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Encyclopedia > La Crosse encephalitis
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La Crosse Virus
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((-)ssRNA)
Family: Bunyaviridae
Genus: Orthobunyavirus
Species: La Crosse Virus

La Crosse Encephalitis is an encephalitis caused by an arbovirus (the La Crosse virus) which has a mosquito vector (Aedes triseriatus). It occurs in the Appalachian regions of the United States, and it was named after the place where it was first described in 1963, La Crosse, Wisconsin. Viruses can be classified in several ways, such as by their geometry, by whether they have envelopes, by the identity of the host organism they can infect, by mode of transmission, or by the type of disease they cause. ... An RNA virus is a virus that either uses RNA as its genetic material, or whose genetic material passes through an RNA intermediate during replication. ... Genera Hantavirus Nairovirus Orthobunyavirus Phlebovirus Tospovirus Bunyaviridae is a family of viruses. ... Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection. ... An Arbovirus (short for Arthropod borne virus) is a virus that is primarily transmitted by arthropods, such as ticks and mosquitoes. ... A virus is a small particle that infects cells in biological organisms. ... Genera See text. ... Traditionally in medicine, a vector is an organism that does not cause disease itself but which spreads infection by conveying pathogens from one host to another. ... Species Aedes albopictus Aedes aegypti This page is about the genus of mosquito, for the Roman building see aedes (Roman) Aedes is a genus of mosquito found in tropical and subtropical zones. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a system of North American mountains running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to Alabama in the United States, although the northernmost mainland portion ends at the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... La Crosse is a city in La Crosse County, Wisconsin. ...


Other similar diseases that are spread by mosquitoes include: Western and Eastern Equine Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis, St. Louis Encephalitis and West Nile Virus. Equine encephalitis may be caused by several viruses: Eastern equine encephalitis virus Western equine encephalitis virus Venezualan equine encephalitis virus This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Red areas show the distribution of Japanese Enecphalitis in Asia 1970-1998 Japanese Encephalitis is a mosquito borne virus from the family Flaviviridae. ... St. ... West Nile virus is a newly emergent virus of the family Flaviviridae, found in both tropical and temperate regions. ...


Symptoms

Symptoms include nausea, headache, vomiting in milder cases and seizures, coma, paralysis and permanent brain damage in severe cases. The term symptom (from the Greek syn = con/plus and pipto = fall, together meaning co-exist) has two similar meanings in the context of physical and mental health: A symptom can be a physical condition which shows that one has a particular illness or disorder (see e. ... Nausea (Greek Ναυτεία) is the sensation of unease and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit. ... A headache (medically known as cephalalgia) is a condition of mild to severe pain in the head; sometimes upper back or neck pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ... Vomiting (or emesis) is the forceful expulsion of the contents of ones stomach through the mouth. ... Seizures (or convulsions) are temporary alterations in brain function expressing themselves into a changed mental state, tonic or clonic movements and various other symptoms. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Paralysis is the complete loss of muscle function for one or more muscle groups. ... Brain damage or brain injury is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells. ...


Like with many infections, the very young, the very old and the immunocompromised are at a higher risk of developing severe symptoms. An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign species. ... Immunosuppression is the medical suppression of the immune system. ...


Treatment

Currently, because it is caused by a virus, there is no specific cure for it and the management is limited to alleviating the symptoms and balancing fluids and electrolyte levels. Cure can be: successful treatment of disease preserve (meat, for example), as by salting, smoking, or aging (see curing) prepare, preserve, or finish (a substance) by a chemical or physical process The Cure refers to more than one thing: The Cure are an English rock band. ... Bodily fluids are fluids, which are generally excreted or secreted from the human body. ... An electrolyte is a substance which dissociates free ions when dissolved (or molten), to produce an electrically conductive medium. ...


External links

  • US Army fact sheet
  • Encephalitis Global Inc.Offering information and support to encephalitis survivors, caregivers and loved ones.

  Results from FactBites:
 
La Crosse Encephalitis (838 words)
La Crosse encephalitis is a relatively rare viral disease that is spread by infected mosquitoes.
It is suspected that La Crosse encephalitis has a higher incidence and wider distribution in the eastern United States, but is not reported because the virus is often not identified, and because symptoms are often mild and medical attention is not sought.
The La Crosse encephalitis organism is an arbovirus (a virus carried by arthropods such as mosquitoes, flies, and ticks).
La Crosse Encephalitis (580 words)
La Crosse encephalitis is a virus carried by arthropods, mainly mosquitoes but also ticks and flies.
La Crosse encephalitis does not have any microbial virulence mechanisms that contribute to the disease.
Currently there is no specific treatment plan for La Crosse encephalitis (2.) Antibiotics will not help and there are no effective anti-viral drugs as of yet (2.) Patients are treated on an individual basis focusing on treating the symptoms that are presented.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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