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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Europe

For the LGBT rights article for a particular country, see LGBT rights by country. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world World laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in the US. Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ...


By country This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... A list of LGBT rights activists by country, in alphabetical order. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Same-sex marriage · LGBT adoption Recognized in some regions United States (MA, CA eff. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


LGBT rights opposition · Heterosexism LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT rights opposition refers to various movements or attitudes which oppose the extension of certain rights to lesbian and gay people, and by extension to bisexuals, and... Heterosexism is the presumption that everyone is straight or heterosexual (i. ...


Violence It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gay bashing. ...


Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

This box: view  talk  edit

Gay rights are by far more widely accepted in Europe than in any other continent and in many respects Europe is arguably the most gay-friendly continent on the planet.[citation needed] As of today, three out of the five countries that have legalised same-sex marriage are in Europe. Also, 20 European countries have so far legalised civil unions or registered partnerships. Despite widespread persecution of lesbians and gay men stretching from the late Roman Empire until the late 20th century, including the Holocaust, lesbian and gay people enjoy much more greater acceptance in most European countries today, epecially Westen Europe. Although homosexuality has been decriminalised across Europe, issues facing same-sex couples today are discrimination in taxation, adoption and marriage. Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Recognized in some regions United States (MA, CA eff. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... This article is about homosexual women, not inhabitants of the Greek island of Lesbos A lesbian (lowercase L) is a homosexual woman. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Autobiography of Pierre Seel, a gay man sent to a concentration camp by the Nazis Before the beginning of World War II, the homosexual people in Germany, especially in Berlin, enjoyed more freedom and acceptance than anywhere else in the world. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Affirmative action in the United States Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity... A tax is an involuntary fee paid by individuals or businesses to a state, or to functional equivalents of a state, including tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements. ... Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text). ... Recognized in some regions United States (MA, CA eff. ...

Status of legal recognition in Europe.      Same sex marriage recognised      Civil unions recognised      Unregistered cohabitation recognised      Issue under political consideration      Unrecognised or unknown      Same sex marriage banned

Contents

Image File history File links Same_sex_marriage_map_Europe_detailed. ... Image File history File links Same_sex_marriage_map_Europe_detailed. ...

History

Although same-sex relationships were quite common in ancient Greece and Rome, after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, severe laws against homosexual behavior appeared. An edict by the Emperor Theodosius I in 390 condemned all "passive" homosexual men to death by public burning. (A militant Christian, Theodosius also closed all pagan temples and abolished the Olympic Games.) This was followed by the Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian I in 529, which prescribed public castration and execution for all who committed homosexual acts, both active and passive partners alike. Justinian's law code then served as the basis for most European countries' laws against homosexuals for the next 1400 years. Homosexual behavior, called sodomy, was considered a capital crime, and thousands of homosexual men were executed across Europe during waves of persecution in these centuries. Lesbians were less often singled out for punishment, but they also suffered persecution and execution from time to time. Two athletes about to have sex, while a man watches; Apulian red-figure vase by the Dinos painter, 420BCE In classical antiquity, writers such as Herodotus,[1] Plato,[2] Xenophon,[3] Athenaeus[4] and many others explored aspects of same-sex love in ancient Greece. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law This article discusses the nature of the imperial dignity, and its dynastic development throughout the history of the Empire. ... An engraving depicting what Theodosius may have looked like, ca. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Justinian I depicted on a mosaic in the church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy The Corpus Juris Civilis (Body of Civil Law) is the modern name[1] for a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor. ... This article is about the Roman emperor. ... Castration (also referred as: gelding, neutering, orchiectomy, orchidectomy, and oophorectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which a male loses the functions of the testes or a female loses the functions of the ovaries. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a crime, often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Death of Orpheus In Albrecht Dürers 1494 drawing, the banner hung in the tree reads: Orfeus der erst puseran (Orpheus, the first sodomite). The word puseran(t) derives from the Latin bulgarus from which come also the terms bugger in English and bougre in French. ... This article is about homosexual women, not inhabitants of the Greek island of Lesbos A lesbian (lowercase L) is a homosexual woman. ...

