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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Austria

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

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Austria is considered to be a moderate to populist country when dealing with gay rights. The country while, dominated by Roman Catholicism, is slowly becoming more liberal with laws concerning gays. The public is more supportive of homosexuals, than the current politicians. In politics and religion, a moderate is an individual who holds an intermediate position between two extreme or radical viewpoints. ... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of...

Contents

Laws against homosexuality

Homosexuality was legalised in 1971. The age of consent was equalized in 2002 by court decision. Homosexuals are not banned from military service. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Protection based on sexual orientation in law

There is an anti-discrimination law in the Labour Code, at the federal level since 2004. The 1993 Police Security Act requires the police to refrain from any actions that could create the impression of bias or that could be perceived as discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Vienna state has had its Youth Protection Law since 2002, and one city, Bludenz, has adopted a symbolic non-discrimination declaration which includes sexual orientation in 1998. The Federal Constitution theoretically protects all citizens equally but the reality is that it does not apply to sexual orientation. Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


However, with Ireland and Italy also planning to introduce gay partnership models on a federal level, Austria is about to remain the only EU-15 country without registred partnership.


Gay rights and political debates

The first major parliamentary debates on that issue took place in the mid-1990s, initiated by the Liberal Forum LIF which was campaigning strongly against discrimination of homosexuals which at that time existed through §209, 220 and 221 StGB and for complete equality of treatment also including marriage and adoption. The Social Democrats SPÖ and the Green Party Austrian Green Party at that time showed support for the issue of equal treatment of same-sex couples. In Norse mythology, Lif (life) and Lifthrasir (eager for life) will be the only two to survive Ragnarok, the end of the world. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Austrian Green Party (de: Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative, or Die Grünen) is a political party in the Austrian parliament. ...


After the LIF did not pass the four percent electoral threshold in the 1999 elections, the Social Democrats and the Green Party started to embrace this issue more. The SPÖ on its biannual Federal Party Convention made a decision on the issue of equal treatment of same-sex couples. They proposed a model of registered partnership ("Eingetragene Partnerschaft") including step-parent adoption. The Austrian Green Party introduced the civil pact ("Zivilpakt") as somewhat similar model to that of the Social Democrats in 2004. The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Austrian Green Party (de: Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative, or Die Grünen) is a political party in the Austrian parliament. ...


However, progress is visible to a limited extend. Since 1998, Austria recognices the right not to testify against their partner if the partner is of the same sex, as amended in Criminal Code. In 2001, the constitutional court rescinded §209 StGB which lead to the introduction of § 207b was introduced as a substitute by the coalition of the conservative ÖVP and the right wing FPÖ and is seen as being discriminating in a more indirect way than § 209 StGB. Following the decision of the European Court of Human Rights in case of Karner v Austria [2003], cohabiting same-sex partners are entitled to the same rights as unmarried cohabiting opposite-sex partners. In 2005, the Green Party campaigned heavily for registred partnership during the Vienna election campaign in 2005. In 2006, the first legal same-sex marriage came into existence, when a transsexual woman was permitted by the constitutional court to change her legal gender to female while remaining married to her wife. See Same-sex marriage in Austria. The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The coalition of Conservatives and Social Democrats formed in 2007 is not likely to result in major steps towards more equality anytime soon. Although the new Minister of Justice, Maria Berger, a social democrat, intends to improve the situation she herself expects huge opposition by the conservative coalition partner ÖVP[1], most likely because her situation is now similar to that of her precedessor Karin Gastinger who failed on the same issue. Furthermore, Maria Fekter, chairperson of the parliamentary committee for judicracy repeatedly announced that as long as she is chairperson and the ÖVP is in government, conservative values will prevail (see p282)]. Maria Berger (born 19 August 1956 in Perg, Upper Austria) is an Austrian politician and Member of the European Parliament. ... Karin Gastinger (born March 11, 1964) is an Austrian politician. ...


Gay life in the country

The gay scene is developed in all major cities such as Vienna, Linz, Innsbruck, Salzburg, Graz. A European Union poll surveying Austrians, showed their support for gay marriage at 49% [2]. Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Map of Austria, locating Linz Linz is a city and Statutarstadt in northeast Austria, on the Danube river. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ...


See also

Civil unions between same-sex couples have not been recognized by Austrian law so far, however, unregistered cohabitation has been recognized since 2003. ...

Outside Reading

Percy, William A. Austria. Encyclopedia of Homosexuality. Dynes, Wayne R. (ed.), Garland Publishing, 1990. pp. 97-99


Rainbow Austria


Homosexual Initiative Vienna


Homosexual Initiative Linz


Homosexual Initiative Innsbruck


Gay Life in Tirol


 
 

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