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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Italy

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

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Italian opinions have changed in the past and people are generally tolerant of gay rights, but not as much as in other Western European countries. This is due to the religious influence of the Roman Catholic Church, which has been ingrained in society for hundreds of years. Conservative Italian politicians such as Silvio Berlusconi have often been opposed to increasing gay rights. A Eurobarometer survey published on December 2006 showed that 31% of Italians surveyed support same-sex marriage and 24% recognise same-sex couple's right to adopt (EU-wide average 44% and 33%).[1] A recent 2007 poll asking whether they supported the civil partnership law for gays. Support for the measure was at 45% support, with 47% oppose. 8% said they were unsure.[2] The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ... Eurobarometer is a survey performed by Public Opinion Analysis sector of the European Commission since 1973. ...

Contents

Laws against homosexuality

Since the introduction of the first Penal Code in 1889, effective in 1890, there have been no laws against same-sex sexual activity in Italy. However, gays were persecuted in the later years of the Mussolini regime[3] and under the Italian Social Republic of 1943-45.[4] The age of consent is 16. Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... War flag of the Italian Social Republic. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Military laws

Homosexuals are not officially banned from military service. However, no administrative regulation or law explicitly allows them to serve openly either. Nevertheless, since that which is not forbidden is legal, such a law would probably only have a symbolic value.


Laws against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation

In 2004, Tuscany became the first Italian region to ban discrimination against homosexuals in the areas of employment, education, public services, and accommodations. The Berlusconi government challenged the new law in court, asserting that only the central government had the right to pass such a law. The Constitutional Court overturned the provisions regarding accommodations, but upheld most of the legislation. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ...


Since then, the region of Piedmont has enacted a similar measure. For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ...


Recognition of same-sex relationships

Same-sex couples living in Italy have no shared rights to property, social security and inheritance. Since the 2005 regional elections, many Italian regions with centre-left governing coalitions have passed resolutions in support of French style PACS (civil union), including Tuscany, Umbria, Emilia Romagna, Campania, Marche, Puglia, Lazio, Liguria, and Abruzzo. Regions officially opposed to any recognition of same-sex relationships include Sicily and Lombardy. They are led by the centre-right House of Freedoms. However, these are all symbolic actions. Property designates those things that are commonly recognized as being the possessions of a person or group. ... Social security primarily refers to a field of social welfare service concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... LUnione (The Union in English) is a Italian left-wing coalition of parties. ... ... A civil union is a recognized union similar to marriage. ... Umbria is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany to the west, the Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... // The Marche (plural, originally le marche de Ancona = the Marches of Ancona) are a region of Central Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna north, Tuscany to the north-west, Umbria to west, Abruzzo and Latium to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ... Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardìa) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Casa delle Libertà, or House of Freedoms in English, is an Italian right of center party alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ...


Any substantive change must come from Parliament in Rome. In the Italian Parliament, the government under Romano Prodi has held discussions regarding a bill for civil unions for same-sex and unmarried opposite-sex couples.[5] Prodi has been a supporter of moderate rights for same-sex couples since July, 2005 when he met with gay activists, but he opposes gay marriage.[6] However, despite several bills introduced to the Parliament in the past, the government is likely to follow the programmatic electoral guidelines of the center-left coalition. According to the document, the coalition is only committed to a vague "recognition of rights and prerogatives of individuals who are part of a de facto couple". The results, if any, might be extremely modest. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...   (born 9 August 1939) is a centre-left Italian politician. ...


On February 2007 the Prodi government proposed to the national parliament a new law allowing a restricted version of civil union, called DICO, which would grant rights to unmarried couples both homosexuals and heterosexuals in areas of labour law, inheritance, tax and medical assistance. The law now faces strong opposition from the Catholic church and from Christian democrats members of parliament. It is unclear at the moment if the law will be eventually passed in its original form. Prodi has even chastised several members of his cabinet who supported with their presence a pro same-sex marriage legislation demonstration.[7]


For more information visit this article in English by the Corriere della Sera newspaper: DICO article.


References

  1. ^ Eight EU Countries Back Same-Sex Marriage, Angus Reid Global Monitor, 24 December 2006 (based on Eurobarometer data)
  2. ^ Italians Divided Over Civil Partnership Law, Angus Reid Global Monitor, 21 February 2007
  3. ^ (Italian) L’omosessualità in Italia
  4. ^ Peter Popham, Italy finally ready to recognise the suffering of gays in Holocaust, The Independent, 21 January 2005
  5. ^ Italian Parliament Moves Forward On Gay Unions Bill, 365gay.com, 28 September 2006
  6. ^ Italian City Creates Country's First Domestic Partner Registry, 365gay.com, 6 December 2006
  7. ^ "Miles de personas exigen a Prodi en Roma que regule las parejas de hecho", El Pais, 2007-03-10. Retrieved on 2007-03-10. 

 
 

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