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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Portugal

LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality, bisexuality, or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world World laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in the US. Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ...


By country This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption International recognition Civil unions and Domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT rights opposition refers to various movements or attitudes which oppose the extension of certain rights to lesbian and gay people, and by extension to bisexuals, and... Heterosexism is the presumption that everyone is straight or heterosexual (i. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

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After a long period of oppression during the Inquisition[1] and the Salazar dictatorship [2], Portuguese society is becoming slowly acceptant of homosexuality, which was decriminalized in 1982,[3] eight years after the Carnation Revolution. Inquisition (capitalized I) is broadly used, to refer to things related to judgment of heresy by the Roman Catholic Church. ... Salazar is the name of: António de Oliveira Salazar, Prime Minister and Dictator of Portugal from 1932 to 1968 Alberto Salazar, U.S. distance runner Alejandro Salazar, U.S. Soccer player Argenis Salazar, former Major League Baseball shortstop Eliseo Salazar, Chilean racing driver Ken Salazar, U.S. Senator from... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, leftist, military-led coup détat, started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC...


Laws against discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation are in effect. Portugal was also one of the first and only countries to enshrine a ban on discrimination based on sexual orientation on its constitution.


However, reality and practice are very far away from the tolerant legislation. The average Portuguese population and institutions dislike homosexual people. In a recent poll about 70% of the inquirees confessed to their homophobia. Homophobic violence and harassment is a daily fact, although scarcely reported by the victims for fear of retaliation and exposure. A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church; a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ...


Homophobia is deeply ingrained in Portuguese culture, strongly machista, and it is enforced upon children since birth. It is not uncommon that known gays, patently effeminate men, or frail/timid-looking males are the object of sadistic homophobic bullying or derision, frequently harassed and humiliated in the streets or other public places by catcalling or jeering by men, women, youths or even children just for the fun of it and out of machismo. Machismo refers to excessive masculinity. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... Bullying is the tormenting of others through verbal harassment, physical assault, or other more subtle methods of coercion such as manipulation. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In 2006, in Porto an HIV+ Brazilian homeless transexual was tortured and murdered; the suspects, a gang of youths, were acquitted in the courts. Some years ago, in Viseu a few gay men were the victims of violence by a gang of upper-class youths[citation needed]. The police frequently harasses gay couples in public places, the Portuguese popular culture is basically homophobic and the same goes to the traditional universitary student academical groups (Praxe), the military, the sports world, the Church, the show business (some of which is runned up by well-known but homophobic gay men) and other socio-cultural groups[citation needed]. In recent years, some Portuguese political personalities have been smeared by homophobic accusations issued by the media and/or their political opponents. Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... A homeless man pushes a cart down the street. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... Location  - Region  - Subregion  - District or A.R.   {{{Region}}} {{{Subregion}}} Viseu Mayor  - Party Fernando Ruas PSD Area 507. ... The Praxe, for Portuguese students at universities and other institutions of higher education, is a word that means a body of ritual and custom founded upon ancient traditions of the University of Coimbra, the oldest university of Portugal, which is an important part of the academic life. ...

Contents

Gay life in the country

There exists an increasingly vibrant and dynamic gay scene in the Lisbon and Porto metropolitan areas as well as the Algarve with several gay bars, pubs and nightclubs. Other smaller cities and regions such as Leiria, Braga and Madeira also have much more discrete gay communities. In Lisbon, most LGBT-oriented businesses are grouped around the bohemian Bairro Alto and the adjacent Príncipe Real neighbourhoods. In both Lisbon and Porto there are also annual Gay Pride Parades that attract tens of thousands of participants and spectators. Lisbon is also host to one of the largest LGBT film festivals in Europe, the Lisbon Gay & Lesbian Film Festival. Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Centro  - Subregion Pinhal Litoral  - District or A.R. Leiria Mayor Isabel Damasceno Campos Costa  - Party PSD Area 564,66 km² km² Population  - Total 119,870 hab. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Cávado  - District or A.R. Braga Mayor Mesquita Machado  - Party PS Area 183. ... Motto Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres(Portuguese) Of all islands, the most beautiful and free Anthem A Portuguesa(national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira(local) Capital (and largest city) Funchal Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Alberto João Jardim Establishment  -  Settled 1420   -  Autonomy... Bairro Alto (literally upper quarter in Portuguese) is an area of central Lisbon, Portugal. ... 2004 Gay Pride Parade in São Paulo, Brazil. ... The Lisbon Gay & Lesbian Film Festival is one of the most important European forums of international LGBT film/video. ...