During the French Revolution, the French National Assembly rewrote the criminal code in 1791, omitting all reference to homosexuality, making France the first European nation where lesbians and gays could live without fear of being jailed or executed as criminals on account of their sexual or romantic inclinations. On 6 August 1942, however, the Vichy government made homosexual relations with anyone under twenty-one illegal as part of its conservative (some[who?] would say fascist) family agenda. Most Vichy legislation was repealed after the war -- but the anti-gay Vichy law remained on the books for four decades until it was finally repealed in August 1982 when the age of consent (15) was again made the same for heterosexual as well as homosexual partners. Image File history File links Portal. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... During the French Revolution, the National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) was a transitional body between the Estates-General and the National Constituent Assembly that existed from June 17 to July 9 of 1789. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Vichy France (French: now called Régime de Vichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940-1944 which was a puppet government under Nazi influence, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later in Algiers. ...


Nevertheless, gay men and lesbians continued to live closeted lives, since moral and social disapproval by heterosexual society remained strong in France and across Europe for another two centuries, until the modern gay rights movement began in 1969. This article is about sexual orientation. ... Societal attitudes towards homosexuality vary greatly in different cultures and different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity and relationships in general. ... For the LGBT rights article for a particular country, see LGBT rights by country. ... Gay Liberation (or Gay Lib) is the name used to describe the radical lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered movement of the late 1960s and early to mid 1970s in North America, Western Europe, and Australia and New Zealand. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...

Further information: LGBT social movements

Various countries under dictatorships in the 20th century were very anti-homosexual, such as in Nazi Germany, and in Spain under Francisco Franco's regime. Yet by way of contrast, in 1932 Poland became the first European nation in the 20th century to decriminalise homosexual activity, followed by Denmark in 1933, and Sweden in 1944. In 1989, Denmark was the first country in Europe, and the world, to introduce registered partnerships for same-sex couples. In 2001 a next step was made, when the Netherlands opened civil marriage for same-sex couples, which made it the first country in the world to do so. Since then, three other European states followed (Belgium in 2003, Spain in 2005 and Norway in 2008). For the LGBT rights article for a particular country, see LGBT rights by country. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Death of Orpheus In Albrecht Dürers 1494 drawing, the banner hung in the tree reads: Orfeus der erst puseran (Orpheus, the first sodomite). The word puseran(t) derives from the Latin bulgarus from which come also the terms bugger in English and bougre in French. ... Autobiography of Pierre Seel, a gay man sent to a concentration camp by the Nazis Before the beginning of World War II, the homosexual people in Germany, especially in Berlin, enjoyed more freedom and acceptance than anywhere else in the world. ... Homosexuality was highly illegal under the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, with laws against homosexual activity vigorously enforced and gays being imprisoned in large numbers. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Laws against homosexuals Homosexuality was legalised in ?. The age of consent was equalized just in ?. Homosexuals are not banned from Military Service. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This box:      Sweden is considered to one of the most liberal countries in Europe and in fact the world, when it comes to laws surrounding homosexuality. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Civil unions were introduced in Denmark by law on June 7, 1989, the worlds first such law. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Recognized in some regions United States (MA) Foreign marriages recognized Civil unions and registered partnerships Recognized in some regions Argentina (C, R) Australia (TAS, VIC 1 July... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Recognized in some regions United States (MA, CA eff. ...


Recent developments

All nations applying for membership in the European Union must enact prohibitions against anti-homosexual discrimination in the workplace along with an equal age of consent before being accepted.


Just six countries do not allow homosexuals to openly serve in the armed forces, the only countries to ban gays from military service are Belarus, Cyprus, Greece, Latvia, Serbia and Turkey (exempt from conscription). All other European countries fairly recently allows homosexuals to openly serve in the armed forces. LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The militaries of the world have a variety of responses to gays, lesbians and bisexuals. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost...


