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Encyclopedia > La Paz
La Paz
Chuqiyapu
Nuestra Señora de La Paz
La Paz skyline
Official flag of La Paz
Flag

Seal
Motto: "Los discordes en concordia, en paz y amor se juntaron y pueblo de paz fundaron para perpetua memoria"
Location of La Paz within Bolivia
Coordinates: 16°30′S 68°09′W / -16.5, -68.15
Country Bolivia
Departament La Paz Department (Bolivia)
Province Pedro Domingo Murillo Province
Founded October 20, 1548
Incorporated (El Alto) 20th century
Government
 - Mayor Juan Del Granado
Area
 - Total 470 km² (181.5 sq mi)
Elevation 3,640 m (11,942 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 1,250,000 (2,005 est)
 - Density 6,275.16/km² (16,252.6/sq mi)
Area code(s) 2
Website: www.ci-lapaz.gov.bo/

Nuestra Señora de La Paz or Chuqiyapu (Aymara: "chuqi" = gold, "yapu" = farm) is the administrative capital of Bolivia, as well as the departmental capital of La Paz Department. As of the 2001 census, the city of La Paz had a population of around one million. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Bolivia is divided into nine departments (Spanish: departamentos). ... The La Paz Department of Bolivia comprises 133,985 km² with a 2001 census population of 2,350,466 inhabitants. ... On the second level Bolivia is divided into provinces. ... Pedro Domingo Murillo is a province in the Bolivian department of La Paz. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... The city of El Alto (Spanish for The High) is a suburb of La Paz, Bolivia. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The La Paz Department of Bolivia comprises 113,985 km² with a 2001 census population of 2,350,466 inhabitants. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...

Contents

Geography

La Paz (NASA satellital view)
La Paz (NASA satellital view)

La Paz is situated in the valley of the Choqueyapu River below a plateau with an altitude of 3,600 meters (11,811 feet). At this elevation it is the highest administrative capital in the world. Atop the plateau is the city of El Alto, where the El Alto International Airport is located (elev. 13,313 ft.). Transportation links between the two cities have improved in recent years. The city is located at 16°30' South, 68°8' West (-16.5, -68.1333). Its name is translated into English as "Our Lady of Peace" Image File history File links Download high resolution version (5279x6079, 4121 KB) Satellite image of Bolivia in June 2002. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (5279x6079, 4121 KB) Satellite image of Bolivia in June 2002. ... The city of El Alto (Spanish for The High) is a suburb of La Paz, Bolivia. ... El Alto International Airport (IATA: LPB, ICAO: SLLP) is an international airport located in El Alto, near the city of La Paz, Bolivia; it serves national and international air traffic. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


La Paz is renowned for its unique markets, very unusual topography, and traditional culture. It is the capital of a country that is often referred to as the "Tibet of the Americas".


History

Founded in 1548 by Alonso de Mendoza at the site of the Native American settlement called Chuquiago, the full name of the city was originally Nuestra Señora de La Paz (meaning Our Lady of Peace). The name commemorated the restoration of peace following the insurrection of Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors four years earlier against Blasco Núñez Vela, the first viceroy of Peru. In 1825, after the decisive victory of the republicans at Ayacucho over the Spanish army in the course of the South American Wars of Independence, the city's full name was changed to La Paz de Ayacucho (meaning The Peace of Ayacucho). Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Brazilian Indian chiefs The scope of this indigenous peoples of the Americas article encompasses the definitions of indigenous peoples and the Americas as established in their respective articles. ... Chuquiago, (more precisely, Chuquiago Marka), is the Aymara name for the area that later became the city of La Paz, Bolivia. ... Our Lady redirects here. ... A peace dove, widely known as a symbol for peace, featuring an olive branch in the doves beak. ... Look up rebellion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gonzalo Pizarro (b. ... A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Blasco Núñez Vela was the first Spanish viceroy of Peru Blasco Núñez Vela (1490 - 1546) was the first viceroy of Peru (1544–46). ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Republicanism is the ideology of governing a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule by the people, and the civic virtue practiced by citizens. ... Ayacucho is the capital city of Huamanga Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru. ... Because Spain was virtually cut off from its colonies during the Peninsular War of 1808–1814, Latin America was, in these years, ruled by independent juntas. ...


