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Encyclopedia > LGBT history
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LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. LGBT (or GLBT) is an initialism used as a collective term to refer to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ... Queer studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity. ... Image File history File links Gay_flag. ... The gender symbols used to denote a male or female organism. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual and romantic attraction between two individuals of the same sex. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Transgender symbol. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Same-sex relationships Opposition · Persecution Violence This timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history details notable events in the Common Era West. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Same-sex relationships Opposition · Persecution Violence LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ... Christopher Street Parade Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures concern the culture, knowledge, and references shared by members of sexual minorities or transgendered people by virtue of their membership in those minorities or their state of being transgendered. ... The idea of a gay community is complex and can be very controversial. ... Six color rainbow gay pride flag flying over Castro Street, San Francisco, June 2005 The gay pride or simply pride campaign of the gay rights movement has three main premises: that people should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity, that sexual diversity is a gift, and that... Drag in its broadest sense means a costume or outfit that carries symbolic significance, but usually refers to the clothing associated with one gender role when worn by a person of the other gender. ... Gay slang (sometimes gayspeak[]) in linguistics refers to a form of English slang used predominantly among LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) people. ... Torontos Church and Wellesley district, one of the largest gay villages in North America Rainbow flags are displayed in The Castro area of San Francisco as a symbol of gay pride The entrance to Chueca metro station in the Plaza de Chueca (Chueca square) in Madrid, during gay pride... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Same-sex unions in Europe. ... Same-sex marriage is a term for a marriage where the people involved are the same sex. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by homosexual, bisexual, or transgendered people. ... A sodomy law is a law that defines certain sexual acts as sex crimes. ... A lesbian is a female who is exclusively emotionally, sexually, and romantically attracted to other females. ... For other articles with similar names, see Gay (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Transgender symbol. ...


Among historical figures, some were recorded as having relations with others of their own sex – exclusively or together with opposite-sex relations – while others were recorded as only having relations with the opposite sex. However, the history of the former, marked as it is by persecution and misunderstanding, has often been overlooked or suppressed. The field of LGBT history is thus relatively new.


In recent times, some countries have begun to observe "LGBT History Month" to recognize the contributions and events related to LGBT communities. LGBT History Month occurs during February in the United Kingdom, but during October in the United States. ...

Contents

Ancient History

See also: Timeline of LGBT history

Among historical figures, some were recorded as having relations with others of their own sex – exclusively or together with opposite-sex relations – while others were recorded as only having relations with the opposite sex. However, there are instances of same-sex love and sexuality within almost all ancient civilizations. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Same-sex relationships Opposition · Persecution Violence This timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history details notable events in the Common Era West. ...


Ancient Greece & Rome

Main articles: Pederasty in Ancient Greece and Homosexuality in Ancient Rome

The earliest documents concerning same-sex pederastic relationships come from young eromenos (loved one). Both partners inspired by love symbolized by Eros, the erastes unselfishly provided education, guidance, and appropriate gifts to his eromenos, who became his devoted pupil and assistant. Kenneth J. Dover, followed by Michel Foucault and Halperin, assumed that it was considered improper for the eromenos to feel desire, as that would not be masculine. However, Dover's claim has been questioned in light of evidence of love poetry which suggests a more emotional connection than earlier researchers liked to acknowledge. Pederastic courtship scene Athenian black-figure amphora, 5th c. ... Roman cameo portrayal of man and youth Roman attitudes toward same-sex relations varied over time. ... The term pederasty or paederasty embraces a wide range of erotic practices between adult males and adolescent boys. ... In the pederastic tradition of Classical Athens, the eromenos (Greek ἐρόμενος, pl. ... Eros. ... Sir Kenneth Dover, Chancellor of the University of St Andrews Sir Kenneth James Dover, FRSE, FBA (born March 11, 1920) is a distinguished British academic who is currently Chancellor of the University of St Andrews. ... Michel Foucault (IPA pronunciation: ; English-speakers pronunciation varies) (October 15, 1926 – June 25, 1984) was a French philosopher and historian. ... Onomastics and disambiguational informations about the surnames Heilbronn, Heilbronner, Heilprin. ...


