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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Greece
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Despite its ancient reputation and the fact it is a famous holiday destination for gays and lesbians worldwide, Greece has lagged behind its western counterparts when it comes to matters of homosexuality. Greece lacks many laws, provisions and basic rights that gay people enjoy in most developed countries of Europe and North America and LGBT issues are a particularly rare subject of public debate. Homosexuality is however becoming less a taboo and gays are enjoying growing visibility through the media, from print to cinematography. Image File history File links Circle-question. ... Same-sex love was an sporadic part of civic life in ancient Greece from the seventh century until the Roman era. ... Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... This article is about homosexual women, not inhabitants of the Greek island of Lesbos A lesbian (lowercase L) is a homosexual woman. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Laws against homosexuals

Homosexual sex was decriminalized in 1951 by the new Criminal Code adopted in 1950 with some discriminatory provisions in effect to this day. Among them, Article 347 of the Greek criminal code— which provides for a higher age of consent of 17 for seducing a male person if the partner is over 18 and the right of police to forcibly require that gay men be tested for sexually transmitted diseases. Other known issues include the status of homosexuals in the Greek Military and the fact that lesbians are not mentioned in Greek law. Male prostitution was illegal until as recently as 2006. Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), are diseases that are commonly transmitted between partners through some form of sexual activity, most commonly vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. ... This article is about the land force of the modern nation of Greece. ... This article is about homosexual women, not inhabitants of the Greek island of Lesbos A lesbian (lowercase L) is a homosexual woman. ... Male prostitution is the sale of sexual services by a male prostitute (commonly called a hustler or rentboy; see below for other expressions) with either male or female clients. ...


Protection based on sexual orientation in law

Sexual orientation as a non-discrimination category is not included in the Greek constitution. However, legislation protecting against discrimination in the workplace on the grounds of sexual orientation was adopted in early 2005 (Greek law 3304/05), in accordance with the European Union Directive 2000/78. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wikisource. ...


Recognition of same sex couples

There is no official recognition of same-sex couples. Although the wording of the Greek Civil Code does not explicitly state that future-weds be of different sex, allowing in theory for same sex marriages, 'marriage' has been interpreted thus far as a union between a man and a woman. Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, marriage equality, and often just marriage by its proponents, and—usually by its opponents—homosexual marriage) refers to a marriage between individuals of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles...


On April 2006 the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) under George Andreas Papandreou presented a legislative proposal to be submitted in parliament for the recognition of unmarried couples, homosexual and heterosexual, following the French example of the Pacte civil de solidarité. However, according to some LGBT groups, the proposal's controversial terminology made little headway on LGBT rights. Furthermore, PASOK's proposed 'partnership' explicitly denied same-sex couple's right to adopt. The Panhellenic Socialist Movement, better known as PASOK (Greek: Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα, Panellinio Sosialistiko Kinima, ΠΑΣΟΚ), is a Greek social democratic political party. ... For George Papandreous grandfather, also called George Papandreou, see George Papandreou, senior. ... As unregistered cohabitation Recognised in some regions Recognised prior to legalisation of same-sex marriage Netherlands (nationwide) (1998) Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998) South Africa (nationwide) (1999) Belgium (nationwide) (2000) Canada (QC, NS and MB) (2001) Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Registered partnership Domestic partnership Common-law... Party logo The Panhellenic Socialist Movement, better known as PASOK (Greek: Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα, Panellinio Sosialistiko Kinima, ΠΑΣΟΚ), is a Greek social democratic political party. ...


Gay life in the country

Six color rainbow gay pride flag at the Athens Pride march, on Syntagma Square, in central Athens, Greece, June 2006.

People in Greece are generally said to be tolerant of gays and verbal or physical abuse against them is said to be exceptionally rare. The small communities, towns and villages in the rural and less visited parts of the country are however perceived to be quite homophobic and in popular culture, mockery, degrading phrases and several stereotypes persist. Image File history File links AthPrideSyntagma. ... Image File history File links AthPrideSyntagma. ... Six color rainbow gay pride flag flying over the Castro gay village in San Francisco, June 2005 The six colors of the most common gay pride flag. ... Athens is the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ...


