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Encyclopedia > La Brea Tar Pits
La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles County's Miracle Mile District. The model animals amuse tourists.
La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles County's Miracle Mile District. The model animals amuse tourists.

The La Brea Tar Pits (or Rancho La Brea Tar Pits) are a famous cluster of tar pits located in the Miracle Mile district of Los Angeles, California; here buried asphalt seeps to the surface from the extensive petroleum deposits below the surface of the Los Angeles Basin. It is best known for the large number of mammal fossils from the last ice age which have been found there, but fossilized insects and plants, even pollen grains, help fill out a picture of the cooler, moister climate of the Los Angeles basin during the glacial age. Such microfossils are retrieved from their matrix of asphalt and sandy clay by washing with a solvent to remove the petroleum, then picking through the remains under a high-powered lens. The George C. Page Museum, part of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, presents these discoveries. Of more than a hundred pits, one (Pit 91) continues to be regularly excavated for two months each summer, under the watchful eyes of tourists. Download high resolution version (1197x1015, 36 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1197x1015, 36 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A tar pit, or more properly asphalt pit, is a geological occurrence where subterranean bitumen leaks to the surface, creating a large puddle, pit, or lake of asphalt. ... The Miracle Mile The Miracle Mile is lined by many high-rise buildings. ... Nickname: City of Angels Official website: http://www. ... The term asphalt is often used as an abbreviation for asphalt concrete. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold or Texas Tea, is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... A fossil Ammonite Fossils (from Latin fossus, literally having been dug up) are the mineralized or otherwise preserved remains or traces (such as footprints) of animals, plants, and other organisms. ... The Wisconsin (in North America), Weichsel (in Scandinavia), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland) or Würm glaciation (in the Alps) is the most recent period of the Ice Age, and ended some 10,000 BC. The Wisconsin/Weichsel/Devensian/Midlandian/Würm glaciation began about 70,000... For other uses of the term, see Fossil (disambiguation) Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other artifacts such as footprints. ... The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County opened in Exposition Park in 1913 as the Museum of History, Science, and Art. ...


Brea is Spanish for "tar", "The La Brea Tar Pits" being a redundant "The The Tar Tar Pits" (an example of pleonasm). The 'tar' pits were used as a source of asphalt (for use as low-grade fuel and for waterproofing and insulation) by early settlers of the Los Angeles area. The bones were taken for the remains of unlucky pronghorns or local cattle that had become mired. Pleonasm is the use of more words than necessary to express an idea. ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest land animal in North America running at speeds of 54 mph (90 km/h). ...


La Brea may be the only excavation site in the world where the predators found outnumber game—ten predators have been recovered for each prey animal. The reason for this is unknown. One credited theory is that a large prey (say, a mastodon) would die naturally or accidentally get trapped in a tar pit, attracting numerous predators across long distances for an easy meal. A bloody fight would follow, killing many. Another theory, specific to the Dire Wolf, suggests that both prey and predators may have been trapped accidentally during the hunt. Since wolves hunt in packs, each prey animal could take several wolves with it. A Mastodon skeleton in museum in Bismarck, North Dakota. ... Binomial name Canis dirus Leidy, 1858 The Dire Wolf (Canis dirus) is an extinct member of the genus Canis (which contains the wolves, Coyote, jackals, and the Domestic Dog), and was most common in North America during the Pleistocene. ...