Some research has shown that ancient Greeks believed semen, more specifically sperm, to be the source of knowledge, and that these relationships served to pass wisdom on from the erastes to the eromenos within society.[1] Many in the GLBT movement assert that Greek pederastic relationships have nothing to do with modern GLBT practices because they involve children. However, that is countered by critics who point out that these same-sex relationships in antiquity did not involve children but rather young adults.[1]


Ancient China & Japan

Homosexuality has been acknowledged in China since ancient times. Scholar Pan Guangdan (潘光旦) came to the conclusion that nearly every emperor in the Han Dynasty had one or more male sex partners.[citation needed] There are also descriptions of lesbians in some history books. It is believed homosexuality was popular in the Song, Ming and Qing dynasties. Chinese homosexuals did not experience high-profile persecution as compared with that which was received by homosexuals in Europe during the Middle Ages.[citation needed] The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Han Chau; 206 BC–AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... A lesbian is a female who is exclusively emotionally, sexually, and romantically attracted to other females. ... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: QÄ«ng cháo; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China and the surrounding territories, establishing the Empire... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Same-sex love was celebrated in Chinese art, many examples of which have survived the book burnings of the Cultural Revolution. Though no large statues are known to still exist, many hand scrolls and paintings on silk can be found in private collections.[2] Chinese art is art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists or performers. ... The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally Proletarian Cultural Great Revolution; often abbreviated to 文化大革命 wénhuà dà gémìng, literally Great Cultural Revolution, or even simpler, to 文革 wéngé, Cultural Revolution) in the Peoples Republic of China was a struggle for power within the... It has been suggested that Chinese Painting Arts be merged into this article or section. ...


In Japan, several Heian diaries which contain references to homosexual acts exist as well. Some of these also contain references to emperors involved in homosexual relationships and to "handsome boys retained for sexual purposes"[citation needed] by emperors. In other literary works can be found references to what Leupp has called "problems of gender identity",[citation needed] such as the story of a youth's falling in love with a girl who is actually a cross-dressing male. The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Heian Period. ...


Japanese shunga are erotic pictures which include same-sex and opposite-sex love. For other uses of the term Shunga see Shunga (disambiguation) Shunga ((春画) is a Japanese term for erotic pictures. ...


The Middle Ages

Same-sex scholarly 'empires of the mind' were common in medieval Arabic and Hebrew cultures, as seen in their poetry on same-sex love.


According to John Boswell, author of the controversial book Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980), there were same-sex Christian monastic communities and other religious orders in which homosexuality thrived. According to Chauncey et al (1989), the book "offered a revolutionary interpretation of the Western tradition, arguing that the Roman Catholic Church had not condemned gay people throughout its history, but rather, at least until the twelfth century, had alternately envinced no special concern about homosexuality or actually celebrated love between men." Professor John Boswell John Eastburn Boswell (March 20, 1947 - December 24, 1994), was a prominent historian and a professor at Yale University. ...


Boswell was also the author of Same-Sex Unions in Pre-Modern Europe (New York: Villard, 1994) in which he argues that the adelphopoiia liturgy was evidence that attitude of the Christian church towards homosexuality has changed over time, and that early Christians did on occasion accept same-sex relationships. [3] Other sources have criticized Boswell's findings and scholarly rigor. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth and his life, death, resurrection, and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ...


Modern History

The emancipation movement in Germany, 1890s-1934

See: Magnus Hirschfeld, Gustav Wyneken, Adolf Brand, Leontine Sagan, and the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft. Magnus Hirschfeld Magnus Hirschfeld (Kolberg, May 14, 1868 - Nice, May 14, 1935) was a prominent German physician, sexologist, and gay rights advocate. ... Gustav Wyneken (March 19, 1875–December 8, 1964). ... Adolf Brand (1874-1945) was a German journalist and school teacher who began publishing the first German homosexual periodical, Der Eigene (The Special), in 1896. ... A scene from Mädchen in Uniform (Germany, 1931), the first openly lesbian feature film. ... The Institut für Sexualwissenschaft was an early sexology research institute in Germany, 1919-1933. ...