A Eurobarometer survey published on December 2006 showed that 29% of Portuguese surveyed support same-sex marriage and 19% recognise same-sex couple's right to adopt (EU-wide average 44% and 33%).[4] Eurobarometer is a survey performed by Public Opinion Analysis sector of the European Commission since 1973. ...


Recognition of same-sex couples

Civil unions in Portugal were introduced for same-sex couples in 15 March 2001. Civil unions in Portugal were introduced for opposite-sex couples in 1 July 1999 and extended to same-sex couples by the act of 15 March 2001. ...


The current legislation extends to same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples living in a de facto union for more than two years. The law covers housing arrangements, civil servants and work benefits, the option to choose a fiscal regime as married partners, and welfare benefits. The difference in the civil union law between same-sex and opposite-sex couples is that only opposite-sex couples can adopt children together.


The "registration" can be made by an application of joint tax assessment.


Also in 15 March 2001, a new multi-person law ("common economy") was also approved that protects two or more persons that live in common economy with most of the rights of the de facto union, except welfare benefits.


Since December 2006, same sex couples (and opposite sex couples) in a civil union are also recognized in the same way as married couples for citizenship applications and when a public servant wants to extend healthcare protection to the partner. The Penal Code is also in the process of being changed to recognize same-sex couples in the Domestic violence law. “Domestic disturbance” redirects here. ...


Same-sex marriage

On February 1, 2006, a lesbian couple applied for a marriage licence. Their application was refused, but the couple, Teresa Pires and Helena Paixão, have promised to challenge the ban in court, protesting that the refusal is unconstitutional under the 1976 constiutions ban on discrimination, and the subsequent adding of sexual orientation to it in 2004.


Same-sex marriage was the source of debate during the 2005 legislative elections, with the winning socialists failing to make a clear statement in favour of same-sex marriage. Prime Minister Jose Socrates has stated that introducing same-sex marriage legislation is not in his government's agenda, yet he has not ruled out the possibility that such legislation be introduced if his socialist government receives a second consecutive mandate in future elections. The youth wing of his party, as well as the other two left-of-centre parties with parliamentary representation have spoken strongly in favour of same-sex marriage, while the right remains extremely opposed to any such legislation. José Sócrates Carvalho Pinto de Sousa (born Vilar de Maçada, 6 September 1957) is a Portuguese politician, elected secretary-general of the Socialist Party Sócrates is a civil engineer, with a post-graduated studies in the area of sanitary engineering. ...


A petition in favor of same-sex marriage with around 7000 signatures was delivered to the Portuguese parliament on 16 February 2006.


Age of Consent

The age of consent is the same under the constitutional court of Portugal, because of constitutional protection that includes "sexual orientation" in the Constitution of Portugal since 2004, the Penal Code is in a process of review, revision and these particular laws will be rewritten.[citation needed] Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Criminal Code. ...


Protection based on sexual orientation in law

In 2004 laws against discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation came into effect. Hereto, the Constitution prohibits any form of discrimination based on sexual orientation.


References

  1. ^ The homosexuals, then called sodomites, were burned at the stake.
  2. ^ Homosexuals (particularly if they were poor or anti-salazarist) were harassed, persecuted and imprisioned by the fearsome Brigada de Costumes da Polícia Judiciária — See Mártir gay.
  3. ^ PortugalPride.org
  4. ^ Eight EU Countries Back Same-Sex Marriage, Angus Reid Global Monitor, December 24, 2006.

 
 

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