Among the prehistoric species associated with the La Brea Tar Pits are mammoths, dire wolves, short-faced bears, ground sloths, and the state fossil of California, the saber-toothed cat, Smilodon californicus. Much of the early work in identifying species was performed in the early 20th century by John C. Merriam of the University of California. Species Mammuthus columbi  Columbian mammoth Mammuthus exilis  Pygmy mammoth Mammuthus jeffersonii  Jeffersonian mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis Mammuthus primigenius  Woolly mammoth Mammuthus lamarmorae  Sardinian Dwarf Mammoth A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long... Binomial name Canis dirus Leidy, 1858 The Dire Wolf (Canis dirus) is an extinct member of the genus Canis (which contains the wolves, Coyote, jackals, and the Domestic Dog), and was most common in North America during the Pleistocene. ... Arctodus, also known as the Short-Faced Bear, is a genus of extinct bear. ... Families Rathymotheriidae Scelidotheriidae Mylodontidae Orophodontidae Megalonychidae Megatheriidae Ground sloths are extinct edentate (Order Xenarthra) mammals that are believed to be relatives of tree sloths and three-toed sloths. ... Though every state in the United States has a State Bird and a State Flower, not every state in the United States has a State Fossil. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 158,302 sq mi  410,000 km² 250 miles  402. ... Binomial name Smilodon californicus Bovard, 1907 Smilodon californicus (Smilodon of California) is a machairodontin saber-toothed cat. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... John Campbell Merriam (October 20, 1869 - October 30, 1945) was an American paleontologist. ... The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ...


Radiometric dating of preserved wood and bones has given an age of 38,000 years for the oldest known material from the La Brea seeps, and they are still ensnaring organisms today. Radiometric dating is a technique used to date materials based on a knowledge of the decay rates of naturally occurring isotopes, and the current abundances. ...


Rancho La Brea is the most famous, but there are two other asphalt pits with fossils in southern California: in Carpinteria, Santa Barbara County and McKittrick, in Kern County. There are other fossil-bearing asphalt deposits in Texas, Peru, Trinidad, Iran, Russia and Poland. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 158,302 sq mi  410,000 km² 250 miles  402. ... Carpinteria is a city located in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Santa Barbara County is a county located on the Pacific coast of Southern California, in the state of California, just west of Ventura County. ... McKittrick is a census-designated place located in Kern County, California. ... Kern County is a county located in the southern Central Valley of California. ... Official language(s) None. ... National motto: Together we aspire, together we achieve Official language English Capital Port of Spain President George Maxwell Richards Prime Minister Patrick Manning Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 163rd 5,128 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 151st 1,262,366 215/km² HDI (2003) 0. ...


For other rich deposits, fossilized where they occurred, see Lagerstätten. Lagerstätten (German, singular: Lagerstätte, literally: place(s) of storage or resting place(s)) are sedimentary deposits that exhibit extraordinary fossil richness or completeness. ...

Contents


La Brea Animals & Plants

Mammals

Extinct mammals have their scientific names appended. This is a selection from the complete catalogue]. Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes...

