years, wasn't forgiven for a bad start to his Aida and suffered merciless fischi — whistles, which in Italy signify contempt). In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... This article is about Carlo Bergonzi the singer. ... // Introduction This article is about the marketing term, AIDA. For other uses of the term, see Aida (disambiguation). ...


As with most of the theaters at that time, La Scala was also a casino, with gamblers sitting in the foyer. Mirage Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas. ...

The refurbished interior of La Scala
The refurbished interior of La Scala

La Scala was originally illuminated with eighty-four oil lamps mounted on the palcoscenico and another thousand in the rest of theater. To prevent the risks of fire, several rooms were filled with hundreds of water buckets. In time, oil lamps were replaced by gas lamps, these in turn were replaced by electric lights in 1883. Image File history File links The refurbished interior of La Scala. ... Image File history File links The refurbished interior of La Scala. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The original structure was renovated in 1907, when it was given its current layout with 2,800 seats. In 1943, during WWII, La Scala was severely damaged by bombing. It was rebuilt and reopened on May 11, 1946, with a memorable concert conducted by Arturo Toscanini. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ...


La Scala hosted the prima (first production) of many famous operas, and had a special relationship with Giuseppe Verdi. For several years, however, Verdi did not allow his work to be played here, as some of his music had been modified (he said "corrupted") by the orchestra. Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome). ...


La Scala's season traditionally opens on December 7, Saint Ambrose's Day, Milan's patron saint. All performances must end before midnight; long operas start earlier in the evening if need be. Ticketholders are not allowed to enter after the performance has begun. No exceptions are made, as Richard Burton once discovered. Saint Ambrose, Latin Sanctus Ambrosius, Italian SantAmbrogio (circa 340 - April 4, 397), bishop of Milan, was one of the most eminent fathers of the Christian church in the 4th century. ... In several forms of the church of Christianity, but especially in Roman Catholicism, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ... Richard Burton in the movie Cleopatra (1963) Richard Burton CBE (November 10, 1925 – August 5, 1984) was a Welsh actor. ...


The La Scala Museum (accessible from the foyer and a part of the house) contains an extraordinary collection of paintings, drafts, statues, costumes, and other documents regarding opera and La Scala's history.

Contents

Recent developments

Major renovation, 2002 to 2004

The theatre was closed for renovation from 19 January 2002 to November 2004 on a project by the Ticinese architect Mario Botta. During the closure, the opera company was transferred to the new Teatro degli Arcimboldi, 4.5 miles from the city centre. January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canton Ticino or Ticino (German: (help· info)) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. ... Mario Botta (born April 1, 1943) is a famous modern architect born in Mendrisio, Ticino canton, Switzerland. ...


The renovation proved controversial as preservationists feared that historic details would be lost; however, the opera company was said to be impressed with improvements to the structure and the sound quality, which was enhanced when the heavy red carpets in the hall were removed. The stage was entirely re-constructed, and an enlarged backstage will allow more sets to be stored, permitting more productions, and the seats now include monitors allowing audiences to follow opera libretti in English, French, and Italian.


Conducted by Riccardo Muti, the opera house re-opened on 7 December 2004 with a production of Salieri's L'Europa riconosciuta, the opera which was performed at La Scala's inauguration in 1778. Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... Antonio Salieri Antonio Salieri (August 18, 1750 – May 7, 1825), born in Legnago, Italy, was a composer and conductor, as well as one of the most important and famous musicians of his time. ...


[1]. Tickets for the re-opening fetched up to €2,000. The renovations cost a reported €61 million, and left a budget shortfall that the opera house is not expected to overcome until 2006.[2] 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Management controversies and changes, 2005 onward

Carlo Fontana, the general manager of La Scala since 1990, was dismissed in February 2005 by the board of governors over differences with the music director, Riccardo Muti. The resulting staff backlash has caused serious disruptions and staff strikes. In a statement, the theater's board said it was "urgent to unify the theatre's management". On March 16, 2005, the La Scala orchestra and other staff voted overwhelmingly in no confidence motion against Muti, and demanded the resignation of Fontana's replacement, Mauro Meli. Muti had already been forced to cancel a concert a few days earlier because of the disagreements. Italy's culture minister, Giuliano Urbani, supported the conductor, but called for urgent action by management to safeguard the smooth operation and prestige of La Scala. On April 2, 2005, Muti resigned from La Scala, citing "hostility" from staff members. On May 15th, 2006, Daniel Barenboim was named Principal Guest Conductor. This article is about the year. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Daniel Barenboim conducting. ...


Principal conductors/Music directors of La Scala

Daniel Barenboim conducting. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Guido Cantelli (April 27, 1920 - November 24, 1956) was a promising Italian orchestral conductor whose career was tragically cut short by his death at the age of 36 in an airplane crash in Paris, France. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carlo Maria Giulini (May 9, 1914 – June 14, 2005) was an Italian conductor. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vittorio (Victor) De Sabata (April 10, 1892 – December 11, 1967) was an Italian conductor and composer. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tullio Serafin (1878 - 1968) was an Italian conductor of opera. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Tullio Serafin (1878 - 1968) was an Italian conductor of opera. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

References

Beauvert, Thierry, Opera Houses of the World, New York: The Vendome Press, 1995


See also

// Milan Symphony Orchestra (1974 - 1979) Concertmaster Silvestro Catacchio Violins Silvestro Catacchio Giuseppe Gabucci Camillo Grasso Milena Costisella Violas Mario Buffa Attero Gallozzi Luigi Muratori Cellos Fernando Baratta Paolo Mezzaroma Double-bass Emilia Cirena Harp Doretta Buscaloni Trumpets Alberto Corvini Cicci Santucci Nino Culasso Massimo Bartoletti Stelio Subelli Trombones Ernesto Pumpo...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
La Scala - La Scala (150 words)
Possibilité de louer la discothèque pour événementiel, en privé la semaine, et le vendredi.
LA SCALA n'est pas disponible à la location le samedi, et veille de jours fériés.
La scala est la plus grande discothèque de la capitale (2.500m²) située en plein centre de paris (palais-royal).
La Scala The Teatro alla Scala (or La Scala for short), in Milan, Italy, is one of the world's most famous opera houses. (625 words)
Regio Ducal Teatro alla Scala with Salieri's L'Europa riconosciuta.
La Scala (as it was soon became to known) soon became the preeminent meeting place for noble and wealthy Milanese people.
La Scala was originally illuminated with eighty-four oil lamps mounted on the palcoscenico and another thousand in the rest of theater.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m