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Encyclopedia > La Guardia
Fiorello Henry LaGuardia
Fiorello Henry LaGuardia

Fiorello Henry LaGuardia (born Fiorello Enrico LaGuardia December 11, 1882September 20, 1947) was the Republican Mayor of New York from 1934 to 1945. He was popularly known as "the Little Flower," the translation of his Italian first name, also perhaps a reference to his short stature of just 5 feet. According to modern historians, LaGuardia is considered one of New York City's greatest mayors because of his role in leading New York during the Great Depression. Image File history File links La_guardia. ... Image File history File links La_guardia. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Republican Party is a name used by many political parties. ... For a list of the Dutch Director-Generals who governed New Amsterdam (as New York City was called when it was a Dutch-run settlement) between 1624 and 1664, see: Director-General of New Netherland. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Contents


Background

LaGuardia was born in The Bronx to an Italian lapsed-Catholic father and a Hungarian mother of Jewish origin from Trieste, and he was raised an Episcopalian. His middle name Enrico was changed to Henry (the English form of Enrico) when he was a child. He spent most of his childhood in Prescott, Arizona. The family moved to his mother's hometown of Trieste, Italy, after his father was discharged from his bandmaster position in the U.S. Army in 1898. LaGuardia served in U.S. consulates in Budapest, Trieste, and Fiume (1901–1906). Fiorello returned to the U.S. to continue his education at New York University, and during this time he worked for New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty for Children and as a translator for the U.S. Immigration Service at Ellis Island (1907–1910). The Bronx is the northernmost of the five Boroughs of New York City in the United States. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Country Italy Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia Province Trieste (TS) Mayor Roberto Dipiazza (since 2001) Elevation 2 m Area 8,449 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 207,069  - Density 2,480/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Triestini Dialing code 040 Postal code 34100 Frazioni See... The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington DC is the National Cathedral of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... Henry is a male given name. ... Prescott Gurley Street in 1918 Prescott by night Prescott is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. The population was 33,938 at the 2000 census. ... For Auguste Piccards deep-sea submersible Trieste, see Bathyscaphe Trieste. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Country Italy Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia Province Trieste (TS) Mayor Roberto Dipiazza (since 2001) Elevation 2 m Area 8,449 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 207,069  - Density 2,480/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Triestini Dialing code 040 Postal code 34100 Frazioni See... Rijeka (Fiume in Italian and Hungarian; Rijeka and Fiume both mean river) is the principal seaport of Croatia, located on the Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea. ... New York University (NYU) is a major research university in New York City. ... The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice which used to handle legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main immigration port for immigrants entering the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...


He became the Deputy Attorney General of New York in 1914. In 1916 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives where he developed a reputation as a fiery and devoted reformer. In Congress, LaGuardia represented then-Italian East Harlem. In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Spanish Harlem, also known as East Harlem or El Barrio, is a neighborhood in northeastern part of the borough of Manhattan, one of the largest predominantly Hispanic communities in New York City. ...


LaGuardia briefly (1917-1919) served in the armed forces, commanding a unit of the United States Army Air Service on the Italian/Austrian front in World War I, rising to the rank of major. The United States Army Air Service was a forerunner of the United States Air Force. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nicholas II Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail Enver Ferdinand I Casualties Military dead: 5,520...


In 1921 his wife died of tuberculosis. LaGuardia, having nursed her through the 17 month ordeal, grew depressed, and turned to alcohol, spending most of the year following her death on an alcoholic binge. He recovered and became a teetotaler. 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that Antituberculant be merged into this article or section. ... Teetotalism is the principle or practice of complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages. ...


LaGuardia ran for, and won, a seat in Congress again in 1922. Extending his record as a reformer, LaGuardia sponsored labor legislation and railed against immigration quotas. He was overwhelmingly defeated by incumbent Jimmy Walker in the 1929 mayoral election. In 1932, along with Sen. George Norris (R-NE), Rep. LaGuardia sponsored the Norris-LaGuardia Act. 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the 1926 Mayor of New York. ... George Norris George William Norris (July 11, 1861 – September 2, 1944) was a U.S. leader of progressive and liberal causes in Congress. ... The Norris-LaGuardia Act (Sen. ...


LaGuardia was elected mayor of New York City on an anti-corruption "fusion" ticket during the Great Depression, which united him in an uneasy alliance with New York's Jewish population and liberal bluebloods (Wasps). These included the famed architect and New York historian Isaac Newton Phelps-Stokes whose patrician manners LaGuardia detested. Surprisingly, the two men became friends. Phelps-Stokes had personally nursed his wife during the last five years of her life, during which she was paralyzed and speechless due to a series of strokes. On learning of Phelps-Stokes's ordeal, so like his own, LaGuardia ceased all bickering and the two developed genuine affection for each other. Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late in 1930) and lasting through most of the 1930s. ... I.N. Phelps-Stokes standing behind his wife Edith née Minturn, (c. ...


LaGuardia was hardly an orthodox Republican. He also ran as the nominee of the American Labor Party, a union-dominated anti-Tammany grouping that also ran FDR for President from 1936 onward. LaGuardia also supported Roosevelt. The American Labor Party was a socialist political party in the United States active almost exclusively in the state of New York. ... Tammany Hall was the name given to the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in New York City politics from the 1790s to the 1960s. ...