Species B. bison B. bonasus B. priscus Bison is a taxonomic genus containing six species of large even-toed ungulates within the subfamily Bovinae. ... Binomial name Lynx rufus (Schreber, 1777) The Bobcat (Lynx rufus, or Felis rufus) is a small wild cat indigenous to North America. ... The term saber-toothed cat describes numerous cat-like species that lived during various parts of the Cenozoic and evolved their saber-toothed characteristics entirely independently. ... A Cougar is: an animal, the Puma a helicopter type, the Eurocopter Cougar, with the civilian counterpart called Eurocopter Super Puma an armored military vehicle, the Cougar Hardened Engineer Vehicle, HEV [1] an armored fighting vehicle used by Canadian military, AVGP Cougar an alcoholic drink cougar/coug (2) (slang) an... Binomial name Canis latrans Say, 1823 The coyote (Canis latrans, meaning barking dog, also prairie wolf [1]) is a member of the Canidae (dog) family and a relative of the domestic dog. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 nugget For other uses, see Horse (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758) The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a large member of the cat family found primarily in the warm regions of the Americas. ... Trinomial name Panthera leo atrox (Leidy, 1853) The American lion, also known as the North American or American cave lion, is an extinct feline known from fossils. ... Binomial name Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) The llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid that originated in North America and then later on moved on to South America. ... Binomial name Mammuthus columbi The Columbian Mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) is an extinct species of elephant that inhabited North America between 100,000 and 9,000 years ago. ... Species Tayassu tajacu Tayassu pecari Catagonus wagneri The peccary (also known by its Spanish name, javelina or pecarí) is a medium-sized mammal of the family Tayassuidae. ... Capromeryx minor is a very small, extinct species of pronghorn antelope discovered in the La Brea Tar Pits of California and elsewhere. ... Type Species Ursus lotor Linnaeus, 1758 Species Procyon cancrivorus Procyon insularis Procyon lotor Raccoons are mammals native to the Americas in the genus Procyon of the Procyonidae family. ... Genera Conepatus Mydaus Mephitis Spilogale Skunks are moderately small mammals with black-and-white fur belonging to the family Mustelidae and the order Carnivora. ... Species Tapirus bairdii Tapirus indicus Tapirus pinchaque Tapirus terrestris Tapirs are large browsing animals, roughly pig-like in shape but with short, prehensile trunks. ... Species Mustela africana Mustela altaica Mustela erminea Mustela eversmannii Mustela felipei Mustela frenata Mustela kathiah Mustela lutreola Mustela lutreolina Mustela nigripes Mustela nivalis Mustela nudipes Mustela putorius Mustela sibirica Mustela strigidorsa Mustela vison Weasels are mammals in the genus Mustela of the Mustelidae family. ... Binomial name Canis dirus Leidy, 1858 The Dire Wolf (Canis dirus) is an extinct member of the genus Canis (which contains the wolves, Coyote, jackals, and the Domestic Dog), and was most common in North America during the Pleistocene. ...

Birds

Orders Many - see section below. ... Species Vultur gryphus Gymnogyps californianus Note that Condor is the NATO reporting name for the Russian/Soviet Antonov An-124 transport aircraft. ... Genera Several, see below. ... Species About 37; see text. ... Species Argentavis magnificens Argentavis magnificens is an extinct bird from the late Miocene (23 - 5 million years before present) of South America. ... A Nubian Vulture Vultures are scavenging birds, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. ...

Reptiles, Amphibians, and Fish

Orders See text. ... Orders Subclass Labyrinthodontia- extinct Subclass Lepospondyli- extinct Subclass Lissamphibia   Anura   Caudata   Gymnophiona Amphibians (class Amphibia) are a taxon of animals that include all tetrapods (four-legged vertebrates) that do not have amniotic eggs. ... Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus: one of the most abundant species of fish in the world. ... Species Many; see article. ... The Gopher Snake is a large, non-poisonous snake, of the Genus Pituophis, indigenous to North America. ... Species Lampropeltis alterna Lampropeltis calligaster Lampropeltis getula Lampropeltis mexicana Lampropeltis pyromelana Lampropeltis ruthveni Lampropeltis triangulum Lampropeltis zonata The genus Lampropeltis of colubrid snakes includes the King snakes and also the milk snake. ... Pond turtle can refer to several families of turtles: Clemmys Emydidae Some particular species are: European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) Giant Asian Pond Turtle (Heosemys grandis) Philippine Pond Turtle (Heosemys leytensis), also known as the Leyte Pond Turtle Category: ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792 The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, formerly Salmo iridia) is a single species of trout native to the Pacific Ocean and in North American rivers and lakes west of the Rocky Mountains. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ... Suborders Cryptobranchoidea Salamandroidea Sirenoidea Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 amphibian vertebrates with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails (order Caudata or Urodela). ... Genera See text. ... The true toads are amphibians in the Bufonidae family. ...

