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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Jordan

Jordan is generally seen as a moderate Muslim nation and although the criminal code makes no explicit distinction between private, adult and consensual heterosexual and homosexual relationships, Jordanians are quite religious and Islam, like some interpretations of other Abrahamic religions, looks critically upon homosexuality[1]. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...

Contents

Penal Code

Private, adult and consensual sodomy was decriminalized by the Penal Code of 1951, which was amended in 1960 [2]. François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ...


Today, homosexuality is not a crime provided that it is noncommercial and occurs between consenting adults in private. However, vigilante honor killings are relatively common. In 2000 and 2003 the Jordanian parliament rejected efforts to repeal Article 340 of the national crime code that provides a legal protection for perpetrators of honor killings under certain circumstances [3]. This article or section contains too many quotations for an encyclopedic entry. ... An honor killing is the murder of a person, almost invariably a woman, who has been perceived as having brought dishonor to their family. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A handful of upper-class LGBT Jordanians have fled to western nations, mainly Canada, and reported on the physical abuse they faced by their family [4]. This abuse does not appear to be official government policy, although the government seems reluctant to come to the aid of such an unpopular class of people [5]. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Press Law

The National Press Law (aka "Press and Publication Law") was amended in 1998, and again in 2004. The initial document prohibited the depiction or endorsement of "sexual perversion", which may have included homosexuality [6]. The revised edition in 2004 has a few provisions of direct impact on gay rights in Jordan. First of all, the content ban on 'sexual perversion' is replaced with a general requirement that the press "respect the values of....the Arab and Islamic nation." and that that press must also avoid encroaching into people's private lives [7]. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paraphilia (in Greek para παρά = over and philia φιλία = friendship) is a mental health term recently used to indicate sexual arousal in response to sexual objects or situations that are not part of societally normative arousal/activity patterns, or which may interfere with... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Civil Rights

No civil rights legislation exists to protect people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. There are no known government-recognized LGBT community or human rights organizations, and no Jordanian political parties have expressed any support for LGBT legislation. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Christopher Street Parade Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures concern the culture, knowledge, and references shared by members of sexual minorities or transgendered people by virtue of their membership in those minorities or their state of being transgendered. ...


No formal legislation exists to officially discriminate or prevent LGBT Jordians from demanding these rights, although the issue is considered to be highly taboo given the fact that many Jordians believe that hommosexuality is prohibited in Islam, the official religion of Jordan. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


AIDS/HIV

It is not clear how many people are living in Jordan with HIV or AIDS, but it is likely to be around 600 - 1,000 people with most of the infections coming from people engaging in unsafe sex [8]. The Ministry of Health has a AIDS-HIV prevention and education program, although as is the case in much of the Middle East, the ignorance about the disease is common place [9]. As part of its prevention programs, the Foreign Ministry requires blood tests for foreigners who apply for visas longer than the standard 3-month tourist visa. Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ...


See also

The record of human rights in Jordan continues to be a matter of concern for many international human rights groups. ...

References

  1. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homosexuality_and_Islam
  2. ^ Schmitt, Arno & Sofer, Jehoeda, 1992, Sexuality and Eroticism Among Males in Moslem Societies. Binghamton: Harrington Park Press. ISBN 0-918393-91-4, p. 137-138.
  3. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3088828.stm
  4. ^ http://www.gaymiddleeast.com/country/jordan
  5. ^ http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/canada/canews021.htm
  6. ^ http://www.article19.org/pdfs/press/jordan-draft-press-law.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.article19.org/publications/law/analyses/middle-east-north-africa.html
  8. ^ http://jameed.net/2005/11/21/386/
  9. ^ http://www.moh.gov.jo/Aids/Aids/Aides.html

 
 

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