Holocaust

Pink triangle prisoner Erwin Schimitzek, interned in Auschwitz in 1941, died in 1942.
Pink triangle prisoner Erwin Schimitzek, interned in Auschwitz in 1941, died in 1942.

Homosexuality records as to the specific reasons for internment are non-existent in many areas making it hard to put an exact number on just how many gay men perished in death camps (see History of Gays during the Holocaust for more information). Conditions for gay men in the camps was especially rough, they faced not only persecution from German soldiers but also other prisoners, many gay men were reported to die of beatings. German soldiers were also known to use the pink triangles that the men were forced to wear for target practice with their weapons. Prior to the Third Reich, Berlin was considered a liberal city, with many gay bars, nightclubs and cabarets. ... Erwin Schimitzek, Clerk Born Feb 16th, 1918 in Breslau (Wroclaw) Interned in Auschwitz on Aug 28th, 1941 Died on Feb 28th, 1942, aged 24 years This work is copyrighted. ... Erwin Schimitzek, Clerk Born Feb 16th, 1918 in Breslau (Wroclaw) Interned in Auschwitz on Aug 28th, 1941 Died on Feb 28th, 1942, aged 24 years This work is copyrighted. ... The pink triangle, a popular gay pride symbol, was originally used to denote homosexual men as a Nazi concentration camp badge. ... Auschwitz, Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau, KL Auschwitz, Nazi German Concentration Camp of Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi German extermination camps, along with a number of concentration camps, comprising three main camps and 40 to 50 sub-camps. ... Prior to the Third Reich, Berlin was considered a liberal city, with many gay bars, nightclubs and cabarets. ...


Lesbians were not treated as harshly as gay men. They were labeled as "anti-social" but not sent to camps.


Stonewall Riots

Main article: Stonewall riots

In the autumn of 1959 the police force of New York City's Wagner administration began closing down the city's gay bars, which had numbered almost two dozen in Manhattan at the beginning of the year. This crackdown was largely the result of a sustained campaign by the Right-wing, ardently homophobic NY Mirror newspaper columnist, Lee Mortimer. The existing gay bars were quickly closed, and new ones that opened lasted only a short time. The Stonewall riots, which as a whole is often called the Stonewall Rebellion, were a series of violent conflicts between lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgender, and queer persons and police officers in New York City. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The spirit of protest and a new attitude toward sexual mores began changing the social and political atmosphere of New York, and the election of John Lindsay in 1965 signaled a major shift in city politics. John Vliet Lindsay (November 24, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American politician who served as a Congressman (1959-1965) and mayor of New York City (1966-1973). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


On April 21, 1966, Dick Leitsch, president of the New York Mattachine Society, and two other members staged the Sip-in at Julius bar on West 10th Street in Greenwich Village, which resulted in the anti-gay accommodation rules of the NY State Liquor Authority being overturned in subsequent court actions. These SLA provisions declared that it was a violation of the on-premises liquor laws to "congregate" and serve alcoholic drinks to homosexuals. This had been upheld by the state courts in 1940, when Gloria's, a bar that had been closed for such violations fought the case in court - extraordinary for those times - and lost. Because of this the business of running gay bars became the province of the Mafia and shady characters paying bribes to the police and the Mafia. As soon as the legal actions were initiated the SLA ceased closing legally licensed gay bars - the police did, of course, continue to raid any bar, gay or straight, that operated without a license. (It remained a crime to sell liquor without a proper license.) However, legally licensed bars could no longer be prosecuted for serving homosexuals - gay bars were legal in New York State. April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... The Mattachine Society was the earliest homophile organization in the United States. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ...


