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Encyclopedia > LGBT rights in Afghanistan

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ...


Around the world · By country World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ...


History · Groups · Activists LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... Here is a list of gay-rights organizations around the world. ... This article is new. ...


Declaration of Montreal Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ...


Same-sex relationships Same-sex union can refer to: same-sex marriage -- the civil or religious rites of marriage that make it equivalent to opposite-sex marriages in all aspects. ...


Marriage · Adoption   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ...


Opposition · Discrimination Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Homophobia is a term used to describe: A culturally determined phobia manifesting as fear, revulsion, or contempt for desire or physical love between people of the same sex. ...


Violence John Atherton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was hanged for sodomy under a law that he had helped to institute. ...


Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ...

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While there has been some traditional tolerance especially for homosexuality, pederasty, fornication and sodomy. Adultery and pederasty has been a crime since the 1970s, and a capital crime in Afghanistan since the 1990s and the regime change has not had much impact on the legal status of Afghanistan's gay, lesbian, and bisexual citizens. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... The term pederasty or paederasty embraces a wide range of erotic practices between adult and adolescents, generally between males. ... Fornication is a term which refers to sexual intercourse between consenting unmarried partners. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Adultery is voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and a partner other than the lawful spouse. ... The term pederasty or paederasty embraces a wide range of erotic practices between adult and adolescents, generally between males. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ...

Contents

Taliban

When the Taliban gained control of the country in the 1990s they criminalized all sexual relationships outside of a traditional heterosexual marriage, and would often publicly execute men and women for committing fornication and adultery and for engaging in sodomy. The Taliban (Pashto: , students or seekers of knowledge) are a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by American aerial bombardment and Northern Alliance ground forces. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Fornication is a term which refers to sexual intercourse between consenting unmarried partners. ... Adultery is voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and a partner other than the lawful spouse. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ...


Post Taliban

As of 2007, the nation is still in the middle of a war with the Taliban, and in the process of rebuilding its institutions so it is unclear how much attention the government, courts or general public are paying to homosexuality one way or the other. The Penal Code of 1976 was reinstated after the American invasion, and its article 427 prescribes long prison terms for adultery and pederasty.However, Article 427 of the Penal Code does contain sections that likely punish homosexuality with fines and long prison sentences[1]. 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Taliban (Pashto: , students or seekers of knowledge) are a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by American aerial bombardment and Northern Alliance ground forces. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


The maximum punishment increases if victim is under eighteen years of age, if the defendant is in a position of authority over the victim, if the defendant has repeatedly committed the crime or if the crime results in the spread of a disease. The law also increases the available punishment of a "violation of honor" takes place.


Article 512 states that a person who is engaging in public "watching" in a repugnant manner shall be imprisoned or fined.


Islamic Shariah Laws are still used along with the civil Penal Code, so in theory, homosexual relations could still be subject to death penalty. The courts have, however, interpreted the laws in a more moderate way since the fall of the Taliban Regime. Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ...


The fact that homosexual relations are still illegal was confirmed by the head of the Afghanistan Supreme Court, who said that sodomy is still a capital crime. Yet, in 2004, an American advisor to the Afghanistan government was arrested and sentenced to a prison sentence for homosexual activities with an Afghan man [citation needed]. This would suggest that the Penal Code, and not the Judge's statements, is the controlling authority. François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ...


The new Afghanistan constitution does stipulate that Islam will be the basis of all government rules and regulations. None of the political parties have endorsed or even mentioned the subject of gay rights. In response to foreign inquiries, only the Afghan Social Democratic party responded by stating that it "favored an international effort to fight the AIDS-HIV pandemic, but that homosexuality and same-sex marriages are opposed by all great religions." Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


It is important to note that Buddhism, a major religion in Afghan history, has a tolerant attitude towards homosexuality however these views have been nullified by Islamic influence.


Family law

The Afghanistan Law of Marriages (1971) stipulates that a legal marriage must be two Muslim adults of the opposite sex, and that it must meet the rules of Islamic law. While the law does not explicitly address the issue of same-sex couples, Article 41 of the Marriage Law stipulates that where the law is silent on a particular issue, it shall be decided based on the principles of Islamic law. Hence, Afghanistan family law does not recognize same-sex marriages, civil unions or domestic partnerships. Likewise The Afghanistan Law on Marriages Weddings and Circumcision (1949) speaks of marriage as something between a Muslim man and woman and states that marriages must follow Islamic law. A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ...


Article 430 states that it shall be treated as "Instigation of Delinquency" if an adults promotes or assists in the act of minors (under 18) being involved in the act of adultery, homosexuality or prostitution. Adultery is voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and a partner other than the lawful spouse. ... Whore redirects here. ...


AIDS-HIV

Since the fall of the Taliban regime, more information has come to light about the AIDS-HIV pandemic in Afghanistan. Article 373 of the Afghanistan criminal code stipulates that a person that spreads a "dangerous disease" by accident shall be fined, but if the disease results in death or permanent disability the punishment shall be the same as if it were an accidental murder. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...


Community

LGBT people in Afghanistan have not yet organized any sort of gay rights effort, and its doubtful if the law would allow such an organization to exist or to publicly advocate its viewpoints. The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also...


Censorship

Article 32 of the Afghanistan Press Law Edict (2002) prohibits publications from promoting an "incitment to depravity." Likewise Article 27(D) of the Afghanistan Postal Law (1973) prohibits the usage of the postal service to exchange material that is "repugant to public decency and morals." These two provisions could be used to censor the distribution of materials advocating gay rights or talking about homosexuality in general.


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