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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in South Africa

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

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South Africa has a diverse history when it comes to the legal and social status of LGBT people as a result of traditional South African mores, western imperialism, Apartheid and the human rights movement that contributed to the down fall of apartheid. South Africa's post-apartheid constitution was the first in the world to outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation, and on 1 December 2006 South Africa made history by becoming the fifth country in the world and first in Africa to legalize same-sex marriage. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... It has been suggested that Civil unions in South Africa be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Early colonialism

Sodomy was a Common Law crime in South Africa and was defined as oral or anal sex between men. A 1957 law prohibited men from engaging in any erotic conduct when there were more than two people present [1]. François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ...


Apartheid

The Apartheid government was hostile to the human rights of LGBT South Africans. Homosexuality was a crime punishable by up to seven years in prison and the law was used to harass and outlaw South African gay community events and political activists [2]. A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Despite the opposition, several South African gay rights organizations did arise in the late 1970s, around the time when the ruling National Party strengthened the national sodomy law in 1976. However, until the late 1980s gay organizations were often divided along racial lines and the larger political question of apartheid. The Gay Association of South Africa was mostly a white organization that initially avoided taking an official position on apartheid, while the Rand Gay Organization started out as being multi-racial and in opposition to the racist political system of apartheid [3] [4]. The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... The National Party (Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) (with its members sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats) was the governing party of South Africa from June 4th 1948 until May 9th 1994, and was disbanded in 2005. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... 1. ...


From 1960s to the late 1980s, the South African Defense Force forced white gay and lesbian soldiers to undergo various medicial "cures" for their sexual orientation, including sex change operations [5]. The treatment of gay and lesbian soldiers in the South African military was explored in the 2003 documentary film titled Property of the State. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ...


In some regards, the outbreak of the AIDS-HIV epidemic in South Africa, forced LGBT South Africans out of the closet and to work together to fight the spread of the disease and to ensure that those that are infected have access to the life-saving medicine. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...


Age of consent

The age of consent is equal at 16 under a contitutional court order.[citation needed] While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any contract or behaviour regulated by...


Post-Apartheid

In 1993 the African National Congress endorsed legal recognition of same-sex marriages, and the interim Constition opposed discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and promised to defend a right to privacy. These provisions were kept in the new constitution, approved in 1996, due to the lobbying efforts of LGBT South Africans and the support of the African National Congress. Hence, South Africa became the first nation in the world to explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in its constitution. Two years later, the Constitutional Court of South Africa ruled that the law which prohibited homosexual conduct between consenting adults in private, violated the Constitution For political parties with similar names in other countries, see Northern Rhodesian African National Congress and Zambian African National Congress. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ...


In 1998, Parliament passed the Employment Equity Act. The law protects South Africans from unfair labor discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, among many other categories [6]. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


As of 2000, similar protections were extended to public accommodations and services with the approval of the Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act [7]. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In December 2005, the Constitutional Court of South Africa ruled that it was unconstitutional to prevent people of the same gender from marrying when it was permitted to people of opposite gender, and gave the South African Parliament one year to allow same-sex unions. The South African Constitutional Court was established in 1994 by South Africas first democratic constitution: the Interim Constitution of 1993. ...


In November 2006, Parliament voted 230:41 for a bill allowing same-sex civil marriage, as well as civil unions for unmarried opposite-sex and same-sex couples. Though civil servants and clergy can refuse to solemnize same-sex unions[8].


While the Constitutional and legal system in South Africa theoretically ensure equality, public opinion tends to view homosexuality to be a taboo topic, especially outside of the cosmopolitian lifestyle available to the middle classes in the cities. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ...


In 1998, the right-wing National Party leader denied accusations that he had paid a man for sex, by stating that he was a "Boerseun" (farmer's son), thus implying that homosexuality is not something that is found among the Afrikaners. South African Gay rights organizations called for an apology [9]. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... The National Party (Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) (with its members sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats) was the governing party of South Africa from June 4th 1948 until May 9th 1994, and was disbanded in 2005. ... Afrikaners (sometimes known as Boers) are white South Africans, predominantly of Calvinist German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloons descent who speak Afrikaans. ...


Gay women from smaller towns (especially the townships) are often victims of beating or rape because of the perceived threat they pose to traditional male authority [10]. South Africa has no specific "hate crime" legislation, and human rights organizations have criticized the South African police for failing to address the matter of bias motivated crimes. Human rights watchdogs believe that much of the sexism and homophobia that erupts is tied to male frustration with unemployment and poverty. Children in a township near Cape Town in 1989 In South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often underdeveloped) urban residential areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites (principally black Africans and Coloureds, who were put into separate townships or locations) who lived near or worked... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights LGBT rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Feminism Mens/Fathers rights · Masculinism Children... Homophobia is the irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ...


Most South Africans are against homosexual relationships as evidence by a 2002 Pew Research Center survey which suggest 63% of South Africans think homosexuality should not be accepted. The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that provides information on the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the USA and the world. ...


References:

  • Constitutional Court's Media Summary of Decision
  • "Parliament Ordered to Allow Gay Marriage" Mail & Guardian Online, Dec 1 2005, Johannesburg

Organizations

  • Lesbian & Gay Equality Project
  • Triangle Project

 
 

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