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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Japan

Japan has no laws against homosexual activity, and some legal protections for LGBT people. Homosexuality has been recorded from ancient times in Japan; indeed, at some times in Japanese history love between men was viewed as the purest form of love. ...

Contents

Sexual activity

Sodomy was criminalized in Japan in 1873, but the provision was repealed only seven years later by the Penal Code of 1880. [1] The current Japanese legal code only indirectly addresses the issue of homosexuality. Technically homosexual relations between consenting adults (13) in private are not a crime. However, some local governments or prefectures have enacted laws that effectively raise the age of consent for homosexual conduct to eighteen, on the grounds of protecting the youth. François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... The term prefecture has been used to denote a self-governing body or area since the time of Constantine I, who divided the Roman Empire into 4 districts (each divided into dioceses). ...


Prostitution is illegal under the 1958 "Prostitution Prevention Act." However, since homosexuality is not seen as sexual conduct in the criminal code but rather define it as "seikou-ruiji-kōi" (similar to sexual conduct), homosexual prostitution is often dealt with other local laws. Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Employment

The Japanese Self Defence Force does not formally bar volunteers on the basis of sexual orientation but in 1992 a representative for the SDF stated that there are no homosexuals in the Defence Force[citation needed], suggesting that openly gay servicemen or lesbian servicewomen could be punished for their sexuality. The Japan Self-Defense Forces ), or JSDF, are the military forces in Japan that were established after the end of World War II. The force has been engaged in no real combat but has been engaged in some international peacekeeping operations. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ...


Japanese civil rights laws do not include protection from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. However, in 1997 the group OCCUR (Japan Association for the Lesbian and Gay Movement) won a court case against a Tokyo government policy that barred gay and lesbian youth from using the "Metropolitan House for Youth." However, the court ruling does not seem to have extended to other areas of government sponsored discrimination. The city government of Tokyo has since passed legislation banning discrimination in employment based on sexual identity. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 2004 Kazuhito Tadano, a heterosexual Japanese baseball pitcher, joined the American Cleveland Indians after being publicly blacklisted from playing on Japanese baseball teams. It had been previously revealed that he had acted in a gay pornographic film, along with other team members, when he was a member of the Rikkyo University baseball team. shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kazuhito Tadano (Japanese: 多田野数人) (b. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present) Cleveland Stadium (1932-1993)* a. ... Pornography (from Greek πορνογραφια pornographia — literally writing about or drawings of harlots) is the representation of the human body or human sexual behaviour with the goal of sexual arousal, similar to, but (according to some) distinct from, erotica. ... Rikkyo University (St. ...


Accommodation

The Osaka residence board has limited subsidised housing to single persons, married or marriagable couples. The housing authority is explicity banned from providing such apartments to same-sex couples.[citation needed]


Medical issues

In terms of transgender issues, the Japan's Health and Welfare Ministry modified its policy in 1998 to allow doctors in Japan to perform gender-reassignment surgeries.[citation needed] Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at birth, as well as the role traditionally held by society. ...


Political support

The major Japanese political parties do not express much public support for LGBT rights issues. In 1994 the then Foreign Minister Koji Kakizawa stated in Shokun! magazine that he was opposed to his party simply calling themselves the Liberals, because it might lead people to believe that they supported homosexuals. LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ...


Both the ruling Liberal Democrats and Komei pledge to oppose all discrimination that women face, but do not address the issue of sexual orientation. Likewise, the major opposition party, the Democratic Party of Japan only offers a broad endorsement of equal opportunity. Yet, even the minor political parties have been reluctant to publicly endorse gay rights. [1] The Liberal Democratic Party ), frequently abbreviated to LDP or Jimintō ), is a conservative political party and the largest party in Japan, which has been ruling almost uninterruptedly since Japan regained independence after World War II. It is not to be confused with the now-defunct Liberal Party ), which merged with... The New Komeito ), New Komeito Party , or NKP is a political party in Japan formed by Daisaku Ikeda, leader of the Buddhist organisation Soka Gakkai. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... The Democratic Party of Japan ) is a liberal party in Japan. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also...


The defunct Japanese Green Party Rainbow and Green refused to address the issue, although as a part of the "Global Greens" movement they technically had endorsed a broad human rights agenda that included gay rights. The Liberal League homepage states that it opposes "any form of discrimination". Likewise the Japanese Communist Party also avoids the issue. The Global Greens (or formally: the Global Green Network) are an organization of cooperating Green parties. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The Liberal League; Japanese Jiyu Rengo (自由連合); is a free market liberal party in Japan. ...


In 2001 The Council for Human Rights Promotion, under the Ministry of Justice, recommended that sexual orientation be included in the nation's civil rights code, but the Diet has refused to take action. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... The National Diet of Japan ) is Japans legislature. ...


In 2003 Aya Kamikawa became the first transgender candidate to run for public office in Japan, Tokyo's municipal government. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aya Kamikawa (上川あや Kamikawa Aya) is a Tokyo municipal official, the first transsexual person to seek elected office in Japan. ... Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at birth, as well as the role traditionally held by society. ...


In 2005 Kanako Otsuji, from the Osaka Prefectural Assembly, became the first Japanese politician to formally come out at the Tokyo Gay Pride Festival. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kanako Otsuji (尾辻 かな子 Otsuji Kanako, born December 16, 1974) is a member of the Osaka Prefectural Assembly (4-year term), first elected in April, 2003. ...


Marriage

The Japanese Department of Registration (Gaimusho, 外務省) recently received the order to confirm the heterosexual status of couples applying for marriage licenses, and, if the members of the couple were not of different sexes, to decline the application. Same-sex civil unions and domestic partnerships performed in Germany (and presumably other countries) have no legal standing in Japan.


References


 
 

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