Mattachine pressed this advantage very quickly and almost immediately Mayor Lindsay was confronted with the issue of police entrapment in gay bars, and this practice was stopped. Following on the heels of this victory the mayor cooperated in getting questions about homosexuality removed from NYC hiring practices. The police and fire departments did resist the new policy, however, and refused to cooperate.


The result of these changes in the law and law enforcement, combined with the radically more open social and sexual attitudes of the mid and late Sixties led to a burgeoning of gay life in the city and its considerably increased visibility. Several licensed gay bars were in operation in Greenwich Village and the Upper West Side, as well as illegal unlicensed places serving alcohol, such as the Stonewall Inn and the Snakepit, both in the Village.


The Stonewall riots were a series of violent conflicts between homosexuals and police officers in New York City. The first night of rioting began on Friday, June 27, 1969 not long after 1:20 a.m., when police raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar operating without a state license in Greenwich Village. "Stonewall", as the raids are often referred to, is considered a turning point for the modern gay rights movement worldwide. Newspaper coverage of the events was minor in the city. In the Sixties huge marches and mass rioting had become commonplace, and the Stonewall disturbances were relatively small. It was the commemorative march one year later, organized largely by the impetus of Craig Rodwell owner of the Oscar Wilde Book Shop, which drew 5,000 or more marchers up NYC's Sixth Avenue that drew nationwide publicity and put the Stonewall events on the historical map. The Stonewall riots, which as a whole is often called the Stonewall Rebellion, were a series of violent conflicts between lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgender, and queer persons and police officers in New York City. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Same-sex relationships Opposition · Persecution Violence The Stonewall Inn in January 2003 The Stonewall Inn was the site of the famous Stonewall riots of 1969, which have come to symbolize the beginning of the gay liberation movement in the United... The Washington Square Arch Greenwich Village (pronounced Grennich Village; also called simply the Village) is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern) Manhattan in New York City. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also...


Same-sex Marriage

Main article: Same-sex marriage
Map showing variances in laws on homosexuality
Map showing variances in laws on homosexuality

In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, there has been a growing movement in a number of countries to regard marriage as a right which should be extended to same-sex couples. Legal recognition of a marital union opens up a wide range of entitlements, including Social Security, taxation, inheritance and other benefits unavailable to couples unmarried in the eyes of the law. Restricting legal recognition to opposite-sex couples excludes same-sex couples from gaining legal access to these benefits, and while opposite-sex unmarried couples without other legal impediments have the option of marrying in law and so gaining access to these rights, that option is unavailable to same-sex couples. Similarly, though certain rights extending from marriage can be replicated by legal means (for example, by drawing-up contracts), many cannot; thus, despite the presence of legal contracts, same-sex couples may still face insecurity in areas such as inheritance, hospital visitation and immigration. Lack of legal recognition also makes it more difficult for same-sex couples to adopt children. Same-sex marriage is a term for a marriage where the people involved are the same sex. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1339x628, 57 KB) en: laws on homosexuality fi: homoseksuaalisuutta koskeva lainsäädäntö Taken from the English Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Same-sex marriage Homosexuality laws of the world History of the Gay Community ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1339x628, 57 KB) en: laws on homosexuality fi: homoseksuaalisuutta koskeva lainsäädäntö Taken from the English Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Same-sex marriage Homosexuality laws of the world History of the Gay Community ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The 21st century is the present century of the Gregorian calendar. ... Social security primarily refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... Adoption is the legal act of permanently placing a child with a parent or parents other than the birth parents. ...


At present, same-sex marriages are legal nationally in only a few countries (see map on the left): the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, Spain, and South Africa.


In the United States as of November 2004, only the state of Massachusetts recognizes same-sex marriages, while the states of Vermont, New Jersey, and California offer same-sex partners benefits similar to those of legally married couples. Seventeen other States have constitutional provisions that limit marriages to one man and one woman, while twenty-five States have statutes containing similar definitions. In the United States, the debate over whether or not to make same sex marriages legally binding remains one of the most polarizing and divisive political debates of the early 21st century and it is discussed with great passion all over the world. During 2004, 13 US States amended their constitutions to define marriage as being only between one man and one woman. Some people, including many gay rights advocates and some heterosexual same-sex marriage advocates, view restrictions such as these as being an example of the tyranny of the majority in action.[2][3] Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The 21st century is the present century of the Gregorian calendar. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Majoritarianism (often also called majority rule) is a political philosophy or agenda which asserts that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the...