Athens has a number of LGBT associations and a developing gay village in the Gazi neighborhood as well as an annual gay pride event, the 'Athens Pride' (see below). There is a gay scene in Thessaloniki with some gay/lesbian bars/clubs and several friendly mixed venues, and two well-organised LGBT organisations, Sympraxis (co-operation against homophobia) and POEK (Homosexual's Initiative Against Oppression), organising public discussions. Athens is the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ... The initialism LGBT is used to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ... A gay village (also gay ghetto or gayborhood) is usually an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries where a large number of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual people live. ... Gay pride or LGBT pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia. ... The initialism LGBT is used to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ...


The gay scene in the island of Myconos and the lesbian scene in Eressos, Lesbos is famous internationally, despite minor local opposition. Mykonos (hora) Mykonos is one of the Cyclades, a group of islands of the Aegean Sea, lying between Tinos, Siros, Paros and Naxos. ... Lesbos may refer to: Lesbos Island, a large Greek island in the Aegean Sea Lesbos Prefecture, the Greek prefecture that contains the island Slang word for Lesbians. ...


Athens Pride

The Athens Pride is an annual Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride parade and festival held every June (since June 2005) in the center of Athens city, Greece. Though still in its infancy, the Athens Pride has enjoyed growing participation of the local gay community as well as national and international media attention. The first Athens Pride was held on June 25, 2005, the 2006 Athens Pride was held on June 24, 2006 and the 2007 Athens Pride on June 23, 2007. A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... A transgender person in New York Citys Gay Pride Parade Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at... 2004 Gay Pride Parade in São Paulo, Brazil. ... Athens is the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ...


Discrimination by the authorities

New Democracy MP and undersecretary of the 'Ministry of Employment and Social Protection', Gerasimos Giakoumatos (Greek: Γεράσιμος Γιακουμάτος), has reportedly made himself a reputation of mocking homosexuals. In alleged disregard of the LGBT community's protestation, no action has been taken against the MP and ruling New Democracy has refused to comment on Giakoumatos' alleged references. Greece does not have any laws protecting against anti-gay slogans or hate speech. Party logo New Democracy (ND, Greek: Νέα Δημοκρατία, Nea Dhimokratia), founded in 1974, is the main center-right liberal-conservative political party in Greece. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Party logo New Democracy (ND, Greek: Νέα Δημοκρατία, Nea Dhimokratia), founded in 1974, is the main center-right liberal-conservative political party in Greece. ... Anti-gay slogans are themes, catchphrases, and slogans traditionally used to condemn or disparage homosexuality. ... Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a person or group of people based on their race, gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, language ability, moral or political views, socioeconomic class, occupation or appearance...


Several issues have been raised about the Greek media regulation authority, or Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) as it is called and its homophobic stance, according to LGBT groups. The Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) (Greek: Εθνικό Συμβούλιο Ραδιοτηλεόρασης, Ethnikó Simvúlio Radhiotileórasis, ESR) is an independent supervisory and regulatory administrative authority of the radio and television market. ...

  • On Novermber 2003, NCRTV fined one of the largest tv networks in Greece, Mega, with 100,000 Euros [1], partly for having aired a kiss between two male characters of the popular tv show 'Klise ta Matia' (Greek: Κλείσε τα Μάτια). Τhe actors were Christos Loulis and Kostas Kappa (Greek: Χρήστος Λούλης, Κώστας Κάππα). In December 2006, Greece's Council of State, the country's Supreme administrative court, annulled this decision though, ruling that NCRTV's fine was unconstitutional. According to the court, the tv scene reflected an "existing social reality, related to a social group, among many that make up an open and democratic society, whose sexual preferences are not to be condemned". [2]
  • On December 21 2004 the NCRTV fined '94 Epikoinonia FM' (Greek: 94 Eπικοινωνία FM), a municipal radio station in Athens, with 5,000 Euros, judging the content of the 'Athens Gay and Lesbian Radio Show' as "degrading" [3], resulting in the station canceling the show. There is not any kind of radio information about LGBT matters anywhere in Greece since.
  • On September 2005, NCRTV formally enquired another one of Greece's largest tv networks, ANT1 (Antenna), for airing a publicity spot, by a popular chewing gum brand, depicting two women kissing.

The Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) (Greek: Εθνικό Συμβούλιο Ραδιοτηλεόρασης, Ethnikó Simvúlio Radhiotileórasis, ESR) is an independent supervisory and regulatory administrative authority of the radio and television market. ... Mega Channel, also known as Mega TV, was the first corporate-owned channel to launch on the Greek airwaves. ... In Greece, the Counil of State (sometimes Counsel of State or State Council, Greek: Συμβούλιο της Επικρατείας) is, at the same time, an administrative organ (one of the three Big Bodies of the greek Public Administration) and the Supreme Administrative Court. ... The Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) (Greek: Εθνικό Συμβούλιο Ραδιοτηλεόρασης, Ethnikó Simvúlio Radhiotileórasis, ESR) is an independent supervisory and regulatory administrative authority of the radio and television market. ... Athens is the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ... The Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) (Greek: Εθνικό Συμβούλιο Ραδιοτηλεόρασης, Ethnikó Simvúlio Radhiotileórasis, ESR) is an independent supervisory and regulatory administrative authority of the radio and television market. ... Antenna, better known as ANT1, is a popular television station in Greece. ...

Opinion

A Eurobarometer survey published on December 2006 showed that 16% of Greeks surveyed support same-sex marriage and 11% recognise same-sex couple's right to adopt. These figures are considerably below the 25-member European Union average of 44% and 33% respectively and place Greece in the lowest ranks of the European Union along with Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania and and Cyprus. Eurobarometer is a survey performed by Public Opinion Analysis sector of the European Commission since 1973. ...


A survey among Greek MPs, conducted in 2003 and presented by the Hellenic Homosexual Community (EOK), raised the issue of recognising taxation, inheritance and other legal rights to same-sex couples. The results of the survey showed that 41% of parliamentarians surveyed favored granting such rights while 55% were against it. Among PASOK MP's, 55% were favorable, compared to just 27% of New Democracy MPs. The party with the highest MP favorable responses was Synaspismos (67%) while the majority of Communist Party MPs abstained. MPs favorable responses were relatively higher among women, younger and athenian MPs. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In modern English and European systems of jurisprudence and law, a right is the legal or moral entitlement to do or refrain from doing something or to obtain or refrain from obtaining an action, thing or recognition in civil society. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Party logo The Panhellenic Socialist Movement, better known as PASOK (Greek: Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα, Panellinio Sosialistiko Kinima, ΠΑΣΟΚ), is a Greek social democratic political party. ... Party logo New Democracy (ND, Greek: Νέα Δημοκρατία, Nea Dhimokratia), founded in 1974, is the main center-right liberal-conservative political party in Greece. ... Party logo The Coalition of the Left, of Movements and Ecology (Shorter: Coalition, Greek: Synaspismos, Συνασπισμός) is a Greek political party of the radical left. ... Party logo The Communist Party of Greece (Greek: Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, Kommunistiko Komma Elladas), better known by its acronym ΚΚΕ (usually pronounced koo-koo-eh) , is the communist party in Greece. ...


Notes

  1. ^ NCRTV Ref#:371-2003, 11/11/03
  2. ^ Decision 2856/2006, Chamber D (Τμήμα Δ'); To Vima, Article Ref#: B14932A701, 03/12/2006
  3. ^ NCRTV Ref#:408-2004, 21/12/04

The Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) (Greek: Εθνικό Συμβούλιο Ραδιοτηλεόρασης, Ethnikó Simvúlio Radhiotileórasis, ESR) is an independent supervisory and regulatory administrative authority of the radio and television market. ... To Vima (Greek:Το ΒΗΜΑ) is a Greek daily newspaper first published in March 1999. ... The Greek National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV) (Greek: Εθνικό Συμβούλιο Ραδιοτηλεόρασης, Ethnikó Simvúlio Radhiotileórasis, ESR) is an independent supervisory and regulatory administrative authority of the radio and television market. ...

External links

  • Sympraxis - LGBT Association based in Thessaloniki
  • OLKE - LGBT Association based in Athens
  • EOK - LGBT Association based in Athens
  • LOA Lesbian Group of Athens
  • Greek Sapphites - the Greek Sapphites information/communication group
  • SATTE - Transexuals Association based in Athens
  • Synthesis - LGBT HIV&AIDS Support Group
  • Greek Helsinki Monitor - Minority rights watch group
  • NCHR - National Committee for Human Rights

 
 

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