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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Zimbabwe

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


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Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


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Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


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Male homosexuality is illegal in Zimbabwe and since 1995, the government has carried out anti-gay campaigns against both men and women. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Contents

Laws against gays

Common Law prohibitions include sodomy defined as the "unlawful and intentional sexual relations per anum between two human males." Unnatural Offences is defined as the unlawful and intentional commission of an unnatural sexual act by one person with another person. S11 of The Censorship and Entertainments has also been used to harass gay people in Zimbabwe. This provides that no person shall import, print, publish, distribute, or keep for sale any publication which is undesirable. A publication is undesirable if it is "indecent or obscene or is offensive or harmful to public morals or is likely to be contrary to public health." [1] François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ...


Laws passed in 2006 make any actions perceived as homosexual a criminal offense. The Zimbabwean government has made it a criminal offense for two people of the same sex to hold hands, hug, or kiss. The "sexual deviancy" law is one of 15 additions to Zimbabwe's criminal code quietly passed in Parliament. The sections involving gays and lesbians are part of an overhaul of the sodomy laws. Before then laws against sodomy were limited to sexual activity. The revised law now states that sodomy is any "act involving contact between two males that would be regarded by a reasonable person as an indecent act." [2]


Persecution of homosexuals

In 1989, the Association of Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe or GALZ was formed to to facilitate communication within the gay community. [3] [4] The group did not receive much attention from the government until August 1, 1995, when GALZ set up a stall at Zimbabwe's annual International Book Fair in Harare. President Robert Mugabe received international criticism when he stated: The idea of a gay community is complex reflecting the diverse nature of the individuals who make up that community. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harare (pronounced , formerly Salisbury) is the capital city of Zimbabwe. ... Robert Gabriel Mugabe KCB (born 21 February 1924) is the President of Zimbabwe. ...

"I find it extremely outrageous and repugnant to my human conscience that such immoral and repulsive organizations, like those of homosexuals, who offend both against the law of nature and the morals of religious beliefs espoused by our society, should have any advocates in our midst and elsewhere in the world."

Two weeks later during Zimbabwe's annual independence celebrations Mugabe proclaimed:

"It degrades human dignity. It's unnatural, and there is no question ever of allowing these people to behave worse than dogs and pigs. If dogs and pigs do not do it, why must human beings? We have our own culture, and we must re-dedicate ourselves to our traditional values that make us human beings. … What we are being persuaded to accept is sub-animal behavior and we will never allow it here. If you see people parading themselves as Lesbians and Gays, arrest them and hand them over to the police!" [5]

Since then President Mugabe has cracked down on homosexuals under Zimbabwe's sodomy law. Mugabe has blamed gays for many of Zimbabwe's problems and views homosexuality as an "un-African" and immoral culture brought by colonists and practiced by only "a few whites" in his country. [6] At his 82nd birthday celebrations he told supporters to "leave whites to do that." [7] Mugabe has informed journalists, most of whom work for state-owned institutions, to report negatively on gay relationships. Some critics believe that Mugabe's anti-gay campaign is meant to deflect attention from Zimbabwe's economic problems by using gays as a scapegoat. [8] In 1999 British gay rights activists lead by Peter Tatchell attempted a citizen's arrest on Mugabe for the crime of torture. [9] In 2001 Tatchell again tried to arrest the president in Brussels but was beaten unconscious by Mugabe's security guards. [10] The Scapegoat by William Holman Hunt, 1854. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This box:      Peter Gary Tatchell (born 25 January 1952) is a British human rights activist, who is best known internationally for his attempts to perform a citizens arrest... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ...


GALZ has been the target of infiltration by government spies and extortion attempts by both strangers and casual acquaintances. Homosexuals have been repeatedly bribed, detained, beaten and sometimes raped by the authorities. [11]


In 1996, former president Canaan Banana was arrested based on accusations made during the murder trial of his former bodyguard, Jefta Dube. Banana was found guilty of eleven charges of sodomy, attempted sodomy and indecent assault in 1998. He was jailed and died in November 2003. Prime Minister Robert Mugabe (left) and President Canaan Banana attend the ceremony for the independence of Zimbabwe in April 18, 1980 Canaan Sodindo Banana (5 March 1936 – 10 November 2003), a Zimbabwean Methodist minister, was the countrys first President. ...


Gay life in the country

Homosexuality is highly taboo in the conservative country and Mugabe's anti-gay stance resonates with many Zimbabweans. [12] Gays and lesbians in Zimbabwe are threatened by violence and suicide attempts are common among the gay community. [13] A few nightclubs in urban areas such as Harare and Bulawayo are tolerant of gay customers. [14] This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A nightclub (often dance club or club, particularly in the UK) is an entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... The city of San Luis Obispo, an example of an urban area. ... The City of Bulawayo is highlighted in this map of Zimbabwe. ...


In some Shona tribes, there is a belief that having sex with another man, particularly a younger one, can bring good fortune to the senior partner. This practice must be kept secret according to traditional beliefs. [15] Shona (IPA: ) is the name collectively given to several groups of people in Zimbabwe and western Mozambique. ...


HIV and AIDS

HIV and AIDS has plagued homosexuals in Zimbabwe and many cannot afford antiretroviral drugs. At present, GALZ is one of the few lobby groups in Zimbabwe that has a treatment plan up and running for people with full-blown AIDS. The association intends to have all its registered members take an HIV test. It also distributes posters warning people about the ways in which gays are vulnerable to AIDS. [16] Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... Antiretroviral drugs are medications for the treatment of infection by the retrovirus HIV. Different antiretroviral drugs act at various stages of the HIV life cycle. ... Lobbying is the practice of private advocacy with the goal of influencing a governing body, in order to ensure that an individuals or organizations point of view is represented in the government. ... Randal Tobias, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, being publicly tested for HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia in an effort to reduce the stigma of being tested. ...


Asylum

Zimbabwe has been accused of limiting its citizens' freedom of movement and leaving the country is extremely difficult. In 1998, William Kimumwe, facing sodomy charges, fled Zimbabwe for Kenya and arrived in the United States in 2002 seeking asylum, which was denied by an immigration judge. In 2005, The US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit in the state of Missouri upheld the immigration judge's decision. A two-judge majority believed Kimumwe's experiences in Zimbabwe were the result of his actions, not his sexual orientation. [17] [18] Title page of a European Union member state passport. ... Look up asylum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Court of Appeals is the title of certain appellate courts in various jurisdictions. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area Greater St. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ...


External links

  • Association of Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe (GALZ)
  • Behind The Mask: Zimbabwe
  • Under African Skies: A Four Part Series on Gay Zimbabwe
  • Zimbabwe: Gays talk straight (mp3 format)

 
 

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