Invertebrates

Invertebrate is a term coined by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck to describe any animal without a spinal column. ... The Mediterranean fruit fly, or medfly, Ceratitis capitata Dance fly male Empis tesselata The flesh-fly, Sarcophaga carnaria As defined by entomologists, a fly (plural flies) is any species of insect of the order Diptera. ... Families Superfamily: Tridactyloidea Cylindrachaetidae Ripipterygidae Tridactylidae Superfamily: Tetrigoidea Tetrigidae Superfamily: Eumastacoidea Chorotypidae Episactidae Eumastacidae Euschmidtiidae Mastacideidae Morabidae Proscopiidae Thericleidae Superfamily: Pneumoroidea Pneumoridae Superfamily: Pyrgomorphoidea Pyrgomorphidae Superfamily: Acridoidea Acrididae Charilaidae Dericorythidae Lathiceridae Lentulidae Lithidiidae Ommexechidae Pamphagidae Pyrgacrididae Romaleidae Tristiridae Superfamily: Tanaoceroidea Tanaoceridae Superfamily: Trigonopterygoidea Trigonopterygidae Xyronotidae Grasshoppers are herbivorous insects of... Superfamilies Pseudochactoidea Buthoidea Chaeriloidea Chactoidea Iuroidea Scorpionoidea See the classification sectionfor families. ... Families Mastotermitidae Kalotermitidae Termopsidae Hodotermitidae Rhinotermitidae Serritermitidae Termitidae A termite (also known as a white ant) is any member of the order Isoptera, a group of social insects that eat wood and other cellulose-rich vegetable matter. ... Families Suborder Anomopoda Daphniidae Moinidae Bosminidae Macrothricidae Chydoridae Suborder Ctenopoda Sididae Holopedidae Suborder Onychopoda Polyphemidae Cercopagidae Podonidae Suborder Haplopoda Leptodoridae Daphnia are members of the order Cladocera. ...

Plants

Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Binomial name Juniperus californica Carr. ... Binomial name Quercus agrifolia The Coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, also called the California live oak, is an evergeen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in the coastal regions of southwestern North America from Mendocino County, California south to northern Baja California in Mexico. ... Binomial name Toxicodendron diversilobum Western poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum or, previously, Rhus diversiloba) is found only on the Pacific Coast of the United States and of Canada. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Rubus idaeus L. The Raspberry or Red Raspberry, (Rubus idaeus) is a plant that produces a tart, sweet, red composite fruit in late summer or early autumn. ... Redcedar is an alternative name for two North American species in the cypress family Cupressaceae: Eastern Redcedar or Eastern Juniper (Juniperus virginiana) Western Redcedar (Thuja plicata) It is also the name of an Australian species in the mahogany family Meliaceae: Australian Redcedar (Toona australis) Neither is a true Cedar (Cedrus... Redwood is a name used for several species of trees with red or reddish coloured wood; see each species for individual details. ... Binomial name Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ... MEG ILLIF 1630 260 2894 ... Species See text Thistles are perennial flowering plants of the genus Cirsium. ... Species See text The walnuts (genus Juglans) are plants in the walnut family Juglandaceae. ...

La Brea in fiction

  • The tar pits, specifically the pond mammoth diorama off Wilshire Boulevard, were the place in which a volcano erupted spewing hot lava down Los Angeles streets in the 1997 film Volcano. (This is pseudo-scientific fantasy.)
  • The pits were also featured in the final scene of the movie Miracle Mile, as well as several other movies representative of Los Angeles.
  • In Last Action Hero, Arnold Schwarzenegger falls into the tarpits and easily wipes himself clean, prompting the kid to point out that he (Arnold) is a character in a movie and not in the 'real' world.
  • The tar pits are also featured in a key scene in "Alan Smithee's" Burn Hollywood Burn.
  • The episode "That's Lobstertainment!" of Futurama depicts an animated version of the tar pits.
  • In The Two Jakes a scene takes place at the La Brea Tar Pits.
  • Hidden underneath the museum at the La Brea Tar Pits is the secret base of the heroes of Brian K. Vaughan's comic book Runaways.
  • In Sin City, the tar pits in the fictional location of Basin City feature life-size model dinosaurs.
  • In The Simpsons episode "Bart Gets an Elephant", they visit the tar pits.
  • In the novel Mammoth by John Varley, a large part of the plot occurs in and around La Brea in the past and present.
  • In the novel City of Bones by Michael Connelly The tar pits are mentioned in connection with Los Angeles oldest known murder victim who was murdered 9000 years ago.
  • In the movie Volcano the tar pits heat up and liquefy during some of the opening scenes and the model animals fall in.
  • In the 1948 Warner Brother's cartoon "My Bunny Lies Over the Sea," Bugs Bunny is tunneling to Los Angeles intending to visit the La Brea Tar Pits and accidentally winds up in Scotland. [1]

