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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Romania

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

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Romania, like a number of other Eastern European countries remains socially conservative with regard to the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender citizens. Despite this, the country has made some notable improvements in its gay rights record since 2000. Map of Eastern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Laws against gays

There are currently no laws against gay citizens in Romania, aside from those that deny equality in marriage. Consensual acts between same-sex adults in private were legalised in 1996, although the last anti-gay law – Article 200 of the Penal Code, which criminalised public manifestations of homosexuality – was repealed only in 2001 due to pressure from the European Council and shortly before the arrival of openly gay U.S. Ambassador to Romania Michael Guest. GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... Article 200 (Articolul 200 in Romanian) was a controversial section of Romanias Penal Code that criminalised homosexual relationships. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... Michael E. Guest was the U.S. Ambassador to Romania, appointed by President George W. Bush. ...


Protection based on sexual orientation in law

In 2000, the Romanian Parliament enacted a law that explicitly outlawed discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in a variety of fields, including employment, the provision of and access to goods and services, housing, education, health care, audiovisual programming, the justice system, other public services and social security.[1] The law has been successfully tested by the National Council for Combating Discrimination (CNCD), which has successfully fined and filed cases against individuals and firms due to discrimination based on sexual orientation. An example of this was when TAROM, the national air carrier, was fined due to its refusal allow gay partners to take advantage of its discounts for couples on Valentine's Day 2005.[2] The situation was then rectified by TAROM. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... TAROM is the flag carrier airline of Romania. ... Saint Valentines Day or Valentines Day is on February 14. ...


On March 28, 2007, the National Audiovisual Council gave a 10,000 lei (3000) fine to Prima TV's primetime satire-comedy show, Cronica Cârcotaşilor, for making homophobic comments.[3] In two episodes, the show's presenters had allegedly made fun of Mircea Solcanu, an Acasă TV presenter who had come out as gay. The president of the National Audiovisual Council, Ralu Filip, explained the fine by stating that, "I felt it was unacceptable the way in which they made fun of a sexual orientation in this way, especially since it was about a colleague."[4] This represents the first time an audiovisual programme has been fined for homophobia in Romania, based on Article 46 of the Audiovisual Law, which prevents programmes from containing any discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation.[5] The incident sparked off a public debate regarding homophobia and representations of LGBT people in the mass media. Attila Gasparik, the vice-president of the National Audiovisual Council, stated that Cronica Cârcotaşilor, as well as other high-profile TV shows, will continue being held under "strict observation. .. because they have a very high impact, reason for which we have to be very rigorous in our monitoring".[6] For the Moldovan currency, see Moldovan leu. ... “EUR” redirects here. ... Prima TV is a Romanian commercial TV channel, famous mainly for the Cronica CârcotaÅŸilor show and some PSD-related scandals. ... Cronica CârcotaÅŸilor (approximate English translation: The Naggers Show) is a weekly satire show on Prima TV hosted by Åžerban Huidu and Mihai Găinuşă. Loosely based on the Italian entertainment program Striscia la notizia, Cronica CârcotaÅŸilor ridicules various celebrities from the current Romanian political, media and... Homophobia is the irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ... Acasă (Romanian for At home) is a television channel operated by the Media PRO media company that broadcasts in Romania. ... Coming out of the closet (very often shortened to coming out in winking reference to the public introduction of debutantes) describes the voluntary public announcement of ones (often homosexual or bisexual) sexual orientation or gender identity. ...


Recognition of same-sex couples

Main article: Same-sex marriage in Romania

There is currently no recognition of same-sex couples in Romania. Since 2007, however, when Romania joined the EU, the country is obliged to "facilitate" and recognise same-sex relationships registered in other EU member states (be they in the form of same-sex marriage, civil unions or domestic partnerships). Same-sex marriage is not legal in any Eastern Orthodox-majority nation, including Romania. ...


Other LGBT-related legislation

Since 2002, the age of consent is equal for both heterosexual and homosexual sex, at 15 years of age.[7] While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any contract or behaviour regulated by...


Since 1996, it is possible for someone who has gone through gender reassignment surgery to legally change their gender in their official documents to reflect their new biological sex. Additionally, it is legal for single women, including lesbians, to access means of assisted insemination, such as IVF.[8] Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) includes the surgical procedures by which a persons physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are changed to that of the other sex. ...