Student Groups

Main article: Gay-straight alliance

Since the mid-1980s students at high schools and universities have organized LGBT groups, often calledGay-Straight Alliances, or GSA, at their respective schools. The groups form to provide support for LGBT students and to promote awareness of LGBT issues in the local community. Frequently, such groups have been banned or prohibited from meeting or receiving the same recogniztion as other student groups. For example, in September of 2006, Touro University - Mare Island of California briefly attempted to ban the school's GSA, the Touro University Gay-Straight Alliance. After student demonstrations and an outcry of support from the American Medical Student Association, the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association and the Vallejo City Council, Touro University retracted its revocation of the school's GSA. The university went on to reaffirm its commitment to non-discrimination based on sexual orientation. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Touro University - Mare Island is a Jewish-sponsored independent institution of higher and professional education, located in Mare Island, CA. Touro College, located in New York City, is the parent institution. ... Touro University Gay-Straight Alliance (TUGSA) is a group of LGTB & Allied medical students, staff, and faculty at Touro University - Mare Island. ... The American Medical Student Association, (AMSA) founded in 1950, is the oldest and largest independent association of physicians-in-training in the United States. ... The Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (GLMA) is an organization of 2,000 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) physicians, medical students, and their supporters in all 50 states and 12 countries. ... Vallejo can refer to: Vallejo, California Vallejo (band) Boris Vallejo, a Peruvian-born American painter César Vallejo, a Peruvian-born Spanish poet. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Vanggaard, Thorkil (1972). Phallos. A Symbol and its History in the Male World (in English). New York: International Universities Press, Inc.. ISBN 978-0823681921. 
  2. ^ Spring fever. Bill and Kent's Place on the Web. Retrieved on 2006-11-08.
  3. ^ Matt Daniels, president of the traditionalist Alliance for Marriage condemned the decision.. NewsFeed Researcher. Retrieved on 2006-11-08.

1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ...

References

  • Denina, Chris. "Gay Club Loses Touro OK." Vallejo Times-Herald 9 Sept. 2006: A1 [4]
  • American Medical Student Association. 13 Sept 2006: "Nation's Medical Students Applaud California Osteopathic Medical School's Affirmation of Gay-Straight Alliance." [5]

See also

LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Same-sex relationships Opposition · Persecution Violence Lesbian American history is the history of women who are attracted to other women, or Lesbians, in the United States. ...

Outside Resources

  • Gay Community Center

Outside Reading

  • Bullough, Vern L., et al., (ed.) Before Stonewall: Activists for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Historical Context, New York, London, Oxford: Harrington Park Press, 2002. ISBN 978-1560231929
  • Dynes, Wayne R. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Homosexuality. New York and London, Garland Publishing, 1990. ISBN 978-0824065447
  • Johansson, Warren and Percy, William A. Outing: Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence. New York and London: Haworth Press, 1994. ISBN 978-1560244196
  • Percy, William A. Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0252067402

  Results from FactBites:
 
Category:LGBT history - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (114 words)
LGBT is an acronym used as a collective term to refer to lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people.
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LGBT (or GLBT) is an abbreviation used as a collective term to refer to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people.
LGBT became increasingly common from the mid 1990s and as of 2005, LGBT has become so mainstream that it has been adopted by the majority of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community centers and the gay press in most English-speaking countries.
A reverse to the above situations is evident in the belief of 'lesbian and gay separatism' (not to be confused with the related, Lesbian Separatism) which holds that Lesbians and Gay men form (or should form) a community distinct and separate from other groups normally included in the LGBTQ sphere.
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