A volcano is a geological landform usually generated by the eruption through a planets surface of magma, molten rock welling up from the planets interior. ... Look up lava, Aa, and pahoehoe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Volcano DVD cover Volcano is an action drama of 1997. ... A pseudoscience is any body of knowledge purported to be scientific or supported by science but which fails to comply with the scientific method. ... For other meanings see Fantasy (disambiguation) Fantasy is a genre of art, literature, film, television, and music that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of either plot, theme, setting, or all three. ... Miracle Mile is a 1988 thriller film directed by Steve de Jarnatt and starring Anthony Edwards and Mare Winningham. ... Last Action Hero is a 1993 action movie and comedy film directed by John McTiernan and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as clichéd movie action hero Jack Slater and Austin OBrien as teenage film buff Danny. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe award winning actor, and Republican politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of California. ... Alan Smithee, Allen Smithee, Alan Smythee, and Adam Smithee are pseudonyms used between 1968 and 1999 by Hollywood film directors who wanted to be dissociated from a film for which they no longer wanted credit. ... An Alan Smithee Film Burn Hollywood Burn (though the onscreen title is simply Burn Hollywood Burn) was made in 1997 and released in 1998. ... Thats Lobstertainment!is the an episode in series 3 of Futurama. ... Futurama is an American animated television series created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen (also a writer for The Simpsons). ... The Two Jakes is the sequel to the 1974 movie Chinatown. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Runaways is an ongoing comic book series, created and written by Brian K. Vaughan, ilustrated by Adrian Alphona, and published monthly by Marvel Comics. ... Sin City is a 2005 neo-noir portmanteau film based on the graphic novels of the same name, directed by Frank Miller and Robert Rodriguez. ... Basin City - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... The Simpson family first seen on The Tracey Ullman Show. ... Species Mammuthus columbi  Columbian mammoth Mammuthus exilis  Pygmy mammoth Mammuthus jeffersonii  Jeffersonian mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis Mammuthus primigenius  Woolly mammoth Mammuthus lamarmorae  Sardinian Dwarf Mammoth A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long... John Herbert Varley (born August 9, 1947 in Austin, Texas) is a science fiction author. ... Michael Connelly (born July 21, 1956) is an American author of detective novels, notably those featuring Hieronymus Harry Bosch. ... Volcano DVD cover Volcano is an action drama of 1997. ...

External references

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:La Brea Tar Pits

[2] Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
La Brea Tar Pits (812 words)
Tar pits form when crude oil seeps to the surface through fissures in the Earth's crust; the light fraction of the oil evaporates, leaving behind the heavy tar, or asphalt, in sticky pools.
Tar from the La Brea tar pits was used for thousands of years by local native Americans, as a glue and as waterproof caulking for baskets and canoes.
After the arrival of Westerners, the tar from these pits was mined and used for roofing by the inhabitants of the nearby town of Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de Los Angeles.
La Brea Tar Pits - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (853 words)
Brea is Spanish for "tar", "The La Brea Tar Pits" being a redundant "The The Tar Tar Pits" (an example of pleonasm).
The 'tar' pits were used as a source of asphalt (for use as low-grade fuel and for waterproofing and insulation) by early settlers of the Los Angeles area.
Among the prehistoric species associated with the La Brea Tar Pits are mammoths, dire wolves, short-faced bears, ground sloths, and the state fossil of California, the saber-toothed cat, Smilodon californicus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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