The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus will soon decriminalise male homosexual acts, when this is repealed with a new Criminal Code from 1 January, 2009 - This will be the last nation in Europe to decriminalise homosexuality.[1][2] Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition By Turkey   -  Independence from Cyprus   -  Declared November 15, 1983  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1... This article is about the Male sex. ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


Public Opinion around Europe

Legal recognition and social acceptance of gay rights in Europe vary among different parts of Europe. Western Europe is considered to be the most liberal in regards to gay rights; Northern Europe is more moderate (with Scandinavia and the UK being more liberal), and tend to focus on less controversial issues such as taxation and adding anti-discrimination laws for homosexuals in certain areas. Southern Europe tends to be slightly more conservative (with the exception of Spain), but is more accepting of gay rights than Eastern Europe. East Europe is the least accepting of gay rights, the populace there being strongly influenced by the Orthodox and Catholic churches and some containing former communist countries. The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ... “Moderates” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... The southern half of Europe is shown in shades of red. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... Eastern Europe is a concept that lacks one precise definition. ... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


In a 2002 Pew Global Attitudes Project serveyed by the Pew Research Center, showed majorities in every Western European nation said homosexuality should be accepted by society, while most Russians, Poles and Ukrainians disagreed.[3] In 2006 a recent Eurobarometer poll surveying up to 30,000 people from each European Union countries, showed split opinion around the 27 member states on the issue of same sex marriage. The majority of support came from the Netherlands (82%), Sweden (71%), Denmark (69%), Belgium (62%), Luxembourg (58%), Spain (56%), Germany (52%) and Czech Republic (52%). All other countries within the EU had below 50% support; with Romania (11%), Latvia (12%), Cyprus (14%), Bulgaria (15%), Greece (15%), Poland (17%), Lithuania (17%) and Malta (18%) at the other end of the list.[4] Same sex adoption had majority support from only two countries: Netherlands at 69% and Sweden at 51% and the least support from Poland and Malta on 7% respectively.[4] The Pew Global Attitudes Project, one of the projects carried out by the Pew Research Center, is a series of worldwide public-opinion surveys and reports aimed at understanding worldwide attitudes on various issues. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Eurobarometer is a series of surveys regularly performed on behalf of the European Commission since 1973. ... EU redirects here. ...


In addition other polls show Irish support for Civil unions at 51%, and gay adoption at 50%.[5] France has support for same sex marriage at 62%,[6] and Russians at 14%.[7] Italy has support for the 'Civil Partnership Law' between gays at 45% with 47% opposed.[8] A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not...


According to pollster Gallup Europe, it showed that women, the younger population and the highly educated have a more supportive view for marriage of homosexuals and gay adoption.[9]


Legislation around Europe

Northern Europe

Country Homosexual acts decriminalised Relationship recognition Same-sex marriage Allows gays to serve openly in the military Same-sex adoption Ban anti-gay discrimination
Denmark legal since 1933 legal since 1989 only in registered partnerships and only with partners' children bans all anti-gay discrimination
Finland legal since 1971 legal since 2002 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Iceland legal since 1940 legal since 1996 only in registered partnerships bans most anti-gay discrimination
Norway legal since 1972 legal since 1993 legal from 1/1/2009 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Republic of Ireland legal since 1993 civil partnership laws proposed only one partner can adopt the child / Same-sex couples can foster children bans all anti-gay discrimination
Sweden legal since 1944 legal since 1995 only in a registered partnership bans all anti-gay discrimination
United Kingdom legal since 1967 (1980 in Scotland and 1982 in Northern Ireland) legal since 2005 bans all anti-gay discrimination

Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... This article is about the country. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ...

Southern Europe

Country Homosexual acts decriminalised Relationship recognition Same-sex marriage Allows gays to serve openly in the military Same-sex adoption Ban anti-gay discrimination
Albania legal since 1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina legal since 1996 (1998 in Republika Srpska) bans most anti-gay discrimination
Croatia legal since 1977 legal since 2003 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Cyprus legal since 1998 banned from military service bans some anti-gay discrimination
Greece legal since 1951 banned from military service bans some anti-gay discrimination
Italy legal since 1890 only married couples can adopt bans some anti-gay discrimination
Kosovo legal since 1970 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Macedonia legal since 1996
Malta legal since 1973 bans some anti-gay discrimination
Montenegro legal since 1977
Portugal legal since 1983 legal since 2001 bans all anti-gay discrimination
San Marino legal since 1864, recriminalised in 1974 and again legalised in 2001 Unknown
Serbia legal since 1994 (1981 in Vojvodina) constitutional ban banned from military service bans some anti-gay discrimination
Slovenia legal since 1977 legal since 2006 bans most anti-gay discrimination
Spain legal since 1979 legal since 1998 (12 of 14 communities legalised Civil unions legal since 2005 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Turkey legal since 1982 exempt from conscription

Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... 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Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links X_mark. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... Image File history File links Yes_check. ... 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Western Europe

Country Homosexual acts decriminalised Relationship recognition Same-sex marriage Allows gays to serve openly in the military Same-sex adoption Ban anti-gay discrimination
Austria legal since 1971 unregistered cohabitation since 2003, registered partnership proposed bans some anti-gay discrimination
Belgium legal since 1762 legal since 2000 legal since 2003 bans all anti-gay discrimination
France legal since 1791 legal since 1999 Single gay person may adopt bans all anti-gay discrimination
Germany legal since 1969 (1968 in East Germany) legal since 2001 only partners' biological children bans all anti-gay discrimination
Liechtenstein legal since 1989 Unknown
Luxembourg legal since 1795 legal since 2004 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Monaco legal since 1793 Unknown Unknown Unknown
Netherlands legal since 1811 legal since 1998 legal since 2001 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Switzerland legal since 1942 legal since 2007 bans all anti-gay discrimination

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Eastern Europe

Country Homosexual acts decriminalised Relationship recognition Same-sex marriage Allows gays to serve openly in the military Same-sex adoption Ban anti-gay discrimination
Belarus legal since 1994 banned from military service
Bulgaria legal since 1968 bans most anti-gay discrimination
Czech Republic legal since 1962 legal since 2001 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Estonia legal since 1992 bans most anti-gay discrimination
Hungary legal since 1962 unregistered cohabitation since 1996, registered partnership effective 1/1/2009 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Latvia legal since 1992 constitutional ban banned from military service only married couples can adopt bans some anti-gay discrimination
Lithuania legal since 1993 constitutional ban bans all anti-gay discrimination
Moldova legal since 1995
Poland legal since 1932 constitutional ban bans some anti-gay discrimination
Romania legal since 1996 bans all anti-gay discrimination
Russia legal since 1993
Slovakia legal since 1962 bans most anti-gay discrimination
Ukraine legal since 1992

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References

  1. ^ Northern Cyprus decriminalises homosexuality. Pink news. Retrieved on 29 January 2006.
  2. ^ N. Cyprus To Abolish Sodomy Law. 365gay.com. Retrieved on 29 January 2006.
  3. ^ Views of a Changing World 2003. The Pew Research Center. Retrieved on 29 January 2007.
  4. ^ a b Eight EU Countries Back Same-Sex Marriage. Angus Reid Global Monitor : Polls & Research. Retrieved on 29 January 2006.
  5. ^ Irish Ponder Same-Sex Unions, Adoption. Angus Reid Global Monitor : Polls & Research. Retrieved on 29 January 06.
  6. ^ French Back Same-Sex Marriage, Not Adoption. Angus Reid Global Monitor : Polls & Research. Retrieved on 29 January 06.
  7. ^ Same-Sex Marriage Nixed By Russians. Angus Reid Global Monitor : Polls & Research. Retrieved on 29 January 06.
  8. ^ Italians Divided Over Civil Partnership Law. Angus Reid Global Monitor : Polls & Research. Retrieved on 21 February 07.
  9. ^ Public opinion and same-sex unions (2003). ILGA Europe. Retrieved on 29 January 06.

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See also

Societal attitudes towards homosexuality vary greatly in different cultures and different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity and relationships in general. ... Religion in the European Union is diverse, although primarily Christian. ...

External links

  • Other laws on homosexuality in Europe
  • Article 18 of the Polish Constitution
  • Article 38 of the Lithuanian Constitution
  • Chronological overviews of the main legislative steps in the process of legal recognition of homosexuality in European countries. http://athena.leidenuniv.nl/rechten/meijers/index.php3?m=58&c=128
The list of unrecognized countries enumerates those geo-political entities which lack general diplomatic recognition, but wish to be recognized as sovereign states. ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... The borders of the continents are the limits of the several continents of the Earth, as defined by various geographical, cultural, and political criteria. ...  The North American plate, shown in brown The North American Plate is a tectonic plate covering most of North America, extending eastward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and westward to the Cherskiy Range in East Siberia. ...  The African plate, shown in pinkish-orange The African Plate is a tectonic plate covering the continent of Africa and extending westward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. ...

 
 

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