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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in the Bahamas

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world World laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in the US. Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ...


By country This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live together as a family. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT rights opposition refers to various movements or attitudes which oppose the extension of certain rights to lesbian and gay people, and by extension to bisexuals, and... Heterosexism is a predisposition towards heterosexual people, which some see as biased against lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, transgender or intersexed, people among others. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

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Contents

Social situation

The Bahamas is a democratic country where there is general respect for the rights and freedoms of the individual. Homosexuality is legal and there are no prohibitions on gays serving in the police and military forces.


However, there is widespread homophobia in the country, demonstrated by the national film board’s banning of the 2006 American gay-themed movie "Brokeback Mountain." This homophobia has forced most of the gay population in the closet, and as such, there are no annual gay pride street parades or publicly noticeable signs of an organized gay community. A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church; a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ... Brokeback Mountain is an Academy Award-winning 2005 film that depicts the relationship between two men in the American West from 1963 to 1983. ... The expression being in the closet has been used to describe keeping secret ones sexual behavior or orientation, most commonly homosexuality or bisexuality, but also including transgender and transsexual people, paedophiles, and pederasts. ... Gay pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity. ... The idea of a gay community is complex reflecting the diverse nature of the individuals who make up that community. ...


Homosexuals could be confronted with anti-gay remarks if they express themselves openly, i.e. coming out publicly or holding hands on a public street. Reports of violence against gays and lesbians are rare but religious-based verbal attacks are not. Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ... Coming out of the closet (often shortened to coming out in winking reference to the public introduction of debutantes) describes the voluntary public announcement of ones (primarily homosexual or bisexual) sexual orientation or gender identity. ...


In fact, any person disobeying established gender roles in dress and mannerisms could be subject to jeering. On the other hand, openly gay persons such as members of the gay-rights group, the Rainbow Alliance, have been applauded on talk shows and in newspaper articles for speaking against discrimination. A bagpiper in military uniform. ...


The Bahamas has a tourist-based economy and the government targets a variety of markets, but not the growing gay tourism market. Individual and small groups of homosexual tourists are left alone for the most part but boatloads of gay visitors have been protested on three separate occasions - once on March 8, 1998, a month later on April 13, 1998 and again on July 16, 2004. However, the Rainbow Alliance held a counter protest during the 2004 demonstrations, welcoming the gay visitors. Gay tourism is a form of niche tourism marketed to gay people who are open about their sexual orientation and who wish to travel to gay travel destinations in order to participate to some extent in the gay life of the destination area. ...


Legislation and constitutional motions

Homosexual relations between consenting adults were legalised in The Bahamas in July of 1991. The age of consent is 18. But since 1991, no legislation has been passed to address the human rights of gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender (GLBT) people. There was a glimmer of hope in 2001 when the Employment Bill was proposed. The Bill sought to bar discrimination in the workplace based on sexual orientation but, after much debate, it was passed with that clause removed. The 1992 thriller Consenting Adults stars Kevin Kline, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, Kevin Spacey and Rebecca Miller. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at birth, as well as the role traditionally held by society. ... LGBT (or GLBT) is an acronym used as a collective term to refer to lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people. ... This article is about discrimination in the social science context. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ...


In addition, the Constitutional Reform Commission, which had been reviewing the country’s unamended 1973 Supreme Law since 2003, presented a preliminary report to the previous Progressive Liberal Party government on March 21, 2006. The Commission indicated that equal treatment be afforded to citizens regardless of sex and gender. However, despite recommendations, it did not regard sexual orientation as an attribute deserving of protection from discrimination. The Progressive Liberal Party is a populist and liberal party, now the ruling party of the Bahamas. ...


The present Free National Movement government - voted in on May 2, 2007 - does not have the two-thirds majority needed to change the constitution. It would have to include the Opposition, whose Constitutional Commission rejected GLBT protection. However, the FNM could enact anti-gay discrimination legislation if it wishes. The Free National Movement is a political party in the Bahamas. ...


Gay marriage ceremonies

Gay marriages are not legal in The Bahamas. Homosexual rights groups have not challenged the country's marriage laws, which assume that a couple is a man and woman. But despite the lack of government sanctioning, same-sex unions and commitment ceremonies have been privately performed by several pastors and Justices of the Peace for years. However, they are now running the risk of being exposed. Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, marriage equality, and often just marriage by its proponents, and—usually by its opponents—homosexual marriage) refers to non-traditional marriage between partners of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the... A Justice of the Peace (JP) is a magistrate appointed by a commission to keep the peace, dispense summary justice and deal with local administrative applications in common law jurisdictions. ...


On August 27, 2006, a pastor who had written many articles against homosexuality in The Nassau Guardian daily newspaper held a “Help Save the Family Rally” in downtown Nassau. The purpose of the rally was to oppose same-sex civil unions and marriages. Hundreds of people attended the event and signed a petition calling for a constitutional amendment to ban gay marriages in The Bahamas. Several cabinet ministers were also in attendance but they made no such constitutional motion in parliament. A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... An amendment is a change to the constitution of a nation or a state. ...


Then on September 21, 2006, a lesbian complained to The Nassau Guardian after reportedly having paid an exorbitant fee to marry her long-term partner. The story got the attention of the president of The Bahamas Christian Council who warned that criminal charges would be brought against clergymen found performing gay marriages.


References

1. Bahamians protest arrival of lesbian cruise – CNN April 14 1998


2. Bahamians protest Rosie O’Donnell’s Gay Family Values cruise – TTGapers - July 16, 2004


3. Bahamas bans Brokeback Mountain - BBC News - March 31, 2006


4. Gay marriages exposed - Nassau Guardian - September 22, 2006


5. Pastor denies performing gay marriages - Nassau Guardian - September 27, 2006


6. Pastor denies performing gay marriages – Freeport News - September 27, 2006


7. Pastor holds anti-gay marriage rally in Freeport – Freeport News - March 19, 2007


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