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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Sweden

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

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Sweden is considered to one of the most liberal countries in Europe and in fact the world, when it comes to laws surrounding homosexuality. Due to the strong sense of secularism dominating in most of the country and government, Sweden today is seen as a campaigner of gay rights. Despite this same-sex marriage is still not legal, although civil unions are considered to be marriage within Swedish law. Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live...

Contents

Laws against homosexuals

Homosexuality was legalised in 1944. In 1987 a law against sex in saunas was created to prohibit the spread of HIV, but it was repealed in 2004. Homosexuals are not banned from Military Service.


Protection based on sexual orientation in law

The Swedish Constitution bans discrimination on grounds of "sexual orientation".[1] In 1987 discrimination against gay men and lesbians was included in the section of the penal code which deals with discrimination on grounds of race, etc. And since 2002 the portal section of the constitution bans discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation. The Swedish Ombudsman against Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation (Ombudsmannen mot diskriminering på grund av sexuell läggning), normally referred to as HomO, is the Swedish office of the ombudsman against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation. HomO is the most recently instituted Swedish ombudsman, in the sense of a government official who addresses the complaints of individual citizens. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... The Swedish Ombudsman against Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation (Ombudsmannen mot diskriminering på grund av sexuell läggning), normally referred to as HomO, is the Swedish office of the ombudsman against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation. ... An ombudsman (English plural: ombudsmans or ombudsmen) is an official, usually (but not always) appointed by the government or by parliament, who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints reported by individual citizens. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · The Holocaust · Armenian Genocide · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Blood libel · Black Legend Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Ku Klux Klan National Party (South Africa) American Nazi Party Kahanism · Supremacism Anti... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ...


The term HomO is used both to refer to the office and as the title of its government-appointed acting head, at present HomO Hans Ytterberg. HomO investigates the grievances of individuals and files class action suits on their behalf, for example a recently successful action against a restaurant owner in Stockholm who had harassed a lesbian couple. The HomO office also takes a number of initiatives of its own and submits parliamentary proposals, most recently for a gender neutral marriage act. The Swedish LGBT organisation Riksförbundet för sexuellt likaberättigande (Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights) was founded in 1950. In law, a class action is an equitable procedural device used in litigation for determining the rights of and remedies, if any, for large numbers of people whose cases involve common questions of law and fact. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th Century Population (April 2007)  - City 782,885  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights (RFSL, Riksförbundet för sexuellt likaberättigande) is a Swedish organization working for LGBT rights. ...


Recognition of same sex couples

It has been possible for same-sex couples to register their partnership since 1995. Since 2002 those partnerships have been able to adopt children both from Sweden and outside the country. The bill is the product of 18 months of research which showed that gay couples are just as capable as their heterosexual counterparts of caring for and rearing a child. However, in practice the law has meant little since most of the adoption agencies have held a negative view on homosexuals as parents and many of the countries they have contact with are strongly against homosexuality; homosexual couples who have gone through the social authorities' thorough investigatory process and given a go-ahead signal have in the end been met with a cold hand.


In 2005, a new law was passed allowing lesbian couples to be treated for assisted insemination in public hospitals.


Same-sex Marriages

The former Social Democratic government appointed a commission to investigate the possibilites of same-sex marriages in Sweden. In 2007, the Riksdag is supposed to vote on a change in the law concerning marriages. The parties in the Riksdag and their opinions of same-sex marriages (presented in order of size in the Riksdag): The parliament building from outside. ... The parliament building from outside. ... The parliament building from outside. ...

Party Legalizing same-sex marriages
Socialdemokraterna Yes
Moderaterna Not a general position token
Centerpartiet Yes
Liberal People's Party Yes
Kristdemokraterna No
Vänsterpartiet Yes
Miljöpartiet Yes

The Swedish government consists of Moderaterna, Centerpartiet, Liberal People's Party & Kristdemokraterna. The prime minister of Sweden, Fredrik Reinfeldt, says his party has not made a decision in this matter yet. However, Fredrik Reinfeldt voted for LGBT persons right to adopt, against the the mother party's line in 2002. If the government can't agree of a bill the Riksdag itself could put forward a bill to legalize same-sex marriages. This happened in 1994, when the Riksdag put forward a bill concering civil unions. The Swedish Social Democratic Party (Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti, commonly referred to as Socialdemokraterna), is the largest political party in Sweden. ... The Moderate Coalition Party or Moderata samlingspartiet (commonly referred to as Moderaterna) is a liberal-conservative political party in Sweden. ... The Centre Party (Swedish: Centerpartiet, abbreviated: C) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Liberal Party of Sweden (in Swedish: Folkpartiet liberalerna, abbreviated fp, meaning Peoples Party the Liberals) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna or KD) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Green Party (Miljöpartiet de Gröna) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Moderate Coalition Party or Moderata samlingspartiet (commonly referred to as Moderaterna) is a liberal-conservative political party in Sweden. ... The Centre Party (Swedish: Centerpartiet, abbreviated: C) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Liberal Party of Sweden (in Swedish: Folkpartiet liberalerna, abbreviated fp, meaning Peoples Party the Liberals) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna or KD) is a political party in Sweden. ... John Fredrik Reinfeldt (IPA: ) (born August 4, 1965, in Österhaninge) is the current Prime Minister of Sweden and leader of the liberal conservative Moderate Party (Swedish: ). A native of Stockholm County, Reinfeldt joined the Moderate Youth League in 1983, and by 1992 had risen to the rank of chairperson, a... John Fredrik Reinfeldt (IPA: ) (born August 4, 1965, in Österhaninge) is the current Prime Minister of Sweden and leader of the liberal conservative Moderate Party (Swedish: ). A native of Stockholm County, Reinfeldt joined the Moderate Youth League in 1983, and by 1992 had risen to the rank of chairperson, a... The parliament building from outside. ... The parliament building from outside. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not...


On March 16, 2007, the High Council of the Church of Sweden gave the green light for blessing same-sex marriages in the church. However, a formal decision by the Kyrkomötet has not been taken yet. The High Council want to reserve the name marriage to heterosexual couples because this matter is strongly taboo in the Church of Sweden's internal organization. A same-sex marriage will have exactly the same judicial rights and the same ceremony as an opposite-sex marriage. If same-sex marriage passes the Kyrkomötet the Swedish Church will become one of the first churches in the world allowing same-sex weddings. [1][2] Bishop Lennart Koskinen with some young people. ... Bishop Lennart Koskinen with some young people. ...


Gay life in the country

Sweden is generally very gay-friendly with a whole raft of legislation protecting gay and lesbian rights including anti-discrimination law and partnership registration. A recent European Union member poll showed 71% of Sweden support same sex marriage [3].


See also

Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights (RFSL, Riksförbundet för sexuellt likaberättigande) is a Swedish organization working for LGBT rights. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Regeringsformen, 1 chapter, 2 paragraph

External link

  • Official site for HomO (English)

 
 

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