In 1898, La Paz was made the de facto seat of the national government, with Sucre remaining the nominal historical as well as judiciary capital. This change reflected the shift of the Bolivian economy away from the largely exhausted silver mines of Potosí to the exploitation of tin near Oruro, and resulting shifts in the distribution of economic and political power among various national elites. Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Sucre, the constitutional capital of Bolivia Sucre (population 247,300 in 2006) is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, seat of the Supreme Court (Corte Suprema de Justicia), and capital of the Chuquisaca department. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... Potosí is a city, the capital of the department of Potosí in Bolivia. ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... Categories: South America geography stubs | Departments of Bolivia ... For other uses, see Elite (disambiguation). ...


La Paz is the highest capital city in the world, and is home to the world's highest golf course. The air is so thin that a well-hit shot will travel several meters farther than at sea level. This is a list of the highest settlement of each country. ...


The main road from La Paz to the Yungas was named the 'World's most dangerous road', with hundreds of casualties yearly on only a 10-mile stretch.[1] The North Yungas Road (also Groves Road, Coroico Road, Camino de las Yungas, El Camino de la Muerte, Death Road) is a 38 to 43 mile road (depending on source) leading from La Paz to Coroico, 35 miles (56 km) northeast of La Paz in the Yungas region of... The Yungas is an area in the eastern piedmont of the Andes Mountains, primarily in Bolivia. ... The North Yungas Road (also Groves Road, Coroico Road, Camino de las Yungas, El Camino de la Muerte, Death Road) is a 38 to 43 mile road (depending on source) leading from La Paz to Coroico, 35 miles (56 km) northeast of La Paz in the Yungas region of...


Climate

Weather averages for La Paz.
Weather averages for La Paz.

Due to the very high altitude at which the city is located, temperatures are consistently cool throughout the year, though the diurnal temperature range is typically large. The city has a relatively dry climate, with rainfall occurring mainly in the warmest months of November to March. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 557 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 713 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): La Paz User:Nach0king/La Paz... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 557 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 713 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): La Paz User:Nach0king/La Paz...

Climate Table
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 17 17 18 18 18 17 17 17 18 19 19 18 17.75
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 6 6 6 4 3 1 1 2 3 4 6 6 4
Mean monthly rainfall (mm) 114 107 66 33 13 8 10 13 28 41 48 94 48
Source: [http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT001650

Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Gallery

See also

The centre of Cochabamba Ayacucho Avenue Cochabamba is a city in central Bolivia, located in a valley bearing the same name in the Andes mountain range. ... Sucre, the constitutional capital of Bolivia Sucre (population 247,300 in 2006) is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, seat of the Supreme Court (Corte Suprema de Justicia), and capital of the Chuquisaca department. ... Coordinates: , Country Department Province Andrés Ibáñez Founded February 26, 1561 Government  - Mayor Percy Fernández Area  - City 325. ... The city of El Alto (Spanish for The High) is a suburb of La Paz, Bolivia. ... Calacoto is a neighborhood in La Paz, Bolivia. ... San Pedro prison is the largest prison in La Paz, Bolivia renowned for being a society within itself. ...

References

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
La Paz

  Results from FactBites:
 
La Paz Bolivia Travel and Tours to La Paz Enjoy Bolivia (370 words)
War and fright, blood and death, because in the lands, stolen to the mythical sons of the Sun, the Spanish conquerors brandished the sword and loaded the guns to support their desires of wealth and to kill the ambition of their own blood brothers.
When the clamors of the civil war ceased, Don Pedro de la Gasca, ordered, to the captain Alonso de Mendoza, the creation of a city to commemorate the end of the confrontations.
The command was completed on October 20th, 1548, when "the discordant ones in agreement, in peace and love, joined, and a town of peace was founded for perpetual memory", as the plate sent seven years later by the King Carlos V reads.
La Paz - Bolivia City Guide - Bolivia Web (820 words)
Pedro de la Gasca, to whom the Spanish king had entrusted rule over the former Inca lands, commanded Captain Alonso de Mendoza to found a new city commemorating the end of the civil wars in Peru.
Shortly after its founding, La Paz was moved to its present location, in the valley of the Chuquiago Marka.
La Plaza de los Españoles, what today constitutes the Plaza Murillo, was chosen as the location for government buildings as well as the cathedral.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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