LaGuardia was the city's first Italian-American mayor, but LaGuardia was far from being a typical Italian New Yorker. After all, he was a Republican Episcopalian who had grown up in Arizona, and had an Istrian Jewish mother and a Roman Catholic-turned-atheist Italian father. He reportedly spoke seven languages, including Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, and Yiddish. Logo of Sons of Italy, which is the largest Italian American fraternal organization in the United States. ... The Republican Party (often referred to as the GOP, for Grand Old Party) is one of the two major political parties in the United States two-party system, along with the Democratic Party. ... The word Episcopal is derived from the Greek επισκοπος epískopos, which literally means overseer; the word however is used in religious terms to mean bishop. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about a geographical region bordering the Adriatic Sea. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית or עברית, ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... Yiddish (Yid. ...


LaGuardia is famous for, among other things, restoring the economic lifeblood of New York City during and after the Great Depression. His massive public works programs employed thousands of unemployed New Yorkers and his constant lobbying for federal government funds allowed New York to establish the foundation for its economic infrastructure. He was also well known for reading the newspaper comics on the radio during a newspaper strike, and pushing to have a commercial airport (Floyd Bennett Field, and now LaGuardia Airport) within city limits. He was also a very outspoken and early critic of Hitler and the Nazi regime. In a public address as early as 1934, LaGuardia warned, "Part of [Hitler’s] program is the complete annihilation of the Jews in Germany." In 1937, speaking before the Women’s Division of the American Jewish Congress, LaGuardia called for the creation of a special pavilion at the upcoming New York World’s Fair: "a chamber of horrors" for "that brown-shirted fanatic." Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late in 1930) and lasting through most of the 1930s. ... Map of Floyd Bennett Field today. ... FAA diagram of LaGuardia Airport (LGA) LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA) is an airport serving New York City, located on the waterfront of Flushing in the borough of Queens. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The American Jewish Congress is a civil rights body formed both to protect the civil rights of Jewish Americans, as well as to act as a conduit for pro-civil rights activities in the American Jewish community. ... The 1939 New York Worlds Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964 New York Worlds Fair), was one of the largest worlds fairs of all time. ...


LaGuardia was the director general for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) in 1946. The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was founded in 1943 to provide relief to areas liberated from Axis powers. ...


LaGuardia loved music and conducting, and was famous for spontaneously conducting professional and student orchestras that he visited. He once said that the "most hopeful accomplishment" of his long administration as mayor was the creation of the High School of Music & Art in 1936, now the Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts[1]. In addition to LaGuardia High School, a number of other instututions are also named for him, including LaGuardia Community College. He was also the subject of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Broadway musical Fiorello!. He died in New York City of pancreatic cancer at the age of 64. Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts The Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts is located near the Juilliard School in the Lincoln Center district of Manhattan, on Amsterdam Avenue between 65th Street and 64th Street. ... LaGuardia Community College is a CUNY school located on Thomson Ave. ... The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... Fiorello! is a Pulitzer Prize-winning 1959 Broadway musical about New York City mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia, a reform Republican who took on Tammany Hall. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... Pancreatic cancer (also called cancer of the pancreas) is a malignant tumour within the pancreatic gland. ...


The smaller and older of New York's airports carries his name today (see LaGuardia Airport). FAA diagram of LaGuardia Airport (LGA) LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA) is an airport serving New York City, located on the waterfront of Flushing in the borough of Queens. ...


Trivia

  • In Ghostbusters II the Mayor of New York mentions that he spent the previous night talking with the long-dead LaGuardia.

Ghostbusters II is the 1989 sequel of Ghostbusters (1984); the sci-fi comedy films are about four parapsychologists. ...

See also

The Laguardia Commission was the first in depth study into the effects of smoking marijuana. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, commonly known as marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ...

External links

The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

Numbered references

  1. ^ Steigman, Benjamin: Accent on Talent -- New York's High School of Music & Art Wayne State University Press, 1984 ISBN64-13873.
Preceded by:
Michael Francis Farley
U.S. Representative
14th District of New York

1917 – 1919
Succeeded by:
Nathan D. Pearlman
Preceded by:
Isaac Siegel
U.S. Representative
20th District of New York

1922 – 1933
Succeeded by:
James J. Lanzetta
Preceded by:
John P. O'Brien
Mayor of New York City
1934 – 1945
Succeeded by:
William O'Dwyer
Preceded by:
Herbert H. Lehman
Directors general of the UNRRA
1946 – 1946
Succeeded by:
General Lowell Rooks

  Results from FactBites:
 
La Guardia - MSN Encarta (378 words)
La Guardia was elected mayor of New York City in 1933 on a fusion ticket, supported by the Republican party and several reform groups; he was subsequently reelected in 1937 and 1941.
In 1941 La Guardia was appointed chief of the U.S. Office of Civilian Defense by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
La Guardia's career was one of the stormiest and most colorful in American political history.
Achille La Guardia, Bandmaster (4051 words)
The younger La Guardia chaffed at his father's relentless insistence and the strict dogmas and harsh discipline enforced by the priest/teachers at school.
La Guardia and his 11th Infantry band were frequently hired by lodges for their social events.
La Guardia is a professor of English at Washington University in Seattle and the son of Fiorello La Guardia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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