Gays are allowed to serve openly in the Romanian army. According to the Ministry of Defence's recruitment policy, "it is the right of every Romanian citizen to take part in the military structures of our country, regardless of their sexual orientation."[9] Nonetheless, many -- if not most -- gay and lesbian members of the military choose to remain closeted in the work place due to continued fear of discrimination. The Romanian Army (Armata Română) consists of three branches: Romanian Land Forces Romanian Naval Forces Romanian Air Force The term army is used in Romania when referring to the entire military, while land forces deal only with the actual army itself. ...


Gay life in the country

Romania has made significant progress in gay rights legislation since 2000. In 2006, it was named by Human Rights Watch as one of five countries that had made "exemplary progress in combating rights abuses based on sexual orientation or gender identity."[10] Although the last anti-gay law, Article 200, was repealed in 2001, societal attitudes towards gay and lesbian citizens are still quite discriminatory, particularly in rural areas. GayFest pride marches in Bucharest in 2005 and 2006 were met with significant opposition from far-right groups (particularly Noua Dreaptă and the New Generation Party). A parade permit for the 2005 event was initially denied by the Bucharest mayor's office, which relented following pressure from Minister of Justice Monica Macovei and the office of President Traian Băsescu. A small and still largely closeted gay scene exists in the Romania's largest cities, particularly in Bucharest, which has a few gay clubs. In addition to the annual GayFest in Bucharest, there are several other LGBT cultural events in the country, such as Cluj-Napoca's Gay Film Nights, an annual LGBT film festival, Annual Gay Prize and Miss Travesty Romania, all organised by Be An Angel Romania at Cluj-Napoca. Article 200 (Articolul 200 in Romanian) was a controversial section of Romanias Penal Code that criminalised homosexual relationships. ... GayFest is the annual gay pride festival in Bucharest, Romania, which first took place in 2004 and now occurs in May-June of each year, and lasts for nearly a week. ... Status Capital of Romania Mayor Adriean Videanu, since 2005 Area 238 km² Population (2005) 1,924,959[1] Density 8,088 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... A political sticker displaying the Celtic cross and the words identitate naÅ£ională, revoluÅ£ie spirituală (national identity, spiritual revolution). ... The New Generation Party (Partidul Noua GeneraÅ£ie) is a political party in Romania. ... Monica Luisa Macovei (), born 4 February 1959 is the Minister of Justice of Romania in the cabinet of Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu. ... Traian Băsescu (born November 4, 1951) is a Romanian politician. ... GayFest is the annual gay pride festival in Bucharest, Romania, which first took place in 2004 and now occurs in May-June of each year, and lasts for nearly a week. ... Poster for Gay Film Nights 2006 Gay Film Nights (Seriile Filmului Gay in Romanian) is an LGBT film festival organised annually in Cluj-Napoca, Romania by Be An Angel. ... Logo of Be An Angel Be An Angel is a Romanian human rights organisation based in Cluj-Napoca. ...


The primary nongovernmental organization advocating for LGBT rights, ACCEPT, has worked to break down many of the political and social barriers for LGBT Romanians. LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ... Accept is a German heavy metal band from the town of Solingen, originally assembled in the early 1970s by Udo Dirkschneider. ...


In September 2006, the British Council conducted a survey in various Romanian cities which, among other things, sought to ascertain the beliefs of Romanian young people (aged between 15 and 25) regarding LGBT rights. Of those surveyed, 39.1% believed that LGBT rights should be extended, 35.9% believed that the LGBT rights situation is satisfactory in Romania, while 15.6% of people stated that LGBT people have too many rights. 9.4% were undecided. Additionally, 71.9% of the young people surveyed stated that LGBT rights should be protected, indicating relatively high levels of acceptance among this demographic.[11]. Logo of the British Council British Council building in London The British Council is a non-departmental public body and registered charity for cultural relations in the United Kingdom. ...


Open homosexuality is still viewed as a strange phenomenon outside of the major urban centers and rural gay and lesbian Romanians typically remain closeted. In Romania, LBGT communities only exists in a semi-public manner evident in Bucharest and in Cluj, the two largest cities and, to a lesser degree, in other major cities such as Braşov, Ploieşti, Timişoara as well as Constanţa on the Black Sea coast. [1] Status Capital of Romania Mayor Adriean Videanu, since 2005 Area 238 km² Population (2005) 1,924,959[1] Density 8,088 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Cluj may refer to Cluj County, Romania Cluj-Napoca, county seat of Cluj County, named Cluj until 1974 Category: ... County BraÅŸov County Status County capital Mayor George Scripcaru, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 267. ... County Prahova County Status County seat Mayor Emil Calotă, Social Democratic Party, since 2000 Population (2002) 232,452 234,707 - National Institute of statistics, July 1, 2004 Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County ConstanÅ£a Mayor Radu Åžtefan Mazăre Area 124. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...


A Eurobarometer survey on discrimination in the European Union, conducted in late 2006, revealed that attitudes towards discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation were similar with those of other EU countries. 47% of Romanians believed that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation was "widespread", slightly less than the EU average of 50%. Additionally, 55% of Romanians were in favour of specific measures to provide equal opportunity in employment despite sexual orientation, notably lower than the EU average figure of 66%. 67% of Romanians would agree to anonymously reveal their sexual orientation in the census, "if that could help combat discrimination in Romania", while only 16% would be totally opposed (lower than the EU average of 28%). 58% of Romanians believe that homosexuality was still a taboo in Romania, higher than the EU average of 48%, but lower than for countries such as Italy, Greece, Ireland, Austria and Sweden.[12] Eurobarometer is a survey performed by Public Opinion Analysis sector of the European Commission since 1973. ...


Other opinion polls have shown Romanians to be extremely intolerant with regard to homosexuality, including a 2003 poll conducted by Gallup for the Institute for Public Policies. In the poll, 45% of respondents said homosexuals should not be treated the same as others in society; 37% thought homosexuality should be criminalized; and 40% thought homosexuals should not be allowed to live in Romania. See: Gallup poll (opinion poll) Gallup, New Mexico ...


See also

Same-sex marriage is not legal in any Eastern Orthodox-majority nation, including Romania. ... Accept is a German heavy metal band from the town of Solingen, originally assembled in the early 1970s by Udo Dirkschneider. ... Logo of Be An Angel Be An Angel is a Romanian human rights organisation based in Cluj-Napoca. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Accessing Health: the Context and the Challenges for LGBT People in Central and Eastern Europe (April 2006), ILGA-Europe, April 2006
  2. ^ Valentine's deal 'left out gay people', The Guardian, March 1, 2005
  3. ^ (Romanian) `Circotasii`, amendati pentru ca au ironizat un prezentator gay (Cârcotaşii, fined for making fun of a gay presenter), 7plus.ro, 28 March 2007
  4. ^ (Romanian) Alexandra Badicioiu, Cârcotaşii, amendati cu 10.000 de lei (Cârcotaşii, fined 10,000 lei), Cotidianul, 28 March 2007
  5. ^ (Romanian) Comunicat de presă: Prima TV amendă de 10.000 de lei; Acasa TV, TV Sport, Prima TV – somaţii publice, National Audiovisual Council, 27 March 2007
  6. ^ (Romanian) Cui ii este teama de homosexuali? (Who's afraid of homosexuals?), Cotidianul, 13 April 2007
  7. ^ World Legal Wrap Up Survey July 2006, ILGA
  8. ^ Legal Survey of LGBT Rights Worldwide, PDF file
  9. ^ Dilema Armatei romane: cu sau fara homosexuali, Evenimentul Zilei, 26 November 2006
  10. ^ On International Day Against Homophobia, Violations Mixed With Victories, Human Rights Watch
  11. ^ (Romanian) O perspectivă asupra valorilor tinerilor români (A perspective on the values of young Romanian people), British Council in Romania
  12. ^ Eurobarometer: Discrimination in the European Union, Romania Country Report, January 2007


The European Region of the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA-Europe) is the European branch of ILGA, created in 1996. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... Cotidianul is a Romanian newspaper, published Monday to Saturday in Berliner format. ... Cotidianul is a Romanian newspaper, published Monday to Saturday in Berliner format. ... The International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 400 lesbian and gay groups from around the world. ... Logo of Evenimentul Zilei Evenimentul Zilei is one of the leading newspapers in Romania. ...

Romanian LGBT topics
Law Gay rights in Romania | Same-sex marriage in Romania | Article 200
People Florin Buhuceanu | Romaniţa Iordache | Lucian Dunăreanu | Toxice
Organisations ACCEPT | Be An Angel
Events GayFest | Gay Film Nights
Media Inklusiv | ENOLA | Switch | Angelicuss | GayOne.ro | Radio Q
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